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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

k`|r aRqy
-8 sv iNy`vt sh`y @q

p`L jy@Skr

20 q` jRm@Y @k`@l`N ngr@Y p#v y v`Rk s@vN anr#v W @kr# @VqnyK mN, -8 kNd`y@M n`ykyN pSw`n@Y k`|r pl`w h` iNy`@V k`|r `Nwy @vN krn "p`ln @Rš`v uLlA{ny" @hl` q#m, iNy`vt l# a# wLv. iNy` k`|r@Y k`RL-`S-btK kl`py l k>r# b#>@gn iNy` hq` smg stN vN n y "k`vNnN" pSw`ny N ivW kr gw y#, pSw`n agm# nv`S ;F smg p#v wm rkwn s`kCc`@V eKsW jnpq jn`Žp L KNtN kl av[`rn@Y a`@l~k@yN gW kl, @mm m$w -8 k`\ny KNtN@G em iLm nr#Cc`rny mK @ls @p y. a#mk`@V em a`S}`ny, -8 kNd`y@M @Vqny @m@ls skS @m l` v# brK qrNt a#w.

@k@S @vwW, -8 k`\ny wv rtW, k`|r@Y stN vh`m nwr kl y# iLl` N, p`ln @Rš`@V q#N pvWn` wWvy @vnS mt q#@rn On$m t y`vK "vgM rw" w#wK @ls nM @k`t a#w. "p`ln @Rš`v uLlA{ny krN sNnQ[ kNd`yM kr a# k`v#@mN anr#v k`|r@Y ašNdv vn t g#m b> v a g#„N m uWkv ." @Vqny wv rtW iLl` N@N, "p`ln @Rš`v nS}`pny @k`t l`@h~R k`\n@Y hry mw iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr s`kCc` y a#rƒy" bvt . s`kCc` g#n @k a# @mm av[`rny nM, k`|r@Y sNnQ[ "k`vNnN" mN m plv` h#@rn @wK @qrt awr s`kCc` @n` p#vW@v a#w yn iNy` a`N@V a`S}`ny K@p mK bv p#h#v @p y.

iNy`v, k`|r aRqy arby`, pSw`ny smg pvWn` y g#@M wm p`R|vyt l# wv r r`j& w`Nk sh@y~gyK @ls, -8 @Vqny s`qr@yN @gn @B. p n m W @kr# @VqnyK mN iNy` a`Nv y` @Y, k`|r@Y mw@Xqyt a# @p@q@S pvWn` t p`ln @Rš`@vN wmN@G p#Wwt stNkr#vN a`p @gNv` gNn` @ls kr a# iLmt pSw`ny al v a#w# wmN bl`@p`@r`W vn bv . em @Vqny, -8 a`S}`n@yN wv rtW r#L l#b, "sNnQ[ k`v#m" a`p hrvn @wK, iNy` hq`, ur# k`|r@yN "k`vNnN" plv` h#@M wm @m@hm gt m pvWv` @gn y a#w#, av[`rny kr.

Rn-pm`n Q[yk aQqr

"Sv`n" k`|ryK @h~ pSw`nyt a$‹ eKsW k`|ryK @v@vN stN v#q n gLl` kNd`yMvlt ayW sNnQ[ "k`vNnN" y gnnkt r#Q[ v iNy`v py m# 9 q` t t @m@hmk @y . eq` ptN, iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr @Q\m` hrh` @k@rn @;L h` k`lvK @v vm`r#v -- @my s`m`n&@yN vsr gnn`vK S@S N t @k@rn y`v -- uWsNn @k a#W@W, @qp`R|v@yN m y gnnk@G w g. m# 26 q` iNy`v "k`vNnNt" e@rv vN h`r yW mW smg, @mm n&k blvN @q@qn` awr a`wy nv ihl ayrkt @SN @B. q#N @qrt m, mw@Xqyt lKv a# k`|r@yN et pvWn` wm @p` @Q\ m`v @qps pv` hq` wr m arx` a#w. em wWvy, @mm kl`p@Y [`nwm rtvL @qk awr Rn-pm`n Q[yk aQqrt q a`y`v @gnW @B.

