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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

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jn`Žpvrn uQ@{~;nyt vRgv`qy a#q g

jn`Žpvrny lA@vN pvn wWvy l @p` @pr-a#N [`n [np pK; @q@K @p`ry sr#v yMv a# awr mhjny`t blp`n k |n yt g#mt @qp`R|vy m vg bl`@gn a#w.

@p` @pr a@PKk`v @ls 1994 jn`Žpvrnyt yQ cNŒk` m`rAg, a#N p`lny @k@r p#v mhjn @r~[y gs` k` blyt Em s>h`, Q[y nwr kr s`my uq` mtW, ;ny h` ;ny n# @k`t sm^QŽy, j`wNv`qy sh m`k aN whr# mtW wmNt bly @qn @ls mhjny`t a`y`cn` kl` y. q#N a#y N@N y ar# p@H @M @p`@r`N Š@mN q aŽr`j&v` `G[n@Y av\&w` i mt h`r eLl @mN q mhjny` awr apRyt pW wWvyk .

a#@G @mvr jn`Žpvrn uQ@{~;ny "a#Ny eLIyt rt @bq` m" v#l#Km s>h` bly iL@M w#nt pLlM b#s a#w -- "rt @bmt e@rv" n# n @ls iLm [np pN p`lny aRqyt yn avS}`vl a#N-/lp [npyN e@nk`t e@rvW, k@lk j@pW Ahl vRgv` h#l rr#vW h’ w# stN p`y .

ar# @qkkt ur#-n#@gnr p`lny eLIyt X`r @qn bv a#N n`yk rL mAh k`\ k@L y t#L@nT aNwR j`l@Y @n`v#MbR 10 q` pl yK aLl` @gn h’ w#m jn`Žpy@G c`rk uQ@{~;n@Y @Wm`v mTtmt osv` @gn a# awr mAh wmN e@S k`\ k@L n#w# y` y a#y em eL N y.

@n`v#MbR 19 q` k`\yK W kl cNŒk` m`rAg @m@S s>hN kr a#wŸ "i m#vrn@Y wmN (mAh) jyhny kl @h`W ur#-n#@gnr pl`W eLIyt pvr` @M apRmW s#l#Sm q#n g#mt l#@mN mm kMp`vtW ytW pW." vRgv` h#Mvlt kw` krN @n`v#MbR 29 q` y`@Y Smk a#y @m@S s>hN kl` yŸ "hq`v h` eLI Ekk Ek`bQ[ mK g#n pK; n`yky` kw` kr. hq`vt an @qN@N kq -- rL q? X`krN q? "eLIyt gw h# s‹mK @qn bv o (mAh) q#N y. E s‹m Ilmt a @qyK @n` @V. e ply @vnv` a#W@W sh@kN m a@P rt @bm" gW@H@N @n`v#MbR 24 q` p#v Smk m`rAg ey nr#Cc`rny kl` y.

vN @Q\@Y eLIy aN hq`v lW pr`jyW smg, u@R \`l @Q\yK wmN aLl` gW bvt g# kv`r#v > v#@mN wmN@G m#vrn @p`ryt brpwl phrK v# a#w# jn`Žpy kLpn` kr. es` a#y a#N n`yky` rt @bqNt yN@N y yn kw`vt, vN@Y pr`jyN @Y a#N n`ykyN, vN @Q\@Y @Svy kl hq`@V @j& l[`N sh eLIy awr mNnyK y yn l`pyK q ek kr a#w. @n`v#MbR 23 q` lWAhl p#v Smk m`rAg @m@S v` yŸ "vN@Y pr`jyN b>v pK;` kr @gn yQ q#n gNt l# a#W@W m$w eLI h`r eLl vn avS}`@V vN@Y @Svy krn @j& hq` l[`N a#Ny smg mNny kl bvt @c~qn` vn wWvyK a# bv . @k@S nW rL mAh@G @y~w @q`Swr jylW jyvR[n vN k#l@Y eLIy smg rhS s`kCc` pvWv` @bnv`. l aLgm h` @™mq`s ugM@p`l q vN@Y rM gs` @bnv`. mNnyK n` q n#Qq yNn @Mv`N mhjny`t @s`y` gNn vN."

