The 1917 Russian Revolution

Paul Hanebrink’s A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth of Judeo-Bolshevism

Part 2: Stalinism, communism and anti-Semitism

By Clara Weiss, 9 July 2019

Hanebrink’s false equation of Stalinism with communism leads to a significant and misleading omission in his discussion of the reemergence of anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe after World War II and internationally today.

Part 1: Counter-revolution and anti-Semitism

Paul Hanebrink’s A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth of Judeo-Bolshevism

By Clara Weiss, 8 July 2019

Hanebrink’s book focuses on examining the relationship between the fear of the “specter of communism” haunting Europe—to which Marx and Engels famously alluded in their Communist Manifesto of 1847—and of anti-Semitism.

Netflix’s Trotsky: A toxic combination of historical fabrication and blatant anti-Semitism

By David North and Clara Weiss, 8 March 2019

Netflix is currently presenting to its worldwide audience the virulently anti-Semitic television series, Trotsky, which was originally produced by the Russian state in 2017.

Russian television’s Trotsky serial: A degraded spectacle of historical falsification and anti-Semitism

By Fred Williams and David North, 19 December 2018

The eight-part mini-series, now available on Netflix, is an exhibition of the political, intellectual and cultural depravity of all those involved in its production. This comment was originally posted in November 2017.

Lenin, Trotsky and the Marxism of the October Revolution

By David North, 19 March 2018

David North, chairperson of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site and of the Socialist Equality Party (US), delivered this lecture at the University of Leipzig on March 16.

Final reflections on the centennial year of the October Revolution

By David North, 30 December 2017

The commemoration of the centenary of the October Revolution reflected the political interests and outlooks of different class forces.

Australian and New Zealand Trotskyists hold powerful Russian Revolution centenary meetings

By our reporter, 20 December 2017

Those in attendance responded with enthusiastic applause to the speakers’ contributions and to the answers to the questions from audience members.

The Falsification of David King’s work—Red Star Over Russia: A Revolution in Visual Culture 1905-55 at the Tate Modern in London

By Paul Mitchell, 19 December 2017

The latest British exhibition on the Russian Revolution is another reprehensible attempt to distort its history, including by excising Leon Trotsky.

German Historical Museum exhibition presents the October Revolution as an event of world-historical significance

By Verena Nees, 6 December 2017

“1917. Revolution. Russia and Europe” in Berlin is certainly worth a visit. The exhibition runs until April 15, 2018.

Radical Russia: Art, Culture and Revolution

How the Bolshevik Revolution saved avant-garde art

By Paul Mitchell, 30 November 2017

The curators have carefully selected objects to reflect the different fields of avant-garde art—providing a serious historical narrative about its development before and after the Bolshevik Revolution.

Leaders of the Russian Revolution

Nikolai Muralov (1877-1937)

Part One: Early years through the Civil War

By Clara Weiss, 21 November 2017

As part of the celebration of the centenary of the October Revolution in 1917, the World Socialist Web Site is publishing a series of profiles of leaders of the Russian Revolution.

An artist’s eye view of the Russian Revolution

1917: The Real October—An animated documentary by Katrin Rothe

By Sybille Fuchs, 17 November 2017

The two-time Grimme Award-winner Kathrin Rothe portrays the events of February to October 1917 in Russia from the viewpoint of a number of artists.

The Place of the October Revolution in World History and Contemporary Politics

By David North, 13 November 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered on Saturday, November 11 by David North, chairman of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site and national chairman of the Socialist Equality Party of the US. The audio for the lecture is embedded in the text.

Kremlin greets centenary of the October Revolution with fear and hostility

By Clara Weiss, 13 November 2017

Frightened of the emergence of a revolutionary movement of the working class, the Russian ruling elite has responded to the 100th anniversary of 1917 by falsifying the struggle for socialism and attacking the revolution from the far-right.

The denunciation of the Russian Revolution in Germany

By Peter Schwarz, 11 November 2017

If one reviews the articles, contributions on radio and television, and films to mark the centenary of the October Revolution in Russia, the principal rule that applies is: “anything goes.”

