France

In Paris, Mélenchon calls on trade unions to control opposition to austerity

By Anthony Torres and Kumaran Ira, 25 September 2017

On Saturday, Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s Unsubmissive France movement held its national rally in the Place de la République in Paris.

French President Macron signs labor decrees, trampling on social opposition

By Anthony Torres, 23 September 2017

Showing contempt for mass popular opposition and growing strikes and protests, France’s president signed decrees destroying the country’s Labor Code yesterday.

Workers and youth mobilize in second protest against French labor reform

By Anthony Torres, 22 September 2017

Protesters who spoke to the WSWS opposed the destruction of the Labor Code and the growing drive to war and dictatorship in France and internationally.

French unions try to strangle workers’ opposition to Macron

By Anthony Torres and Alex Lantier, 19 September 2017

The unions, whose strike calls are carefully prepared beforehand with the government, are terrified of being outflanked on their left by an eruption of workers’ struggles.

Inhabitants of Irma-ravaged Saint Martin gain nothing from French President Macron’s visit

By Francis Dubois, 18 September 2017

After ignoring the island territory for two days, Macron was compelled to visit by a rising drumbeat of public criticism in France.

Truckers announce strike against attack on Labour Code in France

By Kumaran Ira, 16 September 2017

The French government has already stressed that it has no intention of modifying its position, despite growing opposition in the working class.

Hundreds of thousands march against Macron’s austerity measures in France

By Alex Lantier and Anthony Torres, 13 September 2017

The demonstrations point to the mounting opposition among French workers and youth to the government’s plans to carry out a social counterrevolution by executive fiat.

Macron goes to Greece: “Radical left” Tsipras welcomes ex-banker turned French president

By Alex Lantier, 12 September 2017

Macron traveled to Greece to hail the austerity measures imposed by the Syriza (“Coalition of the Radical Left”) government, which show the future for the workers of France.

Macron announces cuts to French social programs

By Francis Dubois, 7 September 2017

In the wake of the decrees against the labor code, the government is launching attacks on unemployment insurance, housing and vocational training.

Mélenchon sets nationalist trap for opposition to austerity in France

By Anthony Torres, 7 September 2017

Mélenchon is proposing a populist and nationalist movement, compatible with a strategy of entry into the Macron government that he claims to oppose.

Macron’s labor decrees in France: A new stage in the international social counter-revolution

By Alex Lantier, 5 September 2017

By unilaterally rewriting the French Labor Code, Macron is setting into motion a confrontation with the working class with international and revolutionary implications.

French President Macron unveils decrees to destroy Labour Code

By Anthony Torres, 1 September 2017

Financial markets hope Macron’s decrees will mark a decisive step in the destruction of social rights won by workers’ struggles in Europe in the twentieth century.

French President Macron calls for military buildup in foreign policy address

By Alex Lantier, 31 August 2017

Speaking Tuesday to a conference of French ambassadors, Emmanuel Macron laid out plans for an aggressive global policy.

Chief of French anti-narcotics police indicted on drug-trafficking charges

By Francis Dubois, 29 August 2017

The indictment of François Thierry points to deep corruption of top officials in the police, who have essentially unchecked powers under the French state of emergency.

Youth clashes with police in Paris suburbs point to explosive social tensions

By Francis Dubois, 22 August 2017

The incidents at Aulnay-sous-Bois point to growing tensions between police and the population of the estate where police sexually assaulted a youth in February.

European governments condemn Trump’s statements on Charlottesville

By Alex Lantier, 18 August 2017

With far right forces rising across Europe, invocations of “Western values” by the European political establishment against Trump are false and hypocritical to the core.

Law to “moralize” French politics: A fig leaf for austerity

By Francis Dubois, 15 August 2017

The law is a cynical attempt to sow illusions in the ruling elite, an operation supported by Mélenchon’s Unsubmissive France movement.

France boosts trade ties with Iran despite US sanction threats

By Kumaran Ira, 12 August 2017

These deals point to very sharp objective economic conflicts between the European powers and the United States that threaten to spill over into military conflict.

After Levallois attack, French government whips up law-and-order hysteria

By Francis Dubois, 10 August 2017

While what took place in Levallois remains highly unclear, the political establishment is stirring up security fears and promoting the state of emergency.

Macron to eliminate housing benefits for 50,000 people in France

By Kumaran Ira, 9 August 2017

The announcement of the administration’s first social cuts is already provoking a collapse in the newly elected president’s approval ratings.