jn`Žpy@G c`r@yN vRgv` @k`tS @k` wrM uQq`myt pW a#W q yW @n`v#MbR 25 q` p#v mhjn eKsW @pr@N sM@Mln@Y sA[`n@Y n`yk @N nvR[n, rL mAh @hl` q#k cNŒk` m`rAgt cNqy @qn @ls a#<@Y y. em sM@Mlnyt kw` kl f#ST q^yK @w`@r`MbL krn j`k Nwn nd@Y n`yk mh`c`Ry nN q Lv`, m`rAg y blyt pW mt y` krn @ls iL@V y.

ur#-n#@gnr aLl` g#@M @Lv# Q[y s`W q pl`Wvl wmN n @qn mRqny s`W @p` @pr a`Nv @k@r @k~p n @qml jny`@G cNq @n` l#@bw# y Ahl jny` rW kr cNq gr` g#@M mAl`gw w#wK @ls pmnK a#y @M vRgv` k`\ @qnv` @n` @V. a#@G c`r@Y k arnK a#W@W wmN y blyt a`@v`W y`vt qmNt yw ym n&`y py s<v` wb` gNn` awr, mhjnw`vN n @qn s#b$ |nvN oN@G av[`ny ivwt hrv`m .

p`lk kvyN nv @pl g#Sm

yw k`lyt m`s 14kt @pr jn`Žpvrny k#> jn`Žpy, @k@S @h~ blyt Emt oT aLl` N y. a#@G n&`y p@Y a#W@W q v@R e a# [np pN p`lny k g#M vS p`lk pN@Y @k`tS awr aW @pl g#SmK wn` g#m h` j`w&Nwr l& arq@L @k`N@Q y`vt qmN @Q\ a`@y~jn aQq` g#@M nv @k`N@Q hq` m . It eLIy a# @qml [np pK; smg g@qvkt y`m q a#lW y. @mm @vw Q[y avsN kr wm a`@y~jnvlt av\& "S}`vr p`lnyK" a# kr @qn @lst aŽr`j&v` rtvl p`lkyN kr a# R@Q\vN gl` eNn.

blyt oT a#L@M Ahl vRgv`qy q wm v`yt @y`q` g#mt "eLIy @k`N kr jyhny m" g#n cNŒk` m`rAg kw` p#v#WvW, @n`v#MbR 27 q` eLI@Y mh`r n@Y eLI n`yk . X`krN p#v@V N vn p`R|vyK hrh` wmN smg rhS s`kCc` p#v#Wmt a#y wmNt a`r`[n` klW wmN ey K@p kl bv .

p`lk kvyN nv @pl g#SmK a# kr g#mt mAl`gwv y` krn cNŒk` m`rAg, a#N@Y kNd`ymK nMm` g#@M yT v#dvl @y N y. j`k a`NvK b> y ipW krN p y q` jyp`l @mNS, nNq m#V, srW agm, L nAh a# kNd`ymK a#N@yN @p` @prnt @HW kr gW@W @M v#d ktvl @k`tsK @ls y.

jn`Žpy pr`jyK vlKv` g#m s>h` qrn wd`m`r#v, p y pS vs@R phr k$mt lK jny` aSv#m s>h` gNn` wyM yvryN@gN q r#Q[v`Nt e@rv @p` @prn q` h#r a# w`dn dnvN q eqrV @V. a#y@G Iy` "shn" s#lM awr r#. 4,400t a v#P lbn œ`kyNt mskt r#. 400N v#P v# m q p p`lk sX`v ytwt g#@nn kMkr#vNt r#. 500N p v# m q @V. @M Iy` p v# m a#W@W aAkyK r#. 2.09k brK qrn vn yqM qR\ky a#@G p`ln k`ly l pmnK aAk 859N v# y y. usSM m q @M shn awr @V.

