Greece

Mass layoffs in Greece’s public sector

By Christoph Dreier, 1 December 2011

On Monday, the new Greek government began implementing mass forced retirements in the public sector.

Greek police make first raid on university since fall of military junta

By Robert Stevens, 24 November 2011

Last Thursday, the newly imposed Greek government utilized PASOK’s abolition of the Academic Asylum law to authorise the police entry into a public university for the first time since 1982.

The threat of dictatorship in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 21 November 2011

The manner in which the new Greek government was imposed and the forces upon which it relies underscore the mounting threat to the democratic rights of working people in Greece and throughout Europe.

Newly-installed Greek government pledges continued cuts

By Christoph Dreier, 15 November 2011

The new Greek government under Prime Minister Papademos announced further austerity measures. It relies not only on the social-democratic PASOK, but also on the extreme right wing LAOS party.

Greek “left” prepares new trap for the working class

By Christoph Dreier, 12 November 2011

Greece’s trade unions and pseudo-socialist parties are advancing the perspective of a bourgeois “left” unity government to smother working class opposition to the new technocratic regime installed by the EU, the IMF and the banks.

Favorite of European banks appointed to head Greek government

By Stefan Steinberg, 11 November 2011

Lucas Papademos is regarded as a safe pair of hands by his banking colleagues—a man who takes his orders directly from the major financial institutions of Europe.

No national government in Greece as talks break up

By Chris Marsden, 10 November 2011

After three days of negotiations, Greece has still not gotten a new national unity government.

Talks on Greek national government stagger on without agreement

By Chris Marsden, 9 November 2011

Yesterday, Greece’s political establishment again failed to meet the demands of the European Union and the United States to announce the formation of a national government.

Greece and the dictatorship of finance

By Peter Schwarz, 9 November 2011

The events that have rocked Greece in recent days are a lesson and a warning for all of Europe.

Major powers successfully dictate regime change in Greece

By Chris Marsden, 8 November 2011

Just three days after he won a vote of confidence, Greece’s Prime Minister George Papandreou is out and a government of “national unity” is being formed—combining PASOK and the main conservative opposition, New Democracy.

Greek government crisis triggers new round of budget cuts in Europe

By Christoph Dreier, 8 November 2011

The government crisis and the attacks on the working class in Greece were the prelude to a new round of social cuts throughout Europe.

Greek prime minister forced out in euro crisis deal

By Patrick Martin, 7 November 2011

Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou agreed to resign Sunday and be replaced by a coalition government of national unity that will have a mandate from the bankers and European heads of state to impose even more drastic austerity measures on the working people of Greece.

Papandreou pledges Greek government of national unity

By Chris Marsden, 5 November 2011

Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou survived a vote of no confidence last night, but only by pledging immediate moves to form a national unity government.

Papandreou cancels referendum on Greek austerity plan

By Peter Schwarz, 4 November 2011

Under massive pressure from Germany and France, Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou has cancelled his plan for a referendum on the austerity measures demanded by the European Union.

US business magazine: Military coup best solution for Greece

By Bill Van Auken, 4 November 2011

Forbes magazine, which bills itself as “Information for the World's Business Leaders,” has published an article on its web site entitled “The real Greek solution: a military coup.”

Are Obama and NATO plotting a military coup in Greece?

By Bill Van Auken, 3 November 2011

The sudden dismissal of the Greek military’s high command Tuesday night, amid international uproar over a proposal for a referendum on an EU debt plan, has all the hallmarks of an action taken to preempt the threat of a military coup.

Europe on the brink as Greece staggers towards default

By Chris Marsden, 3 November 2011

The G20 summit beginning today has been thrown into desperate crisis over the increasingly likely failure of Greece to meet the terms of the latest tranche of loans from the European Union, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank.

Coup fears in Greece over referendum plan

By Peter Schwarz, 2 November 2011

Prime Minister Papandreou sacked the Greek military high command Tuesday amid mounting furor over his proposal for a referendum on an EU bailout plan that spells years of punishing austerity for Greek workers.

The way forward in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 25 October 2011

Greek trade unions are doing all they can to sabotage a movement of workers against the government.

PASOK approves further austerity measures for Greece

By Robert Stevens, 21 October 2011

The Greek social democratic PASOK government has given final approval to a new, brutal austerity programme in the face of massive popular opposition

More than 100,000 protest in Athens

By Christoph Dreiser, 21 October 2011

The World Socialist Web Site spoke to protestors in Athens during the second day of a 48-hour general strike.

