North Africa

Intensified bombing, military “advisers” on the ground

Britain and France escalate war in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 20 April 2011

British military officers are going to Benghazi to direct ground operations, while France is deploying additional airstrike capability.

The Libyan war and the deepening inter-imperialist conflict

By Alex Lantier and David North, 16 April 2011

The joint statement issued by US President Barack Obama, President Nicolas Sarkozy of France, and British Prime Minister David Cameron on Libya intensifies the political divisions in Europe underlying the neo-colonial operation in North Africa.

Strikes and protests by Egyptian workers

By Harvey Thompson, 15 April 2011

Strikes and protests by workers across Egypt continued this week, with many calling for improved wages and working conditions while others attempted to block moves that would reduce their income or restrict their prospects.

Contact Group meeting in Doha plans imperialist carve-up of Libya

By Alex Lantier, 14 April 2011

The Doha meeting highlighted the role of the opposition Interim Transitional National Council as a stooge of the major powers seeking to advance their imperialist interests in Libya.

Egyptian junta steps up violence as protests and strikes continue

By our correspondent, 14 April 2011

The non-ending stream of strikes and protests by Egyptian workers has unnerved the military junta, which is responding with increasing violence.

Mubarak and sons detained as Egypt’s military continues crackdown

By Bill Van Auken, 14 April 2011

Ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak and his two sons have been detained for 15 days while Egyptian prosecutors conduct an investigation into their multi-billion-dollar embezzlement and corruption.

Divisions at European Union summit on Libyan intervention

By Chris Marsden, 13 April 2011

The European Union’s Luxembourg summit on Libya was dogged by conflicting great power interests even before it officially met.

African Union’s Libya ceasefire rejected by opposition and NATO powers

By Chris Marsden, 12 April 2011

Libya’s rebels formally rejected the ceasefire proposed by the African Union Monday, following talks in Benghazi.

Egyptian military storm peaceful protest in Tahrir Square

By our correspondent, 12 April 2011

Tens of thousands gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square chanted: “The people want the overthrow of the field marshal” and “the people want to overthrow the regime”.

European Union prepares to send ground troops to Libya

By Chris Marsden, 11 April 2011

The European Union is seeking to utilise the humanitarian cover of the fate of the besieged city of Misrata to send ground troops to Libya under its command.

Egyptian military kills protesters in Cairo

By Niall Green, 11 April 2011

In the early hours of Saturday morning, Egypt’s US-backed military junta launched a bloody attack on protesters in Cairo’s symbolic Tahrir Square.

Germany does an about-face on Libya war

By Dietmar Henning and Peter Schwarz, 11 April 2011

Three weeks after rejecting any German military involvement in the war in Libya, the German government has done a complete about-face.

US Senate discusses sending troops to Libya

By Chris Marsden, 9 April 2011

Gen. Carter Ham told the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations that US troops may have to be sent to Libya because there is little chance of the opposition Transitional National Council defeating the forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Obama makes clear US opposition to ceasefire, insists on regime change in Libya

By Julie Hyland, 8 April 2011

US President Barack Obama’s rejection of Muammar Gaddafi’s plea for a ceasefire again underscores that NATO’s intervention into Libya’s civil war has nothing to do with protecting civilians.

One hundred and fifty feared dead in Mediterranean boat tragedy

By Stefan Steinberg, 7 April 2011

Coast guards reported that the straits between the island of Lampedusa and the North African coast were the scene of yet another tragedy, after a boat capsized in stormy seas with many lives lost.

US and allies gear up for protracted war in Libya

By Barry Grey, 5 April 2011

The US-led war coalition rejected ceasefire offers by the Libyan government on Monday and reiterated its demand that Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his family leave the country as the precondition for any resolution to the crisis.

Mounting evidence of CIA ties to Libyan rebels

By Patrick Martin, 4 April 2011

The US and British media now speak openly of the CIA connections of the top commander of the Libyan rebels.

Over one hundred thousand protest military rule in Egypt

By our correspondent, 4 April 2011

Strikes and demonstrations against deplorable working conditions are accompanying mounting protests against the anti-strike legislation and interim constitution of Egypt’s ruling military junta.

The war on Libya: a new eruption of imperialist rivalry

By Nick Beams, 2 April 2011

Not since the 1930s, in the lead-up to World War II, have the conflicting economic and strategic interests of the rival imperialist powers been so openly pursued as they are in the war on Libya.

