Health workers in South Africa and Kenya striking for personal protection equipment against coronavirus face police attacks

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

3 April 2020

Police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at nurses at Bongani Regional Hospital in Welko, South Africa protesting over unsafe travel arrangements while nurses walked out in Kenya over health and safety concerns.

Confirmed coronavirus cases in Africa exceeds 6,000 with more than 200 deaths

By Stephan McCoy, 2 April 2020

The UN recently warned that half of all jobs could be lost on the African continent due to the disruption caused by the pandemic.

Africa’s confirmed cases of COVID-19 approaching 5,000

By Stephan McCoy, 30 March 2020

The need for an internationally coordinated response to stop the spread of the coronavirus on the African continent is urgent.

Strikes spread in Europe and Africa over lack of coronavirus safety precautions

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

27 March 2020

Amazon workers in France, metalworkers in Italy, postal workers in Britain and doctors in Zimbabwe are among those taking job action to protest lack of adequate safety measures in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Africa records over 2,400 cases of COVID-19

By Stephan McCoy, 26 March 2020

An international and coordinated struggle against the spread of coronavirus on the African continent is an urgent necessity.

Africa threatened by sudden surge in coronavirus cases

By Kumaran Ira, 23 March 2020

The entire continent risks becoming infected with coronavirus, which could rapidly swamp its inadequate health systems, leading to a horrific death toll.

South Africa’s ANC government suppressed report showing thousands could die from COVID-19

By Stephan McCoy, 23 March 2020

The Ramaphosa government’s response to the pandemic has been exactly what the study warned against—slow and virtually nonexistent.

South Africa: State of national disaster declared as coronavirus hits and social tensions mount

By Stephan McCoy, 21 March 2020

The African National Congress (ANC) government lost weeks doing nothing to prepare for the inevitable arrival of the virus.

Strikes in Italy and Iran against exposure to coronavirus at work; South African bus strike threat over pay

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

20 March 2020

Workers in Iran and Italy, two countries heavily impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, have staged job action over work exposure to the disease, while South African transport workers have issued a strike threat over failed contract talks.

Union sells out municipal workers’ strike in Reykjavik, Iceland; Lebanon: hospital strike in Beirut over government inaction over Covid-19

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

13 March 2020

The Efling union has sold out a three week strike by municipal workers in Iceland while hospital workers in Lebanon protest the government’s inept response to the coronavirus pandemic.

French workers continue struggle against attacks on pensions; Zimbabwe trade unions try to hold back general strike

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

6 March 2020

On Tuesday workers held marches to protest attacks on pensions by the Macron government while trade union officials in Zimbabwe are attempting to hold back demands for a general strike against spiralling inflation.

Iceland: indefinite public sector strike in Reykjavik; Air France pilots’ conduct stoppage; transport workers join South African museum strikers to petition parliament

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

28 February 2020

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Greece: 24-hour stoppage by public sector workers; Italian dockers boycott ships carrying arms bound for Yemen war; threats of further strikes in Zimbabwe

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

21 February 2020

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature

Union sells out forestry strike in Finland; South African telecom workers’ strike threat against redundancies; London bus drivers move to strike vote

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

14 February 2020

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

President Trump expands anti-Muslim travel ban to thirteen countries

By Kevin Reed, 1 February 2020

Trump’s war on immigrants is intensifying in the aftermath of the impeachment trial and in the lead-up to the 2020 presidential election in November.

Strike wave in Finland; police attack firefighters demonstrating in Paris

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

31 January 2020

Paper and other forestry workers in Finalnd have launched a series of strikes, while protesting French firefighters faced brutal attacks from police.

French power workers at Grand’Maison dam join pension strikes; 130,000 Turkish metalworkers threaten walk out

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

24 January 2020

French hydroelectric workers joined a strike movement against pension cuts while the union for 130,000 Turkish metalworkers are currently in talks with the Turkish Employers Association of Metal Industries for a pay increase.