Massive protests on first day of Greek general strike

By Robert Stevens and Christoph Dreier, 20 October 2011

Greece was hit on Wednesday, the first day of a 48-hour general strike, with the biggest protests since the fall of the military regime in 1974.

“We need the help of workers in Europe,” says Athens protester

By our reporters, 20 October 2011

The World Socialist Web Site spoke to workers and young people protesting in Athens.

Greek refuse workers threatened with army intervention on eve of general strike

By Robert Stevens, 19 October 2011

Greece’s social democratic PASOK government is preparing to use the army against striking Athens refuse workers and threatening mass arrests ahead of today’s 48-hour general strike.

Growing strike wave in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 15 October 2011

Strikes and protests escalated throughout Greece this week as workers protested against the austerity programme of the social democratic PASOK government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Financial officials increase pressure on Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 13 October 2011

In its preliminary summary, the troika paints a bleak picture of Greece’s economic development and seeks to pressure Athens to implement cuts and deregulation.

Greece’s health system faces collapse

By Robert Stevens, 13 October 2011

The austerity measures being forced onto the Greek population by the ruling social democratic PASOK government are literally killing people.

European Union prepares for Greek state bankruptcy

By Peter Schwarz, 8 October 2011

The European institutions have clearly changed course in relation to Greece. Instead of the “rescue” of the country, they are now discussing its bankruptcy, and reducing the risk of contagion.

Tens of thousands strike in Greece as military threatens to intervene against anti-austerity protests

By Robert Stevens, 6 October 2011

Tens of thousands of workers, pensioners and youth protested throughout Greece Wednesday in a 24-hour public sector strike.

Socialism and the global economic crisis

By Stefan Steinberg and Barry Grey, 6 October 2011

Three years into the severest world economic crisis since the 1930s, stock markets around the world are once again tumbling as the capitalist system plunges into depression.

European markets plummet on fears of a new banking crisis

By Christoph Dreier, 5 October 2011

European stock markets fell sharply Tuesday and the euro hit new lows amid reports of an impending default of the Greek economy and fears of a rapidly developing recession and renewed banking crisis on both sides of the Atlantic.

Greece to miss deficit target and impose more cuts on workers

By Christoph Dreier, 3 October 2011

The social-democratic government of Greece bowed to pressure from the IMF and European authorities and cut the jobs of 30,000 civil servants.

Greek parliament approves “property tax” as PASOK pledges more pain

By Robert Stevens, 29 September 2011

The Greek parliament’s approval of a new property tax marks an escalation in the austerity measures that are already destroying the jobs, living standards and futures of millions of working people.

Strikes and protests mount against austerity in Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 27 September 2011

Indifferent to the suffering of the Greek people and intent on pursuing a class-war policy across Europe, the “troika” experts agree that "on the ground, things will get a lot worse."

No new proposals from IMF on European debt crisis

By Barry Grey, 26 September 2011

The annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank in Washington DC concluded Sunday with no agreement on specific measures to avert a default by Greece and the threat of a new financial meltdown and global depression.

European powers discuss possible bankruptcy of Greece

By Christoph Dreier, 24 September 2011

Neither the austerity measures nor the latest tranche of the “rescue packet” will resolve the crisis gripping Greece, which faces looming bankruptcy.

Greek workers strike, protest against brutal austerity measures

By David Walsh, 23 September 2011

Tens of thousands of Greek public transport workers, teachers, civil servants and air traffic controllers walked off the job Thursday to protest the latest round of austerity measures announced by the PASOK government.

The carve-up of Greece

By Barry Grey, 20 September 2011

The European Union, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund, acting in behalf of the international banks, are demanding a new round of austerity measures against the Greek working class.

European finance ministers delay loan, press Greece for deeper cuts

By Barry Grey, 17 September 2011

European Union finance ministers delayed a decision on disbursing an 8 billion euro loan needed to avert a default by Greece next month and rejected proposals by US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner to expand the EU's bailout fund.

Greek workers plunged into social misery

By Robert Stevens, 15 September 2011

With Greece verging on default, the PASOK government is escalating its austerity programme against an already pauperised population.

European markets, banks staggered as Greece slides toward default

By Barry Grey, 13 September 2011

The crisis of the common European currency and the region’s banking system intensified Monday amid mounting fears that Greece could soon default.

Riot police battle austerity protesters in Greece

By Patrick Martin, 12 September 2011

The fighting took place as the Greek prime minister gave his annual address on economic policy.