Documents of the Russian Revolution

Proclamation on the Assumption of Soviet Power

By the Second-All Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies, 8 November 2017

One hundred years ago today, the Proclamation on the Assumption of Soviet Power announced the overthrow of the Provisional Government and the establishment of a new government.

Documents of the Russian Revolution

Decree on Land

By the Second-All Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies, 8 November 2017

The Congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies abolished landed proprietorship without compensation.

On the Centenary of the October Revolution

By David North, 7 November 2017

The October Revolution ranks among the greatest and most progressive events in world history.

Documents of the Russian Revolution

To the Citizens of Russia!

By the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, 7 November 2017

On the hundredth anniversary of the October Revolution we are publishing the proclamation issued on November 7 (October 25, O.S.), 1917 by the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet.

Lessons of October: The political crisis within the Bolshevik Party on the eve of the seizure of power

By Chris Marsden, 3 November 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered on Saturday, October 28 by Chris Marsden, national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (UK). The audio for the lecture is embedded in the text.

Meeting in Sydney on December 17

100 years on: The significance of the 1917 Russian Revolution for today

28 October 2017

The Russian Revolution stands as irrefutable proof that the working class—providing it is guided by a genuine Marxist perspective and leadership—can overthrow the outmoded social relations of capitalism.

Australian Senate formally denounces commemorations of the Russian Revolution

By Nick Beams, 23 October 2017

A resolution introduced by right-wing Senator Cory Bernardi underscores the fear in ruling circles of the shift to the left among wide layers of the world’s population, especially young people.

Exhibition at American Jewish Historical Society in New York

“1917—How One Year Changed the World”

By Fred Mazelis, 20 October 2017

The displays consider the Russian Revolution, US entry into World War I and the Balfour Declaration’s support for a Zionist homeland in Palestine.

From the July Days to the Kornilov coup: Lenin’s The State and Revolution

By Barry Grey, 17 October 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered Saturday, October 14, by Barry Grey, the US national editor of the World Socialist Web Site. Watch the lecture online.

Online lecture: “Lenin’s The State and Revolution”

By Barry Grey, 16 October 2017

Watch the live stream of this lecture by Barry Gray, the first in the WSWS's second lecture series marking the centenary of the Russian Revolution.

Leaders of the Russian Revolution

Leon Trotsky on Yakov Sverdlov (March 1925)

By Leon Trotsky, 5 October 2017

As part of the commemoration of the centenary of the October Revolution in 1917, we are publishing here a portrait written by Leon Trotsky of Yakov Sverdlov, the chief organizer of the Bolshevik Party in 1917 and first president of the Soviet Republic.

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

On Slogans

By Vladimir Lenin, 2 September 2017

In “On Slogans,” written in July 1917, Lenin analyzes the shift in class and party relations following the counterrevolution against the July insurrection.

Leaders of the Russian Revolution: Ivar Tenisovich Smilga (1892-1937)

Part one

By Clara Weiss, 31 August 2017

The is the first part of a two-part article on Ivar Tenisovich Smilga, a leading figure in the October Revolution and the Red Army who worked closely with Lenin and then with Trotsky as a member of the anti-Stalinist Left Opposition.

British Library exhibition treats Russian Revolution from a hostile standpoint

By Thomas Scripps and Paul Mitchell, 12 August 2017

The exhibition’s handling of sources and events transforms the revolution, which proceeded with a political logic well understood by its leaders, into a hodgepodge of accident and happenstance.

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Letter to the Provisional Government

By Leon Trotsky, 31 July 2017

This is a new translation of an open letter Trotsky addressed to the Provisional Government on the arrest of Bolshevik leaders, which took place during the crackdown that followed the July Days.

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Trying Days

By Leon Trotsky, 24 July 2017

This is a new translation of an article by Leon Trotsky, published in Vperiod (Forward), Number 6, on July 22 (9 O.S.), 1917. Trotsky wrote this article after the July Days and before his arrest by the Provisional Government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Declaration of the Bolshevik Faction at a session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets on the Question of the Offensive

By Leon Trotsky, 23 June 2017

This declaration, written by Trotsky but delivered by P. Pozern, warns the working class of the implications of the military offensive being prepared by the Provisional Government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech on a personal note at an evening session of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets

By Leon Trotsky, 22 June 2017

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky in which he addresses the slanders being spread by Miliukov and others that he and Lenin were agents of the German government.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech on the question of war

By Leon Trotsky, 21 June 2017

This is a contemporary account of a speech delivered by Trotsky before a United Session of Social-Democratic Members of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd in June 1917.