@mm sNnQ[ kNd`yMvlt v&my sh@y~gy m mN pmnK @n` v, E s>h` pSw`n @s`Lq`vN sMp`qny m q mN, @mm "k`v#m" sA[`ny @k`t a#w# iNy`v, pSw`nyt @c~qn` kr. em @c~qn` wr@Y K@p krn pSw`ny y` N@N, @mm sNnQ[ stNkr#vN "k`|r qhS stNkr#vN" bv ; wm rt oNt r`j&w`Nk h` q^my sh@y~gy @qn nW v&my sh`yK @n` @qn bv .

@M awr -8 kNd`y@M [`n s`m`ky vn jRmy q, y @Q\ am`w&A\ l[`y kl m$w k`\yK hrh`, vWmN aRq@Y iNy` p`R|vyt @qn wm sh`y whr# @k`t @B. -8 @Vqny pSw`ny @kN m nM @mN v#l a# n, jRmy @Q\ kt am`w&A\@Y a`y` aA\@Y [`y` vn @v`LFg$A @MA, "vsrkt pv, iNy` h` pSw`n n&k a aWhq` b#Mvl kl`y h` @g~y a`rK;k a#<M" yn m#@yN bRn@Y p#v m$w v`qyk , @m@S pvs` @B. "pSw`n hq`v, p`ln @Rš`v uLlA{ny krN, k`RL m#hW . ey vn`, pvWn` wWvy @vnS @M vgM rw h#m; bly @y@mN h` sNnQ[ g#M mN g#t s‰y @n` h#k."

@M awrr, pSw`ny q -8 @Vqny b> wm "w^PmW X`vy" k`\ @k`t @B. pSw`n a`Nv wRk krN@N, stN nwr @k`t aRqyt "s`mk` s‹mK" s>h` iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr s`kCc` y a#rƒy y yn wmN@G a`S}`ny, -8 @Vqny mN amw @k a# bvt . 21 q` pSw`n @Q\ k`Ry`l@Y k`\k@yK @m@S p#v yŸ "ap@G a`S}`ny sn`} a# bv apt h#@<... s`kCc` y`q`my K@p @M iNy`@V @vw -8 rtvL N p#h#v m @gn n#w." 12 q` nvL@Y p#v pSw`n @Q\ a#m sRt`J aS h` iNy` @Q\ a#m jSvN A awr s`kCc` as`R}k @mN pv, X`ry jnw` pK;@Y (@J) n`ykWv@yN W iNy` a`Nv av[`rny k@L, k`|r@Y sNnQ[ "k`vNnN" mN m plv` hn @wK @qrt awr @m`n yM @h~ s`kCc`vK @n` p#vW@vn bv .

pSw`n @Q\ k`Ry`l @Vqny, k`|ry arby` wm rtt iNy`v smg vsr 52K S@S pvn mw@Hqy "j`w&Nwrkrny" @M -- enM eKsW jnpqy @h~ @vnW aŽr`j& blyN k`|r aRqy lt m#hW krv` g#M -- pSw`n@Y ز k`n yWnyt l# wLvK @ls, -8 @Vqny aR} r$pny mt uWs`h qrŸ -8 @Vqn@Y a`@l~k@yN, "j`w&Nwr j`v", k`|r mw@Hqy avs`n vs@yN s>l s @qrt awr s`kCc` y arx`m ph @m l`, q#N m#hW y y, pSw`n @Vqny y` .

