World Socialist Web Site

 

Mehring Books




 

 

WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv blg arglyk

mTtKy k`k p@W h#>l @w`pl p`@R pA ڱ pL 300K oN@G p#LpW @vSvN @p` @prn a`Nv @p`S blhWk`ry @y`qv` mh mgt a#q qm` q#nt m`s @qkkt a`sNn k`lyK gwv a#w.

@M vn t sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y (ssp) mg @pNm av ӵv` g l# k`k p@W v`s a jny`@G y`k` kv yW kr pvn argly kMkr#-ԫw jnw`v awr alw`vK n` g#mt smWv a#w.

@mm jny` @vSvN plv` h#r#@N py a@™L 27 q` y. pv oN mTtKy j` \`l`v ӵ d` @Y n 7K @gv` @B. oN awrt p#ngW nv smsm`j pK;y N atv`@gn v jnw` @prn nM sA[`ny vgmN @w`rv kN @vS kd` > w#nt m @mm jny` wL kr q#v q m# 27 q` kd` v# 200k pmn sNnQ[ @p`S Xtk`yK e ԫw jnw`vt Rg @ls phr m s` oNt y v`sS}`n aWh#r w @Br` gNnt a#w. anr#v y`h# w#nK @n`m# v`s a jny` mTtKy SvK d` @Y d` mNdp@Y v` l` gWh.

k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv h` ssp sA[`ny kl s`R}k kT uQ@{~;nyK py 9 q` @k`lx @k`v My @p`l it p#vW. It k`k p@W @vSvN plv` h# qr# pL u@q&~mWv shX` h.

kMkr#-ԫw jn sh`y

mTtKy SvK d` mNdpy v`l` g#m s 3K vn @wK pvWv`@gn y`mt h# @Y ssp v`s a jny`@G argly aw @n` h#r pl`Wv` h` @k`lx ngr@Y @s kMkr#-ԫw jny` It Ek`bQ[ kr g#mt @y@qn lq @Q\p`ln uQ@{~;nvl blp$m @H@v. @mm argly vR[ny kr g#m s>h` j`w&Nwr j`v@G sh@y~gy lb`gvS @l~k sm`jv` @vB ad@Y pl @kr#.

py s n a#lw mTtKy, a#lkNq, m`g`vWw a` pl`Wbqv krn lq uQ@{~;nvl r#yL 15,000kt a`sNn qlK argl@Y qL yqM y@M arqlt l# a#w. t amwrv wvW @k`tS y a`h`r, n lq a`h`r, (k$m p`RsL) h` a#‹M spyN, wmN p#LpW smg sNwk yLl a qr#pLvlt sh@y~gy lb` @B.

v`s ay n` g#@M y`m`Rgy p#h# @k@rn h` It @s kMkr#-ԫwN@G Ek`bQ[w`v iLl` n Œw pk` pl`Wbqv @mN m @k`lx vr`@Y @hTy`vWw, @SrM M @q`r a` pl`Wbq kMkr# v#dM asl @bq` h#r#.

@m s>hN kl eK avS}`vK vN@N py 14 q` @k`lx mh @r~h@L p#v# k @Svk argl@Y uQ@{~;n SmK p#v# avS}`@V ssp s`m`kyN N @r~hL @SvkyN awr v`s a`rK;k y`k` k@V pk` @bq` h#mt [np g# v^Wy s n`ykyN q# @ls r#Q[ m. @r~hL k @Svk argly sm`jv` v#d@vlt sA[`ny mt ssp n`ykWv@yN @g`dn# @s_š& @Svk y`k` kv m#hW y v^Wy s n`ykN v`s a ay@G |nvN apt v#dK n#w# yN r` p#N@N pk`v @SvkN@G a#s g#@tw# yn @y.

v^Wy s h` kMkr# pN@Y @s sA[`nvN y`k` kv krn lq iLm av sA[`n gnn`vN @M vn tW v`s a @kr# jny`t vW tm v`s lb` @qn @ls h` @p`S m#r wRjn nwr krn @ls blkrN @k`lx ngr`Žp, @p`Sp, h` v`s sAvR[n aŽk`@Y sX`p @vw @y` @k@rn pd h` yv` a#w.

