North Africa

Mubarak resigns, military claims power in Egypt

By Tom Eley, 12 February 2011

Massive demonstrations and a growing strike wave forced the Friday resignation of Hosni Mubarak. While millions celebrated his ouster, power has been claimed by the military.

The downfall of Hosni Mubarak

By World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 12 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site hails the downfall of Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak. As significant as this event is, however, it is only the beginning of this struggle.

Mubarak’s speech: only revolution can oust regime

By Bill Van Auken, 11 February 2011

With his speech on Thursday night, Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak threw down the gauntlet to the mass protests and growing strike wave that have rocked his regime for nearly three weeks.

Mubarak resigns, military claims power in Egypt

By Tom Eley, 11 February 2011

Massive demonstrations and a growing strike wave forced the Friday resignation of Hosni Mubarak. While millions celebrated his ouster, power has been claimed by the military.

Egyptian military tortured, “disappeared” thousands of demonstrators

By Tom Eley, 11 February 2011

Since demonstrations and strikes erupted against the Mubarak regime on January 25, the Egyptian military has arrested, tortured and “disappeared” thousands, according to reports from the Guardian newspaper and human rights organizations.

The downfall of Hosni Mubarak

By World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 11 February 2011

The World Socialist Web Site hails the downfall of Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak. As significant as this event is, however, it is only the beginning of this struggle.

Strikes and demonstrations spread across Egypt

By Patrick Martin, 10 February 2011

Factory workers, agricultural laborers and civil servants have joined the movement against Mubarak dictatorship.

The Egyptian working class moves to the forefront

By David North, 10 February 2011

During the past few days a steady stream of reports has confirmed the increasingly decisive role of the Egyptian working class in the struggle against the Mubarak regime.

Protests shake Algerian regime

By Alex Lantier, 10 February 2011

A national strike by health workers continued yesterday against the military regime of Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, as protests by unemployed youth and workers spread throughout the country.

Mass protests and strikes escalate as Egyptians reject “orderly transition”

By Bill Van Auken, 9 February 2011

Cairo’s Tahrir square was filled with its largest demonstration yet Tuesday as masses of Egyptians rejected the “orderly transition” through which the Obama administration and its principal ally, Omar Suleiman, are attempting to salvage the regime.

Omar Suleiman—longtime collaborator with Israel and US

By Patrick Martin, 9 February 2011

Diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks show Suleiman’s collaboration in repression of the Palestinians and torture of CIA prisoners

Democrats on the Mubarak payroll

By Patrick Martin, 9 February 2011

Many well-connected Washington lobbyists are on retainer for the Egyptian government

French government embarrassed by its ties to North African dictatorships

By Antoine Lerougetel and Alex Lantier, 9 February 2011

The mass protests in North Africa against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who fled his country on January 14, are shaking the French government.

Italian politicians fear spread of “Egyptian fever”

By Marianne Arens, 9 February 2011

The uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt are causing anxiety among Italian government and opposition politicians who fear “Egyptian fever” could spread to their side of the Mediterranean.

Munich Security Conference defends the Egyptian regime

By Peter Schwarz, 9 February 2011

The 47th Security Conference in Munich last weekend openly stood behind the hated Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak.

Egyptian protesters face mounting violence and repression

By Patrick Martin, 8 February 2011

Thousands of demonstrators remain camped in Cairo’s central Tahrir Square, defying threats of violence and a wave of arrests by the secret police of the Mubarak dictatorship.

Obama’s cold-blooded defense of Egyptian regime

By Bill Van Auken, 8 February 2011

The revolutionary events in Egypt have exposed the reactionary character of the Obama administration’s policy and its deep involvement in the conspiracies against the Egyptian people.

Tunisian regime seeks emergency powers against mass protests

By Alex Lantier, 8 February 2011

Yesterday the Tunisian parliament’s lower house voted to grant emergency powers to Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi, the head of the interim Tunisian regime.

Imperialism and Egypt’s “democratic transition”

By Alex Lantier, 7 February 2011

The talks taking place between the Egyptian regime of President Hosni Mubarak, the Muslim Brotherhood, and the National Association for Change of Mohamed ElBaradei are a cynical fraud.

Egyptian regime begins US-backed talks with opposition parties

By Patrick O’Connor, 7 February 2011

The Obama administration has backed negotiations between the Mubarak regime and several Egyptian opposition parties, including the Muslim Brotherhood.

International demonstrations support Egyptian revolution

By Robert Stevens, 7 February 2011

Up to 2,000 people demonstrated in London Saturday during a day of international solidarity with the Egyptian people.

