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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

dBV lS}`nyt f#STv`N kd` v#m kMkr#vNt anr# a#<mK

2q` vRgv` f#ST nd lAk` kMkr# @k`Ns@Y (dBV) lS}`nyt kd` vN kl f#ST @k~pk` y`@v brpwl anr# a#<m Ahl-@qml @qj`@Y m kMkr#vN, ԫwyN h` wn mwn @k`tS b#r#M v av[`nyt gw y.

j`k Sw @r~ v&`p`ry sh Ahl r qhn yn nM pt b#>@gn sA[`ny n @mm vRgv` l en "@w`NdmN@G ant a`Nv nmt @r~[y q#Km s>h`" y sA[`n kl @k~pk` v&`p`r@Y dBV lS}`nyt v# e osv` dBV @k`y m qm` Ah @k`yK h` f#ST nd@Y @k`yK osv` a#w.

@mm @k~pk`N@G arn v kMkr#vN a# @qml j`kyNt e@r @L v#Mvlt Ahl j`kyN u gNvN @qj`@Y m kMkr#vNt, ԫwyNt e@rv f#ST m#r v&`p`ryK @prt g#m. py m`s p@Y @M vRgv` nd @k~pk` y` gnn`vK vdvd`W sh`k l`syN @prt y qNt l#. "s`m sN[`ny" p#vW SmK kd`kPpL mt @M nd@Y kd` p#m TlR@G f#ST NdN y`kl a`k`ry g#N v#dK bv [np pWwryK m s>hN k@L y.

dBVy py m# ny vre@Y p#vWmt q`nM kr y It @prn, v kMkr#vNt e@rv vRgv`qy a#m eLl kr gN SmK h` @plp`yK sA[`ny kl @mm vRgv` f#ST nd p q` m# n Smt bS r}vN yN v kMkr#vNt gL g#@M @k~pk`Wvyk @y. m# 22q` @k`lx ngr@Y @m`N @plp`yK sA[`ny kr @N, u@rN @k`lx en @qml j`kyN@G "v&`Pwv`qyK" h` "Swv`qyK" g#n vRgv` @m`rmk @y@q. q#N @M Sw y`v kr a#w.

@mm f#ST v&`p`r @m@hy vN@N kq? Ahl r qhn Ahl [npyN qL qm` ndW krn sA[`ny. j`k Sw @r~Ž v&`p`ry nN L @rQq @p`rv` gW sA[`n q Ahl r qh@N [np ql`l`@gN ndW @v. v@rk –lp@Y h` a#N@Y q v@rk [np j@p f#ST v&`p`ry p@M q y` kl vRgv` @Q\p`lk@y~W vr [`@y~W @M v&`p`rvl kWvy @gn . Sw @r~Ž sA[`n@Y sA[`yk @ls n cMk rnvk nm#Ww` j@p ;& sA[`n@Y n`yk@yK @ls N 1987-90 a#N-j@p ;n sm@Y Ev` sA[`ny mt shX` @Y, r#KmN @Sn`n`yk@G prMpr` gw a#N bAgl`@V t [ [npyN smg g @q kr.

@mm f#ST v&`p`rvl vRgv` a#Smt [np jnm`[& ud@gD @q. uq`hrnyK @ls 2q` @k~pk` y`v vn pWwr@Y ojvdv` @N, "kMkr# @k`Ns@Y @k`y m a#q qm` Ah [jy osv" yn u gNvn m`w^k`vN, ey mN m amw kr. eNeL @Svy 6 q` r qhn h` Iy` Sw @r~ v&`p`r@Y @plp`y h` Sm mN m c`ry krN It QŽy N@N y. @M avS}` @qkK pmn.

vRgv` f#ST ndvl uvmn`v mKq? mhjnw`vN ey aWq#k a#W@W @L v#M . [np pN p`ln@Y aRqy u vn kl ey a`rK;` mt kMkr#vN, ԫwyN vRgv` hl`hl @;N @Hq @k`t p`g` g#m [np pN@Y h` ey u gNvn vRgv` aW@Wr#vN@G k t up`y y. aq @p` @pr p`lny mhjn apRyt pWv a#w. a#Ny pr# y aRqyN @g`d eNt vk. ur#-n#@gnr Q[@Y [np pNy e . [np a`Rky @l~k aŽr`j&v` pQ[y r` yn aRqyk @v a#w. a`NvtW [npyNtW mhjnw`vN@G aN ur` g#m u krNt @B. e@hW It e@rv kMkr#vN h` ԫwyN awr wm av`kM kg#@M @prk`WvyK vR[ny @vN pv. v kMkr#vN awr a#W@W dBV @h~ @vnW sykt v`v` gw @n` h# wWvy. vRgv` sA[`n v#dt b#s N@N @M jnw`vN @L v#gM lt a#q m h` f#ST ˲r# @ls oN wl` q#m eLl kr @gn y.

[np pNy vRgv`N u gNv` @gn @L v#rM ykt nM mhjny` a#q q#@V q? 1958, 1965 ptN gW @L v# @XqkrnyN, @m`, 1983 mhjn{`wk @l~pnyK kr`W vRgv` Q[yK kr`W n#Ah. ew#N ptN Ahl @qml jnw`vN @qlK;yK pmn {`wny @kr#@N @m`N@G a. @m`N r#Q[ bv yn ur#-n#@gnr @qml @bMv` v&`p`rykt wLv l#@N @M Ahl vRgv` v&`p`r@y. 1949 v kMkr#vN@G rv# ay n# XAg krN kMkr#vN v`Rkv @Hq @M h`ry eLl k@L @M [npyN h` vRgv`Ny. aŽr`j& g# [np pN@Y uvmn`kM av yN @M vRgv`N aq iLl` N@N wmN@G f#ST bly lbn t-@p`S a``q`yk p`lnyK a#tm .

@M vRgv` - f#ST nd s esmtW kMkr#vN, ԫwyN oN@G h`rvlt lK mtW N k k`rn`vK a#w. ey nM 1964 smsm`j pK;y [np pNy smg sX`gykt yN vRgv`qyt krbm . smsm`j-@k`ST-dBV-nvsmsm`j pK; h` v^Wy s sA[`n [@N|vry smg eKv krn p`v`M aNw g` bl@Vg s esmt gs` k. aq yW m mt w#W krn f#ST vRgv` v&`p`r@yN kMkr#vNt h` ԫwyNt wm a`rK;`v sls` gN argl kl h#K@K v`Rk @Hqkrn K@p @k`t j`w&Nwrv` sm`jv` ekv whr# kr g#@m. r`j& bl a#vN q iN bly lbn f#ST m#r ndvN q a`rK;` mt y`k` k h` a`rK;k k @g`dngN q`nM mt mhjnw`vNt @V . @mm argl@Y iqR\ny sh n`ykWvy spyN@N sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y .

 

aq`l @vnW

"r qhn" h` "Sw @r~" ndvl vRgv` @Hqkrn yWn
1999 01

f#ST ndy v kMkr#vNt e@r Sw v&`p`ryk
1999 m# 18

 

 


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