US, Britain press two-track policy in Libya war

By Patrick Martin, 1 April 2011

Washington and London are combining efforts to destabilize the Gaddafi regime from within and to bolster the flagging rebel military campaign.

Libya, imperialism and the prostration of the “left” intellectuals:

The case of Professor Juan Cole

By David North, 1 April 2011

Among the most striking features of the US-NATO onslaught against Libya has been the widespread support that this “war of choice” has evoked among left-liberal parties and the affluent middle-class milieu that comprise an important part of their constituency.

US-NATO bombings kill civilians in Tripoli

By Bill Van Auken, 1 April 2011

US-NATO air strikes on Tripoli have claimed growing numbers of civilian victims, according to the Vatican’s top representative in the Libyan capital.

Libyan rebels massacre black Africans

By Wolfgang Weber, 31 March 2011

The opposition forces in Libya are responsible for barbaric, pogrom-like massacres against black African workers.

London conference plots imperialist carve-up of Libya

By Barry Grey, 30 March 2011

The conference on Libya held Tuesday at London's Lancaster House was a repulsive exercise in hypocrisy and cynicism.

Tunisian Reform Commission defends capitalist regime

By Kumaran Ira and Alex Lantier, 30 March 2011

On March 26 Tunisia’s Commission for the Achievement of the Objectives of the Revolution and the Democratic Transition was enlarged from 70 to 130 members in a closed-door session.

The war in Libya and the new scramble for Africa

By Chris Marsden, 29 March 2011

Today’s international conference on Libya in London will be dutifully reported in the media as a gathering of concerned parties determined to honour their pledge to safeguard civilians from reprisals by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi’s regime.

Civilian casualties mount in US-led air war against Libya

By Barry Grey, 29 March 2011

As delegates from 40 countries and international organizations gather in London today to coordinate the US-NATO war against Libya, carried out in the name of protecting civilians, the toll of Libyans killed and injured by US, British and French bombs continues to mount.

Protests against counter-revolution in Egypt

By a correspondent, 28 March 2011

The demonstrators who ousted President Hosni Mubarak now realise that the trust they had in the Egyptian army was misplaced and that their revolution is far from over.

Washington seeks NATO cover for protracted war against Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 26 March 2011

The Obama administration is formally shifting its war in Libya to NATO command as the US-led alliance predicts the fighting will go on for at least another three months.

China and Russia criticise Libyan bombing campaign

By John Chan, 25 March 2011

Moscow and Beijing are concerned that Washington is once again using its military might to advance its strategic ambitions at their expense.

Air strikes escalate, stalemate deepens in fighting around Libyan cities

By Patrick Martin, 25 March 2011

Air strikes by French, British and American warplanes continued to expand in Libya Thursday, but despite the massive firepower deployed by the imperialist powers against the forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi, anti-Gaddafi rebels remained stalemated in the ground warfare.

Egyptian workers face US-backed counter-revolution

By Bill Van Auken, 25 March 2011

The promulgation this week in Egypt of a decree banning strikes and protests has laid bare the real character of the military-controlled regime that succeeded the US-backed dictator Hosni Mubarak.

Libya war divides NATO

By Peter Schwarz, 24 March 2011

The war against Libya has ignited a heated conflict within NATO.

US escalates military onslaught against Libya

By Patrick Martin, 23 March 2011

The air attacks are now targeting Libyan ground troop concentrations, threatening thousands of deaths.

US, Europe intensify Libya onslaught

By Tom Eley, 22 March 2011

The US, France and the UK stepped up their bombardment of Libya, including a missile strike on a Gaddafi residential compound.

The bombing of Gaddafi’s compound

By Barry Grey, 22 March 2011

The bombing of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s personal compound in Tripoli Sunday night epitomizes the criminal character of the war launched by the US and its allies.

Canada joins imperialist assault on Libya

By Keith Jones, 22 March 2011

Canada’s entire political establishment, including the trade union-sponsored New Democratic Party, has rallied round the Conservative government’s decision to order the Canadian Armed Forces to wage war on Libya, alongside US, French, and British forces.

Egyptian constitutional referendum passes amid low turnout

By Stefan Steinberg, 22 March 2011

The thoroughly fraudulent and undemocratic nature of Saturday’s referendum in Egypt was the declaration from the Supreme Military Council that in the event of a no vote it would impose its own constitution until a new one is drafted.