Social tensions worsen as south of Sudan votes for secession

By Ann Talbot, 7 February 2011

More than 100 people have been arrested this week after student protests at universities in Khartoum the capital of Sudan.

Massive anti-government protest on Egypt’s “day of departure”

By Chris Marsden, 5 February 2011

Friday’s “day of departure” was a massive display of opposition to the Mubarak regime. Over a million took to the streets of Cairo, defying government thugs, military cordons and ignoring the curfew.

WikiLeaks: Cables reveal connivance of US government with Mubarak dictatorship

By David Walsh, 5 February 2011

WikiLeaks released US State Department cables Thursday that add details to the picture of official US collaboration with the Egyptian regime of Hosni Mubarak, now under siege by an outraged population.

EU summit lines up with Washington on Egypt

By Ulrich Rippert, 5 February 2011

Events in Egypt are filling the European powers with dread. In almost knee-jerk fashion, they are seeking to close ranks with the Obama administration in Washington.

Oppose US-backed “transition” in Egypt

By Patrick Martin, 5 February 2011

The Obama administration seeks to derail the mass uprising and retain imperialist control by refurbishing the dictatorship.

Heroic resistance in Cairo to state-orchestrated repression

By Chris Marsden, 4 February 2011

Anti-government protesters in Cairo have fought back against the brutal attacks waged by the disguised police and paid thugs of the Mubarak regime.

Obama’s crocodile tears over Egypt’s violence

By Bill Van Auken, 4 February 2011

If Obama is crying crocodile tears now over the violence that has left hundreds dead and thousands wounded in Egypt, it is only because this violence has stopped working, and the Egyptian people continue to resist and struggle.

Deadly crackdown against Egyptian protesters

By Patrick O’Connor, 3 February 2011

President Hosni Mubarak mobilised thousands of pro-regime thugs, provocateurs and plain clothes police against anti-government demonstrators.

Moroccan government fears outbreak of mass protests

By Alejandro López, 3 February 2011

As protests continue in Egypt and Tunisia, the Moroccan monarchy fears that it may be the next to face mass demonstrations.

Obama backs bloodbath in Egypt

By Bill Van Auken, 3 February 2011

The Obama administration bears full political and moral responsibility for the state terror and bloody violence that have left scores dead and thousands wounded in Cairo’s Tahrir Square and elsewhere in Egypt.

Obama backs Mubarak’s bid to retain power

By Peter Symonds, 2 February 2011

Obama’s aim is all too clear: to keep Mubarak in office for as long as possible while fashioning a regime to prop up bourgeois rule and uphold US strategic and economic interests in the region.

The Egyptian working class needs new forms of mass organization

By Chris Marsden, 2 February 2011

With his announcement that he will not step down and intends to serve out his term until September, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has thrown down the gauntlet before the millions opposing his regime.

Tunisian uprising continues

By Ann Talbot, 2 February 2011

With a series of strikes breaking out, the Tunisian revolt is taking on a more working class character.

Egyptian uprising grows despite regime’s reform gestures

By Barry Grey, 1 February 2011

Masses of people continued to demonstrate in Cairo and other Egyptian cities Monday and protest organizers called for a “march of a million” to descend on Cairo’s Tahrir Square and the Presidential Palace Tuesday.

The Egyptian Revolution

By David North, 1 February 2011

As mass protests, factory occupations and calls for an indefinite general strike spread against the dictatorship of President Hosni Mubarak, the working class is emerging as the driving force of the Egyptian revolution.

The anti-socialist politics of Tunisia’s official “opposition”

By Kumaran Ira, 1 February 2011

On January 28, the Ettajdid movement held a public debate in Paris on the recent uprising in Tunisia that forced out the dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

On the US “left” and the Egyptian Revolution

By Jerry White, 1 February 2011

Just as they did in the recent events in Tunisia, the International Socialist Organization is promoting the bourgeois opposition in Egypt, including Mohamed ElBaradei, as the legitimate leaders of the mass movement.

An errand-boy for French imperialism: NPA’s Olivier Besancenot visits Tunisia

By Alex Lantier, 31 January 2011

On January 25-26, New Anti-Capitalist Party (NPA) spokesman Olivier Besancenot made a perfunctory visit from France to Tunisia.

Mass protests continue in defiance of Egypt’s government and military

By Chris Marsden, 31 January 2011

Protests involving hundreds and thousands continued in Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said, Suez and other cities throughout Egypt on Sunday, as deaths from the police crackdown soared to at least 150.