m#vrn cNdkM b> p# 252K @n`v#MbR 30 q` vn t v`Rw` bv @p`y @Vqny kr a#w. iN 148K @p` @prnt e@rv y. @Mv`N @b`@h`myK jn`Žp sh am`w& a`rK;k blk`yN q @p`y q sMbN[ krn lq cNdkM @ls v`Rw` @V. @n`v#MbR 29 q` a#N@Y lS}`ny vn @k`wt phr mK bv v`Rw` y. a#w#M w#Nvl m#r#M q v`Rw` a#w. m#r#mK q a#v v`Rw` a# a#N m#rkM gnn 94.

wmN smg rhS s`kCc` p#vWmt jn`Žpy @y~jn` k@L y yn X`krN@G k`\y a#N n`yky` q wmN@G sr# c`ryt ek kr @gn a#w. "cNŒk` m`rAg p#@Kjy ipW k@L rt @bqNnt" y@vN uWwr @qn mAh, "eLIy smg p vw`vK m rhS s`kCc` iL@V cNŒk` " @c~qn` k@L y. a#N@Y š@y vn kr#n`@Sn @k`vK "eLI n`yky` smg cNŒk`@G rhS n&`y py mhjny`t @h kl " yN q pl`@W SM amwn bv alND v`Rw` k@L y.

@k@S @vwW a#N n`yky` eLIy smg g@q sMbN[@yN q#N kw` krN@N v^wv y. p y m`s p@Y o eLIy smg s`kCc` m @y~jn` k@L y. vN k>r# v# t o k`\ k@L "1997 m jn`Žpyt eLIy smg s`kCc` arxNn n`" y@v. wmN blyt a`@v`W eLIy a#lW kr gW "aNwR p`ln mNdlyK" a# krn bv q s`kCc`vlt pm skS kr g#mt ur#-n#@gnr pnv` a# a`h`r, @b@hW h` a`Rk whA ivW krn bv q @n`v#MbR 30 q` eNeL r$pv`@Y p#v s`kCc`vk o av[`rny k@L y. Q[yt yt krn ql i kr gNt av\& bv o s>hN kr a#w. @qp#W@W m s`m`n& hq` wn` @gn a# wWvy l Q[ m plK n# bv eNeL @Svyt o wv rtW @V y. smhr a#Nyt br |@L;kyN, t#L@nT aNwR j`l@Y pl k`\y a#w#M t mAh krNt a#w# upkLpny krN, Q[y b> o@G a`S}`ny mR\ny kr. q sN@D tMS up kRw^ r`Jp`L a@Bn`yk @n`v#MbR 21 q` kl`pyt @m@S @V yŸ

"ar# gnn`vN mAh krNt yn @l`m @Q\p`ln v bvt @my (eLIy smg g@qvK @y~jn` m) pWvNt y. @m`n m @Q\p`ln M g#mN vW s$@hn pmnN bwr@Y cNq @k`ts v# kr g#mt @n` h# bvt mAh upkLpny krn bv, wRk`lv b# kl @p y. nW, @qml cNqvlt wr`y n#„r# kl h# y o N kr a# bv @p@N -- wryNt cNqy jyhny kry h# y."

mAh@G a`S}`ny wr@Y cNq n` g#@M vK pmnK @n` @V. eLIy smg g@qvN Q[y nwr kr g#m iLl` n mh v&`p`kyN@G q ey R@Q\ krn btr rtvl q sh@y~gy wmN @vw n` @gn m#vrny mt ey @y`q` gw h# y o kLpn` krn bv q @p@N.

n pykt @pr rL mAh "jnw`v smg m@G sMy" y@vN yLlK ipW k@L y. o k`\ krN@N ey @p`@r`N k`\yK @n` vn bv y. @M k`\y wmNt "aW" @qyK a#w# @pN@M w#wK @mN m yL@L adA @p`@r`N kd` q#@mn bv iN a<v` . o ߿y` n# wr#nyNt r#. 2000k mn`vK @p`@r`N @V. nW ey wr#nyN p`sL h#r y`@mN p @M nN œm k>r#vlt g`L @M s#lm. hq`v h` @p`y "j`w&Nwr @yN" nkrny m h` nn a`[vN sNnQ[ mt o s#lM kr. blyt pW@v`W mRqn yNy wvW v`W kr gw bv mAh N kr a#w.

e@nk`t e@r m`rk sr#kmK a#w# cNŒk` m`rAgW, rL mAhW @pNmt uWs`h klW g` bl@Vg @pl g#S@MW mhjn aN p`g` qmN j`w&Nwr `G[nyt @k`N@Q h#@MW @Q\p`ln h` a`Rk n&`y py aN @m`n m k @vnsK vW onwr n#w. eLIy @h~ aN @qml [np pK; smg a# kr gNn` @pl g#SmK j`k |nyt @m`n m s‹mK vW lb` @qN@N q n#w.

