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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

k`|r@Y g#M uWsNn @V
iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr anr#q`yk g#mK

W @j~NS sh tR mNDS

k`|r@Y mw@Hqyt a# @Q\vl ӵ k`RL-btK-`S nm# S v`syt k‹kr kl`pyt v# n iNy`-@r~ k#k`r kNd`yM n`\ kr qm s iNy` vN hq`v N h`rk vN y`n` @y`q`g#@mN pv, pSw`ny h` iNy`v awr g#m @b`@h~ @sN uWsNn vn ar# @p@N.

@mm n&k blvN @q@qn` awr t g#mk wRjny, m# 27 q`, iNy` h`rk y`n` @qkK kd` v#mt pv -- ekK k`Rk @q~;yK @H@vN h` a@nk pSw`N sl h`ryK mN -- wv yvrN vR[ny y. y`n` @qkm kd` v#@N pSw`nyt ayW @Q\y lt y: ek yv {`wnyt lK awr a@nk` "q rkr#v" @ls r>v` g l#b a#w.

@mm QŽy qk` @c~qn` h` @c~qn`vl aW vtyK av` y. iNy` vN hq`p eS.@K. mK vN y`ny m q#m pSw`ny N kr l# "@k~pk` h` sr# y`vK" @ls Swr k@L, y`n` iNy` k`|r h` jM `Nwy sh pSw`n@Y p`lny yt@W pvn as`Q-k`|ry @vN krn p`ln @Rš`@vN (eLO) wmN@G p#W@W t y`Wmk bv av[`rny kr.

iNy` vN y`n`v m# 26 q` iNS up-kl`p@Y ӵ pSw`n a`rK;k S}`nvlt @r`kT h`r eLl kr bvW eyt phr m q#m l#@V pn em @Q\yt a`p p# t bvW, pSw`n@Y @j&t t k`\y vn @MjR-@jnr`L aS bJv` p#v y. pSw`n vN m`v uLlA{ny m "q y`vK" @ls Swr kl o, ek p`R|vyK vW Q[yK k`\ @k`t n# vW aLl` g l# vN yv` "@rl` yt@W" r>v` g#@nn bv k`\ k@L y.

G-27 h` G-23 h`rk y`n` @mN m h`rk @h@k`PtR h` w`n&@Y w# jv`R @jT y`n` q @y`q`@gn m# 26 q` a#r„ vN h`r, iNy` @Q\ l tR 4,500 h` 5,000 awr usN ӵ uS k‹v# @Q\yk k>r# gs` @gn n k`|r @bMv`Nt e@r iNy` t @m@hmk @k`ts. [`n ilKkyN S}`ngw @k a#W@W, k`|r@Y Mh`n agvr vn /ngR, @lH n#m n#@gnr ngry smg sMbN[ krn @l~p`k mh` m`Rgykt ihN ӵ @Q\ l y.

pSw`nyt pK;p` gLl` kNd`yM h` Sv`n k`|rykt pK;p` gLl` kNd`yM gnn`vK m pqnM n pSw`n@Y p`lny yt@W pvn k`|r @k`t@S t, vsNw s^@V evN gLl` XtyN iNy`@V @Q\ lt anvsr@yN a#m vsr gnn`vK S@S @V. e@hW vWmN QŽy It @vnS bvW eyt pSw`N w& hq`@V @k`tS q a#lW bvW iNy`v y` . 600kt a`sNn em kNd`ym my`n` h` br a`[ a`@yN mn` @ls sNnQ[v . iNy` a`rK;k a#m @j~RJ fRn#NdSt av, m# ms l @s`y`g l#, k`RL @Q\@Y ӵ a`rK;k S}`n whr# krg#mt a gn@N msK vW gw vNnt a#w.

t vN y`n` @qkK am @n` wk`, k`|r @bMv` hq` plv` h s m# 14 q` yW krn lq "jy @m@hm" ašNdv iyt @gnyn bvt agm# E.. vJp`@G iNy` a`Nv, swk @k`t a#w. wmN k#rkr#vN 200kt aŽk sK {`wny @k`t [`n S}`n n#vw aWpW krgW bv iNy` ty y` .