Mélenchon and Socialist Party launch symbolic legal challenge to French labor law reform

By Anthony Torres, 7 August 2017

The Socialist Party has no intention of stopping an anti-worker employment reform that it proposed and largely pushed through under former French President François Hollande.

Europe steps up crackdown on refugees in Mediterranean

By Marianne Arens, 2 August 2017

By bullying aid organisations, establishing detention camps in North Africa, and deploying troops, the European powers intend to stem the flow of refugees.

France nationalizes STX shipyards in Saint-Nazaire

By Anthony Torres, 31 July 2017

Paris wants to prevent Italy’s Fincantieri from taking control of the shipyard at Saint-Nazaire, the only one in France capable of building aircraft carriers.

Mélenchon denies France’s responsibility for the Nazi-era deportation of the Jews

By Alex Lantier, 31 July 2017

The social movement Mélenchon aims to launch would be a nationalist and petty-bourgeois movement hostile to historical truth and the working class.

Macron announces stepped-up attacks on immigrants in France

By Athiyan Silva, 25 July 2017

Macron's plan would create special task forces, intensify controls in the Mediterranean, and reinforce the European border agency Frontex.

Mélenchon hails French army as he launches movement against Macron’s cuts

By Alex Lantier, 24 July 2017

The movement Mélenchon aims to build is a nationalist, pro-war movement that would subordinate the working class to the strategic interests of French imperialism.

Opposition grows to writing French state of emergency into law

By Francis Dubois, 21 July 2017

As sections of the political establishment grow increasingly wary of the danger to democratic rights posed by Macron's policies, social opposition is emerging in the working class.

French armed forces chief of staff resigns in protest over military budget cuts

By Alex Lantier, 20 July 2017

European imperialism’s growing militarism, together with worsening social inequality and intensifying class conflict, has vastly strengthened the political position of the military.

French National Assembly approves enabling act to rewrite labor law

By Francis Dubois, 18 July 2017

The legislature has opened the way for the government of President Emmanuel Macron to massively increase the exploitation of the French working class.

Germany and France to jointly develop new fighter jet

By Johannes Stern, 18 July 2017

The newly-proposed arms projects—including fighter jets, tanks and drones—should be taken as a warning by workers and young people throughout Europe.

Macron invites Trump for Bastille Day parade in Paris

By Alex Lantier, 14 July 2017

The French president sent a clear message to Berlin that Paris could align itself with Washington in a more openly anti-German policy.

Macron speaks to assembled houses of French parliament in Versailles

By Alex Lantier, 4 July 2017

Macron called for military escalation overseas and broad-ranging changes to basic institutions of French political and social life, to be worked out with the trade unions.

Political lessons of the French elections

By Alex Lantier, 23 June 2017

The election of Emmanuel Macron is the outcome of the reactionary policies of the organizations in the so-called French left that broke with Trotskyism.

France's new pro-Macron legislature: the ruling class in office

By Francis Dubois, 21 June 2017

Despite claims that President Emmanuel Macron's party is renovating French politics, his party is a haven for business owners and France's old political establishment.

France’s new pro-Macron legislature: The ruling class in office

By Francis Dubois, 20 June 2017

Despite claims that President Emmanuel Macron is renovating French politics, his party is a haven for business owners and France’s old political establishment.

Record abstention overshadows Macron victory in French legislative election

By Alex Lantier, 19 June 2017

The Socialist Party, which has dominated what passed for the French “left” since its founding in 1971, suffered a historic collapse.

François Ruffin runs populist campaign in Amiens for France’s legislative election

By Antoine Lerougetel, 17 June 2017

Ruffin, a successful independent filmmaker, makes clear that he will not build a movement in the working class in the de-industrialized regions of northern France.

On the eve of the second round of the French legislative elections

By Alex Lantier, 17 June 2017

The elections taking place tomorrow will undoubtedly mark a historic collapse of French democracy and of what has passed for the “left” in France for nearly a half century.

Divisions erupt in neo-fascist National Front during French legislative election

By Francis Dubois, 16 June 2017

The FN’s position on the European Union and the euro has emerged as the main point of conflict.

In Paris talks with British prime minister May

French President Macron holds out prospect of canceling Brexit

By Alex Lantier, 15 June 2017

A bitter struggle over influence and alliances is unfolding between the imperialist powers, amid growing hostility to Washington on the part of Paris and Berlin.

French legislative elections expose Mélenchon’s political bankruptcy

By Alex Lantier, 14 June 2017

Mass abstention and the anticipated electoral victory of President Macron’s party is the masses’ unanswerable verdict on Mélenchon’s electoral maneuvers.