WikiLeaks cable shows close US ties with new Egyptian vice president

By Joseph Kishore, 31 January 2011

The new vice president of Egypt, Omar Suleiman, has long-standing ties with the United States and has collaborated closely in efforts to suppress oppositional struggles throughout the Middle East.

International demonstrations in support of Egyptian uprising

By our reporters, 31 January 2011

Rallies were held over the weekend in cities throughout the world in support of the mass demonstrations in Egypt against the US-backed dictator, Hosni Mubarak.

The Obama administration and Egypt

By Barry Grey and David North, 31 January 2011

As the Obama administration confronts a growing revolutionary movement in Egypt, its tactics will flow from two overriding and inseparable strategic aims: defending the Egyptian capitalist state and maintaining the country as the linchpin of American imperialist operations in the Mediterranean, North Africa and throughout the Middle East.

Egypt shuts down internet access

By Andre Damon, 29 January 2011

The Egyptian government shut down most internet traffic in the country shortly after midnight Thursday morning. The shutdown came after the Associated Press published a camera-phone video of a demonstrator being shot to death by police.

Hundreds of thousands across Egypt defy police attacks to demand ouster of Mubarak

By Stefan Steinberg and Barry Grey, 29 January 2011

The regime of Egyptian dictator Hosni Murbarak was shaken by mass demonstrations across the country Friday that overwhelmed security forces, leading to the mobilization of the army in an attempt to contain the mass uprising.

WikiLeaks exposes US complicity in murder, torture by Egyptian government

By Tom Eley, 29 January 2011

A new release of WikiLeaks documents, diplomatic cables from the US embassy in Cairo from 2009 and 2010, make clear that the Obama administration was well aware that the Mubarak regime held onto power by terrorizing the population.

US, interim government conspire against Tunisian masses

By Ann Talbot, 29 January 2011

The interim Tunisian government has announced a ministerial reshuffle in an effort to maintain its hold on power in the face of continuing protests.

The United States, Egypt and the fight for socialist revolution

By World Socialist Web Site Editorial Board, 29 January 2011

The uprising yesterday in Egypt, coming after mass demonstrations in Tunisia and other countries in the region, marks a new stage in the class struggle in the Middle East and internationally.

Egyptian government deploys police, shuts down Internet ahead of mass demonstrations

By Johannes Stern and Stefan Steinberg, 28 January 2011

A mass demonstration is planned for Friday, with official opposition figures, including Mohamed El-Baradei and the Muslim Brotherhood, seeking to participate in order to smother the mass movement against unemployment, poverty and government repression.

Egypt, Tunisia, and the fight against US imperialism

By Bill Van Auken, 28 January 2011

Two weeks after US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned Arab leaders that their region’s “foundations are sinking into the sand”, the growing revolutionary upsurge of the masses has revealed that the pillars of Washington’s own policy in the Middle East are rotten and crumbling.

US pursues two-track policy to suppress protests in Egypt and Tunisia

By Barry Grey, 27 January 2011

The United States is working intensively to suppress mass protests in both Tunisia and Egypt and prop up the local ruling elites that are entirely subordinate to American imperialism.

Tens of thousands march in Egypt against Mubarak regime

By Johannes Stern and Stefan Steinberg, 26 January 2011

The thirty-year-old US-backed dictatorship of President Hosni Mubarak was shaken by an unprecedented wave of mass demonstrations Tuesday demanding an end to the regime.

Police crackdown in Tunisia meets resistance

By Ann Talbot, 25 January 2011

Tunisian police used tear gas against protesters gathered outside the office of Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi on Monday morning.

Tunisian popular revolt exposes France’s middle-class “left”

By Alex Lantier, 25 January 2011

Mass protests that forced out Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali have dealt a blow to the pretensions of middle-class “far left” groups in France such as the New Anti-Capitalist Party.

Egyptian opposition warns of an “explosion of the masses”

National day of protest set for Tuesday

By Johannes Stern, 24 January 2011

Egypt stands at the center of fears among the imperialist powers and the Arab bourgeoisie that the revolutionary turmoil in Tunisia could spread.

Anti-government protests continue in Tunisia during official mourning period

By Ann Talbot, 22 January 2011

Protests have continued in Tunisia on the first of three days of national mourning for those who died in the uprising.

ثورة شعبية تجتاح تونس وآمال في ثورة دائمة

22 January 2011

تعتبر الأحداث الأخيرة في تونس علامة مميزة على ظهور نقطة تحول عملية التطور العالمي، فبعد أن كانت ردود الأفعال الباطشة تنجح دائمًا وكان الصراع الطبقي مكبوحاً لعشرات السنين، جاءت المظاهرات الحاشدة وانتهاء فترة القمع التي دامت 23 عاماً على يد زين العابدين بن علي منذرة بانطلاق عصر جديد سمته الحركات الثورية.