@l~k a`Rk@Y aŽ [`w`v q jp`ny a# [`n rtvL gnn`vk a# @bn a`Rk p b#Sm q @l~k @vl> @p`l s>h` aŽr`j&v` blyN awr wr<y q u vn j`w&Nwr pmk lAk`@V [np pN@Y aRqy vR[ny @B. a#mk` a`Rk@Y mt Mm pN ey N kr qmn l& aRqyK yM @m`@h`wk p#n nw# p`lk pN h` pW skS krN@n~ k`As`v pl kr. nv @Q\p`ln av\&w` mw aŽr`j&v` p`lk pN [ kl`p l bly s>h` wr< krn @k`N@Q vR[ny @vN a#w.

@Q\p`ln sAS}`wy ˜b> mhjn aw^Py

Q[yt q#v#Nw qL kNqr`vK yt vn wWvyk a`Rk vR[ny yyt 4kt pmn @M vs@R v#m an`gw wWvy wvW a‹r# vn bvt lnK y mh v&`p`k@y~ k`\ kr. y ar#Q@Q L m`s hyt vd` @M ar#Q@Q L m`s h@Y r@T k`Rk p`qn vR[ny yyt 1.6N b#s a# bvt q p`qn yqm yyt 9.7N n#g a# bvt q mh b#Av gnN lV ipW kr a#w. @M ar#Q@Q L m`s nv@Y apnyn v#m yyt 6.80. @W apnyn v#m pmnK yyt 31.04. @Q\ vWkM @M ar#Q@Q L m`s nv@Y yyt 9.5N v# a#W@W ašNdv vn š`qnyK l .

jn`Žpvrn uQ@{~;ny a`rMX vn nvl m vW pW s`kCc`vK p#vW j`w&Nwr l& arq@L @Nv`k @y~w nM uL hK h` mh b#A@V aŽp E.eS. jyvR[n wr< vn pK; wmN@G a`Rk n&`y py k`\yt pW m @y@h y` yh. jn`Žpy ay-v#y @Lšn@Y gnN lV ipW kl nW ay-v#y @y~jn` ipW @n` krm jn`Žpvrny k#>mt eK @HvK @Y em @y~jn` ipW k@L nM a#yt lbn vs@R y blyt Emt @n` h# s` y yn wRky @H Kw ek. blyt en jn`Žp kv@rK vW q#ntm vn yqM bN, ߿y`@vN, PpWk@mN, a[&`pn h` @s_š& phkM kPp`@vN d` ‰n jny` mwt @pr @n` r$ brpwl h`r eLl kr a#w.

mhjny` @Q\p`ln sAS}`wy smg brpwl @ls rsk . ar#Qq l p#v pl`W sX` m#vrnvl yyt 35K cNqy @mN v#l yh. @mvr wvW em gnn ihlt y a#w# s#l@K. 1994 @p` @pr SM i bv v`Rw` vW @mvr iN adK vW qKnt n#w. a#N SMvl q @M @Hy`m qw h#k. y`pny SKk@Y m#vrn r`jk`vlt y`mt yw rj@Y @SvkyN a@rN w#p#L cNq s>h` iLM kr a#W@W @nN ekK pmnK bv s>hN krn em pl`@W v`Rw`kr#, ey @p`@V jn`Žpvrny b>v y`pny aR[Qp@Y pvn unNvK n# k@M k`\nyK bv v`Rw` kr. vRgv` Q[@yN m# n lK; gnnK @qml jny`t m#vrny g#n wNt vW h#y`vK n#w.

