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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : a#mk` mh`Qpy

a#mk` ߿y` h` sm`j @k`N@Q ݶm

a#mk` a`Rk v#d sthN b> a`ywny N m$wk W krn "a#mk`@V kMkr#vN@G wWvy - 1998-99" nm# v`Rw`vt av 1996 t a#mk`@V kMkr#vN@G s`m`n& v#P yyt 2.6N ihl @g`S nW ey wvmW 1989 p#v# v#P mTtMvlt vd` phN pv . es` kMkr#@vt plk vn wWvy s`m`n& mTtmk pvWv` @gn y`m s v#@yN œmy @hmt v @B.

kMkr# pLvl vn @k`N@Q 1990 gnN l @k`t@S p#v avp`w@Y @k`N@QvN wvmW g#l n#w. œm plq`Wv@Y vR[ny smg It ap`k @lN v#P vR[ny @n`m#w. m[&m-a`q`yM lbn pLvl a`q`y@M vR[ny b#Š a#W@W v#d krn p#y gnn s`rny m sm. 1989 t @M vn t vsrkt s hyN v#d p#y gnn ihl qmNt v @B. 1990 gnNvl s`m`n& a#mk` plK n @qn @k`N@Q nM v#d p#y gnn ihl y`m, a`q`ym ek w#n rm @h~ phl v#m h` an`rKw a phkM sw ߿y`vNt y`mt m .

1990 gnNvl v#P phw v#mt lK @k`tS awrt p`sLvN Qk a[&`pny lb` tvn wr#n @k`tS, @w`rr# w`K;nyt sMbN[ h` a@nW k`Ry`l @Svk @k`tS a#lW y. m[&m h` ihl m[&m v#P wlyN n k`Nw` kMkr#vN@G v#P 1980 gnNvl s#ly @ls ihl yW 1990 gnNvl @ls phw v# @B.

@mm gmnyNt elmt p`r kpNn` sAš&` @LšnyN@gN smhrK @m@S y: s`m`n& kMkr#@v@G 1997 v#p, 1989 v#pt vd` yyt 6.7N a y. 1980 q\ky l k`Nw` kMkr#vN@G v#@p vR[n @Vgy yyt 5.7K v q 1990 q\k@Y vR[n @Vgy yyt 0.8. 1989 h` 1997 awr a`k kMkr# v#@p p#yk @RTv gW kl v#p yyt 7.4N q k`Nw`vN@G v#p yyt 6.1N q phw v# @B. vsr e@K t ph qKv` plr#Qq sw up`Ž[`N@G v#p gW kl N@G yyt 6.5N q k`Nw`vN@G yyt 7.4N q @mm k`l aNwry l phw v# @B.

@mm k`ly l s`m`n& kMkr#vN h` [`n [`ykN awr v#P prwry wvwvW plL @B.

1965 s`m`n& sm`gM [`n [`yky, s`m`n& p`qn kMkr#@v@G v#p @mN 20 nyk v#pK l#@V y. 1989 @mm ap`wy 56t ihl y awr 1997 vn t 116 qKv` ihl n#g a#w.

@mm a[&ynyt av jnghn@Y ihl m yyt 1 [ny 1989 yyt 37.4 t 1997 yyt 39.1 qKv` ihl @g`S @B. sm`j@Y m[&m p@hN pAv s [ny em k`ly l yyt 4.8 t 4.4 qKv` phw b#s @B. uQ[mnyt sln @ls s#k t @mm S}r@Y [ny yyt 3N phw v# a#w. 1989 t @k`tS @vl> @p`@l vR[n@yN yyt 86K pmn aW kr @gn @bN@N sm`j@Y ihl m yyt 10k pL .

phl aNwy l [ny rw @h~ s^n a`q`ymK sw (ayt vd` ny br sw) pL sAš&`v @mm k`ly l yyt 15.5 t 18.5 qKv` ihl @g`S @B. 1989 yyt 12.8K qw` @RTv 1996 13.7. 1979 yyt 16.4K lmN qw`@vN @p awr 1989 ey 19.6 qKv` q 1996 20.5 qKv` q ihl @g`S @B.

߿y` K@y sMbN[@yN gW kl ߿y`v yyt 4.5 qKv` phw b#s n q ز k`n ߿y` h` rKw ߿y` m`ny phw v# @B. vsr 10K @h~ It v# klK pvn ߿y` 1979 yyt 41K p#v awr 1996 vn t em m`ny yyt 35.4 qKv` phw b#s a#w. @mm ݶm a#r a#W@W 1980 gnNvl t y. yyt 30K pmn kMkr#vN @y n ߿y` w& Rn k`n

߿y` @n` @V. ߿y`vN@gN @q`Tt q# kMkr#vNt vsr 3K ynr#W nv ߿y`vN @n` l# awr y ߿y`vN l# kMkr#vN@G v#p yyt 13N kPp` .

1998 avs`n k`R@V @kr# ߿y` kPp` Mvl @Vgy pvWv` gN m nv vs@R pl s py l q @q`Tt q#M \`l m`nyK v`Rw` @B. 1998 vsr l a#mk`@V ߿y` n`\ M sAš&`v 6,77,795K awr iN yyt 11K sm`gM Ek`bQ[ m mN krn lq Ev` y. 1998 avs`n k`Rv l pmnK ߿y` 2,46,339K n`\ @k a# awr, 1989 v`Rw` w#m a`rMX @mN pv k`Rvkt n`\ kr l# v#m ߿y` m`ny @ls v`Rw` vN@N @mm sAš&`v .

@w`rr# w`K;n@Y v sw Qy a[&`pny l#vN@G ߿y`vNt vd` @h`> v#pK l#@bn awr a@nN pmt wL yN@N y yn p#h# m q ihw s>hN kl a[&yny mN K@p @k @B. 1990 gnN l k`Ry`l @Svk kMkr#vN@G aWq#m bvt pWv a#W@W 1980 gnNvl kMkr#vN n N v#P phl v#M, w#N w#nt m`r#M h` ߿y` aS}`vrWvyN yn wWvyNt m y. vd` @h`> a[&`pnyK h` pgnk nw`vyK sw W vd`W m nm& W up`Ž[` w`K;k ߿y`vN@G wWvy ihl q#y @n` h# nM s#m@G v#P h` vn wWvyN ihl q#m b> kvr kw` q?

aq`l @vnW

KNtNt e@r @q`;`@y~g@y avs`ny h` iN ugw p`dM
1999 @pbrv` 26

 


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