The Libya conference and the new scramble for Africa

By Johannes Stern, 18 January 2020

The Berlin meeting is reminiscent of the infamous Congo Conference, also held in Berlin in 1884-85 and aimed at the complete colonization of Africa.

Nurses strike in Northern Ireland for pay parity; Zimbabwe municipal workers refuse pay offer as hospital strike continues and teachers plan walkout

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

17 January 2020

Thousands of Northern Ireland nurses struck for five days staring January 10 while Zimbabwe public sector workers have rejected a derisory pay offer.

Malians protest to demand departure of French occupation troops

By Alex Lantier, 16 January 2020

Anger is exploding against the carnage produced by the French war in Mali and against official lies that France is waging a global war on terror.

German defence minister supports combat operations in Africa

By Gregor Link and Peter Schwarz, 4 January 2020

Over the holidays, Defence Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer reiterated her call for a massive expansion of the Franco-German campaign in the Sahel region.

Apple, Microsoft and Google among five companies sued over deaths of Congolese child miners

By Sam Dalton, 4 January 2020

Apple, Alphabet, Dell, Microsoft and Tesla are all accused in a lawsuit filed last month of knowingly using cobalt mined by children as young as six.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accepts Nobel Peace Prize

By Joe Williams, 28 December 2019

In accepting the prize, Ahmed joins a rogues’ gallery of imperialists, militarists, petty bourgeois nationalists, ethnic cleansers, and war criminals.

Zimbabwe four-month-long hospital strike continues; French rail workers to strike over Christmas defying unions

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

27 December 2019

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Zimbabwe hospital doctors out for 15 weeks; German Amazon workers strike at three centres

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

20 December 2019

Doctors in Zimbabwe are continuing their walkout in the face of intensifying repression while 1,200 German Amazon workers protested low pay by staging a walkout.

Algerian and Palestinian general strikes; Zimbabwe’s striking doctors threats

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

13 December 2019

Workers in Algeria carried out a four-day general strike while Palestinians in Hebron struck and doctors in Zimbabwe are continuing their months-long struggle.

Turkey’s Erdoğan threatens to send troops into Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 12 December 2019

With Ankara and Moscow backing rival regimes in the ravaged country, any escalation threatens to spill over into a far wider and more dangerous war.

Indian oil workers strike against privatisation: Auto workers in Haryana protest in solidarity with striking Honda contract workers

Workers Struggles: Asia, Australia and New Zealand

7 December 2019

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German Amazon workers walk out; Zimbabwe doctors and public sector continue 13-week stoppage

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

7 December 2019

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Croatian teachers’ strikes; healthcare workers’ stoppage in Northern Ireland; Zimbabwe unrest over runaway inflation continues

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

29 November 2019

Thousands of Croatian teachers are continuing strikes over pay while 25,000 health staff in Northern Ireland have taken industrial action and Zimbabwe unions have called a mass demonstration over deteriorating economic conditions.

National strike by Finnish postal workers continues; stoppages at UK colleges; South African Airline workers strike

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

22 November 2019

A strike by 9,000 Finnish postal workers is in its second week while instructors have struck several colleges in Britain and workers at state-owned South African Airlines struck last week.

National strike of postal workers in Finland; mass strikes in Algeria; struggles continue in Lebanon and Zimbabwe

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

15 November 2019

About 9,000 Finnish postal workers at the state-owned Posti walked out Monday while mass protests continue in Algeria and Lebanon and the strike by Zimbabwe doctors has spread following sackings.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

Zimbabwe nurses join doctors’ stoppage; One-day nationwide strike by Dutch teachers

8 November 2019

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Five candidates contest December 12 Algerian election amid mass opposition

By Kumaran Ira, 7 November 2019

The field of candidates, who are all tools of the regime, vindicates the overwhelming opposition of workers and youth in Algeria to the elections.

