Greece

How the Greek Communist Party covers for Papandreou’s cuts

By Alex Lantier, 21 May 2010

The Greek Communist Party hides its collaboration with the political establishment and its agreement with the cuts, behind Greek nationalism and an unreconstructed defense of Stalinism.

Economic crisis makes “very difficult” situation for Greek families worse

By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010

WSWS reporters spoke to travelers at the Athens train station, who explained the impossible financial situations they face due to social cuts and the Greek debt crisis.

Greek debt crisis hits small businesses in Athens

By Alex Lantier, 18 May 2010

WSWS reporters talked with residents of Peristeri, a suburb of Athens with many small businesses, about how the Greek debt crisis is affecting them and the city’s industry.

SYRIZA rally: the reactionary politics of the middle class “left” in Greece

By Alex Lantier and John Vassilopoulos in Athens, 17 May 2010

WSWS reporters in Athens attended the May 14 rally of SYRIZA (the Coalition of the Radical Left), called to discuss the massive social cuts being carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Greek workers speak out against Papandreou’s cuts

By Alex Lantier, 15 May 2010

WSWS reporters interviewed workers in Perama, a working-class port city in the Athens suburbs, on the impact and political significance of the social cuts carried out by Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Euro aid package inaugurates offensive against working class

By Peter Schwarz, 13 May 2010

Last weekend, European leaders and finance ministers agreed to a rescue package for the euro which inaugurates the most comprehensive offensive against the working class since the end of World War II.

Greek government announces major pension cuts

By Robert Stevens and Alex Lantier, 13 May 2010

Sharp cuts in pensions are the latest in a series of austerity measures carried out by Prime Minister George Papendreou following the outbreak of the Greek debt crisis.

Greek workers protest pension cuts

By a WSWS reporting team in Athens, 13 May 2010

WSWS reporters attended a demonstration in Athens called against the massive pension cuts recently announced by the social-democratic government of Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou.

Stock markets surge on €750 billion European bailout

By Alex Lantier, 11 May 2010

Financial stocks surged as European authorities announced a new bailout, transferring massive public funds to the banks to stem fears of a collapse of the financial system if Greece or other European countries defaulted on their debts.

The international significance of the Greek general strike

By Alex Lantier, 10 May 2010

Mass opposition to Papandreou’s austerity policies has panicked financial markets and foreshadows international struggles against efforts to make workers pay for the economic crisis.

Fears over Greek crisis continue to drive down global markets

By Bill Van Auken, 8 May 2010

Despite the Greek parliament’s approval of drastic austerity measures, fears that the country’s economic crisis will deepen and spread to other nations continued to drive down international markets Friday.

Greek Parliament approves deep social cuts in face of mass opposition

Stock markets fall sharply on fears of unrest

By Joe Kishore and Alex Lantier, 7 May 2010

The Greek Parliament approved €30 billion in social cuts a day after a general strike to oppose the measures. Global stock markets fell sharply on investor fears that global social unrest will disrupt plans to make the working class pay for the economic crisis.

Greek workers strike against austerity measures

By Stefan Steinberg, 6 May 2010

Greek workers staged a general strike on Wednesday to protest massive austerity measures. Prime Minister George Papandreou seized on the death of three bank workers in a fire to press forward the attack on the working class.

On eve of general strike

European, world markets plunge on Greek debt fears

By Joe Kishore, 5 May 2010

The sovereign debt crisis in Greece is sending new tremors through world markets. A general strike has been called for Wednesday, as the trade unions in Greece struggle to contain mass opposition to austerity measures.

Europe-IMF bailout, social cuts announced in Greece

By Alex Lantier, 3 May 2010

Despite overwhelming popular opposition, the Greek government proposed a new round of social cuts yesterday in order to obtain a €110 billion joint Europe-IMF bailout and repay its creditors among major international banks.

Greece, the euro crisis and the issues confronting the European working class

By Ulrich Rippert, 1 May 2010

The decision by the US rating agency Standard & Poor’s to downgrade Greek debt to junk status and its subsequent downgrading of Portugal and Spain augurs a new stage in the European and international financial crisis.

Greek government agrees to deeper cuts in return for expanded bailout

By Barry Grey, 30 April 2010

Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met with trade union and business leaders Thursday to outline new austerity measures designed to more rapidly reduce the country’s budget deficit, in accordance with conditions for an expanded bailout laid down by the IMF, the European Central Bank and the European Commission.

