East Africa

Ugandan President Museveni arrests opposition rival Bobbi Wine

By Jean Shaoul, 20 January 2021

Museveni’s regime depends on extensive backing from the US, which provides over $970 million a year in development and security assistance, including military training for the army.

Ethiopian military seizes control of regional capital after offensive against Tigray province

By Jean Shaoul, 29 November 2020

The desperate situation confronting Ethiopia is bound up with great power rivalries between the US, Europe and China that led over the last decades to the fragmentation and disintegration of a region that includes Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti.

Ethiopia slides towards civil war as Tigray conflict escalates

By Jean Shaoul, 16 November 2020

Politicians of all stripes have whipped up ethnic tensions to prevent a unified struggle by the impoverished masses against the Ethiopian elites.

Zambia seeks suspension of debt service payments in Africa’s first pandemic-related default

By Stephan McCoy, 30 September 2020

The threat of the continent’s first COVID-related default testifies to the scale of the economic disaster affecting much of sub-Saharan Africa.

Floods inundate Sudan amid escalating economic crisis

By Jean Shaoul, 14 September 2020

The hardest hit has been the capital Khartoum, where the Blue and White Nile Rivers meet, as the Nile burst its banks, demolishing everything in its way.

Beached Japanese cargo ship causes ecological disaster for Mauritius

By Tom Casey, 14 August 2020

The MV Wakashio began leaking thousands of metric tons of fuel after it collided with a coral reef barrier near the southern coast of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean.

Riots in Ethiopia over assassination of Oromi singer/activist Hachalu Hundessa

By Jean Shaoul, 9 July 2020

In Addis Ababa, at least 10 people were killed in clashes with the police and many more were injured. Similar clashes took place throughout Oromia, the largest of Ethiopia’s nine ethnically based regions.

Germany and EU expand military deployment in Africa

By Gregor Link, 2 June 2020

German imperialism sees the crisis as an opportunity to assert its global geopolitical interests by force of arms.

East Africa: Millions face triple disasters of floods, locusts and COVID-19

By Stephan McCoy, 27 May 2020

With water levels rising, some 40 million people living in major cities are at a heightened risk of flooding and infrastructure damage.

Strikes and workers’ protests mount against “back to work” campaign

By Shannon Jones, 9 May 2020

The incompetence and callous disregard for human life by the capitalist authorities in country after country is fueling an upsurge in the class struggle.

Record 50.8 million people internally displaced in 2019

By Jean Shaoul, 2 May 2020

The plight of tens of millions of internally displaced people is virtually ignored, attracting little global attention during the escalating global pandemic.

Protests in Somalia after police killing during pandemic lockdown

By Stephan McCoy, 28 April 2020

The protests reflect a broader anger towards the brutal methods utilized by the security forces during the curfew

African economies in free fall as coronavirus pandemic worsens

By Stephan McCoy, 11 April 2020

An African Union study predicts that some 20 million jobs are at risk in Africa due to the impact of the pandemic.

Africa’s elite build VIP hospitals for themselves, leaving workers to die

By Stephan McCoy, 8 April 2020

The response of the African ruling elite has been to cocoon itself in luxury, distancing from the impoverished masses it views with hostility and fear.

Military massacres protesters in Sudan

By Bill Van Auken, 4 June 2019

Dozens were killed and hundreds wounded Monday after troops broke up a sit-in in Khartoum with live ammunition.

Pre-emptive military coup ousts Bashir to protect Sudan’s elite

By Jean Shaoul, 12 April 2019

Awad Ibn Auf, the minister of defence and deputy president, declared a three-month state of emergency, putting the country under military rule, and said that the army would oversee a two-year transitional period leading up to elections.

Extreme social crisis ravages Mozambique in wake of Cyclone Idai

By Eddie Haywood, 30 March 2019

The devastation in the storm’s wake has produced a full-blown humanitarian crisis, exposing the impoverished conditions already present before Cyclone Idai hit.

Boeing jetliner crashes in Ethiopia, killing all 157 passengers and crew

By Eddie Haywood, 12 March 2019

The Ethiopian air disaster comes just five months after an Indonesian Lion Air passenger jet of the same model crashed, killing all 189 on board.

AFRICOM envisions two years of open-ended warfare in Somalia

By Eddie Haywood, 16 December 2017

The announcement marks a further escalation of Washington’s military offensive in Somalia which has been ramped up over the last year, including the deployment of 500 special forces personnel.