Middle East and North Africa feel repercussions of Tunisian revolution

By Ann Talbot, 21 January 2011

“The Tunisian revolution is not far from us,” Amr Moussa told the 22 members of the Arab League gathered at the Egyptian resort of Sharm el Sheik for an economic summit.

The American middle class “left” and the Tunisian revolt

By Jerry White, 21 January 2011

Various pseudo-left organizations in Europe and the United States are promoting the General Union of Tunisian Workers as the leading force of the uprising that toppled dictator Ben Ali.

Thousands march against Tunisia’s “unity” government

By Bill Van Auken, 20 January 2011

Thousands marched again Wednesday in the center of Tunis and in other Tunisian cities demanding the ouster of the deposed dictator’s ministers and the dissolution of his ruling party.

Tunisia’s “unity” government fractures as protests continue

By Chris Marsden, 19 January 2011

At least five ministers have been forced to quit Tunisia’s National Unity Government, less than a day after it was formed, in the face of mass hostility to its domination by the party of deposed President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

WikiLeaks and Tunisia

By Patrick Martin, 19 January 2011

American foreign policy specialists have described the events in Tunisia over the past week as the “first WikiLeaks revolution.”

Tunisia forms unity government dominated by ruling party

By Chris Marsden, 18 January 2011

The National Unity Government announced by Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi is a coming together of all factions of Tunisia’s ruling elite against the working class, students and small farmers.

Tunisian events expose pro-imperialist policy of France’s New Anti-Capitalist Party

By Kumaran Ira, 18 January 2011

The reaction of the French petty-bourgeois pseudo-left to the mass protests that forced Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from office demonstrates their allegiance to imperialism.

Tunisian ruling elite promises national government, imposes military rule

By Chris Marsden, 17 January 2011

Tunisia’s ruling elite is seeking to secure its rule in the aftermath of the popular insurgency that forced President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to flee the country and take refuge in Saudi Arabia.

The mass uprising in Tunisia and the perspective of permanent revolution

By World Socialist Web Site editorial board, 17 January 2011

After decades of triumphant reaction and suppression of the class struggle, the eruption of mass protests in Tunisia and the end to 23 years of repressive rule by President Ben Ali signal the emergence of a new era of revolutionary upheavals.

Tunisian president flees the country

By Ann Talbot, 15 January 2011

President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali has fled Tunisia. A state of emergency has been declared. The army has taken control of the airport, and gatherings of more than three people have been banned.

Egyptian regime fears mass protests

By Johannes Stern, 15 January 2011

Arab and Western governments are fearful that the mass protests in Tunisia will spread across the entire region, and in particular lead to popular revolt in Eygpt.

Social conflict in Maghreb has international implications

By Ann Talbot, 14 January 2011

Continuing protests in Tunisia and Algeria threaten to spread to the whole of the Maghreb region and, beyond that, to engulf the Middle East, where the same conditions of poverty and insecurity exist.

Curfew ordered in Tunisian capital

By Tom Eley, 13 January 2011

Tunisia imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew on Tunis after protests against joblessness, high prices, and government corruption erupted in the capital city on Wednesday.

Reports reveal state massacre of Tunisian protesters

By Alex Lantier, 12 January 2011

Reports emerged yesterday of large-scale killings by Tunisian security forces of protesters rioting against joblessness and poor social conditions under the dictatorial Ben Ali regime.

Sudan: A tale of blood and oil in Africa

By Ann Talbot, 11 January 2011

Media reports of the referendum to determine whether the southern provinces of Sudan should secede have taken on a celebratory character, even before the polls close at the end of the week.

Riots shake Tunisia and Algeria

By Alex Lantier, 10 January 2011

Mass protests against social inequality, food prices, and government repression spread from Tunisia to Algeria last week.

Great power rivalries over oil animate Sudan secession referendum

By Jean Shaoul, 8 January 2011

An overwhelming vote for secession is expected in the referendum to be held in the south of the country beginning on Sunday.

Egypt destabilised in wake of bomb attack on Coptic Church

By Jean Shaoul, 4 January 2011

A bomb attack on the al-Qiddissin Coptic Church in Alexandria killed 21 to 25 people and injured at least 97.

Documents expose Egyptian regime as stooge of US imperialism

By Johannes Stern, 4 January 2011

Diplomatic documents expose the Mubarak regime in lock-step behind US imperialism’s policies on Iraq, Iran and the Gaza Strip.