Austerity measures spell social catastrophe in Greece

By Katerina Selin, 13 August 2011

A look at the social situation in Greece reveals the thoroughly inhuman character of the austerity measures demanded by the banks, EU and IMF.

SEP holds meeting in Berlin

Greece and the euro crisis

By a correspondent, 20 July 2011

At a meeting in Berlin last Saturday the chairman of the German Socialist Equality Party described the threat of the default by Greece as an expression of the global crisis of capitalism.

SYRIZA leader offers his services to the European political elite

By Stefan Steinberg, 9 July 2011

At a meeting in Berlin, the chairman of SYRIZA (the Coalition of the Radical Left) made an urgent appeal to the European political and financial elite to restructure their loans to Greece to avoid social unrest.

The political lessons of Greece

By Stefan Steinberg, 6 July 2011

The new package of austerity measures passed last week in Greece will have devastating consequences for the Greek and international working class.

Banks secure own interests at Greece’s expense

By Stefan Steinberg, 2 July 2011

The French plan to roll over Greek debt was timed to send the right signals to the financial markets while influencing the debate in the Greek parliament on a new round of austerity measures.

Greek austerity package: Social counterrevolution in Europe

By Peter Schwarz, 30 June 2011

The vote in the Greek Parliament approving another package of austerity measures marks a political watershed for the whole of Europe.

Greek parliament discusses new austerity in face of mass opposition

By Stefan Steinberg, 29 June 2011

The Greek government, in close cooperation with European politicians, bankers and the International Monetary Fund, is working frantically this week to push through parliament massive austerity measures overwhelmingly opposed by the Greek working class.

Germany contemplates “nuclear option” for Greece

By Stefan Steinberg, 29 June 2011

Leading German industrialists and economists are arguing that Greece should either withdraw or be thrown out of the eurozone in order to avoid a breakup of the European Union.

Greece: The Syntagma Square movement—no real democracy

By Peter Schwarz, 24 June 2011

The call for “no politics” is itself a political program, and one of the vilest sort. It is exclusively directed against a genuine, leftist perspective dedicated to the political independence of the working class.

Papandreou wins confidence vote in Greece

By our correspondents in Athens, 23 June 2011

In the early hours of Wednesday morning the newly reshuffled cabinet of Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou won a no-confidence vote by a slim majority.

Greece: The dictatorship of finance capital

By Nick Beams, 22 June 2011

The diktat handed down by the International Monetary Fund demanding the imposition of even harsher austerity measure before the release of the €12 billion final tranche of the current Greek bailout package marks a sharp turn in the unfolding European financial crisis.

Greece faces new austerity package

By our correspondents in Athens, 21 June 2011

The hectic political manoeuvres in Brussels and Athens in recent days aim to impose a new round of bank bailouts and social cuts on the devastated Greek population.

Global markets plummet as Greek political crisis deepens

By Stefan Steinberg, 17 June 2011

Commentators agree that any compromise between Berlin and Paris would only provide a temporary breathing space to Greece and postpone what is increasingly regarded as the inevitable outcome—a sovereign default resulting in a new European and international finance crisis.

Greek prime minister proposes government of national unity as protests spread

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 June 2011

Yesterday the Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou proposed a pact with the country’s conservative opposition party, New Democracy, to form a national unity government to continue making unpopular social cuts.

Which way forward for the working class in Greece?

By Stefan Steinberg, 15 June 2011

A one-day strike called by Greece’s trade unions against the latest social cuts demanded by the PASOK government poses pressing questions of political perspective to all class-conscious workers.

Greek government announces new cuts amid mass opposition

By Stefan Steinberg and Alex Lantier, 13 June 2011

The Greek government has announced major new spending cuts, amid rising occupations of city squares and strikes against social cuts.

European Union officials demand brutal austerity in Greece

By Stefan Steinberg, 8 June 2011

In their totality the cutbacks demanded by the EU at the behest of the banks amount to a social counterrevolution.

European Union, IMF move toward second bailout of Greece

By Andre Damon, 4 June 2011

International financial officials signaled Friday that more bailout money would be forthcoming for Greece next month, after the Greek government pledged to implement billions of euros in cuts and privatizations.

Greek government to announce billions more in austerity measures

By Andre Damon, 3 June 2011

The Greek Government is preparing to announce another €6.4 billion in austerity measures today after Moody's, the debt rating agency, cut the country's credit rating three notches.

