North Africa

Britain and France lead the colonial charge into Libya

By Peter Symonds, 17 September 2011

The visit by Cameron and Sarkozy to Libya recalls all the sordid and bloody traditions of imperialism: rank hypocrisy, economic plunder and the ruthless use of force to attain its ends.

Sarkozy and Cameron in Tripoli: Scramble for Libya is on

By Bill Van Auken, 16 September 2011

With their surprise visit to Tripoli Thursday, Sarkozy and Cameron signaled that the scramble by the major powers for control of Libya’s oil wealth is in full swing.

NATO’s client regime in Libya confronts divisions as military offensives stall

By Peter Symonds, 15 September 2011

The fragility of the new regime in Tripoli was underscored by its announcement yesterday that it would remain in Benghazi until after the seizure of the remaining pro-Gaddafi strongholds.

Italy moves to secure its share of the booty in Libya

By Marianne Arens, 14 September 2011

Italian business and political circles take for granted their right to decide on the future of the oil and gas wealth of the country’s former colony, Libya.

Political tasks of the Egyptian Revolution

By Johannes Stern, 13 September 2011

In recent days a new wave of strikes and protests against the US-backed military junta has swept over Egypt.

Western media accuse China of selling arms to Gaddafi

By John Chan, 12 September 2011

The purpose of the allegations against Beijing is transparent: to justify excluding China from future economic relations with Libya, above all in the oil industry.

Egyptian junta declares state of alert after storming of Israeli embassy

By Johannes Stern, 12 September 2011

The US-backed military junta in Egypt has responded with large-scale violence after protesters stormed the Israeli embassy in Giza, near Cairo.

Mass protests in Egypt against US-backed military junta

By Johannes Stern, 10 September 2011

Egyptian workers and youth mounted mass protests in cities across Egypt yesterday, after a new wave of strikes swept the country in recent days. In Cairo tens of thousands of protesters gathered in iconic Tahrir Square, one of the epicenters of the Egyptian revolution.

NATO-backed Libyan regime persecutes black Africans

By Peter Symonds, 9 September 2011

The racist abuse and killing of black foreigners and Libyans is a devastating refutation of claims by the US and its European allies to be waging a war for democracy and the defence of civilian lives.

Egyptian military junta deepens ties to NATO-backed Libyan opposition

By Johannes Stern, 9 September 2011

In recent weeks, the US-backed military junta in Egypt has increased its support for Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC).

Libyan humanitarian disaster deepens as NATO, opposition continue offensive

By Alex Lantier, 7 September 2011

Libya’s humanitarian crisis is deepening as NATO-backed forces of the National Transitional Council continue their offensive to crush forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Libyan opposition lays siege to pro-Gaddafi strongholds

By Peter Symonds, 6 September 2011

The NATO-backed National Transitional Council comprises a shaky alliance of ex-Gaddafi ministers, CIA assets and Islamist militants whose political influence beyond Benghazi in questionable.

“Friends of Libya” meet in Paris for imperialist carve-up

By Bill Van Auken, 2 September 2011

The “Friends of Libya” conference hosted by French President Sarkozy and British Prime Minister Cameron signaled the beginning of the imperialist carve-up of the oil-rich North African country.

NATO prepares bloodbath in Sirte

By Bill Van Auken, 1 September 2011

With its siege of the Libyan city of Sirte, NATO is carrying out precisely the kind of military assault on a civilian population center that it claimed its intervention was designed to prevent.

Divisions emerge among Libya’s NATO-led “rebels”

By Bill Van Auken, 31 August 2011

With the US and its European allies set to install a puppet regime based on the Benghazi-based National Transitional Council, deep divisions have emerged among the NATO-led “rebels”.

Tripoli faces humanitarian crisis

By Bill Van Auken, 30 August 2011

Tripoli is on the brink of a severe humanitarian crisis, its 2 million residents facing a lack of water, electricity, food and medical care while fighting continues in parts of the capital and elsewhere in Libya.

Germany: Foreign Minister Westerwelle under fire for abstention in Libya war

By Peter Schwarz, 30 August 2011

The German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle has come under heavy attack following the conquest of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, by NATO-backed rebels.

Evidence mounts of atrocities by Libyan “rebels”

By Patrick Martin, 29 August 2011

There are numerous reports from journalists in Tripoli of summary executions and torture by the NATO-backed forces that have seized power in Libya.

The rape of Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 26 August 2011

Five days after “rebels” entered Tripoli, under the cover of NATO bombing and led by foreign special forces, the abject criminality of imperialism’s takeover of Libya is becoming increasingly evident.