From the archives of the Revolution

From the Kronstadt Sailors, Soldiers, and Workers—To the Revolutionary People of Petrograd and All Russia

By Leon Trotsky, 13 June 2017

This declaration by the Kronstadt Soviet was written by Trotsky after he met with the Kronstadt sailors in June to discuss how to respond to the many attacks by the Provisional Government and the bourgeois press against the naval base.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech at an Emergency Session of the Petrograd Soviet on the Question of Kronstadt

By Leon Trotsky, 10 June 2017

This speech was delivered by Trotsky at an emergency session of the Petrograd Soviet dealing with attacks by the Provisional Government against the increasingly restive sailors at the Kronstadt naval base.

From the archives of the Revolution

Speech at a Session of the Petrograd Soviet on reports by the socialist ministers

By Leon Trotsky, 27 May 2017

This is a new translation of a speech delivered by Trotsky before the Petrograd Soviet on May 26, 1917 (May 13 O.S.).

From the archives of the Russian Revolution

Speech at a session of the Petrograd Soviet

By Leon Trotsky, 19 May 2017

This is a new translation of an abridged version of Trotsky’s speech before the Petrograd Soviet on May 18, 1917, in which Trotsky opposed the new coalition government formed with the support of the Mensheviks and the Socialist Revolutionaries.

Lecture on the centenary of the Russian Revolution

Lenin’s Return to Russia and the April Theses

By James Cogan, 8 May 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered on Saturday, May 6, by James Cogan, national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (Australia). The audio for the lecture is embedded in the text.

Lecture on the centenary of the Russian Revolution

Spontaneity and Consciousness in The February Revolution

By Joseph Kishore, 26 April 2017

This is an edited version of a lecture delivered live on April 22, 2017 by Joseph Kishore, national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (US). The audio and slides for the lecture are embedded in the text. To register for the lecture series, visit wsws.org/1917.

War and Revolution: 1914–1917

By Nick Beams, 10 April 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered Saturday, April 8 by Nick Beams, a member of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site. This is the third in a series of five international online lectures being presented by the International Committee of the Fourth International to mark the centenary of the 1917 Russian Revolution.

Lecture on the centenary of the Russian Revolution

The Legacy of 1905 and the Strategy of the Russian Revolution

By Fred Williams, 7 April 2017

This is an edited version of a lecture delivered live March 25 on the origins and significance of the Russian Revolution of 1905. To register for the lecture series, visit wsws.org/1917.

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

War and the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 27 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky writes on the significance of the moves by the US to enter World War I amidst the revolutionary convulsions in Russia.

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Who Are the Traitors?

By Leon Trotsky, 25 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time into English, Trotsky responds to claims that his denunciations of the war plans of the bourgeois provisional government make him a “Germanophile and traitor.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

From Whom and How to Defend the Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 21 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, ‘“The gentry’s lands, but not Constantinople!’—the soldier-proletarian will say to the soldier-peasant, explaining to him who is served by the imperialist war and what its aims are.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

War or Peace? (Internal Forces of the Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky, 20 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The international struggle against world-wide slaughter and imperialism is now our task more than ever before.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Two Faces (Internal Forces of the Russian Revolution)

By Leon Trotsky, 18 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “The masses have rebelled with demands for bread and peace. The appearance in power of a few liberals has neither fed the starving nor healed anyone’s wounds.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

The Growing Conflict

By Leon Trotsky, 18 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “An open conflict between the forces of the revolution, headed by the urban proletariat, and the anti-revolutionary liberal bourgeoisie, temporarily in power, is absolutely inevitable.”