mh b#A @Svk sAgm@Y [`n @LkM eC.eM.. @HrW, @k`lx ngr`Žp, @p`Sp h` v`s sAvR[n aŽk`@Y sX`p @vw @y` kr a# @Y @m@S s>hN @VŸ "pAy s>h` vsK lb` g#@M k s`[`rn h` K Kw ayK s$m Qgl@yt m a# bv ap sAgmy gN@n. E av @mm ۱ PpW v#yNt v`s a m h` oNt r#Q[v @p`S m#r h`r eLl m b>v mh b#A @Svk sAgmy wq bl @ls @r~[y pl krn awr em y`vK iw` @lN v @hl` q.

"ap sAgmy ob@gN iLl` N@N oN@G L pA S}`n@Y @h~ @k`lx ngr m`v l oNt vWm s>h` v`s lb` @mm |ny h# iKmN s>n @ls y. e@mN m ڱ PpW em v#yNt vN vr kr lbn @p`S m#r h`ryN nvNvn @ls q iLl` . em v#yN wm v`s ay lb`g#m s>h` @gnyn uQ@{~;nyt ap sAgmy y h# upm sh@y~gy lb` @qn bv q qNv` ."

lAk` @vl> @Svk sAgm@Y @l~N ytRS tD \`š`@V sm @LkM .@K. a#L@qy @k`lx ngr`Žpvry` @vw yK yvN "@M aN oN pNn` q#m oN@G k m`k ayK p#h#r g#mK @S a slk. @m@S pNn` qmn lq oN @M vn t mTtKy SvK d`Agn@y l#M @gn . @M ay @mm S}`n@yN ivW mt @k`lx ngr sX`v @M vn t kt krN n bv q#n g#mt l# a#w. e@hN @m`Nt l`c`r @ls vWmt vsK lb` mt kt krn @ls iLl` n awr e@wK oN l#M @gn n SvK d`Agn@yN ivW @n` krn @ls q iLl` ." y@vN s>hN kr a#w.

/ lAk` j`k r# sAgm@Y [`n @LkM @p~yR nvR[n @k`lx ngr`Žp, @p`Sp h` v`s sAvR[n aŽk`@Y sX`p @vw @y` kl @YŸ "@mm s an`}N @n`@v. e@nq` ymK upy`@gn wm qr#mLlN smg vW @mm s wv rtW an`}N bvt pW @n` m s>h` kt m rj@Y vgmK bv av[`rny kr .

"rjy sh @k`lx mh ngr sX`@V s`̵k m#hW mN @mm st pAyt v`s s#pm s>h` kt krn @ls k`r#kv iLl` ." y@vN s>hN kr @B.

k`k p@W v`s a jny` q#nt v`l`@gn n SvK d` mNdp@yN @nrm s>h` @k`lx ngr sX`v [ a`k`r@Y blp$M eLl krN . d` X`r ngr sX`@V l[`y vn eS. jy@k` n#m#Ww` @M vn t hwr vw`vK SvK d` yt l r}@yN p#n d` mNdp@yN ivW vn @ls qNv` @B. v`s avN h` y`k` k@V @LkM eS.@K. R, vW mt vsK lb` mt ngr sX`v m#hW y bv @pNv` @qN blp$M eLl @k`t @mw#N plv` h#mt e@rv ssp stN vN@N y# t eS. jy@k` n#m#Ww` pvs` a#W@WŸ "oy @g`L@l~ a# @M @Q\@Y mNvr#, a#mvr#, hMb @vN@N n#W@W, a#N-@p` @pr mNvr# hMb @vl` |ny yNn b# nM @J e@K ay h hMb @vNn." y@v.