US expands military offensive in Somalia

By Eddie Haywood, 24 November 2017

The official US military deployment in Somalia has increased to more than 500, the largest contingent of soldiers in the country since 1993.

UN Ambassador Haley visits Africa amid US military escalation, social catastrophe

By Eddie Haywood, 28 October 2017

The tour happened against the backdrop of the Trump administration’s expansion of US military operations on the continent.

Trump escalates US drone war in Somalia

By Timotheos Gaist, 8 July 2017

Calls are growing in US ruling circles for wider war in the desperately impoverished, immensely strategic Horn of Africa nation.

“The measures we are taking are intended to safeguard the IMF program”

Zambian President Edgar Lungu seizes emergency powers

By David Brown, 7 July 2017

Lungu has enacted dictatorial measures in order to suppress social opposition to upcoming IMF austerity measures.

US-backed South Sudanese regime organizing genocidal crimes, UN report finds

By Thomas Gaist, 15 March 2017

The South Sudanese elites brought to power by Washington have been organizing ethnic repression on a genocidal scale, the UN human rights commission found.

South Sudan civil war causing widespread famine

By Thomas Gaist, 1 March 2017

Six years after the US-backed partition of Sudan, the newly autonomous, oil-wealthy South Sudan is beset by spreading famine and a raging civil war.

Famine threatens millions in the Horn of Africa as Washington prepares expanded war in Somalia

By Thomas Gaist, 21 February 2017

Starvation and malnutrition are menacing the lives of 10-15 million people in the Horn of Africa countries of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya.

Ethiopian government kills 100 civilians as protests sweep country

By Joe Williams, 26 August 2016

A protest at the Olympics by marathon runner Feyisa Lilesa drew attention to the ongoing government repression in Ethiopia.

US airstrike massacres 150 at al-Shabaab training camp in Somalia

By Joseph Kishore, 8 March 2016

The attack north of the Somali capital of Mogadishu marks a significant escalation of US operations in the Horn of Africa, which lies next to critical oil routes leading into the Indian Ocean.

US troops have secretly been deployed to Somalia since 2007

By Thomas Gaist, 5 July 2014

Officials made clear that the US intends to escalate its military intervention in the strategic Horn of Africa.

Hundreds drown fleeing continued fighting in South Sudan

By Bill Van Auken, 15 January 2014

As many as 300 people drowned when an overloaded ferry that they had boarded to flee fighting in the city of Malakal sank Tuesday in the White Nile.

Mau-Mau verdict exposes crimes of British imperialism in Kenya

By Jean Shaoul, 12 November 2012

It is estimated that more than 150,000 Kenyans were killed in the suppression of the Mau-Mau uprising that involved ethnic cleansing, concentration camps and widespread torture and murder.

US employs former child soldiers as mercenaries

By Sybille Fuchs, 31 October 2012

The US is increasingly using private security forces to wage its wars and maintain its occupation of countries after the withdrawal of regular troops.

Imperialist powers mourn death of Ethiopia’s Meles Zenawi

By Jean Shaoul, 4 September 2012

The state funeral of Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zenawi on Sunday in the capital, Addis Ababa, underscores the highly unstable character of political relations in Africa.

US threatens Rwandan President Kagame over support for Congolese rebels

By Eddie Haywood, 2 August 2012

The US Office of Global Justice warned the Rwandan government last week that it could face prosecution on war crimes charges.

Released papers reveal attempts to cover up Britain’s criminal past

By Jean Shaoul, 2 May 2012

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office has released thousands of files it previously claimed were “lost” after Britain withdrew from its former colonies.

Kony 2012 and the promotion of “humanitarian” wars

By Andre Damon, 21 March 2012

The central impulse behind US involvement in Uganda is the drive to dominate the region’s recently discovered oil reserves and its other natural resources, as part of the broader struggle for influence in Africa between the US, China and the former colonial European powers.

BP settles for $7.8 billion in Gulf blowout

By Tom Eley, 6 March 2012

Oil giant BP will pay only $7.8 billion to settle with victims of the 2010 Gulf oil blowout.

Britain considers air strikes against Somali insurgents

By Jean Shaoul, 5 March 2012

Britain is considering sending the helicopter carrier HMS Ocean to Somalia to conduct air strikes and commando raids against al-Shabaab and other Islamic groups fighting the Transitional Federal Government.

