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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

@p`y v`s kd` elv` q#mt e@rv
k`k p@W pL 300K v`s ay n` g#@M arglyk

@p` @pr a`N@V Rg @p`S h`ryN mh mgt a#q qm` a# @k`lx, mTtKy k`k p@W h#>l @w`@p`l p`@R pAv pL 300K wmNt y v`s lb` g#m s>h` arx` a# arglyt sh@y~gy @qn @mN sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y h` e kMkr# m`vw vW pw y kMkr#vN@gN, ԫwyN@gN sh j`wN aN gr# krn y @qn`@gN iLl` . @mm ԫwyN wm av`km lb` g#m s sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y mg @pNm yt@W "k`k pw v`s avN@G y`k` kv" nN sA[`nyK ӵv` @gn uQ@{~;nyK arx` @B. em kv mhjny` @vw W kr a# iLmK q @M smg pl @V.

qr#vN, g# mN, d` lN, sh mh ay a# qhsK pmn vn @mm jny` Rg @p`S a`mnyN mh mgt a#q q#m, @p` @pr a`Nv mhjny`@G aN ur` g#mt yW kr a# h`r@Y aW m v`Rw`v .

}m@yN m, py a@™L 27 q` 25k pmn m#r ndyK smg p# @p`S Xt kNd`ymK @M ԫwyNt em S}`n@yN tv yn @ls wRjny krN phr N@N y. @mm phr @M jny` l$ @gvL q b`@gt kd` > qmn l. o y`mt w#nK n#v asl mTtKy j`\`l`v ӵ Tt@Y q` g#mt w`vk`kv id lb` gW@W y. @M mhjny` n 7K e p, ew#N oN ivW kr q#@M vgm nv smsm`j pK;y X`r gW@W y. E av @mm pK;y "v jnw` @prn" nN atv` gW kvN, v`s ay g#n shkyK n#v kM m kN w#nt yn @ls @mm ԫwyNt up@qS . ngr sX`@vN l# d`rM pyK q b`@gt kd` > qm` v`s @hvn kr gN q @mm jny` y pA h.

m# 26 q` svs @p`y @Q\yt p#n @s`y` bl` @Y y. m# 27 q` mTtKy, @m~qr a# @p` hwrN @m@hy 200k pmn @p`S @Sn`vK avN sNnQ[ v @p`, alvA a`y q @gn kd` p#n "@mw#N plyV" y` a hr#@pN b#nvN jny`t phr @qNnt vNh. @b`@h~@qn` @M avS}`@V @Y v` a`h`ry g. wmNt y`mt w#nK n# bv yN @mm ԫwyN @r~[yK q#Kv q @p`S RgWvy It kN N@N n#w.

"mm @y qvL k$m kN. m@G Nq$ aw qr#vt @p`vN y. d`rmt phr @qN kd` v# @p`y, vh`m t@vyV y` an kl`. bW k$@mN pv s, qr#v`t @mN pv s n#Nn b$ y` mm Vv. @p`y m`v a#ql arN phr Nn" eK v#@yK p#v y.

h`ry ivs` gw @n` h# v wm @r~[y pl kr s k`Nw`vN @q@nK a#<t @wL vKkr @gn wb` gNt w#W klh. iN k#wN @f`N@Sk` nm# k`Nw`v l$ vst q wmN@G st q @wL qm` @gn wb` gNt w#W krQ aW adAvt @gn @m~qr @p`@Y p#y n hm`rK r>v` wb` gNn` l. @p`y phr @mN m` yAk` nm# k`Nw`v@G vM aw i a#w. m`s 4K m`ND kr wbn bvt @p`y a#yt wRjny kr @B. . jyrWnM nm# eK @yK wmN@G qr#v`t a#‹mK gNt hqQ @p`y o m qm` a#n gs` PpvN ot phr N@N y. phr m @H@vN p@v am`r#v h#m s` h anr# aA\yt k`r g#mt o y q @p`@Y p#LlK qm` en @ls o hrv` yv` @B. W yAkr nm# qs mS h# qr#v q @p`S phr mt lK y. wvmW N t o@G n`s@yN @L gl. y s` q aw t n#km s` q phr k$mt @g`r# ay @b@hW qm` g#mt @g`S n#w.