@m wvW @|;@yN m k# @p@nn QŽyK nM n wNy @gn a# a`S}`ny . ny m$wK vn r# m @Y pSw`n [np wN@Y iw` sp h` v^w sh`yky @ls . em sh`y @|;@yN m iNy`vt e@rv y. pSw`ny @mvr q wm em ز k`n sgy`@G ӵt bl`@p`@r`W@vN, 11 q` y @Q\ a#m @bA agvrt y#V@V, It p n p#vW@vn iNy` @Q\ a#m smg s`kCc`v s>h` wmNt yM wLvK lb` g#m s y y. e@hW pSw`n@Y bl`@p`@r`W kd krN, ny gW a`S}`ny @Y @qp`R|vy m "sAvr" y bv @Vqny m . @my @vn q` @mvN g#mk v^wv m pSw`nyt sh`y @M @vN p#h# @vnsK @pNM kr.

@pr @vN p#h# @vnsK

-8 rtvL N q @vnm jRmy N q g l#b a# a`S}`ny, iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr @mm ز k`n mw@Xq@Y , pSw`n p`R|vyt n#, [`n aŽr`j& blvN@G @pr @vN p#h# @vnsK @pNM kr. @s~yT St#Nv` l[ry smg "wl Q[y" p#v k`l pC@Cqy l , aŽr`j& blvW, @s~yT sAgmyt -- h` e sgy iNy`vt -- e@r X`ryK @ls pSw`nyt sh@y~gy . e@hW 1991 @qs#Mbr@Y @s~yT sAgm@Y > v#@mN pv, q#N em sb>w` @vnS a#w. wv q iNy` [@N|vry q, 1991 ptN, y p#r j`kv` @vWvN Š, aŽr`j& g# a`Rk sASkrn y`vt qmN . k`|r@Y vWmN aRqyt c`r q#K@M aŽr`j& blvW, @mm @vnSkM s#lLlt g.

@mm w l, [ aŽr`j&v` blvW e@nk` @vn @vnm, wm @g~y @l~p`k av\&w` a`y` kl`py l iyt @gn y` h#K@K @k@S q yn vg b> y gnN b#mk @y n ar#, k`|r aRqyt oN qKv` a# c`ry N ġ„ @V. -8 @Vqny mN, e y sm`k aŽr`j&v` rtvL Ek`yn @vwK av yn vgK mN @p y q -- @|;@yN m jRmy a# smhr @r~y blvN q jp`ny q a#mk`vt @vnS @ls Sv`nv wm av\&w` s>h` gnN b#mk @y y h# y. pSw`ny nM m qKv` iyt yN jRmy @gn a# Sv`n a`S}`ny e yM ġ„v. a#Ww vs@yN m @s~yT sAgm@Y > v#m m aŽr`j&v` rtvL awr yM Ek`yn X`vyK -- a#mk`v mw pqnM mt mK -- s>h` p#v pqnm a@h~ kr a#w.

@k@S @vwW, k`|r aRqy b> @mm a`kLpyN q, [ aŽr`j&v` blyN@G av\&w` avW E @h~ @M aŽr`j& blyN sMbN[@yN e@nkt asm`n y h# ar#W, @vnSMvlt ytW y. @M avS}`@V eKsW jnpqy q @s smhr [`n aŽr`j& blyN q q a`y`v l wm av\&w` pvWv`@gn y`m s>h` @h`> m mg iNy` wNyt sh`y m y gnN bln bvK @p y. e@hW E @h~ @M aŽr`j& blyN, kl`py l wm av\&w` vR[ny kr g#@M mgK @ls pSw`nyt @h~ k`|r @bMv` v&`p`ryt sh`y m @w~r` g#mt id a#w# yNn b#h#r kl @n` h# y. evN wWvyk , k`|r gLlN q q a`y`@V @KeLE (@k`@s~@v~ K hq`v) bvt pWv awr vJp` @h~ o@G a`Pky` S@l`@b`d`N @l`@sK@G aCvt v#@t a#w.

 

 

aq`l @vnW

iNy`v h` pSw`ny vd` L Q[ykt s#r@s
1999 21

k`|r aRqy k#k$@r
iNy`v nv t h`rykt s#r@sN pSw`ny smg s`kCc` kL qm

1999 11

k`|r@Y g#M uWsNn @V
iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr anr#q`yk g#mK

1999 01


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