Forty-nine Malian soldiers dead in Islamic State attack, as protests grow against French-led war

By Alex Lantier, 5 November 2019

The attack came last Friday on a Malian army outpost at Indelimane, near the border with Niger, as the seventh year of the French-led war in Mali was drawing to a close.

Croatian education workers strike continues, Zimbabwe doctors on strike for two months

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

1 November 2019

Seven hundred Croation educators have walked out in a program of rotating strikes while Zimbabwe doctors are continuing an action over the erosion of pay due to inflation.

National strike of Croatian educators; Zimbabwe doctors’ stoppage into seventh week

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

25 October 2019

Lecturers and non-teaching staff have called weekly walkouts to press for pay increases in Croatia, while doctors in Zimbabwe are locked in an increasingly bitter battle with the government.

Algerian junta to slash energy subsidies amid mass protests

By Kumaran Ira, 19 October 2019

Ahmed Gaid Salah’s military regime has approved a bill to pay off global oil and gas firms by slashing billions of dollars in subsidies for Algerian workers.

Zimbabwe doctors’ six-week strike continues in defiance of courts; German airline cabin crew to walk out Saturday

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

19 October 2019

Doctors in Zimbabwe are demanding their wages be pegged to the US dollar in the face of runaway inflation while Lufthansa cabin crew plan to strike Saturday over wages.

Iranian Haft Tappeh sugar workers’ strike resumes; Zimbabwe’s doctors’ five-week strike continues

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

11 October 2019

Workers at the Haft Tappeh sugar cane operation are continuing a struggle over job losses and pay while doctors in Zimbabwe are fighting over pay and overall conditions in the health system.

Greece hit by further 24-hour strike; Strikes and protests continue in South Africa

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

4 October 2019

On Wednesday Greek unions staged a one-day strike against right-wing changes in labour laws while strikes and protests are continuing in South Africa by bank workers, health workers, pilots, firefighters and other sections of workers.

A visit to the workers’ quarters at a Unilever tea plantation in Kenya

By our correspondents, 1 October 2019

How giant tea companies exploit Kenyan plantation workers

By Saman Gunadasa, 1 October 2019

Backbreaking work, meagre wages and brutal conditions assure super profits to global conglomerates.

Greek civil servants strike; UK postal workers strike ballot; South African bank workers to walk out

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

27 September 2019

Some 500,000 Greek civil servants struck Tuesday against labour law changes, while Royal Mail workers authorized strike action and 27,000 South African Bank workers are set to strike Friday.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

UK pilots’ union calls off British Airways strike, UK Ryanair strike goes ahead; Jordan’s teachers’ strike enters second week; union heads off South African auto strike

20 September 2019

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Slovenian pilots strike; Paris, France rail and metro strike

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

13 September 2019

Slovenian pilots carried out a three-day stoppage September 8 - 10 over contract issues while Paris Metro workers are set to strike Friday to protest adverse pension changes by the Macron government.

UK and Spanish Ryanair pilots continue strikes; first-ever national strike by Dutch care workers; South African Bank workers to strike

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

6 September 2019

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

UK postal strike looms; British Airways pilots and Spanish Ryanair staff to strike; South African national truck strike call on social media

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

30 August 2019

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

“This is a prison city”

Immigrants hold four days of protest outside Mexican detention center

By Alex González, 26 August 2019

Two hundred protesters staged sit-ins and blocked vans with migrants bound for deportation.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

23 August 2019

Portuguese truck drivers’ strike called off but dispute continues; further strikes by ground staff at Spain’s Barcelona airport; national strike at Nigeria’s universities

Threat of Ryanair strikes across Europe; Kenyan public workers in 15 counties are set to walk out

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

16 August 2019

More workers at Ryanair have voted to strike as the job action by Portuguese delivery drivers continues and Kenyan public sector workers are set to walk out Tuesday.