[`n [np pK; @qk @k@r kl a# mhjnw`v wmN@G hnyt g#m s>h` "j`k sm`jv`qyN" r p`t wvr` @gn jnw` K @prn ipW . ih`s@Y ߫kLv`, j`k sm`jv`, f#STv` [ r$p gW @M sA[`ny wmN "j`wNv` v`hyt" eKv n bv k`\ kr. j@p @M "v`hyt" eK a#W@W kM @n` @V. aŽr`j&v` `G[nyt @q`r h#r w#mt wmN q`nM bvt wmN@G prn j`kv` pW @vnS kr gW sA[`nyK @ls y.

1994 cNŒk` m`rAg nmt q`yk eMv, rj@Y kr# @Sv` sAgmy a# sA[`n gnn`vK, @mvr jn`Žpvrny vRjny krn @ls mhjny`@gN iLl` a#w. eq` @p` @prn n@mN j`wNv`qy @kn bv y` mhjny` l` kl @M sA[`n, aq cNqy vRjny s>h` krn iLm |v`s kl W@W mNq# mhjny`t p#h# kr n#w. e@hW oN m#hW vN@N [np pK; @k@r mhjny` awr p# yn sQ @k~py h` klm as`r qR\nyk Lv` prl kr w#mt y.

sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;yt @mm jn`Žpvrnyt wmN@G a@PK;k@y ipW mt avS}`vK @n` . mNq yW ssp m#vrn s>h` y`pA m m#vrn @k`ms`S k`Ry`ly ذN gt m K@p m . ssp q e Rvg` Plvv` @k`ST sAgmy q m#vrn s>h` y`pA m a#N-@p` @pr a`N @qk N K@p kr a#W@W sm`jv`qy s>h` ap stN krn @h.

jn`Žpvrnyt ipW vn [np h` avS}`v` a@PK;kyN awr kMkr#vNt, ԫwyNt, wr#nyNt h` QŽmNt cNqy y h# @m`n m a@PK;k@yK vW n# bv q sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y y` . kr# blyt pW vW brpwl phr m`l`vkt mhjnw`vN@G s$m @k`tskt m n mt v a#w. mhjnw`vN n @qn |n s‰y h#K@K j`w&Nwr sm`jv`qy s>h` krn st@N @k`tsK @ls sm`jv` v#d@vlt q j`wNy aN whr# mt q stN v#@m. @mm j`w&Nwrv` argl@Y @k`tsK @ls Ahl h` @qml kMkr# pN@Y ekv @g`d ngN q Ev` vt` @g` jnw`v a# y ԫw jn @k`T`\yN bl gNvN q sm`jv` mhjn v&`p`ryK whr# kr g#m aq k h` aw&v\& k`RyX`ryK a#w. sm`n`Wmw`v@Y pqnm mw j`wNv` @ls mhjn |n sŠmt yvr w#y h# kMkr#vN@G h` @g`N@G a`NvK blyt @gn a` h#K@K e@ls mhjn v&`p`ryK @g`d n#A@mN y. @qml j`k |ny sm`n`Wmw` pqnmk s‰y h#K@K q s`my whr# kl h#K@K q em pqnm mw y. iN up-mh`Qp@Y sm`jv` sh`N sAgmyk @k`tsK @ls / lAk`-IlM sm`jv` sh`N sAgmyK w#@M v#d@vl sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y ipW krN@N @mm smSw argly mw pqnMv y.

aq`l @vnW

lAk` smsm`j pK;y wv rtW qnt
1999 @qs#MbR 06

/ lAk`@V jn`Žpvrny
R{ a@PK;k l#Sv v#@dn kl@M ġ„vK

1999 @qs#MbR 02

a#N@yN @p` @prnt Lm`r#@vN @Q\p`ln klb#g$y u @v
1999 @n`v#MbR 29

hq` k>r# ekkt p ekK a#qv#@tQ @s`Lq`@v~ k#rk` @v
1999 @n`v#MbR 20

jn`Žpy h m#vrnyK k#>@Y a#?
1999 @n`v#MbR 02

@p` @pr@N pS ar# v`Rw`v
1999 a@g~S 25


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