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ls sM@Mlny l r#vr#N stN v#y W@W mK s>h` q?

lAk` r# sAgmy l y`k` sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y r# kNd`ym

lAk` r# sAgm@Y (ls) 19992000 v`Rk sM@Mlny 25 n r`q` rj@Y kr# @Sv` sAgM \`l`@V p#v#W @V. e wr< vn sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y (@pr Plvv` @k`ST sAgmy) p` @JvR[n (@LkM wnr), eS.@K. R (sX`p wnr) a`R.eM. qy`nNq (X`Nd`g`k wnr) yn s@h~qrvr#Nt cNqy p`C kr jyhny krvn @lsW ap r# kNd`y@M j`w&Nwr sm`jv` @Q\p`ln @y~jn`v amw kr ey sAgm@Y v#d@vl bvt pW kr gNn` @lsW iLl. a @m@S iLl` N@N ap kNd`ym R{ k`lyK r` sAgmy l ipW kl |@L;n h` y`m`Rgy pmnK m r# aN a`rK;` kr g#@M ekm sk& v#d@vl bv sn`} a# @k`N@Q yt@W y.

m$w m aWq#mK slk` bl. ls n`ykWv@Y q y r# sAgM n`ykyN@G q Rn sh@y~gy mw @p` @pr a`Nv y`vt q# r# @Sv` v&vS}`v mN r#vr#N@G ߿y` ay ur` g#@nn awr v#d @VgvW @M s#lM y`vt q#@M. r# v&vS}`v amw @M sAgM l[ry eN r#vry`@G v#P ihl q#@mN@N y y` yh. aq v a#W@W mK q? mh b#A v`Rw`vt av r#vr#N@G Rw v#p 1996-97 vs@R yyt 6.7N q 1997-98 vs@R yyt 5.5N q phw v# a#w.

r# @Sv` v&vS}`v q p`Cyt gN @M vn t r#vr#Nt eLl kr a# h`r sM@Mlny @vw ipW @k@rn ssp @Q\p`ln @y~jn`@vN @m@ls @pNv` @BŸ

"Sv`n mw q#mW Ev` k`\ mtW sA[`ny mtW a# ay c@Lš mN h` pnW mN ur` g#@N. @p` @prn a`N@V Iy` a[&`pn sASkrn yt@W y`Wmk vn p`sL p`qk ag#M, ;& @KNy a[&`pny v# [ v&`p^vlt ytW @k`t r#vr#N@G v#d @VgvW @k`t a#w. kr @Svy s>h` lb` @qn mn` kp` qm` a# awr, r# v`s <y h` @Nv`k S}`n spy` g#@M aphw`v mw p`sL @g`dn#vl @Nv`kv r#vr#N em @g`dn#vN plv` hN qhst kr# ms. r# @Sv@Y eK @yN wvW @ykt usSM s>h` hLp am#y av\& m b#N hLp@G aN@Wv`kyN v mt r#vrNt bl @k a#w.

"... vsr 2005 vn t q#nt n r# sAš&`v 43000N kPp` mt yw y."

ssp r# kNd`ym pmnK m, @p` @prn a`Nv blyt pWmW smg y`vt q# r# @Sv` v&vS}`v, a#N a`Nv y`vt q# aŽr`j&v`N R@Q\ kl h`r vd`W ihl pm`vN y`vt q#@M arn swv ipW krn lQqK bv @hqrV k@L y. e@S m Iy` r# @Sv` v&vS}`v a@h~ @k`t, ihl yn vn aAkyt av r#vr#N@G v#P ihl q#y y q E s>h` j`w&Nwr sm`jv` v#d@vl mw pqnM v stN v#y y q y` @Y y.

aq n sn`} a#W@W @mm v#d@vl v#r bv @n` @V q? r#vr#Nt eLl @k@rn h`r @l~k pm`n bv q e@S @hN j`w&Nwr @Q\p`ln wWvy X`g mkt r#vr#N h# gw bv q ssp kNd`ym ek gt m av[`rny k@L y. ls l[r@YW sAgmy l j@pt sMbN[ @k`tskW brpwl @Vcnyt lK @Y @mm kr#n y.

aq n vdvd`W @hqrV vN@N r#vr#Nt eLl @k@rn h`r @l~k pm`n sm`nkmK qrn bv y. ssp @Q\p`ln @y~jn`v r#vr#Nt sh ;&yNt @l~k pm`nv eLl kr lbn h`r smhrK @m@S qKv` a#w.