wmN@G a#‹M k#M, qr#vN@G @b~wL, p`sL lN@G @p`W pW, h#‹M pW, sl`k pW a` vK g#mt id @n` a`p @n` en @ls wRjny krN @p`y @mm mhjny` elv` q#M@M y. @r~q r}vl n# elv elv` phr mt wrM @p`y s#h# y. a#> a#‹@mN m pl` y`mt jny` en r`y gw k@L gS yt y. mh p`@R vW iNt @n` r`@Y @qvw`vK m @p`y phr N bv o kMkr# m`vwt h.

m# 30 q` o E asl, STvK d`Agny ӵ yt yh. nv smsm`j n`gk mN h` em pK;@Y v jnw` @prn @mm jny` ngr`Žp@G h` [ [np pK;vl ӵt y#@M v#dvlt wL kr q#@M kt yW a#r y. e@hW sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y š s`m`kyN @mm jny` h oN@G aN n` g#mt mn iqR\nyK h` v#d@vlK a#v sA[`ny y q# kr# p#h# kl t m# 30 q` o wm argly @gn y`mt y`k` kvK @g`dng` gWh. e @LkM @ls sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y m[&m k`rk sk eS.@K. R pW kr @gn @B.

@mm y`k` kv py n p@Y phr k$mt lK jny`@G aN s>h` argly vR[ny kr a#w. ey iw` v#qgW aWq#M q lb` @gn @B. wmN@G argl@Y pqnM, em y`k` kv W kl pk`@vN k`\yt pW kr a#w. wmN@G arglyt kMkr#vN@G h` ԫwyN@G plL sh@y~gyK, j`w&Nwr pm`nv m lb` g#m av\& bv N kr @bn y`k` kv, e @k`tsK @ls kNd`yM vs@yN @g`S av@|; mhjny` a#mm a`rMX kr @B. m# 31 q` @mm jny` aN 40k pmn kNd`ymK ssp s`m`kyN smg eKv @k`lx ngr sX`v i@Y kT mk @y pv ngr`Žp h wm v`s ay b> iLm ipW mt y`k` k @y~wyN y#h. en ngr`Žp Smk bv yN ngr`Žp hm vlKvn lq awr 1 q` uq@Y a`rK;k l[`@y~ ngr`Žp hmt y`k` k @y~wyNt id @n` up ngr`Žp hmt h# bv h. en svs ngr`Žp om`R k`L mg h#r yQ o vt kr wm iLm ipW mt y`k` k @y~wyN w#W klW a`rK;k l[`N@G uqV@vN o n @n` p#n gW@W y.

m# 31 q` h` 1 q` y`k` k @y~w@y~ up ngr`Žp hv |ny ipW klh. o @qvr m aW @s~q` gW@W @mm v`s |ny ngr sX`@V |nyK @n` vn bvW a`N@vN ey s>` gw bvW y. @mm jny` q#nt l#M @gn n STvK @yN ivW y y q oN iN ivW @n` vN@N nM, ivW kr q#mt vN@N y q up ngr`Žp wv rtW k`\ k@L ngr sX`v @mm jny`@G aNt mN m hrSv n bv @pNM kr.

wmN k`k p@wN elv` q#mt r#Q[Wvy qKvN, y pAv S}`nyt y`mt @p`y pnv` a# avr m ivW krn @ls y` mt m# 31 q` y`k` k@V @y~w sK @k`lx s`v X`r @y~j& @p`Sp g` @JNqr q hmt yh. o @y~w st wRjny k@L @m@S yŸ "@M idMvN w@sl` yNn On. @Mk n`r` e@K idmK. ewn @|; v&`p^yK y`Wmk @k@rnv. w@sl` oK@k`m hqN@n @k`lxt eNn. @m@h Jj @b @rnv (o E @qk m hlN@N n# @k@nK @S y - Mkr#). a# ynv@k` kNw@L p#Wwt. a`Nv idM @q, a`[`r @q. uqV kr." @p`y yn a`k`ryt kt @n` k@l`W "@m`@L k@nN pNt" phr @qn bv yN o a h#P@V y. @y~j& @p`Sp h @y~wy kMkr# m`vwt k`\ k@L ey .