Expanded Greek bailout discussed as credit crisis engulfs Europe

By Alex Lantier, 29 April 2010

German and IMF officials discussed a €135 billion bailout for Greece yesterday, as Spain’s credit rating was downgraded and fears grew that the sovereign debt crisis would spread throughout Europe.

World markets plunge as Greek credit downgraded to “junk” status

By Patrick O’Connor, 28 April 2010

Stock markets in Europe, the US, and other regions closed sharply lower yesterday after ratings agency Standard & Poor’s downgraded its sovereign credit rating of Greece to “junk” status and also lowered Portugal’s rating by two notches.

German chancellor steps up pressure on Greece

By Peter Schwarz, 28 April 2010

The German government is linking the provision of bailout funds for Greece to entirely new conditions, thereby delaying financial aid.

European officials demand new cuts following Greek bailout request

By Alex Lantier, 26 April 2010

European and IMF officials indicated they will demand further social cuts in Greece following Prime Minister Giorgios Papandreou’s request for a bailout.

The Greek crisis and the fight for the United Socialist States of Europe

By Alex Lantier, 24 April 2010

The de facto support by the trade unions and pseudo-left groups for the Papandreou government’s austerity policies underscores the need for a new political perspective and new leadership in the working class.

Greek public sector workers strike to oppose austerity measures

By Stefan Steinberg, 23 April 2010

A strike by tens of thousands of civil servants in opposition to austerity measures comes as the Greek government is in discussions with IMF and European officials on further attacks on workers.

Greek strikes, debt crisis intensify fears of economic collapse

By Alex Lantier, 21 April 2010

With financial markets pressuring Athens and Greek workers preparing for an April 22 strike, commentators are discussing the possibility of state bankruptcy, huge social cuts, and the end of the common European currency.

No agreement at Madrid summit on measures for Greek crisis

By Alex Lantier, 19 April 2010

The Ecofin summit of Eurozone finance ministers failed to reach agreement on international financial regulations and the Greek debt crisis.

Emergency bailout plan for Greece: A new stage in world economic crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 12 April 2010

The European emergency plan for Greece agreed at the weekend follows the unravelling of the deal agreed by EU heads of state just two weeks ago.

Greece moves to borrow from Wall Street

By Alex Lantier, 8 April 2010

Amid growing uncertainty over Greece’s financial position and fears that German opposition will undermine any EU-IMF bailout, Greece is moving to raise money in the United States.

Greek trade unions line up behind government austerity measures

By Robert Stevens, 31 March 2010

The General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) and the public-sector Civil Servants’ Confederation (ADEDY) are working to stifle opposition to the austerity package being imposed by the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) government.

European summit proposes bailout and austerity plan for Greece

By Alex Lantier, 27 March 2010

A two-day European Union summit in Brussels concluded yesterday, announcing plans for an as-needed bailout package for Greece and tougher sanctions against eurozone countries whose deficits exceed European guidelines.

On eve of EU summit

Europe split over Greek crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 25 March 2010

European diplomats are working feverishly to reach some sort of compromise on the Greek debt crisis and prevent an economic and political debacle at the summit of EU heads of government meeting in Brussels Thursday and Friday.

European Union wracked by divisions over Greek crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 23 March 2010

The Greek debt crisis has exposed deep fault lines within the European Union, above all within the core group of 16 countries which constitute the eurozone.

Greece: The pseudo-left and the trade unions

By Ulrich Rippert, 20 March 2010

The petty-bourgeois political groupings that present themselves as “left” in Greece are, through their efforts to subordinate the working class to the trade union apparatuses, demonstrating their crucial political role in facilitating the drive of the European and international financial elite to impose historic attacks on working people of every country.

Divisions between the US and Europe widen over Greek bailout

By Stefan Steinberg, 19 March 2010

As the financial crisis enters a new stage, national antagonisms and egoisms are growing in Europe. At the same time, differences are deepening between the US and Europe over a range of finance and trade issues.

Greece: WSWS speaks to students in Athens

By our reporters, 19 March 2010

A World Socialist Web Site reporting team spoke to students at Athens University and Athens Polytechnic. Some had participated in the recent strikes and protests against the austerity measures being implemented by the PASOK social democratic government of George Papandreou.

Greece: Fake left lines up behind union sabotage of anti-austerity struggle

By Robert Stevens and Marcus Salzmann, 18 March 2010

The mass movement of Greek workers against the €16 billion austerity package being imposed by PASOK is being run into the ground by the trade unions.

Greek workers insist “The economic crisis was not caused by us”

By our reporters, 18 March 2010

A World Socialist Web Site reporting team in Athens spoke to workers at several protests held in the city on Tuesday.