The assault on the Greek working class

By Peter Schwarz, 2 June 2011

In Greece—and in a similar manner in Portugal, Ireland and Spain—the ruling class is carrying out a counterrevolutionary offensive against the working class.

Banks demand savage austerity measures in Greece

By Patrick O’Connor, 31 May 2011

The European financial elite is dispensing all pretence of basic democratic norms as it demands a new round of brutal austerity and privatisations.

Protesters, police clash in Athens demonstration

By Stefan Steinberg, 13 May 2011

Two protesters were seriously injured by police, dozens more injured and over twenty arrested as police moved in violently to quell protests in the Greek capital on Wednesday.

Greek crisis triggers fierce conflicts in Europe

By Peter Schwarz, 11 May 2011

Rumours about the possible withdrawal of Greece from the euro, and a secret meeting of European finance ministers, have triggered fierce conflicts within the European Union.

Europe one year after the bailout of Greece

By Stefan Steinberg, 10 May 2011

One year after the bailout of Greece, Europe stands on the brink of disintegration, with attacks on the working class intensifying and conflicts mounting between the continent's leading powers.

Plan to restructure Greek debt reveals deep rifts in Europe

By Stefan Steinberg, 21 April 2011

After months of speculation and denials by the Greek prime minister and leading international finance chiefs, the Athens daily Eleftherotypia reported Monday that the Greek government has issued a request to the IMF and the EU to restructure Greece’s public debt.

Greek workers mount eighth general strike

By Robert Stevens, 24 February 2011

Workers in Greece took part in a general strike Wednesday to protest the austerity measures being imposed by the social democratic government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Greece to build fortified border fence to deter refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 8 January 2011

The border fence not only symbolizes “Fortress Europe”, but is a model for the attacks of the European governments on the democratic rights of all the people.

Greek parliament approves further austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 24 December 2010

The Greek parliament passed its 2011 budget early Thursday morning, at the end of the final session of the five-day parliamentary debate.

Police attack protesters during Greek general strike

By Ann Talbot, 16 December 2010

Police brutally attacked demonstrators, who fought back, as an estimated 100,000 people took to the streets in a general strike that brought Greece's major cities to a standstill.

Bloody clashes with police and anti-Berlusconi demonstrators in Rome

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 December 2010

The demonstrations in Rome this week represent the most angry displays of opposition to the Berlusconi government and the entire political establishment in Italy for decades.

General strike hits further austerity demands in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 15 December 2010

The Greek government has introduced a further round of austerity measures which will result in massive job losses.

Council of Europe accuses Greece of mistreating refugees

By Elisabeth Zimmermann, 26 November 2010

A new report raises serious allegations against Greece’s police and border authorities, documenting numerous cases of abuse and in some cases raises the allegation of torture.

Social democrats win Greek regional elections amid mass abstention

By Robert Stevens, 17 November 2010

The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government of Prime Minister George Papandreou won the Greek regional elections in the second and final round of voting on Sunday.

Abstention in Greek elections shows anger at PASOK austerity

By Robert Stevens, 9 November 2010

Sunday’s regional elections in Greece revealed the hostility of millions of people to the austerity programme being imposed by the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Greek union calls off rail strike

By Robert Stevens, 2 November 2010

On October 28, the Panhellenic Federation of Railway Workers (POS) called off the latest strike by Greek railway workers.

Greek culture ministry workers end strike after police attack

By Robert Stevens, 16 October 2010

Culture ministry workers employed at the Acropolis in Athens ended a three-day strike Friday, following brutal attacks by riot police.

Two officers convicted for killing 15-year-old Greek student

By John Vassilopoulos, 15 October 2010

Epaminondas Korkoneas was found guilty of murder and his partner guilty of accessory to murder, for the killing of 15 year-old Greek student Alexis Grigoropoulos on December 6, 2008.

Split over Greek regional election highlights SYRIZA’s rightward march

By John Vassilopoulos and Alex Lantier, 21 September 2010

Conflicts are erupting within the Greek petty-bourgeois “left” coalition SYRIZA over the nomination of a high-ranking PASOK official as its candidate in the Attica regional election.

Greek debt crisis fuels fears of European sovereign default

By Robert Stevens, 14 September 2010

Figures released this month point to the threat of a second continent-wide recession. Contrary to the claim that the worst of the economic crisis was over as a result of the bailout, leading economists have warned that Greece will be unable to pay back its mountain of debt.