US, France and Britain launch war of aggression against Libya

By Patrick Martin, 21 March 2011

Bombs and missiles have already killed hundreds of Libyan soldiers and civilians.

Australian Labor government, Greens hail imperialist assault on Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 21 March 2011

The entire political and media establishment has thrown its support behind the drive to oust the right-wing Gaddafi dictatorship and replace it with a client government amenable to the strategic and economic priorities of US and European imperialism.

Obama and Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 21 March 2011

The Obama administration has launched another barbaric war against a largely defenseless country in the Middle East. It has ordered cruise missiles and bombs to be dropped on cities and installations across Libya, already leaving scores dead and hundreds wounded.

Obama issues ultimatum in advance of air strikes on Libya

By Barry Grey, 19 March 2011

Speaking from the White House Friday, President Barack Obama issued an ultimatum paving the way for the launching of a new imperialist war.

German Left Party leader votes in favour of military intervention in Libya

By Lucas Adler, 19 March 2011

A leading member of the German Left Party has voted in the European parliament in favour of a military intervention in Libya.

No to imperialist intervention in Libya!

By World Socialist Web Site editorial board, 19 March 2011

The World Socialist Web Site categorically opposes any military intervention in Libya. The drive toward war has nothing to do with the humanitarian pretexts offered up by the major powers. Rather, it represents the violent imperialist subjugation of a former colony.

UN vote clears way for US-NATO attack on Libya

By Bill Van Auken, 18 March 2011

The United Nations Security Council Thursday night approved a resolution that paves the way for the United States and other major imperialist powers to conduct a direct military intervention in Libya under the pretense of a “humanitarian” mission to protect civilian lives.

Hillary Clinton in Tahrir Square

By Bill Van Auken, 17 March 2011

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s Middle East tour, capped by a stroll through Cairo’s Tahrir Square, presents an unparalleled profile in hypocrisy.

G8 fails to back proposed Libyan no-fly zone

By Bill Van Auken, 16 March 2011

Divisions between the major imperialist powers have stymied proposals spearheaded by Britain and France for direct military intervention in Libya.

Major powers discuss Libyan intervention

By Bill Van Auken, 15 March 2011

Representatives of the major imperialist powers initiated a flurry of meetings Monday to discuss plans for military intervention in Libya.

Arab League backs no-fly zone in Libya

By Ann Talbot and Barry Grey, 14 March 2011

The decision of the Arab League on Saturday to call for a no-fly zone in Libya and recognize the Benghazi-based National Transitional Council is a significant step toward direct US-NATO intervention.

Protests continue against threat of counter-revolution in Egypt

By our reporter, 14 March 2011

Egypt’s new provisional government is complicit in violent tactics to bring about a counter-revolution.

Obama administration signals backing for “military options” in Libya

By Patrick Martin, 12 March 2011

Friday’s White House press conference was dominated by propaganda for “humanitarian” intervention.

European summits: Aggressive action against Libya and European workers

By Peter Schwarz, 12 March 2011

The rapid succession of high-level meetings in Europe over the past few days reflects a deep crisis of the European Union.

France recognises Libyan opposition leadership

By Patrick O’Connor, 11 March 2011

French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s unilateral initiative comes amid ongoing discussions in Washington and Brussels of air strikes, no-fly zones, and other military measures aiming to install a client government in Tripoli friendly to major oil companies and the western powers.

The resurgence of Italy’s imperialist ambitions in Libya

By Marc Wells, 10 March 2011

The Italian warship Libra docked in Benghazi, Libya, as the Italian ruling class calculates how to defend its imperialist interests in Libya.

Washington to escalate military moves against Gaddafi

By Barry Grey, 10 March 2011

The United States and its allies continue to prepare more expansive and direct military actions to topple the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Down with Gaddafi! No to US-NATO intervention!

By Patrick Martin and David North, 10 March 2011

The overthrow of Gaddafi by a US-NATO intervention rather than by the working class in the leadership of the oppressed masses would not only mean the abortion of the revolution, but the installation of yet another colonialist regime.

US, Britain step up plans for military intervention in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 9 March 2011

The threat of direct foreign military intervention against Libya has moved closer in the last 24 hours, as international support has gathered for a no-fly zone.

US intensifies military operations in Libya

By Mike Head, 8 March 2011

Officially, the Obama administration and Washington’s allies are still drawing up “contingency plans” to intervene in the Libyan crisis. In reality, intensive military and intelligence operations are underway within and around the oil-rich country.

