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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

"vyS gwyN brK"
@p` @pr a`Nv y`

@y~j& qL a#m sh v&vS}` kt a#m mh`c`Ry .eL. S, m$wk @l~k b#Av h` mh b#Av N "vyS gw vn jnghny h` sm`j sArK;n m" yn m#@yN sA[`ny krn lq sMmNnyK amwN, lAk`@V v#d krn ay œ`m gNn` vys phl mTtmk pv y y` @Y y. sMmNny @y` kr @N vyS gwyN brK @ls slk` E br kp` @h@M m h` Ž b> v y.

"ar# 55N œ`m g#@M vys iw` phl mTtmk pvn ek. Qgl@y s k`RyK;mw`v@Y sh &127;lq`w`v@Y h#y`v s#lLlt gN œ`m yn vys R{ kl y" mh`c`Ry S em sMmNn@Y @V y.

py q\kyk pmn k`lyK @M a`NvW kN p#v a#N a`NvW a vyN œ`m y`mt id slsn @rl` y`vt q# y. E av rj@Y [ aA\vl @SvkyN qs qhS gnN œ`m g#N. v^Wy svl bly l# em œ`m g#Nm rj@Y @SvkyN b> akMp`@vN y`vt q# ekK @ls v` qKvn l. e@hW s#b$ s#lm @ls p#v@N @l~k b#A@V h` j`w&Nwr l& arq@L R@Q\ av r`j& aA\@y "m`ny p m" @hvW ߿y`vlt @km .

q#N aW w`ly a#LmŸ "œ`m g#N@vn vys wr#n vys. wvW k`lyK v#d mt h# s` œ`m yn vys R{ kl y."

@M nvl @l~k b#AvW, l& arqlW œ`m g#N@vn ayt @gvn v#P l @b`@h~ rtvl mh \`l ekK y av[`rny kr. lAk`@V q a`N@V, mh b#A@V, QŽ mNdlvl s#lM skS krNnN@G @l` m m`w^k`v a#W@W @mrt œ`m v#P l kPp` krN@N @k@S q yNn . a`N@V v`Rk v#P l r#yL @k~ 1300K @hvW ql j`k p`w@yN yyt 10K pmn @V y o kM@L aw gs`@gn y. 1991 em l ql j`k p`w@yN yyt 6.3K y.

@l~k b#Av, l& arql, mh b#Av h` a`Nv q#N ilKk kr @gn N@N œ`m v#P lt @qp#WwN g#mt . ek p#WwN œ`m yn vys R{ kr v#d g#@mN œ`m v#P l kp` h#m ek h`ry. a@nk aN a`N@V aA\vlt b>v` gNn` ayt, q#nt pvn œ`m v#P my a@h~ kr q#m . @my q#nt mW mh b#A@V h` sAS}`vl y`vt qm` hm`r y. E awr q#nt œ`m v#P km a# ayt q phr eLl mt h# q# a`Nv gnN blN .

ihw sMmNnyt sMbN[ mh b#A@V aR} s`[k arqL aA\@Y aŽk`vry` k`\ k@L mhjny` "v#d krn k`ly l m œ`m@Y av\& sm`j sArK;nyt qL i mk @yqy " bv . pW a[&yn a`ywn@Y pR@Y;k@yK "h# wrM iKmN" œ`m yn vys R{ kl bv q "œ`m i M" s>h` @SvkyN g#Ny bv q sMmNnyt y` @Y y.

@M sMmNn@Y s#lLlt X`jn wvW kr#n, lAk`@V vyS gw jnghny plLm. mh`c`Ry S ipW kl gnNlV av lAk`@V vyS gw jnk`y q#nt jnghn@yN yyt 8. 2041 vn t @M sAš&`v yyt 25K pmn @V y K@pny kr a#w.

@M s#lMvN h` gnN b#MvN y#@vN@N ek @qy. l`Xy s>h` p`qny krn [np pQ[yt vyS gw vN brK a# bv . v#d krn jny` mrvmrv` v#d @gn hp kl p oN lW hpyK @mN ivw q#y bv [np pNy y` . mNq, oN@gN wvW aKw œm vn`kM-l`X k` gw @n` h# @h. wvW ymK k` gNt a#W nM œ`m vys R{ kr ey q k` gNt [np pNyt uvmn` y. klkt @pr œ`m v#pt @Svky` @g qlt wvW pAvK a`N@vN q#. ey [np pN@Y l`XvN @vN kr gW @k`ts. l`X v#@tn wWvy l wvW E s>h` qL @vN mt [npyN q`nM n#w. E @k`ts q l`X myt m qm` gw y.

p`qn@Y @g~ykrny h` l`X ap`w v#@tn wWvy l `G[n@Y uvmn`kM nGnv qR\ny vN@N e@ls y. w`K;n@Y nv sL vR[nyN mN m;& vRgy`t l`c`r v vWm s>h` av\& q$ pqmt q @Vk k`ly R{ kr @gn sASk^k a[&`Wk vR[ny aWpW kr g#mt q @k`N@Q skS a#w. vyS gwyN h` œ`kyN g#n [npyN@G a`kLpy @pNM krN@N @M pQ[y m`nv @r~ pQ[yK bvt pvRwny a# bv .

 

aq`l @vnW

1930 gnNvN p qr#m aRqyK
mh b#Av y

1999 m# 18


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