[np @Q@p`l mt k#p n @p`y PpW mhjny` wl` p`g` q#mt w# r`j& yN@Y eK ˲r.

prMpr` gnnK @k`lx pAv , wmN@G v@n~p`y @M ngr@Y m kr @gn y jny` @k`lƒN plv` h#@M t s#lmK a# bv @y~j& @p`Sp@G kd` p#@mN eqrV @n` vN@N q?

@M mhjny` prMpr` gnnK p$mt lK kr, q#N wmN pAv S}`ny q a @k`t a#q qm` n wWv@yN @g`d Emt aŽ`nvW v . oN ipW kr a#W@W a\y k, s`[`rn sh K shgw iLm.

k`k p@W @mm jny` m#dmt @p`yW wmN@G [np uvmn`kM @v@vN y`Wmk vn bl@VgW wvW Cc @BglK @g`w` a#w; ey nM @mm jny` mW p`Cyt h` apr`[vlt sMbN[ y yNn . @mm @b`r#vt pth# @ls, @M jny` @|;@yN m @k`lx, t@k`@V elv @vl> @p`@LW m` @vl> @p`@LW q`y @hln kMkr#@v~ @v.

ԫw jny` plv` h#m @l~k b#A@V s#lmK

oN@G v`s kd` Rg @ls elv` q#mt w#W m, @l~k b#A@V s#lmK av @p` @pr a`N@V @m@hym t @k`lx mh ngr sX`v h` n`gk sAvR[n aŽk`y Qgk sm`gM @y`q` gN y`Wmk m arx` a# L v#d sthnk @k`ts. s#l@M ilKky @my Ÿ "˭K v`s" @ls nM @kr# p#LpW v`s 66,000K Ev`@Y @v@sn jny` q smg ivW kr l#@B (oN @vnW v`svlt y#@vn bv y@vwW ey @~d`v) p#LpW kd` lb` gNn` idM "ngr sAvR[ny" s>h` @k`Mp#vlt pvr l#@B. @M ktWwt a`@y~jn mNdl@Y vrs`q lW (qhS @vl> kl`p vrs`q lb` gW) sm`gmK "@Q@p`l sAvR[n sm`gm" nN q#nt mW ӵv` @B. j`k sAvR[n b#Av, @sl`N b#Av, vK sAgwy sh mhjn b#Av a` l& sm`gM @M s>h` qL q#mt ipW v . @M Iy` sAvR[n s#l#Sm skS kr a#W@W AgPr#v sh @h`A@k`A @mN @k`lx ngry h` lAk`v q aNwR j`k sAgwvl v`j h` l& m[&S}`nyK @ls whr# kr g#mt [npyN h` @p` @pr a`Nvt a# mAl`gw uvmn`v mw y. aNwR j`k sAgwvltW Ev`t b#‹ lAk`@V [npyNtW l`X k` g#mt pvn av\&w` smg @M s#lM g#t g# a#w.

k`k p@W jny` wm v`s ay k g#mt argl krn wWv@Y m 05 q` alND pWwr@Y ihw s#lm g#n pl @kr# v`Rw`vk s>hN vN@N, vn`wL@L L v&`p^ykt pv @w`tl< sh mTtK@Y v&`p^ ptN g#mt a[&ynyK q#N a#r @bn bv . p#LpW v`svl, @k`lx ngr@Y @v@sn jny`@gN adkt v# m`nyK vW @v. @l~k b#A@V s#lm y`Wmk krNt yN@N @M jny` wl` @gn y. aŽr`j&v`N@G h` [npyN@G Iy` sAvR[n s#lMvlt mhjny` ayW n#w -- E @vvt em jnw`vNt a#W@W [npyN krn l`X k` g#Mvlt wmN@G wvN vN @gmt m .