Police open fire as protests spread in Tunisia

By Ann Talbot, 30 December 2010

Demonstrators clashed with security forces as protests against unemployment spread across Tunisia.

Egypt parliamentary elections marked by violence and fraud in second round

By Johannes Stern, 10 December 2010

Egyptian opposition politicians fear a “revolution of the hungry” if Mubarak’s National Democratic Party does not loosen its exclusive rule.

Egyptian elections marked by state violence and fraud

By Johannes Stern, 2 December 2010

President Hosni Mubarak’s ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) took almost all the seats in last Sunday’s election.

State repression rampant in run up to Egyptian parliamentary elections

By Johannes Stern, 27 November 2010

The Egyptian parliamentary elections on Sunday are taking place in an atmosphere of open state repression.

Repression against opposition intensifies in Egypt

By Johannes Stern, 22 November 2010

The Egyptian government has stepped up its repression of opposition forces and media outlets two weeks before the first round of parliamentary elections.

Egyptian opposition decides to take part in elections

By Johannes Stern, 23 October 2010

Opposition parties in Egypt have said they would participate in parliamentary elections due in November, ignoring the call by the best-known Egyptian opposition politician, Mohamed ElBaradei, for a boycott.

Conflicts intensify within Egyptian ruling elite

By Johannes Stern, 13 September 2010

Conflicts and divisions are intensifying within the Egyptian ruling elite just a few weeks before the parliamentary elections due in October, and one year before presidential elections.

Egypt: Protests mount over police murder of Khaled Said

By Jean Shaoul, 19 July 2010

Attempts by the Egyptian authorities to cover up and whitewash the brutal torture and killing on June 6 of 28-year-old Khaled Saeed by the Alexandria police have failed to suppress popular outrage. Anger at the security forces’ ability to act with impunity under the Emergency Laws, in force since 1981 and recently renewed, is beginning to boil over.

Oil companies complicit in Sudan civil war, report alleges

By Brian Smith, 12 July 2010

A recent report by a group of NGOs alleges that an oil consortium led by Swedish firm Lundin Petroleum may have been complicit in “war crimes and crimes against humanity” in Sudan.

Claims of African economic growth hide stark divisions of rich and poor

By Barry Mason, 25 June 2010

Recent reports show growth of a stark divide between rich and poor in Africa.

Egypt gripped by social unrest

By Jean Shaoul, 13 May 2010

On May 11, the Egyptian parliament approved a presidential decree extending the state of emergency for a further two-year period.

Pressure from US ensures Sudanese poll goes ahead, despite fraud

By Brian Smith, 4 May 2010

Sudan voted recently in the first multi-party elections since 1986.

Egypt joins Israel in blockade of Gaza

By Jean Shaoul, 18 January 2010

Egypt has intervened forcibly to prevent international aid reaching Gaza, further tightening Israel’s illegal and inhumane blockade.

Western Saharan activist admitted into Morocco

By Brian Smith, 9 January 2010

The Western media and radical press have universally declared “victory” in the recent case of Western Sahara independence activist Aminatou Haidar, who undertook a hunger strike after being denied entry to her homeland by Moroccan authorities. However the nature of this “victory” calls for further analysis.

Egypt hit by wave of strikes and protests

By Johannes Stern, 23 November 2009

Increasing social inequality has led to a series of workers' protests in Egypt.

Mauritania: Western rapprochement after coup leader Aziz wins election

By Brian Smith, 6 August 2009

Following the July 18 presidential election in Mauritania, won by ex-General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, the US and EU were expected to move quickly to normalise relations.

Sudan: Humanitarian crisis in south as Comprehensive Peace Agreement unravels

By Brian Smith, 29 June 2009

Southern Sudan faces a massive humanitarian crisis in what the United Nation’s humanitarian coordinator for Sudan, Lise Grande, described as a “perfect storm”.

Algerian presidential election gives Bouteflika a third term in office

By Francis Dubois and Pierre Mabut, 1 May 2009

The presidential election in Algeria on April 9 gave Abdelaziz Bouteflika a third term of office.

Who is responsible for the Libyan refugee boat tragedy?

By Martin Kreickenbaum, 8 April 2009

On March 31 several hundred refugees drowned when their boat capsized off the coast of Libya. A large measure of responsibility for this tragedy rests with the European Union and its anti-immigration policy.

More than 230 migrants drown off Libyan coast

By Barry Mason, 7 April 2009

Over 230 migrants were feared drowned at the end of last month when their overcrowded boat capsized in high winds around 30 miles off the coast of Libya.