m# 26 q` iNy` Sv@Q\ a#m eL.@K. aQv` @m@S p#v y: "a apt h# wrM knM @lN ey smg @p`r bqN@n. e@hW pSw`n s#lM kr q#mt @kwrM klK g a#Qq yNn v @n` h#k." vJp`, aQv`, a`rK;k a#m sh t [`N a#lW , m# 27 q` p#v ihl @p@L SmK, vN h`rvl Vrw`v h` pm`v ihl q#mtW iNy` h`rk y`n` s>h` vN a`vrny sMp`qny kr s "a @|; yvr" g#mtW N k@L y.

@mm @qrt e@nk`t v`v n&k aWhq` b#M mW smg 1998 m# ms p#nn#, iNy` up-mh`Qp@Y @Q\p`ln a`wN, k`|r@Y vWmN g#m mN y av l#b a#w. Qp`R|k sh@y~w`v ihl q# oN@G l`@h~R k`\ny iNy`-pSw`n sb>w`vl nv gyK @y~jny krN@N y iNy` agm# vJp` h` pSw`n agm# nv`S ;F y` p$@V, py @pbrv`@Y y.

iNy`@V X`rk`r sX`g a`N@V a`Žpw&y qrn, N S@v~Wwmv` pK;yK vn X`ry jnw` pK;y (@J), k`|r@Y wWvy Swr kr a#W@W, "Q[yt sm`n" wWvyK @l. k`|ry arby` iNy`v smg ad yvsK S@S wmNt pvWn` g#mt j`w&Nwr av[`ny @y` krg vS pSw`ny N vWmN anvsr kd` v#m sA[`ny kr l#b a#w# iNy`v @c~qn` kr. k`|r |nyt "j`w&Nwr s‹mK" -- enM, eKsW jnpq, w`n& @h~ @vnW [`n blyk s^ m#hWm -- s>h` pSw`ny ز klK S@S pK;p`v . iNy`v evN yvrkt q^dwrv r#Q[ a#w.

pSw`ny l r#Q[ pK; a`N@vN iLl` N@N, iNy`vt e@rv q# yvr gNn` @ls . t agm# @bn`R @w~@G pSw`n mhjn pK;y, iNy` vN h`r "aAsk L v#yNt e@r m^g y`vK" @ls hAv gs` a#w. pSw`ny iNy`v smg pvWn` r`j&w`Nk, a`Rk h` sASk^k sb>w` >q#y y l[Rmv` jm`T-a-iSl`M pK;y iLl` .

iNy`v h` pSw`ny yn @qr@T m a`N g#„r# aRqyk a# awr, wmN@G m rtvL l k#k$@rn g#tvN mhjn av[`ny @vnwkt @y` kr s j`kv` h` a`gk h#M av s>h` k`|r@Y a`wN @y`q`g#@M av\&w`v @qrtt m pv. a@™L m`s@Y |v`sy pl @M cNqyk pr`jyt pW @J n`ykWv@yN W sX`gy, @mm vsr ag iNy`@V m#vrnyK p#v#W@vn @wK X`rk`r a`NvK @ls y` kr. iNy`@V sm`j g#t h` a#nt a# a`Rk vR[ny b> kr#vN ivwt av[`ny @y` kr vS wvW @HvK, q#nt bl@Y n a`Nv @ls, @Jyt pv.

;F@G p`R@MN bwry K;kv wRjnykt lKv n# W, pSw`n a`Rky pb#Smk bA@k`@l`WX`v@Y aQqrt a#q v# @B. r#Q[ p`R|k aqhS m s, vdvd` vWpW qhst phr mt h` @vnW mRqn r$pyN@G ӵt @smt o@G SM G a`Nvt a#w.

k`|ry, uN wSw`N n#m p#r @s~yT sh`Nvt q n#@gnN nyt q a`sNn m[&m a`y`@V [`n @l~p`k @Q\yt y`bqv ӵt` @B. k`|ry arby` pvWn` Gg# h` kk g#m vn` 1947 w`n& aŽr`j&v`N@G aдh@yN iNy` up-mh`Qpy @b@M eK &127;ly.