US, NATO plan Libyan “stabilization” as fighting continues

By Bill Van Auken, 25 August 2011

Even as fighting continues in Libya, Washington and its NATO allies are drawing up plans to “stabilize” the oil-rich North African country, including the possible deployment of foreign troops.

Tunisian interim government faces widespread opposition

By Kumaran Ira, 25 August 2011

Anti-government protests took place across Tunisia on August 15. Thousands of Tunisians participated, denouncing the interim government and calling for its resignation.

Fighting continues in Tripoli after Gaddafi compound is overrun

By Bill Van Auken, 24 August 2011

Fighting continued in the Libyan capital of Tripoli Tuesday after NATO-backed forces sacked Muammar Gaddafi’s compound.

Fierce fighting continues in Tripoli

By Bill Van Auken, 23 August 2011

Fierce fighting raged into the night in Tripoli Monday, even as leaders of the major Western powers proclaimed the end of the Gaddafi regime and maneuvered for position in the scramble for Libya’s oil wealth.

NATO-backed forces move into Tripoli

By Patrick Martin, 22 August 2011

The Gaddafi regime is on the brink of collapse after stepped-up air attacks, including the use of helicopter gunships to back the ground forces of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council.

Western-backed rebel forces encircle Libyan capital

By Alex Lantier, 20 August 2011

NATO warplanes are bombing Tripoli as Western-backed ground forces of the Transitional National Council (TNC) try to encircle the Libyan capital.

NATO’s puppet regime in Libya falls apart

By Peter Symonds, 13 August 2011

The intrigues and infighting in Benghazi following the murder of General Younis are not only an indictment of NATO, but of the various liberals and pseudo-radicals that have acted as cheerleaders for its military intervention in Libya.

NATO allows Libyan refugees to drown in the Mediterranean

By Peter Schwarz, 13 August 2011

NATO has allowed hundreds of refugees from Libya war to drown at sea.

NATO airstrike kills dozens of civilians east of Tripoli

By Kate Randall, 10 August 2011

The Libyan government charged Tuesday that a NATO airstrike killed 85 civilians near Zlitan, 90 miles east of the capital Tripoli on the Mediterranean coast.

Low voter registration for the Tunisian Constituent Assembly elections

By Antoine Lerougetel, 10 August 2011

The lack of popular interest in the Constituent Assembly elections is a devastating verdict on the Tunisian Transitional Government’s attempts to give itself a veneer of pseudo-democratic legitimacy.

Charges mount of NATO war crimes in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 6 August 2011

NATO forces are charged with allowing refugees to drown and deliberately targeting civilian journalists for bombing.

NATO facing military stalemate in Libya

By Peter Symonds, 4 August 2011

The unexplained killing last week of the Libyan “rebel” military commander, General Abdel Fatah Younis, has highlighted the divided and unstable character of the NATO-backed Transitional National Council.

The Egyptian revolution at a crossroads

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 4 August 2011

The forces of counterrevolution are mobilizing for an attempt to smash the movement unleashed by the working class’s overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak last February.

Egyptian military junta attacks sit-in on Tahrir Square

By Johannes Stern, 2 August 2011

Yesterday the Egyptian military and security forces attacked protesters on Tahrir Square in Cairo to clear it and bring protests to a halt.

Pseudo-left parties end Cairo sit-in after Islamist protest

By Johannes Stern and Alex Lantier, 1 August 2011

After Islamist groups dominated the July 29 protest in Cairo, official “opposition” parties announced they would suspend their sit-in in Tahrir Square.

General's killing sparks crisis in Western-backed Libyan TNC

By Bill Van Auken, 30 July 2011

The assassination of a former Gaddafi official who became military chief of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council has raised the specter of a civil war within the Western-backed Libyan "rebels."

Imperialist powers seek exit from Libyan war

By James Cogan, 28 July 2011

After five months of raining death and destruction on the people of Libya, the major powers are now offering a settlement with Gaddafi and his regime.

WikiLeaks documents shed light on US-backed intervention in Libya

By Robert Morgan, 27 July 2011

Washington has had only one objective—the installation of a regime that better serves the interests of the US and international oil and gas companies.

Hundreds wounded in crackdown against antigovernment protests in Egypt

By our reporter, 25 July 2011

Thousands of protesters opposed to the US-backed military regime of General Mohammed Hussein Tantawi in Egypt clashed with pro-government thugs during demonstrations on Saturday.

Egyptian military delays election as opposition mounts

By Patrick Martin, 22 July 2011

The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces is seeking to remain in control of the Egyptian government.