Writings of Trotsky from 1917

Under the Banner of the Commune

By Leon Trotsky, 17 March 2017

In this article, Trotsky writes, “In the trenches overflowing with blood and mud, in the starving cities and villages, millions of hearts are filled with indignation, despair and rage. And these feelings, when combined with socialist thought, are turning into revolutionary enthusiasm.”

The Revolution in Russia

By Leon Trotsky, 16 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Our children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren will speak of these days as the beginning of a new epoch in the history of mankind.”

Unease in Europe

By Leon Trotsky, 15 March 2017

In this article, translated for the first time, Trotsky writes, “Every decisive action taken by the Russian proletariat against the most worthless of the worthless European governments will serve as a mighty stimulus for the workers in all other countries.”

Why Study the Russian Revolution?

By David North, 13 March 2017

We are publishing here the text of a lecture delivered Saturday, March 11 by David North, chairman of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site. This is the first in a series of five international online lectures being presented by the International Committee of the Fourth International to mark the centenary of the 1917 Russian Revolution.

From the archives of the Revolution

The Petrograd Soviet’s “Order No. 1”

By the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies, 13 March 2017

At the demand of soldiers, the Petrograd Soviet on March 14 (March 1, O.S.) issued “Order No. 1,” which Trotsky described as “the single worthy document of the February revolution.”

On the Threshold of Revolution

By Leon Trotsky, 12 March 2017

This article was written by Leon Trotsky on March 13, 1917. An English translation appeared as “On the Eve of a Revolution” in the 1918 edition of Trotsky’s Our Revolution, edited and translated by M. J. Olgin.

Socialism and the centenary of the Russian Revolution: 1917-2017

By David North and Joseph Kishore, 3 January 2017

A specter is haunting world capitalism: the specter of the Russian Revolution. This year marks the centenary of the world-historical events of 1917, which began with the February Revolution in Russia and culminated in October with the conquest of political power by the Bolshevik Party, under the leadership of Lenin and Trotsky.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part three

By Clara Weiss, 1 May 2014

This is the final part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in1922.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part two

By Clara Weiss, 30 April 2014

This is the second part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the Tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in 1922.

Anti-Semitism and the Russian Revolution: Part one

By Clara Weiss, 29 April 2014

This is the first part of a three-part review of a historical study by Ulrich Herbeck on the history of anti-Semitism in Russia from the Tsarist empire until the end of the Civil War in 1922.

Film showings and lectures by David North

The historical significance and enduring political relevance of the 1917 Russian Revolution

10 September 2012

In this series of meetings in the US, Socialist Equality Party National Chairman David North will introduce showings of Tsar to Lenin with a lecture on the Russian Revolution.

“The October Revolution was the most important event of the 20th century”

Interview with Alexander Rabinowitch

By Wolfgang Weber, 1 June 2011

Russian historian Alexander Rabinowitch will be giving a lecture in Vienna on June 6. The WSWS spoke to the professor on his book, The Bolsheviks in Power, and the main themes of his research.

Ninety years since the Russian Revolution: The prospects for socialism in the twenty-first century

Part 3

By Nick Beams, 27 November 2007

The following is the Part 3 of a lecture delivered by Nick Beams, Socialist Equality Party national secretary and Senate candidate for NSW, to SEP election meetings in Sydney on November 18, Perth on November 20 and Melbourne on November 21. Part 1 was published on November 24 and Part 2 on November 26.

Ninety years since the Russian Revolution: The prospects for socialism in the twenty-first century

Part 2

By Nick Beams, 26 November 2007

The following is Part 2 of a lecture delivered by Nick Beams, Socialist Equality Party national secretary and Senate candidate for NSW, to SEP election meetings in Sydney on November 18, Perth on November 20 and Melbourne on November 21. Part 1 was published on Saturday, November 24, Part 3 will be posted on Tuesday November 27.

Ninety years since the Russian Revolution: The prospects for socialism in the twenty-first century

Part 1

By Nick Beams, 24 November 2007

The following is Part 1 of a lecture delivered by Nick Beams, Socialist Equality Party national secretary and Senate candidate for NSW, to SEP election meetings in Sydney on November 18, Perth on November 20 and Melbourne on November 21. Part 2 will be published on Monday November 26 and Part 3 on Tuesday November 27.