UK Ryanair pilots vote to strike; South Africa’s bank workers two-day national stoppage; Kenyan construction workers wildcat strike over pay and conditions

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

9 August 2019

Ryanair pilots in Britain have given an 80 percent strike mandate while south African bank workers plan to protest massive job losses and Kenyan workers struck the multi-billion-shilling Thwake Dam construction project.

French-backed Libyan militia airstrike kills 42 civilians

By Alex Lantier, 7 August 2019

The bombing in the city of Murzuq was carried out by Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army, which relies on support from Paris and Washington as well as Egypt.

South African jazz musician Abdullah Ibrahim returns with The Balance

By Hiram Lee, 7 August 2019

This latest work stands out as an unusually open and humane collection of songs in a genre that has been lacking in those elements far too much in recent years.

UK Heathrow airport strike continues as pilots vote to strike; South Africa dockers defy unions

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

27 July 2019

In South Africa, dockworkers are continuing a two-week go slow in defiance of the unions.

UK Heathrow airport strike continues as pilots vote to strike; South African national rail strike; unions denounce South African dockers’ unofficial go-slow

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

27 July 2019

Some 4,000 workers carried out a two-day strike at London’s Heathrow airport while strikes continue in South Africa where dockworkers are continuing a two-week go slow in defiance of unions and rail workers carried out a one-day nationwide walkout.

“Amazon is a murderer and has to be stopped”

Amazon call center worker in Rabat, Morocco speaks out against company harassment

By Will Morrow, 13 July 2019

Ismaila N’Diaye, a 32-year-old former Amazon customer service employee in Rabat, said the life of his family has been torn apart by the company.

UK hospital in week-long strike; National strike threats on South Africa’s railways and Nigeria’s public sector

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

12 July 2019

Staff at Bradford hospitals struck against plans to transfer them to the employ of a private company, while thousands of South African railroad workers and Nigerian public workers are on strike.

Zimbabwe unions threaten general strike as walkouts spread in Nigeria

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

5 July 2019

The main Zimbabwe union federation has threatened a nationwide strike over the devaluation of currency while Nigerian dockworkers are set to strike this week over nonpayment of back wages joining civil servants and polytechnic staff.

Mass protests resume against Sudan’s junta

By Jean Shaoul, 2 July 2019

Protesters were met Sunday with tear gas, stun grenades and live ammunition that killed at least seven people and injured 181 more.

Italian and French dockers refuse to load ship to protest Saudi Arabia war in the Yemen; UK Bridgend Ford workers strike vote against closure

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

21 June 2019

Protests against the Saudi war in Yemen continued by French and Italian dockworkers, while Ford workers in Britain voted 83 percent for strike action against threats to shutter the facility.

At least 95 killed in massacre at Sobane Kou village in Mali

By Will Morrow, 12 June 2019

This is the latest in a series of massacres amid growing ethnic conflicts in Mali provoked by the French and German occupation of the country.

General strike against military regime brings Sudan to a standstill

By Niles Niemuth, 10 June 2019

Photos and video posted on social media showed empty streets and shuttered markets across the country.

French Nutella workers strike, Tram and metro workers’ stoppage in Greek capital

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

7 June 2019

Workers at the Nutella factory in Normandy have been blockading the plant over demands for a wage increase while Greek tram workers stopped work Monday to protest the Syriza government’s attacks on public transportation.

Military junta launches counter-revolution in Sudan

By Jean Shaoul, 6 June 2019

The counter-revolutionary bloodbath has killed some 100 people, including an eight-year old child, and injured hundreds more since Monday.

Military massacres protesters in Sudan

By Bill Van Auken, 4 June 2019

Dozens were killed and hundreds wounded Monday after troops broke up a sit-in in Khartoum with live ammunition.

South African elections

Ramaphosa elected to full term as president amid record low ANC vote

By Eddie Haywood, 13 May 2019

The election marks the first time in the ANC’s post-apartheid history that its vote has fallen below 60 percent.