Mass abstention overshadows Macron victory in French legislative elections

By Alex Lantier, 12 June 2017

Fully 51.2 percent of voters abstained in Sunday’s French legislative elections —the first time since the end of World War II that only a minority of registered voters participated.

With permanent state of emergency, Macron plans authoritarian rule in France

By Kumaran Ira, 9 June 2017

Press reports yesterday confirmed that the government of newly-elected President Emmanuel Macron intends to pass a law making the state of emergency permanent.

New Anti-capitalist Party (NPA) election meeting in Paris: The dead end of the pseudo-left

By Alex Lantier, 9 June 2017

Despite the war crisis and growing social anger among workers, NPA leader Alain Krivine insisted that internationalist opposition to capitalism would find no popular support.

Sections of Paris on lockdown after attack on policeman

By our reporter, 7 June 2017

President Emmanuel Macron’s government seized on an assault in which one policeman was lightly wounded to call for extending France’s state of emergency.

Macron’s En Marche set to win large majority in French legislative elections

By Alex Lantier, 6 June 2017

The newly-elected president intends for the assembly, controlled by his party, to serve as a rubber stamp for unprecedented attacks on social and democratic rights.

In French legislative elections, Mélenchon moves closer to Macron

By Kumaran Ira, 2 June 2017

The perspective for opposition to President Emmanuel Macron’s agenda offered by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, the leader of the Unsubmissive France movement, is collapsing.

Green Party mayor demolishes refugee camp in Grenoble, France

By Athiyan Silva, 1 June 2017

More than one hundred CRS police rounded up and forcibly expelled refugees from the Valmy Refugee camp in southeast France.

French media hail Macron’s moves away from US anti-Russian policies

By Alex Lantier, 31 May 2017

French and German newspapers pointed to a “European moment,” in which continental Europe led by Germany and France would unite against the United States and Britain.

In meeting with Putin, Macron distances France from Washington’s anti-Russia policy

By Alex Lantier, 30 May 2017

While advancing an aggressive imperialist intervention in the Syrian and Ukrainian crises, Macron signaled a broad shift in France’s foreign policy.

Gasoline and chemical truck drivers strike in France

By Francis Dubois, 30 May 2017

The unions are insisting that this strike should be limited to action in one industry and are seeking to avoid any serious interruption of industry and transport.

After Manchester attack, France prolongs state of emergency

By Francis Dubois, 25 May 2017

A week after taking office, French President Emmanuel Macron’s government announced that it would prolong the country’s state of emergency to November and seek a law to make it permanent.

Macron prepares enabling act to slash contracts, labor rights in France

By Alex Lantier, 23 May 2017

The newly-elected president is preparing a historic assault on jobs, wages, and labor legislation to be rammed through by presidential decree in the face of public opposition.

Visiting Mali, French President Macron appeals for army’s support

By Francis Dubois, 22 May 2017

Macron hailed the army at a military base in Gao, and confirmed its magnified role via the Socialist Party’s state of emergency laws.

Informant Claude Hermant implicates French state in Charlie Hebdo attacks

By Anthony Torres, 22 May 2017

The case shatters the official narrative that terror attacks in France, Belgium and Germany since 2015 have been the work of isolated Islamists.

French media, political parties hush up PS government’s coup plan

By Alex Lantier, 20 May 2017

Thursday’s edition of L’Obs magazine revealed that the outgoing Socialist Party government planned a coup d’état if National Front candidate Marine Le Pen had won the May 7 presidential elections.

French government prepared coup if Le Pen won presidential election

By Alex Lantier, 19 May 2017

According to L'Obs the plan aimed not to keep Le Pen out of office, but to crush anti-fascist protests, impose martial law, and force Le Pen to work with a social democratic government.

Macron names government to implement social counterrevolution in France

By Francis Dubois, 18 May 2017

Edouard Philippe, named to the post of prime minister May 15 by newly elected President Emmanuel Macron, presented his cabinet yesterday afternoon.

Macron delays announcement of French ministerial cabinet

By Alex Lantier, 17 May 2017

The cabinet is to be announced Wednesday, with a delay of 24 hours, after verification of future ministers’ tax status and potential conflicts of interest.

Mélenchon repeats offer to serve as the prime minister of France under Macron

By Kumaran Ira, 17 May 2017

At a convention to launch a campaign for the upcoming legislative elections, Mélenchon asserted that his Unsubmissive France movement will be able to “govern the country.”

French President Macron names right-wing PM, meets Merkel to plan austerity and war

By Alex Lantier, 16 May 2017

Macron’s friendly meeting with Merkel shows that his election as president is part of a social counterrevolution being waged across Europe.