US-backed Kenyan forces invade Somalia

By Eddie Haywood, 26 October 2011

Kenya sent military forces into Somalia last week, vowing to fight al-Shabaab militants it blamed for a spate of abductions of foreign nationals.

“Walk-To-Work” protests shake Ugandan capital city

By Eddie Haywood, 19 October 2011

Tear gas and gunshots shook downtown Kampala as the “Walk-To-Work” protests resumed on Monday morning after a hiatus in April.

US deploys Special Forces troops to central Africa

By Eddie Haywood and Alex Lantier, 17 October 2011

US President Barack Obama has deployed roughly 100 special operations troops to central Africa, as part of an offensive targeting the leadership of the Lord’s Resistance Army.

Over 100 dead, others horribly maimed in Nairobi pipeline explosion

By Julie Hyland, 13 September 2011

More than 100 people have been killed, and scores horribly burned in Kenya, after a leaking fuel pipeline exploded Monday morning in a Nairobi slum.

Ugandan President Museveni proposes land giveaways to international business interests

By our correspondent, 10 September 2011

Museveni’s proposal for a massive giveaway of public lands to an international sugar conglomerate is the latest in a long string of policies that underscore the government’s corrupt subservience to global financial interests.

Police repress Ugandan protests

By a correspondent, 20 August 2011

On August 10 police in Masaka, Uganda assaulted a demonstration called against the rising cost of living.

US prepares for military intervention in Somalia

By Susan Garth, 6 August 2011

The Obama administration is preparing a new military intervention in Somalia under the pretext of humanitarian concern for starving drought victims.

Kenyans win right to sue UK government for colonial torture

By Joe Mount, 2 August 2011

Four Kenyans are to sue the UK government for the treatment they received during the suppression of the Mau Mau uprising during the early 1950s when Kenya was a British colony.

US-backed forces launch military offensive in Somalia as aid is used as a weapon of war

By Susan Garth, 30 July 2011

The African Union is propping up the Transitional Federal Government that was installed in Somalia by the US-backed Ethiopian invasion of December 2006.

Obama administration operates illegal torture compound in Somalia

By Tom Carter, 19 July 2011

The Obama administration is operating an illegal secret CIA prison compound in Somalia into which targeted individuals are “rendered” without trial to be tortured.

Former Taiwanese president indicted for embezzlement

By John Chan, 11 July 2011

The charges are another sign of the ongoing political battle in ruling circles over the island’s policy toward China.

Rwandan general sentenced for role in 1994 genocide

By Susan Garth, 24 May 2011

Augustin Bizimungu, head of the Rwandan army at the time of the 1994 genocide, has been sentenced to 30 years in prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Ugandan police open fire on protesters

By Susan Garth, 3 May 2011

Police have opened fire on protesters in Uganda and imprisoned many in recent days.

Anti-government action spreads to Djibouti

By Niall Green, 21 February 2011

The wave of popular protests in the Middle East and North Africa has reached the country of Djibouti.

Cables reveal how US and UK sought to plunder Zimbabwe’s resources

By Ann Talbot, 6 January 2011

The US diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks contain revealing details of how the United States and Britain sought to further their commercial interests in Zimbabwe.

Plan to deploy British mercenaries in Somalia

By Ann Talbot, 1 December 2010

British mercenaries are to be deployed in Somalia, according to the London-based Sunday Telegraph.

Zambian miners shot by Chinese mine owners

By John Farmer, 22 October 2010

Eleven miners were shot at the Chinese-owned Collum Coal Mine, in the Sinazongwe District of southern Zambia on October 15, while protesting against low wages and poor conditions.

Poverty grows in Madagascar

By Barry Mason, 28 September 2010

A recent BBC Radio 4 programme showed that the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar is experiencing growing poverty under a regime of sanctions imposed by the US and Europe.

Food riots erupt in Mozambique

By David Walsh, 4 September 2010

Protests continued in Maputo, Mozambique’s capital city, for a third day on Friday in response to increased bread prices and the general rise in the cost of living. At least 10 people are dead, and more than 400 have been wounded.

Tensions emerge between Rwanda and Western backers

By Linda Slattery and Ann Talbot, 26 August 2010

Tensions began to emerge between President Paul Kagame and his Western backers in the course of the recent elections.

US backs plan to send more troops to Somalia

By Ann Talbot, 2 August 2010

The African Union Summit in Kampala agreed to send more troops to Somalia to support the Transitional Federal Government against the Islamist militia al-Shabaab.

Claims of African economic growth hide stark divisions of rich and poor

By Barry Mason, 25 June 2010

Recent reports show growth of a stark divide between rich and poor in Africa.

Tobacco companies profit from child labour in Malawi

By Barry Mason, 3 June 2010

A recent Channel 4 Television programme, “Unreported World”, highlighted the ongoing use of child labour in tobacco harvesting in Malawi.

French President Sarkozy’s visit to Rwanda

By Anthony Torres, 12 April 2010

French President Nicolas Sarkozy paid a brief visit on February 25 to the Rwanda capital Kigali, to meet Rwandan president Paul Kagamé. This visit took place 15 years after the 1994 genocide of the Tutsis by Hutu tribal forces, supported by France, which claimed 800,000 victims.

Somalia: US backs puppet government’s planned military offensive

By Brian Smith, 12 March 2010

The United States’ military is working closely with its Somali counterparts in planning a major military offensive against Islamist militias, who control the bulk of the country, including almost all of the capital, Mogadishu.

Somalia: Troop surge in support of US-backed puppet government

By Brian Smith, 25 February 2010

The Washington-backed Transitional Federal Government of Somalia is reported to be preparing a major offensive against Islamist rebels who control the bulk of the country.

United States halts food aid for Somali women and children

By Barry Mason, 28 September 2009

The World Food Programme has closed twelve feeding centres for women and children in Somalia as a result of US restrictions on aid to areas that are under the control of groups designated as terrorists.

US assassination in Somalia

By Brian Smith, 21 September 2009

United States commandos from the Pentagon’s Joint Special Operations Command launched a helicopter raid last week in Somalia, close to the border with Kenya, and killed a key Islamist suspect.

Somalia: Obama administration sends arms to prop up Islamist government

By Brian Smith, 3 August 2009

The Obama administration has been sending weapons to Somalia to support the Transitional Federal Government against a rebel insurgency that threatens to overwhelm the government.

Somalia: Conflict rages in Mogadishu

By Brian Smith, 8 June 2009

In the past few weeks, rebels from Al Shabaab and Hizbul Islam have routed government forces in Mogadishu.

Why did France resort to violence off the coast of Somalia?

By Olivier Laurent, 1 May 2009

The use of force in April to recover five French hostages held off the Somali coastline, on the yacht, the Tanit, demonstrates the contempt of the Nicolas Sarkozy government for the lives of the French hostages and the Somali pirates, as well as for French and Somali public opinion.

Obama administration ends Somali pirate standoff with lethal force

By Joe Kishore, 13 April 2009

The hostage-taking in the Indian Ocean was quickly transformed into an opportunity for the Obama administration to reassert US military power and demonstrate Obama’s willingness to use military force.

Somalia: US policy shift towards Islamists after Ethiopian pullout

By Brian Smith, 25 March 2009

Somali MPs have elected Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, leader of the Djibouti-based Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia (ARS), as the country’s new president.

Zimbabwe: Cholera death toll rises

By Chris Talbot, 30 December 2008

The cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe has now infected up to 24,000 people with nearly 1,200 deaths, according to the official figures from UNICEF.

More military vessels dispatched to Somalia

By Brian Smith and Chris Talbot, 3 December 2008

The increased militarisation of the oil-rich region represents a major danger to the peoples of the region and the entire world. Warships from Britain, France, Germany, India, Malaysia, Russia and the US are all currently operating off the Somali coast.

Workers Struggles: Europe & Africa

7 November 2008

The World Socialist Web Site invites workers and other readers to contribute to this regular feature.

Half of the Zimbabwe population faces starvation

By Barry Mason, 5 November 2008

Aid charities and the UN estimate that 5 million people in Zimbabwe face starvation.

NATO warships head to Somalia

By Brian Smith, 4 November 2008

NATO warships from across the globe are converging on the Gulf of Aden, off the coast of Somalia, ostensibly to tackle piracy and to escort ships through the Gulf. Russia is also sending a warship.

Ethiopia threatens to withdraw from Somalia

By Brian Smith, 22 September 2008

Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has warned that he is prepared to withdraw his country’s troops from Somalia, where they are propping up the US-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG), even if the latter was not in control of the country.