Tunisian police attack anti-government protests

By Kumaran Ira, 22 July 2011

In recent days Tunisian security forces have violently attacked a new wave of anti-government protests across the country.

The US recognises Libya’s Transitional National Council

By Patrick O’Connor, 20 July 2011

The Obama administration’s decision to recognise the so-called Transitional National Council as Libya’s “legitimate governing authority” is an unlawful act of political banditry.

As military operations stall, US recognises Libyan rebels

By James Cogan, 16 July 2011

The four-month air war and numerous assassination attempts have failed to remove Muammar Gaddafi from power in the oil and gas-rich North African country.

Mass protests continue against Egyptian regime

By Niall Green, 16 July 2011

Huge protests took place across Egypt on Friday, as thousands gathered to oppose military government and demand the prosecution of officials.

Partition of Sudan prepares way for further conflicts

By Susan Garth, 12 July 2011

South Sudan formally declared its independence on July 9. President Barack Obama was among the first to recognise the new country. He welcomed the “birth of a new nation”.

Why is the New Anti-Capitalist Party silent on the Libyan war?

By Kumaran Ira, 12 July 2011

If the NPA does not criticise the illegal militarist policies of the French government, it is because the government is doing exactly what the NPA is asking it to do.

Mass protests mark “Friday of Determination” in Egypt

By Jonathan Aswan and Alex Lantier, 9 July 2011

Cities across Egypt saw the largest demonstrations yesterday since the revolutionary struggles that forced the resignation of US-backed dictator Hosni Mubarak on February 11.

Mass protest in Egypt calls for “second revolution”

By Jonathan Aswan, 8 July 2011

Hundreds of thousands of workers and youth are expected to turn out to the streets today in protests dubbed “Friday of Persistence” or “The Revolution and the Poor first”.

Germany offers bombs and military technology for war against Libya

By Sven Heymanns, 8 July 2011

As NATO runs out of ammunition, Germany is offering bombs and technology for the war against Libya.

Egyptians protest state defense of police violence

By Patrick Martin, 6 July 2011

Protests have erupted in Cairo, Suez and Alexandria demanding the jailing of police accused of large-scale violence during the revolutionary movement that forced out longtime dictator Hosni Mubarak.

Military stalemate in Libya heightens US-NATO crisis

By Patrick O’Connor, 5 July 2011

Despite nearly four months of daily US-NATO bombing raids over Libya, so-called rebel fighters have failed to make any significant advance beyond the areas they controlled in March.

Protests, strikes continue against military junta in Egypt

By Jonathan Aswan, 4 July 2011

On Friday tens of thousands of workers and youth went to the streets in at least five governorates in Egypt to denounce the politics of the US-backed military junta and its leader, Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi.

France arms anti-Gaddafi forces

By Julie Hyland, 2 July 2011

France acknowledged this week that it had supplied weapons to oppositionists fighting Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s forces in Libya.

ICC prosecutor clarifies purpose behind charges against Libya’s Gaddafi

By James Cogan, 30 June 2011

The International Criminal Court chief prosecutor’s statement is a mafia-style ultimatum to the Libyan political elite—abandon Gaddafi, or share his fate of death or imprisonment.

Egyptian military carries out bloody crackdown on protests

By Joseph Kishore and Jonathan Aswan, 30 June 2011

Over one thousand have been injured in clashes that began Tuesday and continued into Wednesday morning, with protesters demanding the ouster of the Egyptian military regime.

Tunisian interim government delays Constituent Assembly elections

By Kumaran Ira, 29 June 2011

On June 8, the interim Tunisian government decided to postpone the Constituent Assembly elections to October 23.

ICC orders arrest of Gaddafi as NATO bombings reach 100th day

By Bill Van Auken, 28 June 2011

The arrest warrant against Gaddafi only underscores the role of the International Criminal Court as an instrument of the US and the other major imperialist powers.

Britain and France insist bombing of Libya must continue

By Peter Symonds, 25 June 2011

Britain and France have dismissed a call by Italy for a ceasefire in Libya, underscoring mounting tensions within NATO over its bid to install a compliant regime in the oil-rich country.

NATO attack kills 19, including women and children

By Chris Marsden, 22 June 2011

Monday night’s air strike on a compound west of Tripoli that killed 19, including women and children, puts an end to any pretence that NATO is not deliberately targeting civilians in its ongoing bombardment of Libya.

Obama flouts legal deadline on Libya war

By Patrick Martin, 20 June 2011

June 19 marked the 90-day limit on the use of US military forces in Libya under the War Powers Act

NATO bombs kill Libyan civilians in Tripoli

By Peter Symonds, 20 June 2011

Contrary to NATO claims, it is inconceivable that this was the only strike out of more than 11,000 to have killed civilians.