Greek trade unions close ranks behind PASOK austerity measures

By Robert Stevens and Marcus Salzmann, 17 March 2010

As the Greek government begins implementing its austerity measures, the two major trade unions federations, the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) and the public sector confederation (ADEDY), are systematically demobilising opposition to PASOK’s assault on the jobs, employment conditions and living standards of working people.

European finance ministers divided over Greek bailout

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 March 2010

While reluctant to admit in public that they are planning a bailout for Greece, behind the scenes EU finance heads are frantically scrambling to come up with a rescue package.

Greece: Millions join general strike against government austerity package

By Robert Stevens, 12 March 2010

Workers throughout Greece staged their second one-day strike within a month yesterday to protest the austerity measures being imposed by the PASOK social democratic government of Prime Minister George Papandreou.

Opposition deepens to austerity programme in Greece

By Robert Stevens, 11 March 2010

Opposition to the austerity measures being imposed by the Greek government has hardened in the run-up to today’s general strike.

Papandreou in Washington

Obama administration backs Greek austerity measures

By Barry Grey, 10 March 2010

Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met Tuesday with President Obama in the White House in a bid to shore up political support for the PASOK government’s sweeping attacks on the jobs and living standards of Greek workers.

The German media’s chauvinist campaign against Greece

By Ulrich Rippert, 10 March 2010

The chauvinist campaign directed against Greece by sections of the international media, and particularly the German media, has assumed an increasingly strident tone since Greek workers took to the streets in large numbers to oppose the austerity program dictated by the European Union and the banks.

Papandreou in Paris

Sarkozy echos Germany’s hard line on Greek debt crisis

By Antoine Lerougetel, 9 March 2010

French President Nicolas Sarkozy met with Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou at the Elysée Palace on Sunday and echoed German Chancellor Angela Merkel in insisting that Greece deal with its debt crisis by imposing a brutal austerity program on the working class.

Amid angry protests in Greece

Papandreou pledges to impose austerity plan in meeting with German PM

By Ulrich Rippert, 6 March 2010

On Friday, Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin and assured her that his government would impose the austerity measures demanded by the European banks and the European Union.

Finance capital and the Greek debt crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 6 March 2010

In addition to destabilizing entire currencies and states, the speculative activities of the banks are creating new financial bubbles and future crises that threaten to explode and overshadow the breakdown of 2008.

Greece: Papandreou announces deeper budget cuts

By Stefan Steinberg, 4 March 2010

The cuts package announced by the Greek government on Wednesday will have sweeping consequences for the incomes and living standards of the vast majority of the population.

New strikes called as more social cuts are prepared in Greece

By Alex Lantier, 3 March 2010

The Greek trade unions announced further strikes yesterday, in the face of demands from banks and European institutions for deeper social cuts to stave off a Greek government default.

WSWS speaks with leader of GSSE union federation

The Greek trade unions: Partners in the government’s austerity program

By Markus Salzmann and Robert Stevens, 27 February 2010

As the crisis intensifies in Greece, the country’s trade unions are playing a crucial role in ensuring that the government of Prime Minister George Papandreou is able carry out its austerity program.

Two million Greek workers strike against austerity measures

By our reporters in Athens, 25 February 2010

Some two million Greek workers participated in a general strike on Wednesday to oppose austerity measures announced by the social democratic PASOK government.

Workers and youth at Athens protest speak to the World Socialist Web Site

By our reporters, 25 February 2010

A number of workers and youth who participated in Wednesday’s Greek general strike and mass demonstrations in Athens spoke to a World Socialist Web Site reporting team about their understanding of the economic crisis and its impact.

The social situation in Greece

By Marcus Salzmann, 25 February 2010

In terms of wages and social standards, Greece ranks amongst the lowest-paid countries in Europe.

Greece: Strikes continue as EU demands more severe austerity measures

By Julie Hyland, 19 February 2010

A series of strikes are underway in Greece in advance of a planned general strike involving both the public and private sectors on February 24.

Socialism and the Greek debt crisis

By Peter Schwarz, 18 February 2010

Greece has become a test case for draconian attacks on the living standards of broad sections of the population throughout Europe.

European countries renew demands for social cuts in Greece

Debt crisis fuels expectations of social unrest

By Alex Lantier, 16 February 2010

In the first day of its two-day session, the Eurogroup meeting of European finance ministers in Brussels yesterday issued calls for more social cuts in Greece, as tensions rose between the major powers over whether to fund a bailout of the debt-stricken country.