"mNvr# apv v#Tv`, oN iN@N av elv` qmn p#W@w, ap @v@vN stN vN@N sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y " y@vN v`s a jny` ngr sX`@V l[`y`t r# a#w.

m#r wRjnvlt e@rv

py 16 q` n#vw vw`vK d` yt p# eS. jy@k` anr# a<v` @Y ivW @Y n# nM m#r h`ryN eyt a#q qmn bvt y. o @m@ls anr# a#<yŸ "mm oK@k`m mvr#Nt kw` kl`, h#m pK;ykt m kw` kl`, @p`@yN en ekK n$, @vn hk @qyK @vNn vN, iSsr @vCc @QvL mwk@N."

"@m n v`s a jnw`t yM @h~ anrK v @h`W It ngr`Žp vgv " y y`k` k@V @LkM ot qNv` a#w.

ihw s>hN kw` bh n` 10kt pmn pv eS. jy@k`, d` mNdp@Y rkr# y y` gNn` S n#m#Ww` smg s`kCc` @k`t @k~pkrnyK a#Sm s>h` S y`k` k@V @LkMvry` h` v`s avN @vw evn l.

y`k` k@V @LkM, ssp m[&m k`rk sk eS.@K. R @vw p# S n#m#Ww` e n oK@k`m vh`m ivW y bvW y`k` k @LkM eyt a#q qmn bvtW wRjny kr a#w. y`k` k@V h` v`s a S wmN vt` @r`K m s` S n#m#Ww` ivWv @g`S @B.

a#N n`gk mNvr@y vn St#N S@t~pR@G wv@w vn S SvK d` mNdp@Y @k`N`Wkr# eS. @g~`Xy lm`by@G rkr#@v @ls @p . @m` @k`v \`Nw @j~N m` @vl> @p`@L 82, 83 yn m` l$ @q@K akr# @V.

S n#m#Ww`@G wRjnyt e@rv @mm QŽy n@Y y`k` k@V @LkM eS.@K. R @m~qr @p`@Y 375/300/CR-B2 qrn p#Ll v`Rw` kr a# nW @M vn @wK @p`y ey X`g kr n#w.

py 20 q` @prvr# 9.30t pmn a#N @k`lx n`gk mN St#N S@t~pR, S h` wvW QglyN @q@nK SvK d` mNdpyt p#n vh`m ivW vn @ls v`s a jny`tW y`k` k@V @LkMvry`tW bl kr yh. a#N n`gk mN St#N S@t~pR k$ g#@VŸ "@mwn pA @vNnq hqN@N, mm @p~y s` qvS 2K ivv`, q#N m`n n. aq svs 3t kN @mwN ynv`" y@v. o wv rtW y`k` k@V @LkMvry`tŸ "@mwN ynv` @m@H eNn ep`, q#Nm w@S @mwN ynv`, mm mb kr#n`rWn a‹rnv`, @mw#n sL ek krnv`, @mwn iNn SNt @gvL @ynv`," y@vN @c~qn`Wmkv wRjny kr a#w.

wm` nv smsm`j pK;@Y @n` v sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y bv eS.@K. R, n`gk mNvry`@G @c~qn` K@p kr @B.

en svs 3t S k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv argly iyt @gn yN @s kMkr#-ԫw mhjnw`v It bl gNv` g#m sMbN[@yN s`kCc` kr a#w.

k`k p@W @vSvN plv` h# jny`@G v`s ay n` g#@M argly ssp n`ykWvy yt@W y`k` kv @m@wK rt vR[ny kr @gn a`@V [np a`N@vN e @p`@yN h` m#ryN@G wRjn i@Y p#n n#@gn k @Q\p`ln |n oNt ngSv. lAk`v l kMkr#vN@G h` @g`N@G a`NvK blyt @gn E@M y`m`Rgy mw sm`jv` mhjn v&`p`ryK @g`dn#@M k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` k@V argl@Y p`dM rn`Wmk blp$mK kr a#w.

 

 

aq`l @vnW

k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv y kMkr#vN, ԫwyN h` av@|; mhjny`@gN krn iLm
1999 11

@p`y v`s kd` elv` q#mt e@rv
k`k p@W pL 300K v`s ay n` g#@M arglyk

1999 11

/ lAk`vŸ pL 300K pAyt S}`nyK iLl` stN v
1999 03


e-mail.



Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved