North Africa

Egyptian President Mursi seeks IMF loan

By Johannes Stern, 27 August 2012

On August 22 the Egyptian government officially requested a $4.8 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund.

US backs Egyptian president as he claims dictatorial powers

By Johannes Stern, 21 August 2012

Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi’s move to take over the dictatorial powers of the Egyptian military junta was closely monitored and approved by Washington.

Strikes and protests sweep Tunisia

By Jean Shaoul, 17 August 2012

On Tuesday, several thousand workers demonstrated in Sidi Bouzid.

Egyptian President Mursi claims military junta’s dictatorial powers

By Alex Lantier, 13 August 2012

On Sunday, Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi sought to assume the dictatorial powers of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) and force its leaders to retire.

Egypt launches Sinai crackdown in collusion with Israel

By Jean Shaoul, 9 August 2012

Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood government has launched a crackdown in response to an armed raid at the Rafah border checkpoint.

New Egyptian government sworn in by Islamist president Mursi

By Johannes Stern, 3 August 2012

Yesterday the Egyptian cabinet was sworn in by Mohamed Mursi, the Islamist president of Egypt.

Egyptian workers mount mass strikes against US-backed junta

By Johannes Stern, 18 July 2012

Since the beginning of the week a new wave of strikes and protests has spread over Egypt.

Clinton backs Egyptian military junta, Islamist president

By Johannes Stern, 16 July 2012

Over the weekend US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with the leader of Egypt’s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) junta.

The real significance of Libya’s elections

By Jean Shaoul and Chris Marsden, 11 July 2012

The elections for a new General National Congress in Libya are an attempt to provide a “democratic” façade for an authoritarian and undemocratic government, subservient to the interests of the major Western powers, corporations and banks.

Egyptian Islamists accept army dissolution of parliament

By Johannes Stern, 11 July 2012

Amid increasing tensions between the Egyptian army junta and the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the Brotherhood signaled its acceptance of the army coup that dissolved the parliament.

NATO-installed regime seeks “democratic” cover in Libyan elections

By Jean Shaoul, 7 July 2012

Libya goes to the polls today to choose a 200-seat General National Congress to replace the National Transitional Council (NTC).

Islamist President Mursi takes office in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 4 July 2012

Mohamed Mursi, Egypt’s first president after the revolutionary ouster of dictator Hosni Mubarak, reassured the US-backed military junta that he will not threaten its control of the state.

Egypt: Islamist president takes symbolic oath of office in Tahrir Square

By Johannes Stern, 30 June 2012

Mohamed Mursi, the first Egyptian president since the revolutionary ouster of long-time dictator Hosni Mubarak last year, took a symbolic oath of office in Cairo's Tahrir Square on Friday.

Tunisian ruling seeks to exonerate Ben Ali police officials

By Anthony Torres, 27 June 2012

On June 14 former President Ben Ali, along with 22 Interior Ministry officials, stood trial of for the massacres in Thala and Kasserine during the Tunisian revolution.

The Egyptian election

By Bill Van Auken, 26 June 2012

The naming of the Muslim Brotherhood’s presidential candidate Mohamed Morsi as Egypt’s president is the outcome of a reactionary deal with the military aimed at crushing the revolutionary movement of the Egyptian working class.

Protests in Sudan against austerity

By Jean Shaoul, 26 June 2012

Hundreds of university students have taken to the streets of the capital Khartoum for seven consecutive days to protests soaring inflation, corruption and the National Congress Party’s austerity programme.

Egyptian junta installs Islamist Mursi as figurehead president

By Barry Grey, 25 June 2012

Egypt’s electoral commission declared Mohamed Mursi, the Muslim Brotherhood candidate, the winner of the presidential election runoff held the week before in the midst of a political coup carried out by the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Protests continue in Cairo amid threats of crackdown by military junta

By Barry Grey, 23 June 2012

As tens of thousands rallied Friday in Cairo’s Tahrir Square against the assumption by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) of dictatorial powers, the junta threatened to unleash repression against the protesters.

Egyptian military threatens crackdown over disputed presidential elections

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 21 June 2012

Egyptian military sources have signaled plans for a crackdown against popular opposition to army rule, amid an escalating dispute over the outcome of this weekend’s presidential elections.

Mass protests in Egypt against military rule

By Peter Symonds, 20 June 2012

An estimated 50,000 people took part in protests in Cairo’s Tahrir Square yesterday against last Thursday’s coup and the establishment of a military dictatorship by Egypt’s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Washington’s “democratic” hypocrisy: The cases of Egypt and Iran

By Bill Van Auken, 20 June 2012

The hypocrisy of US imperialism’s pretense of promoting democracy on the world arena is manifest in Washington’s markedly different reactions to the Iranian elections of 2009 and the recent military coup in Egypt.

Egyptian junta proclaims a military dictatorship

By Johannes Stern, 19 June 2012

With the issuance of a constitutional decree Sunday night, the Egyptian Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) finalized the coup it staged last Thursday and proclaimed a military dictatorship.

No end in sight for Sudan/South Sudan conflict

By Jean Shaoul, 19 June 2012

Sudan and South Sudan broke off their ten-day-long meeting with no agreement on how to resolve the conflict that has brought the two countries to the brink of war.

Major powers demand release of ICC lawyer from Libya

By Mike Head, 18 June 2012

The NATO powers are determined to get their hands on Saif Gaddafi, who possesses details of the lucrative ties established between his father’s inner circle and the Western powers between 2004 and 2010.

Egyptian presidential elections marked by mass abstention and fraud

By Johannes Stern, 18 June 2012

Mass abstention was the Egyptian working class's verdict on the first presidential elections in Egypt after the revolutionary ouster of US-backed dictator Hosni Mubarak in February 2011.

The Egyptian coup

By Johannes Stern, 16 June 2012

The military coup carried out by the Egyptian junta is a serious threat to the Egyptian revolution and the working class.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists’ reaction to army coup: Complacency and tacit support

By Alex Lantier, 16 June 2012

The coup launched Thursday by Egypt’s ruling military junta has exposed the bankruptcy of the Revolutionary Socialists (RS) and Egypt’s entire petty-bourgeois ex-left milieu.

Egyptian junta stages coup against parliament

By Johannes Stern, 15 June 2012

The US-backed Egyptian military junta dissolved the Islamist-dominated parliament yesterday in a military coup.

Egyptian presidential elections expose bourgeois ex-left

By Johannes Stern, 14 June 2012

The positions of the bourgeois ex-left groups in Egypt before the June 16-17 presidential election have again exposed their political bankruptcy and counterrevolutionary role.

Libyan elections postponed amid mounting violence

By Jean Shaoul, 7 June 2012

Libya’s ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) has postponed elections scheduled for June 19 amid continuing militia clashes, kidnappings and arrests.

The Mubarak verdict

By Johannes Stern, 5 June 2012

The verdicts handed down Saturday in the trial of deposed Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and his top aides are a political travesty.

Mass protests erupt after Mubarak verdict in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 4 June 2012

Mass protests erupted throughout Egypt after the verdicts in the trial of ex-dictator Hosni Mubarak and several of his top aides were announced Saturday.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists endorse Islamist presidential candidate

By Johannes Stern, 1 June 2012

The petty-bourgeois Revolutionary Socialists (RS) group has endorsed the candidate of the right-wing Muslim Brotherhood (MB), Mohamed Mursi.

Protests erupt against presidential elections in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 30 May 2012

Protests in various cities broke out in Egypt after the Supreme Presidential Electoral Commission (SPEC) announced the official results of the initial round of the presidential elections.

The Egyptian junta’s fraudulent elections and the tasks of the working class

By Johannes Stern, 26 May 2012

Egypt’s elections have exposed the sham character of the so-called “transition to democracy” organized by the Egyptian ruling class in conjunction with Washington after the overthrow of longtime US-stooge Hosni Mubarak.

Low turnout in Egyptian presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 25 May 2012

The initial round of the first presidential elections in Egypt after the revolutionary ouster of long-time US-stooge Hosni Mubarak, on May 23-24, was marked by low turnout and numerous electoral violations.

Egypt’s Revolutionary Socialists praise the junta’s presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 22 May 2012

In a recent statement the petty-bourgeois Revolutionary Socialists group cynically embraced the Egyptian military junta’s elections as a way to fight the “old regime.”

Convicted of Lockerbie bombing, al Megrahi dies protesting innocence

By Steve James, 22 May 2012

Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al Megrahi has died in Tripoli. He was the sole person convicted of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. His co-accused, Llamen Fhimah, was acquitted at their 2001 trial.

Egyptian presidential candidates outline counterrevolutionary programs in TV debate

By Johannes Stern, 17 May 2012

Amr Moussa and Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh outlined right-wing programs in last Thursday’s TV debate, held in advance of the first round of presidential elections on May 23-24.

Egyptian junta intensifies crackdown before presidential elections

By Johannes Stern, 7 May 2012

On Friday afternoon, military police and security police working with armed thugs brutally attacked protesters in front of the Ministry of Defense at Abbasseya Square in Cairo, leaving at least two dead.

As protests mount against election-rigging

Egyptian military junta steps up threats of violence

By Patrick Martin, 4 May 2012

The threats follow Wednesday’s massacre in which more than a dozen protesters were killed and hundreds wounded.

Worsening conflict between Sudan and South Sudan

By Jean Shaoul, 28 April 2012

The fiercest fighting since South Sudan seceded from Sudan last July has erupted over borders, sharing of the oil revenues, citizenship rights and security arrangements.

Egyptian junta bans major Islamist candidates from presidential race

By Johannes Stern, 19 April 2012

Tuesday evening the Supreme Presidential Elections Commission (SPEC) announced it would uphold the ban on ten candidates for the Egyptian presidential elections.

Council of Europe report makes NATO responsible for the death of 63 refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 9 April 2012

NATO bears a high degree of responsibility for the deaths of 63 refugees, who died of thirst last spring in the Mediterranean as they travelled from Libya to Italy.

Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood nominates presidential candidate

By Johannes Stern, 6 April 2012

On Saturday, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) announced it would run its deputy supreme guide, billionaire tycoon Khairat al-Shater, in the coming Egyptian presidential elections.

Egyptian Revolutionary Socialists campaign for war against Syria

By Johannes Stern, 26 March 2012

In recent weeks, Egypt’s misnamed Revolutionary Socialists (RS) have stepped up their campaign in support of imperialist war plans against Syria.

Libya autonomy declaration poses threat of civil war

By Bill Van Auken, 8 March 2012

Following a declaration of autonomy by tribal and militia leaders in oil-rich eastern Libya, the head of the National Transitional Council threatened the use of force to prevent the country’s partition.

Egyptian junta lifts travel ban on NGO operatives

By Johannes Stern, 3 March 2012

On Thursday, a US military plane flew several American NGO operatives out of Egypt following the lifting of a travel ban by the ruling military junta.

Financial markets demand sharper crackdown against Egyptian workers

By Johannes Stern, 3 March 2012

The Middle East Ratings and Investor Service (MERIS) has threatened that renewed political upheaval in Egypt will result in further credit downgrades.

US reaffirms support for Egyptian junta amid conflict over NGOs

By Johannes Stern, 21 February 2012

High-ranking US officials made clear that, despite the Egyptian military junta’s criticism of US-funded Non-Governmental Organizations, ties between Washington and Cairo remain close.

Amnesty International details torture and murder in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 17 February 2012

A new report documents gruesome violations of human rights under the new regime established by the US-NATO war.

The Egyptian revolution and the struggle for workers’ power

By Johannes Stern, 16 February 2012

The failure of strike calls by petty-bourgeois “left” parties in Egypt highlights the need for an independent political struggle by the working class with the aim of taking power and establishing socialism.

Egyptians protest in lead-up to anniversary of Mubarak’s ouster

By Alex Lantier, 11 February 2012

Thousands marched in Cairo, Alexandria, and other cities against the US-backed Egyptian military junta yesterday.

Ongoing atrocities by NATO-installed Libyan regime

By Will Morrow, 11 February 2012

The war crimes and abuses being perpetrated by the TNC regime further expose the claims that the NATO allies intervened for humanitarian purposes to rescue the Libyan people from violent repression.

Protests against Egyptian junta spread after football massacre

By Johannes Stern, 4 February 2012

On Friday, protests triggered by Wednesday’s pro-regime footballriot spread throughout the country.

Former Gaddafi official tortured to death in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 4 February 2012

The murder of Omar Brebesh follows a series of reports by human rights groups on torture in the prisons of the new “democratic” Libya.

Mass protests in Egypt against pro-junta football riot

By Alex Lantier, 3 February 2012

Thousands of protesters marched on the Egyptian interior ministry in Cairo yesterday, amid growing anger over the riot at Wednesday’s football match in Port Said.

Renewed mass protests mark anniversary of Egyptian Revolution

By Johannes Stern, 26 January 2012

One year after the beginning of the Egyptian Revolution on January 25, millions of workers and youth took to the streets and squares all over Egypt to protest the-US backed military junta in Egypt.

One year of the Egyptian Revolution

By Alex Lantier, 25 January 2012

One year ago today, millions of workers in cities throughout Egypt took to the streets on the first day of revolutionary protests against President Hosni Mubarak.

US-NATO war crimes in Libya

By Barry Grey, 23 January 2012

A report released last week by Middle East human rights groups presents extensive evidence of war crimes carried out in Libya by the United States, NATO and their proxy “rebel” forces.

Human rights groups charge NATO with war crimes in Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 21 January 2012

There is strong evidence that NATO carried out war crimes in its eight-month war for regime-change in Libya, according to a report released Thursday by Middle East human rights groups.

ElBaradei abandons Egyptian presidential candidacy

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 17 January 2012

On January 14 Mohamed ElBaradei, the most well-known representative of the liberal opposition in Egypt, announced he was abandoning his presidential candidacy.

Protests in Tunisia greet one-year anniversary of Ben Ali’s overthrow

By Alex Lantier, 16 January 2012

Saturday marked the one-year anniversary of Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s ignominious flight from Tunisia to exile in Saudi Arabia.

Libya: TNC releases anti-democratic draft electoral laws

By Will Morrow, 13 January 2012

The NATO-installed regime’s legislation features provisions preventing people nominating themselves as candidates.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 3

By Jean Shaoul, 7 January 2012

This is the conclusion of a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

By Jean Shaoul, 7 January 2012

Nine months after the fall of Hosni Mubarak, Islamist parties secured a majority in the first two rounds of Egypt’s parliamentary elections.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 2

By Jean Shaoul, 6 January 2012

This is the second in a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

The Egyptian Revolution, the Muslim Brotherhood and the apologetics of the Revolutionary Socialists

Part 1

By Jean Shaoul, 5 January 2012

This is the first of a three part article on the political apologetics extended by the Revolutionary Socialists for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.

Egyptian military junta raids, shuts down political organizations

By Johannes Stern, 4 January 2012

Last Thursday Egypt’s public prosecutor, supported by armed military and police forces, closed 17 offices of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Cairo.

Thousands of women march in Cairo against military junta

By Barry Grey, 21 December 2011

Thousands of women marched in downtown Cairo Tuesday to protest against the deadly crackdown on demonstrators being carried out by the army and demand the resignation of the military junta.

Egyptian military cracks down on peaceful protesters

By Johannes Stern, 19 December 2011

Over the weekend, the US-backed military junta in Egypt launched another deadly crackdown on peaceful protesters, killing at least nine and wounding hundreds.

US condemned for arming Egyptian regime

By Bill Van Auken, 9 December 2011

Documents obtained by Amnesty International show that Washington repeatedly shipped arms to the regime in Egypt even as it hypocritically deplored “excessive force” by police and troops.

Low turnout for run-offs in first wave of Egyptian elections

By Alex Lantier, 7 December 2011

Voter turnout was minimal for run-off parliamentary elections in Egypt, amid expectations of an Islamist victory.

Former Tripoli Brigade leader Mahdi al-Harati outed as US asset

By Steve James, 3 December 2011

An article in Ireland’s Sunday World has drawn attention to relations between Mahdi al-Harati, former leader of the Tripoli Brigade of the National Transition Council, which played a central role in the NATO assault on Libya, and an unnamed US intelligence agency.

First round of Egyptian parliamentary elections begins

By Alex Lantier, 30 November 2011

Voting in parliamentary elections began Monday and continued yesterday in nine of Egypt’s 27 governorates.

The Egyptian revolution turns against the military

By Johannes Stern, 28 November 2011

The renewed revolutionary upsurge in Egypt is the working class’s verdict on the Egyptian military’s claims to be leading a “democratic transition” away from the dictatorship of President Hosni Mubarak.

Millions demand downfall of US-backed Egyptian junta

By Johannes Stern, 26 November 2011

On Friday millions of workers and youth protested against military rule in Egypt and demanded the downfall of the US-backed Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) junta.

Mass protests intensify against Egyptian junta

By Alex Lantier, 24 November 2011

Clashes continued yesterday in cities across Egypt, on the fifth day of mass protests demanding the overthrow of the US-backed Egyptian military junta.

Millions protest to demand overthrow of US-backed Egyptian junta

By Johannes Stern, 23 November 2011

On Tuesday millions of workers and youth staged protests and strikes all over Egypt, demanding the downfall of Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi and the US-backed Egyptian junta.

Gaddafi’s son captured in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 22 November 2011

The capture of Saif al Islam has raised the spectre of a drawn-out criminal trial in The Hague, with embarrassing details emerging of the intimate ties between the Gaddafi regime and Western powers.

Renewed uprising signals turning point in Egyptian revolution

By Bill Van Auken, 22 November 2011

The revolutionary upheavals that began in Egypt last January 25 have reached a crucial turning point in which the decisive question is the independent political mobilization of the working class in the struggle for power.

Egyptian military junta carries out deadly crackdown on protesters

By Johannes Stern, 21 November 2011

The US-backed military junta in Egypt carried out a violent crackdown on protesters over the weekend, killing several people and injuring more than 700.

The counterrevolutionary role of the Egyptian pseudo-left

By Alex Lantier and Johannes Stern, 21 November 2011

This article analyzes the role of the pseudo-left organizations in opposing a struggle by the working class to bring down the military junta in Egypt.

Tunisia delays forming government amid a new wave of strikes

By Kumaran Ira, 15 November 2011

Rising strikes in Tunisia underscore continuing popular opposition to the political establishment, which has still not succeeded in assembling a government after the latest elections.

Protests mount against power grab by Egyptian military

By Patrick Martin, 8 November 2011

A growing popular movement has erupted against the attempt by the military council to entrench its rule.

New Libyan prime minister installed by NATO-backed regime

By Peter Symonds, 3 November 2011

The main qualification of the relatively unknown Abdurrahim al-Keib for office is his acceptability to the NATO powers that waged a predatory war to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

NATO declares formal end to criminal war on Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 1 November 2011

NATO formally ended its seven-month predatory war against Libya at midnight Monday, having achieved its aim of regime change and opened up the country to unrestrained exploitation of its huge energy resources by Western oil companies.

Islamists claim victory in Tunisia’s Constituent Assembly elections

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 28 October 2011

Tunisia held elections Sunday to elect a 217-member Constituent Assembly, tasked with drafting a new constitution after mass protests toppled President Ben Ali this January.

Mass killings, arbitrary detention under new Libyan regime

By Patrick O’Connor, 25 October 2011

The barbaric conclusion to the NATO military campaign in Libya underscores the fraud of the declared “liberation.”

US and NATO murder Muammar Gaddafi

By Bill Van Auken, 21 October 2011

The savage killing Thursday of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi served to underscore the criminal character of the war that has been prosecuted by the US and NATO over the past eight months.

The destruction of Sirte

By Patrick O’Connor, 19 October 2011

The atrocities now being committed in Sirte arise directly out of the nature and aims of the neo-colonial intervention itself.

Sirte destroyed by NTC-NATO offensive in Libya

By Chris Marsden, 18 October 2011

The Libyan town of Sirte has been all but destroyed and its inhabitants turned into homeless refugees.

Tunisians distrust upcoming Constituent Assembly election

By Kumaran Ira, 17 October 2011

The Constituent Assembly election in Tunisia, slated to draft a new constitution, is scheduled for October 23.

Sirte’s fall to usher in mass repression by Libya’s National Transitional Council

By Chris Marsden, 15 October 2011

The National Transitional Council has stated that the fight for control of Sirte is reaching “endgame,” with its forces having seized 80 percent of the city.

Egyptian junta defends massacre, launches fresh attacks on strikers

By Johannes Stern, 14 October 2011

Dozens of eyewitness reports and video footage on YouTube prove that the junta deliberately unleashed a brutal massacre, using live ammunition and armoured vehicles to kill and crush peaceful protesters.

US-backed Egyptian junta massacres peaceful protesters

By Johannes Stern, 11 October 2011

The Egyptian military is attacking protests as mass opposition to the regime grows.

NATO and anti-Gaddafi forces in Libya step up bombardment of Sirte

By Patrick O’Connor, 10 October 2011

The crisis in Sirte underscores the grotesque nature of the claims made by the NATO powers and their political cheerleaders that the war on Libya was a “humanitarian” intervention.

Costs of UK’s colonial war in Libya spiral

By Joe Mount, 7 October 2011

The neo-colonial intervention into Libya has cost the UK around £1.75 billion so far, seven times the figure originally stated.

Another NATO-backed interim government in Libya

By Will Morrow, 5 October 2011

The new government is composed almost entirely of ministers of the previous government, after the NTC admitted it could not come to a unified decision over who would take control of the key ministries.

NATO assault on Sirte inflicts more Libyan civilian casualties

By Patrick O’Connor, 4 October 2011

Tens of thousands of civilians remain trapped in the area, and are being subjected to indiscriminate rocket, mortar and missile attacks.