Egyptian protesters storm secret police headquarters

By Patrick Martin, 8 March 2011

Thousands of people, many of them former prisoners and victims of torture, took action to preserve documents showing their abuse at the hands the State Security Investigations agency.

Australian government calls for air strikes on Gaddafi forces

By James Cogan, 7 March 2011

Speaking in Israel yesterday, Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd again demanded that the UN Security Council impose a “no-fly zone” over Libya.

US and allies step up military and intelligence operations in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 7 March 2011

The detention of British and Dutch soldiers in Libya confirms that the US and its allies are stepping up their operations within the country.

Western powers exploit Libyan crisis to step up intervention plans

By Mike Head, 5 March 2011

On the pretext of preventing a humanitarian disaster in Libya, the US and its European allies are intensifying military operations and economic measures against the Gaddafi regime.

The alliance between the EU and Libya in the persecution of refugees

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 5 March 2011

For years the European Union has collaborated closely with the dictatorships in Libya and Tunisia to stop refugees breaching the perimeter of “Fortress Europe”.

Egyptian military regime rolls out a new front man

By Patrick Martin, 5 March 2011

Bourgeois figures like Mohamed ElBaradei have hailed the appointment of the new prime minister, Essam Sharaf.

Canada signs on for imperialist campaign against Libya

By Keith Jones, 4 March 2011

The Canadian government has dispatched a navy frigate to Libyan shores and special forces to Malta in preparation for military intervention in the oil-rich North African country.

Egyptian prime minister resigns on eve of mass protest

By Alex Lantier, 4 March 2011

Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq resigned yesterday to avert a Million-Man March, scheduled by anti-regime protesters.

Military planning continues as divisions mount over Libyan intervention

By Ann Talbot, 4 March 2011

Sharp divisions within ruling circles have not halted the military preparations for an attack on Libya.

German interests in Libya

By Ulrich Rippert, 4 March 2011

German business has been able to benefit considerably due to the close and long-standing cooperation between the Gaddafi regime and the German government on economic and security issues.

US, European officials debate military intervention in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor and Patrick Martin, 3 March 2011

Top officials of the Obama administration and Congress are publicly discussing the prospects for American military intervention in Libya.

Materiel and personnel in place for military intervention in Libya

By Julie Hyland, 2 March 2011

The United States, Britain and the European powers are deepening their preparations for intervention in Libya, including military action.

German imperialism and the crisis in Libya

By Peter Schwarz Alex Lantier, 2 March 2011

Germany has emerged as a full-fledged participant in the great power drive for imperialist intervention in Libya.

Clashes mount in Libyan uprising against Gaddafi

By Patrick O’Connor, 1 March 2011

Washington is now spearheading contingency plans for an international intervention against the Gaddafi regime, aimed at securing the imperialist powers’ control over Libyan oil reserves.

Imperialist hands off Libya!

By Patrick Martin, 1 March 2011

The United States and the European powers are seeking to carve up the oil-rich North African country.

As Libyan rebels close in on Gaddafi, US and Europe ramp up intervention

By Barry Grey, 28 February 2011

With dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s control over the country ebbing, the United States and its European allies are stepping up their intervention into the Libyan crisis.

Tunisia prime minister resigns amid mass demonstrations

By Patrick Martin, 28 February 2011

Mohammed Ghannouchi resigned less than 48 hours after 100,000 people marched through the capital demanding his ouster.

Police crackdown against protests in Egypt, Oman

By Patrick Martin, 28 February 2011

Egyptian military police attacked and beat protesters Saturday in Tahrir Square, the focal point of the mass popular movement that forced the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak two weeks ago.

US and Europe step up preparations for intervention in Libya

By Patrick O’Connor, 26 February 2011

The Obama administration yesterday announced a series of unilateral sanctions against Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in Libya, including suspension of US military cooperation.

New mass protests against US-backed regimes in Egypt and Yemen

By David Walsh, 26 February 2011

Protests took place Friday in Egypt and Yemen, as masses of people press onward in an effort to rid themselves of brutal, tyrannical regimes.

Notes on the Egyptian Revolution

By Nick Beams, 25 February 2011

The following report by Nick Beams, national secretary of the Socialist Equality Party (Australia), was delivered to an aggregate meeting in Sydney.

Calls mount for military intervention in Libya

By Ann Talbot, 25 February 2011

The British government is actively considering deploying Special Forces in Libya, as several Western governments consider plans for military intervention.