Anti-government protests hit Greek austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 13 September 2010

Anti-government protests in the northern city of Thessaloniki in Greece last weekend were met by a massive police response.

Greek unions posture as opponents of privatisation

By John Vassilopoulos, 25 August 2010

The union leaders have portrayed themselves as emulating the last stand of the 300 Spartans at Thermopylae, while actually collaborating with the government in privatising companies and arranging wage cuts for the workers.

European Commission urges Greek government to press ahead with austerity

By Stefan Steinberg, 24 August 2010

Despite widespread social opposition, the European Commission has urged the Greek government to press ahead with its extensive program of spending and income cuts.

Greek ex-lefts denounce truck drivers strike

By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 16 August 2010

Petty-bourgeois ex-left parties such as Antarsya and SYRIZA and the Greek Communist Party were bitterly hostile to the Greek truckers’ six-day nationwide strike against the social-democratic government’s social cuts.

Army operation against Greek truck drivers: A warning to European workers

By Peter Schwarz, 4 August 2010

The entire European elite has responded with satisfaction to Greek Prime Minister Papandreou’s decision to break the truck drivers strike by using coercive measures and mobilizing the army.

Greece: Union betrayal of truck driver’s strike sets stage for further attacks

By Robert Stevens, 3 August 2010

The Greek trade unions’ betrayal of the six-day nationwide strike by 33,000 truck drivers has set the stage for the PASOK government to step up its offensive against the entire working class.

Greek military mobilised to break truck drivers strike

By Robert Stevens, 2 August 2010

The decision by the social democratic PASOK government to use the military to break a nationwide strike by truck drivers is a stark indication of the polarisation of class relations in Greece and throughout Europe.

Greek truck drivers defy government

By Stefan Steinberg, 31 July 2010

Greek truck drivers decided on Friday to continue their five-day national strike, despite a series of punitive measures by the social democratic government of Prime Minister George Papandreou aiming to break their action.

Germany and France use loans to Greece to push for major arms deals

By Johannes Stern, 15 July 2010

Berlin and Paris have used the bailout of Greece to force Athens to agree to massive arms procurement deals.

Greece: What is behind the right wing-split from SYRIZA?

By Chris Marsden and Robert Stevens, 12 July 2010

At the June congress of SYRIZA (Coalition of the Radical Left), the “Renewal Wing” of the party walked out, announcing their intention to form a new movement more openly defending the social-democratic government currently imposing massive cuts on the working class.

Greece: Sixth general strike as PASOK passes austerity package

By Robert Stevens, 9 July 2010

Tens of thousands of workers protested Thursday during the sixth general strike to be held this year in Greece.

Pharmaceuticals impose embargo on Greek health service

By John Vassilopoulos, 3 July 2010

From the end of May until the middle of June, major pharmaceutical corporations held Greek public hospitals hostage over outstanding debts and price increases on medicines.

Greek workers in fifth 24-hour strike against austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 30 June 2010

In the latest 24-hour strike, tens of thousands of workers protested in cities and towns across Greece on Tuesday against the austerity measures of George Papandreou’s PASOK government.

Greece trade unions intensify collaboration with austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 21 June 2010

As the austerity measures of Greece’s PASOK government produce deepening widespread poverty, the trade union federations are working to ensure that all opposition is strangled.

Greece: Antarsya offers no alternative to PASOK and the official “left”

By Robert Stevens, 7 June 2010

Since the turn of the year, millions of Greek workers and young people have been involved in strikes and protests against the austerity measures being implemented by the PASOK government, on behalf of international finance capital.

An interview with OKDE-Spartakos of Greece’s Antarsya coalition

By Alex Lantier, 7 June 2010

While criticising other parties of the Greek petty-bourgeois “left,” Iannis Felekis of OKDE-Spartakos said that there was no alternative to Papandreou’s social cuts.

Greek debt crisis exacerbates problems in Eastern Europe and Balkans

By Markus Salzmann, 26 May 2010

The debt crisis in Greece is placing Eastern European states under increasing pressure.

Greece: Fourth 24-hour strike against austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 21 May 2010

Tens of thousands of workers protested in towns and cities throughout Greece on May 20 during the latest 24-hour general strike in response to the brutal austerity measures being imposed by the PASOK government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.

How the Greek Communist Party covers for Papandreou’s cuts

By Alex Lantier, 21 May 2010

The Greek Communist Party hides its collaboration with the political establishment and its agreement with the cuts, behind Greek nationalism and an unreconstructed defense of Stalinism.