French auto parts workers at GM&S threaten to blow up plant to block closure

By Anthony Torres, 16 May 2017

The only way forward is a broad mobilization of workers to defend jobs at GM&S in a break with the union bureaucracies and in opposition to newly elected President Emmanuel Macron.

Emmanuel Macron inaugurated as president of France

By Alex Lantier, 15 May 2017

In a display of militarism and reaction, the newly elected president pledged to rekindle France’s “spirit of conquest” by expanding the military and waging a full-scale offensive against workers’ living standards.

German enthusiasm for Macron begins to wane

By Peter Schwarz, 15 May 2017

Enthusiasm for Emmanuel Macron has not lasted long in Germany. His calls for more financial leeway from the European Union are meeting fierce opposition in German government and business circles.

French President-elect Macron’s legislative slate: Social reaction bares its teeth

By Alex Lantier, 12 May 2017

Over six in 10 voters have said that they do not want Macron to obtain a majority in the National Assembly, due to his warmongering and anti-working class policies.

Guardian journalist Paul Mason calls for a “left” alliance with “free market elite”

By Robert Stevens, 12 May 2017

Mason claims that the former Rothschild banker Emmanuel Macron has given “French democracy, Europeanism and globalism another chance.”

Mélenchon-Communist Party alliance for French legislative elections collapses

By Alex Lantier, 11 May 2017

The two main forces that together supported Mélenchon’s presidential bid will run as opponents in the legislative elections next month.

What way forward in the struggle against Macron?

By Alex Lantier, 9 May 2017

Macron’s actions have rapidly exposed the fraudulent claims of his media and political supporters that he would defend democracy and block the rise of neo-fascism.

Macron wins French presidency

By Alex Lantier, 8 May 2017

Over four million people cast blank or spoiled ballots to express their hostility to both candidates presented by the French political establishment.

On the eve of the French presidential election

By Alex Lantier, 6 May 2017

Class conflict of revolutionary dimensions is being prepared in France as social anger builds against both presidential candidates.

NPA tacitly backs the French ruling elite’s campaign for Macron vote

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 6 May 2017

Ahead of Sunday’s presidential run-off election, the New Anti-capitalist Party is working to subordinate workers and youth to the candidate of austerity and war, Emmanuel Macron.

Ahead of May 7 runoff, French right-wing Les Républicains on verge of split

By Kumaran Ira, 5 May 2017

Bitter divisions are erupting within Les Républicains over whether to endorse presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron against neo-fascist Marine Le Pen.

French election debate: Macron, Le Pen promote militarism, attacks on immigrants

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 4 May 2017

Over the course of 150 minutes, the fascist Le Pen and the ex-banker Macron alternated between insulting each other and braying for militarism and state repression.

French warship joins US-UK-Japanese fleet threatening North Korea

By Athiyan Silva, 4 May 2017

Behind the backs of the French people, the Socialist Party government and presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron are joining the US-led war drive against North Korea.

Paris youth speak to WSWS: “I don’t want to vote for the right just because I’m afraid of Le Pen”

By our reporters, 4 May 2017

The comments of two young Parisians express growing opposition to both On the March candidate Emanuel Macron and National Front candidate Marine Le Pen.

Why Emmanuel Macron is no lesser evil compared to Marine Le Pen

By Johannes Stern, 4 May 2017

These remarks were delivered by Johannes Stern, a leading member of the Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei, the German section of the ICFI, at the first public meeting of the Parti de l’égalité socialiste on May Day in Paris.

In online poll, Mélenchon supporters reject both candidates in French runoff election

By Alex Lantier, 3 May 2017

Unsubmissive France leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon is seeking to entrap opposition to both presidential candidates in the straitjacket of an alliance with Emmanuel Macron.

PES public meeting in Paris calls for active boycott of French elections

By our reporters, 3 May 2017

The Parti de l'égalité socialiste's meeting, attended by over 60 people, was the first public event of a French section of the International Committee of the Fourth International since 1971.

May Day in France: Trade union calls to support Macron fall flat

By Francis Dubois, 2 May 2017

Workers and youth throughout France sense that the calls to “block” Le Pen from the political establishment are barely disguised appeals to vote for the former banker Macron.

Parti de l'égalité socialiste holds first public meeting on May Day in Paris

By our reporters, 2 May 2017

The first public meeting of the PES, the French section of the ICFI, since its founding last year attracted an audience of more than 60 workers and students from across France.