US and Europe weigh up Libyan intervention as oil prices spike

By Patrick O’Connor, 24 February 2011

The overriding concern of the imperialist powers is to re-establish stability in the North African state and ensure the continued flow of oil exports.

Obama and the Libyan crisis

By Bill Van Auken, 24 February 2011

Faced with a popular uprising and mass slaughter in Libya, one of the world’s major oil producers, President Barack Obama Wednesday spoke of “freedom,” “justice” and “dignity,” while warning that his administration is preparing a “full range of options.”

Egyptian junta clamps down on strikes

By Chris Marsden, 23 February 2011

Egypt’s military regime has threatened to illegalise strikes in the face of the ongoing social unrest in the aftermath of the removal of President Hosni Mubarak.

Gaddafi threatens mass killings as popular rebellion spreads

By Patrick Martin, 23 February 2011

Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi threatened widespread massacres against his own people in an appearance on state television Tuesday.

Uprising spreads to Libyan capital

By Ann Talbot, 22 February 2011

The response of the Libyan regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to the spread of the uprising to the capital Tripoli has been to kill and wound more protesters.

New protests rock Tunisian government

By Patrick Martin, 22 February 2011

Two days of anti-government protests in Tunisia have thrown the interim regime that succeeded ousted president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali into crisis.

Eye-witness report from Libya

22 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site has received correspondence from a reader in Libya.

Libyan government massacres demonstrators as uprising spreads

By Patrick O’Connor, 21 February 2011

The Libyan government of Muammar Gaddafi is attempting to violently suppress an uprising centred in the country’s eastern cities and towns, killing hundreds of protestors.

Protests by students and workers in Algeria and Morocco

By Antoine Lerougetel, 21 February 2011

The anti-government demonstrations are part of a wave of social unrest sweeping North Africa and the Middle East

Mass celebrations in Egypt one week after Mubarak downfall

By Alex Lantier, 19 February 2011

Millions of people attended victory celebrations one week after a mass protests forced Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak from office.

Libyan regime attempts to crush uprising

By Ann Talbot, 18 February 2011

It is reported that at least 20 people have been killed in two days of clashes between protesters and Libyan security forces.

Egyptian workers step up strike offensive

By Patrick Martin, 17 February 2011

Workers are defying appeals from the military command to go back to work.

Egyptian military commands a vast business empire

By Mike Head, 17 February 2011

Far from representing any democratic instrument, the military is a consciously counter-revolutionary force, determined to crush the workers’ uprising in order to defend its own immense business interests, as well as those of its pay masters in the US.

Egyptian military repeats demands for end to strike wave

By Patrick O’Connor, 16 February 2011

The army’s repeated statements since the ousting of President Hosni Mubarak reflect the acute fear with which the generals and the entire Egyptian ruling elite regard the developing movement of the working class.

Strikes, workers’ protests spread throughout Egypt

By Patrick O’Connor, 15 February 2011

Large numbers of workers in Egypt’s main cities staged strikes and street demonstrations yesterday for better wages and working conditions, and the removal of corrupt state-enterprise managers promoted under Mubarak.

Mass protests spread in Middle East as Washington reassures Israel, Arab dictators

By Bill Van Auken, 15 February 2011

Inspired by the Egyptian people’s overthrow of Hosni Mubarak, protests continued to spread in the Middle East on Monday, as Washington scrambled to reassure Israel and pro-US regimes in the region of its continued support.

Egyptian military asserts authority as strikes, protests spread

By Andrea Peters, 14 February 2011

While suspending the constitution and parliament of the Mubarak dictatorship, the Egyptian military continues to uphold the 30-year-old emergency law that has served as the basis of political repression.

Thousands protest, clash with police in Yemen and Algeria

By David Walsh, 14 February 2011

Major protests took place in Yemen and Algeria over the weekend, as thousands took to the streets in rallies against government corruption, poverty and unemployment.

The Egyptian Revolution enters a new stage

By Alex Lantier, 14 February 2011

The Egyptian military’s communiqués make clear that it intends to divert and suppress the mass movement, while carrying out a tactical transfer of power to maintain the old regime.

Mubarak resignation staggers Obama administration

By Alex Lantier, 12 February 2011

Obama administration officials reacted to yesterday’s ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak with hypocritical declarations of solidarity with the democratic aspirations of the Egyptian masses.