Egypt stages referendum to institutionalize General Sisi’s dictatorship

By Bill Van Auken, 19 April 2019

The consolidation of the bloody police-state dictatorship enjoys the support of both Washington and the major European powers.

Pre-emptive military coup ousts Bashir to protect Sudan’s elite

By Jean Shaoul, 12 April 2019

Awad Ibn Auf, the minister of defence and deputy president, declared a three-month state of emergency, putting the country under military rule, and said that the army would oversee a two-year transitional period leading up to elections.

Libya’s descent into civil war: The bitter fruit of the pseudo-left's pro-imperialism

By Bill Van Auken, 10 April 2019

The escalating civil war in Libya has served as one more demonstration of the criminal role played by the pseudo-left proponents of “humanitarian” imperialist intervention.

Libya on the brink of all-out civil war

By Bill Van Auken, 9 April 2019

Eight years after the US and NATO launched a war for regime-change under humanitarian pretenses, conditions for the masses in Libya remain catastrophic.

Algerian army purges intelligence agencies as anti-regime protests grow

By Alex Lantier, 9 April 2019

Amid growing popular distrust of the army, the army is firing top intelligence officials implicated in the regime’s crimes during Algeria’s bloody 1992-2002 civil war.

Mass protests in Algeria follow Bouteflika’s resignation

By Will Morrow, 6 April 2019

As protesters denounced the fraudulent military-backed transition, the army released a statement yesterday threatening any opposition to its interests.

Bouteflika’s resignation as Algerian president to take place by April 28

By Alex Lantier, 2 April 2019

After six weeks of strikes and mass protests, the Algerian presidency set a deadline yesterday for the Abdelaziz Bouteflika to step down.

Sixth Friday mass protest in Algeria demands fall of the regime

By Alex Lantier, 30 March 2019

After the army brass tried to defuse the situation by moving to impeach President Bouteflika, protesters called for bringing down the regime and the army.

Protests against Sudan’s al-Bashir regime enter fourth month

By Jean Shaoul, 30 March 2019

The protests take place amid the most sustained challenge to al-Bashir’s rule since he seized power in a 1989 coup.

Ogossagou massacre exposes rising bloodshed in European-occupied Mali

By Stéphane Hugues and Alex Lantier, 30 March 2019

Under occupation by French and German troops, Mali, one of the poorest countries in the world, is being torn apart by bloody ethnic violence.

Extreme social crisis ravages Mozambique in wake of Cyclone Idai

By Eddie Haywood, 30 March 2019

The devastation in the storm’s wake has produced a full-blown humanitarian crisis, exposing the impoverished conditions already present before Cyclone Idai hit.

Thousands of young Moroccan teachers assaulted by anti-riot police

By Nancy Hanover, 26 March 2019

Contract teachers have struck the Northern African country of Morocco since March 3 and mass protests have escalated.

Historic humanitarian disaster unfolds in southeast Africa in the wake of Cyclone Idai

By Niles Niemuth, 22 March 2019

The powerful storm has tragically exposed the dire social and economic conditions facing millions in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Madagascar.

Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi face a humanitarian catastrophe in the wake of Cyclone Idai

By Meenakshi Jagadeesan, 20 March 2019

Mozambique’s president, Filipe Nyusi, reported that more than 1,000 people had been killed by high winds and widespread flooding.

Over one million protest extension of Bouteflika’s term in Algeria

By Will Morrow, 16 March 2019

Reports indicate that the demonstrations were even larger than last Friday, when more than one million people protested in Algiers alone.

Socialist Workers Party seeks to derail movement against Algerian regime

By Will Morrow and Alex Lantier, 16 March 2019

Algeria’s Socialist Workers’ Party seeks to tie protests to discredited bourgeois parties and block a revolutionary working class challenge to the regime.