European officials demand further cuts in Greece after bailout pledge

By Alex Lantier, 13 February 2010

The February 11 Franco-German pledge to bail out Greece threatened to unravel yesterday amid criticism from the Greek government, and as European officials demanded that Athens make further budget cuts.

EU leaders fail to calm fears of Greek sovereign default

By Chris Marsden, 12 February 2010

Yesterday’s pledge by the European Union that it will, if necessary, come to the aid of the embattled Greek economy was a vain attempt to calm rampant speculation in Greek government bonds and fears that the spread of financial contagion threatens the entire eurozone.

Greek public sector workers strike against austerity measures

By our reporters, 11 February 2010

Schools, universities, public offices and the airport in Athens were shut down by yesterday’s 24-hour strike.

Greece under European Union diktat

By Peter Schwarz, 11 February 2010

For the first time since the introduction of the euro as a common currency, the European Union has made a country subject to its diktat. The aim is to make the Greek working class pay for the debts of the Greek state.

Government debt: a new stage in the global financial crisis

By Nick Beams, 9 February 2010

The tremors on global financial markets signal a new stage in the financial crisis brought on by fears of vast social struggles as governments attempt unprecedented cuts in jobs, wages and social services.

Sovereign debt fears trigger plunge in global markets

By Patrick O’Connor, 5 February 2010

Stock markets in the US, Europe and other regions plunged yesterday in response to growing fears over several countries’ sovereign debt.

Strikes as Greece imposes EU-backed austerity programme

By John Vassilopoulos, 4 February 2010

Strikes have broken out in opposition to the austerity measures being imposed by the Greek government.

Greek PM promises to “draw blood” to salvage economy

By Alex Messenger, 2 February 2010

Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou launched a 48-hour “charm offensive” at Davos last week to reassure business leaders that his government will do whatever it takes to slash the budget deficit by three quarters.

Greece: Social democratic government passes austerity budget

By Markus Salzmann, 30 December 2009

The ruling Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) has pushed a drastic austerity budget through the Greek parliament.

Strikes and demonstrations in Greece against austerity measures

By Stefan Steinberg, 19 December 2009

A series of strikes and protests by public service workers took place in up to 60 cities and towns across Greece on Thursday.

Shock therapy for Greece

By Marius Heuser, 17 December 2009

Greek Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou on Monday outlined “painful” measures to be implemented as part of Greece’s forthcoming austerity program.

Greece verges on default

By John Vassilopoulos, 12 December 2009

Concerns over Greece’s solvency were renewed on Tuesday after Fitch Ratings downgraded Greece’s debt rating.

Greece: A warning for European workers

By Marius Heuser, 11 December 2009

In the wake of the Greek budget crisis, EU institutions are preparing to assume direct responsibility for the country's budget policy—all at the behest of the finance elite.

Police attack protesters in Greece

By Markus Salzmann, 8 December 2009

Police attacked demonstators, predominantly youth, who marched in Athens on Sunday against police violence. The protest was held to mark one year since the shooting of the 15-year-old student Alexis Grigoropoulos by a Greek policeman.

Greece: New PASOK government to move quickly to impose austerity measures

By Stefan Steinberg, 6 October 2009

Following federal elections on Sunday, the Greek ruling class is banking on PASOK and the trade unions to enforce the pro-business and anti-welfare policies that Karamanlis and his New Democracy were unable to implement.

Greece: Karamanlis calls for early elections

By John Vassilopoulos, 12 September 2009

Greek Prime Minister Karamanlis has called for an early general election to be held on October 5.

Wildfires threaten Greek capital

By Stefan Steinberg, 25 August 2009

Many Greek residents are asking—given the devastating consequences of the 2007 fires which cost nearly 70 lives—why authorities failed to adequately prepare for the latest blazes.

Greece: “Leftist” SYRIZA alliance defends police months after suppression of mass demonstrations

By Markus Salzmann, 28 July 2009

A news agency in Athens recently reported that Alekos Alavanos, chairman of the parliamentary fraction of the SYRIZA alliance, has expressed his full support for the Greek police.

Greece: Police, far-right thugs attack Muslim immigrants

By John Vassilopoulos, 6 June 2009

In the midst of growing right-wing agitation against Muslims, St. Panteleimon Church in Athens, a shelter for homeless immigrants, was torched last month.