iNy`v, pS}`ny, bAGl`@Q\y a# a`y`@V h` @l~k@Y a@nK kl`pvl pg` rtvl @my`k`r@yN m jn`Rn mh ngrvN ڱN plv` h#@M Iy` sAvR[n s#lM @prt qm` a#w.

nsspy a# pK;vl y`kl`py

@mvN h`rykt k`k p@W h#>l @w`@p`l p`@R jny`t eLl a#wW py m#vrnvl cNq gr` g#mt @b`r# @p`@r`N N @p` @prn pmnK @n` v a@nW pK; q oN@G av`kM p`v`mt y` kr. a#N@Y ngr`Žp h` ngr sX`v @M h`r eLl mt @kN m sMbN[ n sAS}`vN y.

@M awr lAk` kMkr# @k`Ns@Y n`gk mN w&`gr`j` nm#Ww` L h`r@yN p mTtKy j`\`l`@V nkt @qkkt iŠmt y id lb` q#N @p@nNt vW n#w.

wmNt w#nt y`mt id sls` mt nM, jnw` K @pr@N k`Ry`lyK iSsrN m ӵ y bv em @pr@N ay bv k`k p@W @mm jny` kMkr# m`vwt h. E, oN@G f#ST v#dvlt @M jny` a#q b#> wb` g#@M w#w.

nv smsm`j pK;y (nssp) a#N ngr`Žpt g`N a#N a# [np pK; h` sA[`n pS@S @mm jny` wL kr y#mt qy m @y`q` a#w. nssp n`yk mb` kr#n`rWn@G aд`hkWv@yN h` pK; n`ykyN@G q shX`Wv@yN ӵv` a# "v jnw` @prn" nm# sA[`nyK @M jny` @v@vN y 02 n y` a# yk @m@S s>hN @VŸ

"@m`nt ӵtmt @Q\p`ln bly @v ipW @n` @V. e@hW @k`lx ngr sX`@V ngr`Žp m`@G Rn sh@y~gy @n` l#@bNnt ont wm aw qr#vN q smg y` h# w#nK @n` ..."

nsspy @M g`N@N, pwt pW jny` smg kw` m pv` K@p krn, oN SvK @yN elv` q#mt k#skvn om`R k`L nm# a#N ngr`Žp g#n y. nsspy @M v#dvl m @k`tsK @ls a#N n`yk rL mAht |ny y` q#Ny y v`s a jny`t y` a# awr n q#@mN v`s ay n` gw h# y yn }&`vK v#mt q w#W kr.

[np pNy ps bdg$@mN v`s ay l#@bN@N n#w. nv smsm`j pK;y @M jny` g`L krNt w#W krN@N oNt phr eLl krn bl@Vg psm y. [@N|vr pK;vN @Q\p`lkv Sv`nv, ԫw jnw`vN q wmN vt` eK@r`K kr @gn kMkr# pN@Y bl \K@yN aN n` g#mt @mm jny` gmN m v#l#Km @M nssp@Y ilKky . oN@G @Q\p`lny mN m [np pNyt k#p ek.

sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y (ssp) iqR\ny h` v#d@vl t mN m pth# y. k`k p@W wmN pAv S}`ny @h~ @k`lx ngr m`v l @vnW w#nK pAmt vhN swv wmNt lb` y y v`s avN@G y`k` kv ipW kr @bn iLmt ssp mN sh@y~gy @q.