The working class enters into struggle in Algeria

By Alex Lantier, 13 March 2019

The eruption of mass workers protests against the Algerian regime vindicate the ICFI’s struggle against Pabloite tendencies that claimed this regime would build socialism.

Algerian regime pledges fraudulent political “transition” as strikes spread

By Will Morrow, 12 March 2019

While Bouteflika has pledged not to seek a fifth term, this is to be achieved by postponing elections and extending his current term indefinitely.

Algerians in France protest in solidarity with strike wave in Algeria

By V. Gnana and Alex Lantier, 12 March 2019

On Sunday, Algerians organised protests again in Paris and Marseille, a week after a protest of 1,000 Algerians took place in Montreal, Canada.

Boeing jetliner crashes in Ethiopia, killing all 157 passengers and crew

By Eddie Haywood, 12 March 2019

The Ethiopian air disaster comes just five months after an Indonesian Lion Air passenger jet of the same model crashed, killing all 189 on board.

Uganda’s social media tax leads to sharp drop in internet users

By Eddie Haywood, 9 March 2019

The government of President Yoweri Museveni, in power for three decades, regards social media with intense hostility and suspicion.

Algerian workers in France speak out against Bouteflika regime

By V. Gnana and Alex Lantier, 6 March 2019

The anger that is erupting in mass protests against the Bouteflika regime in Algeria has provoked a wave of support in France.

Algerian protests continue after Bouteflika launches presidential bid

By Will Morrow, 5 March 2019

Speaking for the former colonial power, Le Monde published an editorial demanding that Bouteflika step down and warning that the situation risks spinning out of control.

Mass protests erupt in Algeria against Bouteflika’s bid for fifth term

By Alex Lantier, 2 March 2019

Amid a strike wave across North Africa, workers in youth are protesting across Algeria.

Strike wave shakes North Africa

By Kumaran Ira, 2 March 2019

After the “Arab Spring” in 2011, a new wave of strikes and demonstrations is shaking Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.

Zimbabwe-South Africa summit: The Butcher of Marikana meets the Crocodile

By Stephan McCoy, 28 February 2019

Presidents Emmerson Mnangagwa and Cyril Ramaphosa will meet in the Zimbabwean capital next month against a backdrop of deepening economic crisis and rising social discontent in both countries.

Workers Struggles: Europe, Middle East & Africa

South African gold miners’ strike at Sibanye in third month, Kenyan striking nurses defy back to work order

22 February 2019

As the strike by workers at Sibanye gold mine continues, the company announced the closure of two mines costing 7,000 jobs. Meanwhile Kenyan nurses are defying a back to work order by President Uhuru Kenyatta.

Thousands of teachers attacked by riot police in Morocco

By a reporter, 21 February 2019

The confrontation came in the midst of a general strike of Moroccan workers on the eighth anniversary of a revolt that was part of the 2011 “Arab Spring.”

Flooding of mines in Zimbabwe leaves 24 dead, dozens more missing

By Eddie Haywood, 21 February 2019

The mining tragedy comes amid an immense social and economic crisis wracking Zimbabwe, with skyrocketing inflation and mass unemployment.

Nigeria election commission abruptly postpones presidential poll

By Eddie Haywood, 18 February 2019

The contest between incumbent Muhammadu Buhari and chief rival Atiku Abubakar is in a virtual dead heat, with each candidate expected to take an even number of votes.

Zimbabwe: Mnangagwa government clamps down on popular opposition

By Stephan McCoy, 18 February 2019

The ZANU-PF regime has responded to rising social discontent by unleashing the military.

Union federation stages national strike in South Africa

By Eddie Haywood, 14 February 2019

Tens of thousands of workers participated in the walkout, bringing economic activity to a near standstill across the country.

Five killed, 22 feared trapped in South African mine explosion

By Samuel Davidson, 13 February 2019

The explosion was at a mine owned by the Gupta brothers, who have close ties to former ANC leader and South African President Zuma.