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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

v`s |ny s>`gw h#K@K @k@S q?

. m#QqvWw

lAk`@V aŽr`j& g# [np pN p`lny kMkr# ԫw mhjnw`v@G a@nW sm`j a`Rk |n @mN m v`s |ny q sŠmt a@p`@h`sW v a#w. lAk`v r` m n`gk, `y, v h` vr @Q\yN kMkr# ӫw mhjnw`v@gN q\ lK; gnnK vW vN@N w&`l ay @n`m# y s#l@kn @s_š& a`rK;`vN n# aSr jn`v`svl y.

/ lAk` mhb#A@V 1997 sm`j a`Rk sK;n v`Rw`v av av lAk`@V v`s sAš&`@vN yyt 24.6k vC b#> m# g# W, yyt 27k m# @gM h` yyt 11k @p`L a @h~ wL a @s kl vhlvL a#W@W y.

v kMkr#vN lK; gnnk@G v`s(lN k`mr) sp`rK;`v sw sq`c`r`Wmk wyK gw mt @h~ Ev` @n` @V. @vrlbd pl`Wvl ԫw vryN lK; gnnK vW vN@N @p`L a @s kl, l$ k$ @h~ whvN wn` gW v`svl y. @b`@h~ t vr jn`v`svl a`rKw v# h` jly s>h` |tyN @n`m#w.

@k`lx ngr@Y m pL 66,000K @g~ pdA, k`D@b`D wh @h~ l$ k$vN wn`gW ˭K p#LpW v`svl vW vN@N y yN@nN m r`vrny a#W@W [np a`Nvl ‹ j`v@G v`s g#t sŠ@M v&`p^vl @~d`k` bv y.

ԫw jny` @v@sn @M S}`n v`s yn vcn`R}yt @SW m @n` g#l@P.

a#N a`Nv sm@Y y`Wmk 1978- 83 awr v`s lK;@Y v#d@vl, 1984-89 k`ly l v`s q\ lK;@Y v#d@vl h` 1989N pv c`ry kl v`s ph@l`S lK;@Y v#d@vl s#b$ @ls m ڱ jnw`v@G v`s |nyt s‹mK lb` @B q?

a#N a`Nv v`s a ڱ pLvlt r#. 15,000k nyK lb` v`s w#vW @n` w#vW em ny lb` gW sAš&`v v`s lb` gWwN@G nM lK;yk @h~ v#d@vlkt a#L k@L y. r#. 15,000K @k@SvW, nn @g`dn# v&vN smNw d` vsK wb` v#yK @h~ s$mt m`nvW n#w. @b`@h~ ڱ pL lb` gW v`s ny k$m m a`y s>h` yqM a#w. e@S lb` gW v`s ny m`kv @gv` gw @n` h# ayt v`s sAvR[n h` l& sAS}`v n pvr` @B.

gM uq`v v&`p^y yt@W i kl a a`q`yM l`N@G v`s @b`@h~myK @M vn t v`syt @S ablNv a#w# v`Rw` @V. Qgk @k`N`Wkr#vN ihl l`XyK s`Kvt qm` @gn b`l @g`dn# v& @y`q` K;kv i kr N em L ­ v# v`svlt q m`k v qlK v`s h` n`gk sAvR[n aŽk`yt @gy y.

py k`l@Y v`s wn` gWwN@gN a bwryK b#Avl nykr#@v~ . m[&m a`q`yMl`N yn vRkrny yt@W @k`tsK 1996 r#. q\ lK; 579k v`s ny lb` @gn a#w. mhjn b#Av, ukS h` a`@y~jn b#Av, j`k i @M b#Av v# v`j b#AvN ihl @p` ap`w yt@W ny lb` gWwNt y v#@pN v# @k`tsK ny h` @p` @ls v#y kr ar#@vN g#t gs` g#mt @B.

[np a`Nvl v`s v&`p^ @~d`vNt pwv py q\k @qk a#lw s#b#N m v a#W@W qhS @vl> kl`p, @vnW v&`p`k @g`dn# h` aŽ@V m`Rg i m s>h` qs qhS gnN kMkr# ԫw mhjnw`vN mh mgt a#q q#m y. e vN @ls yM qlK @h~ lb` g#mt h# a#W@W v`svl w&`l ay oP kr gw h# w skt pm.

j`w&Nwr `G[ny sm< s^ sMbN[ykt yN aŽr`j&v`N@G nv av\&w` s#m s On$ m h`ryK eLl mt h# n @p` @pr a`Nv el@xn s$m nK p`s` m kMkr# ԫw mhjnw`v v&snyt a#q qm a#w. @k`lx ngr@Y ˭K-p#LpWv` ڱ jny`t n mt v a#W@W j`w&Nwr `G[n@Y yr#wm h`rykt y. wm v`sS}`n @k`Llk$mt lK vN h` vW mt v`s @n`m# kMkr# ԫw mhjnw`vt v`s |ny s>` g#mt nM wmNt eLl vNn` h`ry pr`jy kl h#, kLp @Q\p`ln v#d@vl mw sA[`ny y y. oN stN v#y W@WW oN@G |n s>`gw h#K@KW j`w&Nwr sm`jv` v#d@vl mN pmn. @mm v#d@vl mw pqnMv Sv`n kMkr# pNk n`ykWvy yt@W wmN@G m y`k` k @g`dng` gN sA[`ny vn @ls sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y iLl` .

PpW Nt @p` v`s s#pm s>h` r`j& yqM v# kr! @p`@h`sN aw v#@yN @bn @gvL aWpW kr@gn @gvL n# ayt @gy h# ykt v`s s#pmt @y`q` g! y @vSvlt vr, y h` @s_š& phkM spy! yn y`m`Rg yt@W stN v#y @V.

[@N|vr Qgk @Qpl my @prl` qm` kRm`Nw v, b#A h` a@nW [np v&`p`r kMkr# p`lny yt@W jns @mN v`s @mNm a@nW k av\&w` i kr g#mt av\& p`qn lb` gw h# @V.

V bly, jly, a@nW sp`rK;k phkM h` idkd sw v`s sARn @g`dn#m E a`/wv lm` M m[&S}`n, @n~q uyN a# d` sASk^k phkM, [np l`X my @prl` av\&w`v mw pqnM p`qn myN -- s#lMgw @p` @Qpl myK yt@W -- i kr gw h# @V.


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