“The Aftermath of the December Greek Riots”

By John Vassilipoulis and Paul Mitchell, 20 April 2009

Photographers George Kasolas and Spiros Christofi spoke to the World Socialist Web Site about the cancellation of their London exhibition “The aftermath of the December riots in Greece.”

Greek farmers protest government and EU policies

By Markus Salzmann, 27 January 2009

Thousands of Greek farmers protested last week against low prices and cuts in subsidies enforced by the Greek government and the European Union.

Greek prime minister reshuffles cabinet

By Robert Stevens, 14 January 2009

The Greek government of Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis completed a cabinet reshuffle January 8, following weeks of widespread protests over the police killing of 15-year-old Alexis Grigoropoulos.

Greek protest movement requires a socialist perspective

PASOK and SYRIZA: no alternative to the right-wing government

European sections ICFI, 9 January 2009

Statement to be distributed to the mass demonstrations of students and youth taking place in Athens on Friday, January 9.

The crisis of the Greek government and the role of the “left”

By Markus Salzmann, 31 December 2008

The conservative government in Greece is in crisis, but none of the existing parties, including the radical SYRIZA, offer any alternative.

Mass layoffs expected in Greece

By Markus Salzmann, 22 December 2008

With news of massive layoffs throughout Greece in the coming weeks and months, high-ranking trade union officials warned last week that the ongoing protests gripping the country could escalate.

WSWS reports from Athens

“This is more than a protest, it is an anti-capitalist movement”

By Marius Heuser and Markus Salzmann, 22 December 2008

The WSWS spoke with some of the workers who have occupied the headquarters of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE) in Athens since last Wednesday.

Greece: Student protests target Karamanlis government

By Robert Stevens, 20 December 2008

The slogans of the demonstrations have become increasingly hostile to the New Democracy government of Costas Karamanlis. Among the banners held by the students was one declaring, “Topple the government of blood, poverty, privatisations.”

Eyewitness report from Athens, Greece

19 December 2008

A report from Athens, Greece on recent demonstrations and protests against the government

The political issues posed by the mass protests in Greece

19 December 2008

The World Socialist Web Site solidarizes itself fully with the tens of thousands of students, young people and workers who have taken to the streets of Greek cities in protests, strikes and pitched battles with armed riot police. This mass social struggle is a harbinger of revolutionary upheavals to come, not only in Greece but throughout Europe and around the world.

Greece: Police crack down as government and opposition seek to isolate mass protests

By Stefan Steinberg, 16 December 2008

Sections of the Greek media and leading politicians have sought to brand as “extremists” and “terrorists” the tens of thousands of Greek students, school pupils and ordinary workers, including immigrants and the employed, who have repeatedly taken part in mass demonstrations.

Eyewitness reports police violence against Athens protesters

16 December 2008

This account of the recent protests was submitted by a Greek student to the World Socialist Web Site.

Europe’s ruling elite fear the “contagion” from Greece

15 December 2008

The rioting that has engulfed Greece had its spark in the police killing of a 15-year old boy, Alexis Grigoropoulos. But this ignited a seething mass of discontent, especially amongst Greece’s youth and its student population.

New protests in Athens, solidarity actions across Europe

By Chris Marsden, 13 December 2008

Thousands took part in an anti-government rally in Athens on Friday, culminating a week of protests that show no signs of abating.

WSWS speaks with Greek protesters in Berlin

By our correspondent, 12 December 2008

Demonstrators gathered outside the Greek consulate in Berlin on Tuesday—the day of the burial of Alexandros Grigoropoulos, the young man gunned down by Greek police last Saturday.

General strike, spreading protests rock Greek government

By Chris Marsden, 11 December 2008

Yesterday’s general strike paralysed much of Greece. Some 10,000 marched against the Karamanlis government in Athens.

Protests and riots in Greece precipitate political crisis

By Stefan Steinberg, 10 December 2008

Demonstrations and protests continued in a series of Greek cities for a fourth day on Tuesday, in the wake of the fatal shooting of a 15-year-old boy by police in Athens last weekend.

Riots break out in Greece after police shoot 15-year-old boy

By Ann Talbot, 8 December 2008

Nationwide rioting has broken out in Greece after police shot dead a 15-year-old boy in Athens. Rioting began in the capital and quickly spread to the northern city of Thessaloniki and even to the islands of Crete and Corfu.

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

7 November 2008

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

General strike in Greece amid deepening financial crisis

By Harvey Thompson, 23 October 2008

A 24-hour general strike was staged Tuesday, October 21, across Greece, grinding the country’s major infrastructure to a halt. The strike involved workers in air traffic, urban transport and public services.