US and Egyptian bourgeoisie close ranks as workers’ struggles continue

By Jonathan Aswan, 20 June 2011

In recent weeks and days, the revolutionary struggle of the Egyptian working class has witnessed a new upsurge.

Oil companies prepare for post-Gaddafi Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 17 June 2011

The major US and European oil conglomerates previously active in Libya are preparing to resume business in the event that the illegal NATO-led war achieves its objective of “regime change”.

Egypt’s military regime prepares clampdown on strike wave

By Harvey Thompson, 17 June 2011

The upsurge of industrial struggle by Egyptian workers that preceded the January revolution shows no sign of diminishing.

US talks peace and prepares for war in Sudan

By Susan Garth, 16 June 2011

Washington has intervened in Libya with bombing raids aimed at overthrowing the Gaddafi regime. Now it is preparing another African intervention and has Sudan in his sights.

Germany recognises Libyan opposition after US ultimatum

By Chris Marsden, 15 June 2011

The demand by outgoing US Secretary of Defence Robert Gates for Europe to take a greater share of the military load bore its first fruit with Germany’s recognition of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council.

Western powers fashion a puppet regime for Libya

By Peter Symonds, 10 June 2011

For all the Western propaganda about establishing democracy in Libya, there are clearly fears that the country will descend into chaos if Gaddafi finally goes.

Egyptian bourgeoisie and pseudo-left oppose a “second revolution”

By Jonathan Aswan, 10 June 2011

On May 27, hundreds of thousands workers and youth demonstrated across Egypt against the military junta which took power after Mubarak's ouster on February 11.

Helicopter attacks mark further escalation of US-NATO war in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 6 June 2011

British and French assault helicopters began operations over key Libyan cities on Saturday, marking a significant escalation of NATO’s war of aggression in the North African state.

Egyptian doctors threaten to renew strike

By Harvey Thompson, 3 June 2011

Hundreds of doctors marched from the doctors’ syndicate to the Egyptian Cabinet offices with their unmet demands on May 29, threatening to go back on strike.

NATO extends authorisation for Libya bombardment to September

By Patrick O’Connor, 2 June 2011

Washington and its NATO allies are readying an intensified campaign aimed at ousting the Gaddafi government and installing a client regime in Tripoli.

The war in Libya and the crisis of the European Union

Part 3

By Peter Schwarz, 1 June 2011

The following article is based on a report, given by Peter Schwarz, secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International, at a seminar of the German section of the Socialist Equality Party during the Easter holidays in 2011. We are publishing it in three parts.

Egypt’s “second revolution”

By Joseph Kishore, 31 May 2011

Demonstrations last Friday in Egypt were among the largest since the revolutionary movement of workers and youth forced out the longtime dictator Hosni Mubarak. They raise basic questions of political program and perspective.

The war in Libya and the crisis of the European Union

Part 1

By Peter Schwarz, 30 May 2011

The following article is based on a report given by Peter Schwarz, secretary of the International Committee of the Fourth International, at a seminar of the German section of the Socialist Equality Party during the Easter holidays in 2011. We are publishing it in three parts.

Mass protests demand “second revolution” in Egypt

By Patrick Martin, 28 May 2011

Demonstrations Friday brought huge crowds back to Tahrir Square in Cairo and in dozens of other cities throughout Egypt.

Tunisian interim prime minister visits France ahead of G8 summit

By Kumaran Ira, 27 May 2011

Tunisian interim prime minister Beji Caid Essebsi met with French president Nicolas Sarkozy on May 17-18 to plan joint strategy against continuing protests in Tunisia.

NATO bombing of Tripoli kills 19 civilians, wounds 150

By Bill Van Auken, 25 May 2011

With the most intense bombing raid yet against Tripoli and a threat to deploy attack helicopters, the US and NATO are sharply escalating the war in Libya.

The Libyan war and American democracy

By Patrick Martin, 24 May 2011

President Obama is defying the War Powers Act restrictions on presidential war-making.

Death squad attacks in Libyan “rebel” capital

By Patrick Martin, 23 May 2011

While the protection of civilian lives is the nominal justification for the NATO attack on Libya, the NATO-backed opposition forces are engaged in their own campaign of murder.

Egyptian “left” parties seek alliance with bourgeoisie

By Johannes Stern, 21 May 2011

As the Egyptian revolution reaches a crucial turning point, a group of parties calling themselves “left” and even “socialist” have united to form an alliance with the bourgeoisie, which in turn backs the ruling military junta.