May Day 2017

The perspective for the working class in the French presidential election

By Alex Lantier, 2 May 2017

The PES' campaign for an active boycott of the election is the revolutionary alternative to the impotent parliamentary maneuvers proposed by Mélenchon.

French right splits as sections back neo-fascist Le Pen

By Kumaran Ira, 1 May 2017

As the French two-party political system collapses, the National Front is developing overt ties with more traditional sections of the French right.

Mélenchon refuses to take a position in French presidential runoff

By Alex Lantier, 29 April 2017

Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s declaration that he will participate in the May 7 vote but keep secret for whom he votes is an admission that he has no independent political line.

French youth protest Le Pen-Macron second round in presidential elections

By Alex Lantier, 28 April 2017

The critical issue facing youth protesting the elections is to turn to the working class, in defiance of the media’s reactionary pro-Macron propaganda.

British ruling elite regard Macron victory in France as a “mixed blessing”

By Julie Hyland, 27 April 2017

Britain’s right-wing media are concerned that Macron will be unable to enforce his agenda under conditions of widespread political alienation and hostility to the ruling elite.

No to Macron and Le Pen! For an active boycott of the French election!

By Political Committee of the Parti de l'égalité socialiste, 27 April 2017

The arguments put forward to try to blackmail the French people into voting for Macron, the preferred candidate of finance capital, against the neo-fascist Le Pen are a combination of sophistries and lies.

Hollande invites Le Pen, Macron to funeral of slain Champs-Élysées officer

By Alex Lantier, 26 April 2017

After Macron and Le Pen advanced to the second round, the French president's gesture was intended to delegitimize opposition to Le Pen's neo-fascist National Front.

What lies behind the German elite’s celebration of Macron?

By Johannes Stern, 26 April 2017

All the major parties have hailed the results of the first round of the French presidential election.

French ruling elite rallies around Macron

By Anthony Torres and Alex Lantier, 25 April 2017

Despite claims that Emmanuel Macron represents a “democratic” alternative to the fascistic Marine Le Pen, the former banker seeks to extend France's anti-democratic state of emergency, impose drastic austerity and re-establish the draft.

Macron and neo-fascist Le Pen advance to run-off in French presidential elections

By Alex Lantier, 24 April 2017

As France’s traditional two-party system collapses, neo-fascist candidate Marine Le Pen has emerged as a contender for state power.

France’s election at gunpoint

By Alex Lantier, 22 April 2017

As tens of millions of voters prepare to go to the polls Sunday, an intervention by elements in the French state machine is underway to swing the elections to the right.

Sections of Paris on lockdown after pre-election shooting

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 21 April 2017

The day before Thursday's attack, French authorities said they planned to put 50,000 troops in the streets on Election Day, effectively holding the election at gunpoint.

NPA candidate Philippe Poutou holds pro-war campaign meeting in Paris

By Alex Lantier, 21 April 2017

On Wednesday night, the New Anti-capitalist Party held the final campaign meeting of its presidential candidate, Philippe Poutou, in the north suburbs of Paris.

France announces major military deployment on presidential election day

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 20 April 2017

After the arrest of two suspected Islamic State sympathizers, authorities plan to deploy 50,000 soldiers and policemen on Sunday for the first round of presidential elections.

No to war and nationalism! Build the PES!

Parti de l’égalité socialiste statement on the French presidential election

19 April 2017

Growing demands for peace and an end to austerity herald decisive class struggles, for which the working class urgently needs a new revolutionary leadership.

Fire hits Grande-Synthe refugee camp in France

By Stéphane Hugues, 14 April 2017

French officials are seizing on the fire to justify rapidly shutting down a camp they have publicly been calling to dismantle for months.

Mélenchon gains in French presidential polls after Trump’s strike on Syria

By Alex Lantier, 11 April 2017

Mélenchon is seeking to speak to a growing left-wing and anti-war sentiment in the French population, but he will only disappoint the hopes he is awakening.

French NPA candidate Philippe Poutou defends Trump’s bombing of Syria

By Alex Lantier, 11 April 2017

The NPA is defending the war, shamelessly denouncing any opposition to the reckless US military escalation as support for mass murder by the Syrian regime.

France: Libération makes “humanitarian” case for imperialist war in Syria

By Anthony Torres, 8 April 2017

The French “left” daily published front-page pictures of gassed Syrian children in an odious attempt to stampede public opinion into accepting an imperialist intervention in Syria.

French presidential candidates feign opposition in 11-party debate

By Alex Lantier, 6 April 2017

The fractious debate between all 11 French presidential candidates reflected the fear of growing social opposition by the French ruling class.