Rv-Sv`n w`n& iNy`v l, iNy` j`k @k`Asy, k`|r@Y [`n @Q\p`ln pK;y k`|r j`k sM@Mln@Y sp sg@yK y. @mm k`|r j`k sM@Mlny, w`n& bly l# mhr`j`t @hvW m`r p`lky`t e@rv j`wN sASkrn s>h` stN v#. e@hW a`gk @Rš` oS@S iNy`v @bq` @vNm gW @k`Asy, mhr`j` smg a#krgW mK mN SM bwryK sw k`|ry iNy`v smg bQ[m shk krg. iNy`-pSw`n Q[ @nN @qkK m @k a#W@W, s^v m k`|r |ny arby` y.

SM bwryK sw ekm iNy` `Nwy vn k`|ry, v&vS}`v yt@W, @vnW `Nwykt vd` v# Sv`Žpw&yK sw @|; wWvyK K Š.. @Jy q e @prgmNkr# jn sAG sA[`ny q y [`n iLMvN ekK @ls, k`|r@Y @|; wWvy a@h~ m gtm mkr @B. @k@S @vwW, k`|r j`k sM@Mlny, -- ey @J n`ykWv@yN W sX`gyt l vs@yN sMbN[ @n` nW -- vsrkt aŽk k`lyK S@S @J a`Nvt sh@y~gy .

k`|r @bMv` uQ@{~;ny vR[ny @Y, 1980 gnNvl ag X`g@Y y. @mm uQ@{~;ny, iNy`@V @s @Q\vl evN v&`p`r @mN m, av l#@V, qw`v h` ߿y`v, @|;@yN m @b`@h~ @sN v# ugW n`gk jnghn@Y a`Rk a@PK;`XAgWvy, m. a#F{S}`n@Y @s~yT a`mnyt pv aE sA[`ny N gNv l# pSw`n@Y h` a#F{S}`n@Y iSl`M l[Rmv`q@Y n#m @vN @mN m, iNy`v l N j`v`q@Y vR[ny b>v k`|r SMvr#N awr p#v uWkw` @vN q @mm v&`p`ry y \Ky ukh` g.

1990 t 1996 m#q qKv`, vsr hwK S@S, jM h` k`|r `Nwy p`lny kr l#@V iNy`@V m[&m a`Nv . iNy` a`rK;k hq`vN@G qr# h` s`m`n&@yN m^g mRqn y`vN@G, pSw`ny b> mhjn |v`sXAgy vR[ny @M sh k`|r stNkr#vN@G um j`v`qy h` cNd upm @vN vdvd` jny` rsk @M &127;lyK @ls, vd` m$w , Sv`n iNy` k`|ryK @h~ pSw`ny smg bQ[ m @h~ b> uQ@{~;n@Y s#r b`l a#w.

iNy` @Q\p`lnyN, [ a`Rk h` sm`j g#t sMbN[@yN pSw`n@Y "s#< hSwyt" s`vq&v @q`S ngn awr m, pSw`ny, wmNt vd` @b`@h~ @sN \`l wm iNy` v`y` š @M ŽyK @ls q vdvd`W m, pSw`n r`j&y l m @KNps` a`wN p`lny @k`t wb` g#@M ŽyK @ls q k`|r @bMv` uQ@{~;nyt wLv a#w yNn g#n s#kyK n#w.

k`|ry b> g#m mN n#vw vw`vK m @k@rN@N, pSw`ny h` iNy`v t g#mkt a#q q#@M pmnK @n` v, asLv# r`j&yN q [`n blvN q vd` L g#mkt p#tl@M q wRjny .

 

 

aq`l @vnW

iNy`@V aNwR-v`r m#vrnyK
1999 m# 11

@J a`Nv a#q v#@mN p n#vw mh m#vrnyK
1999 m# 7

iNy` ayv#y mh` v&`p`kyN@G p#smt lK@V
1999 a@™L 06


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