NATO warplanes step up attacks on Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 18 May 2011

NATO has escalated its war against Libya, widening air strikes to hit civilian government buildings and economic infrastructure.

ICC prosecutor demands arrest warrant against Gaddafi

By Patrick O’Connor, 17 May 2011

In proceeding as it has against Gaddafi, the International Criminal Court has revealed itself to be a pliant tool of US and European imperialism.

Tunisian regime creates electoral commission amid mass strikes

By Kumaran Ira, 17 May 2011

Last Monday, the Tunisian interim government announced the formation of the independent electoral committee to oversee the July 24 election of a constituent assembly.

As opposition leader meets Obama officials at White House

NATO air raid kills Libyan civilians in Brega

By Bill Van Auken, 14 May 2011

A representative of the Benghazi-based Transitional National Council met with officials at the White House Friday as the US and NATO moved to escalate their intervention in Libya.

Nationwide doctors’ strike in Egypt

By Harvey Thompson, 13 May 2011

A nationwide doctors’ strike began May 10 in governmental clinics and hospitals.

Sectarian conflict in Cairo between Muslims and Coptic Christians

By Jean Shaoul, 11 May 2011

At least 12 people died Saturday night in sectarian fighting outside the Coptic Saint Mena Church in Imbaba, a Cairo suburb.

NATO ships, planes left African refugees stranded in Mediterranean to die

By Barry Grey, 10 May 2011

The British Guardian newspaper published an investigative report Monday documenting the case of African refugees who were left to die by NATO and European authorities in the early days of the war against Libya.

Threat of war crimes charges levelled against Gaddafi and son

By Chris Marsden, 9 May 2011

The threat of war crimes charges against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, his son and other officials is a weapon fashioned and wielded by the major powers now waging war on Libya.

Tunisian regime imposes curfew amid protests over coup threat

By Niall Green and Kumaran Ira, 9 May 2011

Demonstrators in Tunisia calling for a “new revolution” were brutally attacked by riot police after warnings of a possible military coup.

Washington funnels confiscated Libyan assets to “rebel” leadership

By Patrick O’Connor, 6 May 2011

The illegality of the Obama administration’s moves to use Libya’s national wealth to keep the so-called rebel leadership afloat underscores the colonial character of the US-NATO war to oust Muammar Gaddafi.

Growing wave of strikes in Egypt

By our correspondent, 5 May 2011

Strikes are continuing in numerous plants across Egypt in defiance of the military junta’s prohibition of strikes and protests.

International finance presses for counter-revolution in Tunisia

By Olivier Laurent, 5 May 2011

The political reforms in Tunisia aim to remove people from power who are too politically associated with the dictator Ben Ali, whilst justifying the maintenance of the social conditions against which the Tunisian masses revolted.

Rome meeting to consider further military action against Libya

By Susan Garth, 4 May 2011

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrives in Rome today for a two-day meeting of the Libya Contact Group.

US, NATO defend air strike that murdered Gaddafi family members

By Barry Grey, 3 May 2011

US and NATO officials have brushed aside charges by the Libyan government that the air strike Saturday night that killed the youngest son and three grandchildren of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was a targeted assassination intended to murder Gaddafi.

Gaddafi family members murdered by US and NATO

By James Cogan, 2 May 2011

The killing of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s youngest son and three grandchildren are political assassinations for which US and NATO leaders are directly responsible.

NATO bomb attack on Libya kills Misrata “rebel” fighters

By Patrick O’Connor, 29 April 2011

The “friendly fire” incident underscores the bogus character of the claims by Washington and Brussels that their “precision” bombing raids are aimed at protecting the Libyan people.

US, NATO defend policy of targeting Gaddafi

By Patrick Martin, 28 April 2011

Assassination of the Libyan ruler is now the barely disguised policy of the Western powers.

US, UK plot Libya war escalation

By Bill Van Auken, 27 April 2011

The civilian and uniformed chiefs of the US and British military machines met in Washington Tuesday to plot a further escalation of the imperialist intervention in Libya.

US, NATO attempt assassination of Gaddafi

By Bill Van Auken, 26 April 2011

With the attack Monday morning on the Bab al-Azizyah complex in Tripoli, the US-NATO war on Libya has entered a criminal new phase that incorporates the policy of assassination.

US senators call for Gaddafi’s assassination

By James Cogan, 25 April 2011

Senior leaders of the US Congress yesterday called for the assassination of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and a major escalation of air strikes.

Mounting Libyan death toll from US-NATO bombings

By Barry Grey, 23 April 2011

The death toll in Libya from US, French and British air strikes continues to mount and promises to rise sharply as the imperialist powers escalate their attacks on both military and civilian targets.