E smgm, @mm argly, @k`lx ngr@Y 66,000K p#LpW v`s ag` q#mt e@rv, em y pL s>h` v`s ay lb` g#@M arglyK a`rMX mt WwK kr gNn` @ls ssp iLl. em argly s>h` k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv a#v "v`s a`rK;k y`k` kvK" @g`dn#m aw&v\& y. ey vn r` v#yN@G h` ڱ jny`@G v`s ay s>h` argly @M i yvrK v a#w.

v`s w#m s>h` r`j& yqM v# kr! mh [npyN sv ekkt v#@yN @bn v`s jns kr! @mm argl@Y k iLM v a#w.

e@hW @mm iLM [np pN@Y l`X uvmn`kM smg @kN m g#@t. j`w&Nwr `G[ny h` E smg b#Š gW lAk`@V [npyN yr# shgwv y` krN@N l`X av\&w` k g#mt . @l~k [nv`qy l l`X >v#@M wWvy mm h` ey u krN vR[ny vn a`Rk avp`wy l mhjn aN @v@vN yqM v# mt [np pNy @SW m q`nM n#w. It pth#v, l& arq@L h` @l~k b#A@V @y~g mw qhS a[&`pny, qhS @s_š& @Svy yn`y q a#lW v bs`[n v#dsthN s>h` rj@Y yqM mN ag` qm` l`X k g#@M h`ryK @l~k pm`nv [np a`N N yW kr l#b @B. mhjny`@G uvmn`kMvlt hrS v l`X grn [np pQ[y pv. r`j& v&`p`r yLlm Qgkrny krN l`X œmy h` sMpW r`k$m s>h` vdvd`W @k`N@Q hq` m @p` @pr a`N@VW [np pN@YW v#d@vl a#W@W @M wWvy l y. ey mhjny` mwt p#tmt ur#-n#@gnr @qml ԫwyN mn vRgv` Q[y smg q pl`Wvl q mhjny`t e@rv r`j& bl a#vl h` m#r blk`yN@G mRqny q` h#@r. k`k p@W @p`S h` m#r a`mny yW n gSv` a#W@W @M k`rn`v .

kLpy @ls sm`jv` v#d@vl

@mm w l, aŽr`j&v`q@Y av\&w` mw q` h#@rn h`rvlt r#Q[ v a# kLpy j`w&Nwr sm`jv` y`m`Rgy s>h` krn st@N @k`tsK @ls sm`jv` v#d@vl s>h` argly m . v`s, bs`[n, ߿y` h` vn wWvyN k gw h#K@K, mhjny`@G av\&w` s>h` a`Rky sA[`ny m m. evN v#d@vlK y`vt q#y h#K@K sWwN m kMkr#vN, ԫwyN @v@vN @p n kMkr#vN@G h` @g`N@G a`NvK m. j`w&Nwr sm`jv` v#d@vl mw, iN up mh`Qp@Y sm`jv` sh`N sAgmyK ilKk kr @gn lAk`v l kMkr#vN@G h` @g`N@G a`NvK blyt @gn E@M y`m`Rgy mw sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y stN krN@N @M s` y. vn l Ahl h` @qml kw` krn @qj`@Y m Ek`bQ[w`v k`\yt pW krN / lAk`-IlM sm`jv` sh`NvK s>h` argly @ls ssp ipW krN@N @mm y`m`Rgy . em y`m`Rgy mw stN vn sm`jv` mhjn v&`p`ryK w#y v a#w. v`s ay s>h` mhjny` sA[`ny krn y`k` kvl argly @M q#vWkN @M v#d@vl mw sA[`ny krn @ls ap iLl` N@N q @mm aN k g#@M ek m kLpy E vn s` y.

wnmwn kMkr#vN, ԫwyN, wr#nyN h` QŽmN@gN @mm sm`jv` mhjn v&`p`ry @g`dg#mt av\& rn`Wmk s`[ky vn iqR\ny h` n`ykWvy whr# mt sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;yt b#@>n @ls a iLl.

 

aq`l @vnW

k`k p@W v`s avN@G y`k` kv y kMkr#vN, ԫwyN h` av@|; mhjny`@gN krn iLm
1999 11

/ lAk`vŸ pL 300K pAyt S}`nyK iLl` stN v
1999 03

@k`lx ngr@Y p#LpW-˭Kv` jny`@G v`s |ny s@ˆ q?
1999 a@™L 12

v`s |ny s>`gw h#K@K @k@S q?
1999 a@™L 12


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