"p y oK@w~bR m`s@Y Ns@Y usS p`sL at lK;yK, pNvl wqbqy, r# <y, p`sL @g`dn# kd` v#m a`yt e@rv @plp` q#Kh. s#Pw#Mbr@Y k#nd`@V oN@T@y~ `Nw@Y p`sLvN qh@yN pAvK vRjn @h~ @q`Tt q#MvN v# @g`S . jRm` |vq&`lvlt @y`qvn r`j& qL kPp` mt r#Q[ v 40,000K ;&@y~ @b`N ngr@Y vl @plp` q#Kh. oS@y`v, eKsW jnpqy, a` rtvl p`sL p`qk klmn`krnyt h` ag#M y`vt n#@N klkt @pr y."

aq n lAk`@V p`sLvl r#vr#N h` ;&yN n @qn |nyN @ma`k`r @n` @V q? @mm sm`nkMvl ly pvN@N aRqyt n n [@N|vr p`qn my l y. em lyN X`g kr g#mN pmnK m r#vr#N@G aN n`g#@M v#d@vlK vR[ny kl h# y.

r#vr#Nt e@rv aq n @l~k pm`n h`ryK eLl vN@N mN q? @mm h`r eLl m, v^Wy s h` ym j`kv` sA[`n amw kr N@N mN q? @mm |n X`g kr gw h# vN@N, sspt n`ykWvy @qn hwr vn j`w&Nwr@Y j`w&Nwr kv @l~k [@N|vr my sMbN[ v kr a# |@L;n p`qk kr gN y.

j`kv` y`m`Rg

"@k`MtR w`K;ny vR[ny m h` sMbN[ v py q\k @qk l [@N|vr p`qny l phl imhW pvRwn @l~k [@N|vr a`Rky a k pvRwnykt lKkr @B. aNwR j`k sAgw p#n n#m q @g~l pm`nv p`qny sA[`ny m q yW vrK 20 vn yv@S [nv`q@Y @KNy prSpry iSmWwt @gnW a#w. enM p`qn bl@VgyN@G a`@Vk vR[ny q s`rny q k`\ krNn` @l~k a`RkyW [@N|vr p`ln@Y h` Qgk @Q@p`@l pqnm j`k r`j& pQ[yW awr prSpr @r~[y . @mm sNw@Y a\y Wk`vn @Q\p`ln k`\ny vN@N j`k iqR\nyK mw pqnM E ym sA[`nvl > v#m . @s~yT sAgm@Y St#Nv` wNvl a#q v#m vn` avs`n h@Y "w r@T sm`jv`qy" b> j`kv` v#d@v@L bA@k`@l`W b@V k`\nyK y. e@S m [@N|vr rtvl v^Wy svlt kMkr# pN@Y sm`j wWvyN a`rK;` mt @n` h# m q `G[n@Y an p#nm p#tm s>h` @m`N @kN m sMbN[ m q sl krN@N s`rny vNn` j`k a`Rkyk pqn@M ӵvn lq sm`j sASkrn v#d@vlk > v#m ." (@g~ykrny sh j`w&Nwr kMkr# pNy - j`w&Nwr k@V k`\y, kMkr# m`vw ny.)

j`k a`Rkyk pqn@M ӵvn lq sASkrn v#d@vl p|c`W qk`n pRy`y > v# @l`v r` kMkr#vN n` y bs`[n ur` g#@N. sASkrn n` g#m mN kMkr# pNy l @qp` > lsspy, @k`py h` v^Wy s, sASkrn m`vw a@h~ mW smg [@N|vr sA[`n @ls aŽr`j&v`N R@Q\ krn h`r amw kr . kMkr# pN@Y h`r`Wmk argl h@V v`m @vS pl‰n nssp, v`@Qv n`n`yKk`r v#NnN kMkr# pNy Sv`nv sm`jv` v#d@vl yt@W sA[`ny m v#l#K@M arN y`Wmk vn [@N|vr nd bvt pWv a#w. f#STv` sA[`n @M wWv@Y v#@dn awr j@p aNwR j`k sAgwyNvl vd` wvW a`rK;kyN @ls ipW v a#w.

@mm sw& wWvy r# sM@Mlny l s`kCc` kl v a#w. a#N@Y q am#y l# n r# @Sv` v&vS}`v @p` @pr a`Nv lv` y`Wmk mt kt kl lAk` r# sAgmy a`N@V a[&`pn sASkrnvN eLl kr lbn h`ryN@G q @g`rK bvt r#vr#N h` ;&yN pW @M @y .

@M yLl krn awr aŽr`j&v`N N R@Qw, a`Nv N y`vt q#@mn h`r pr`jy @M nN [np a`Nvt blp$M q#@M g` y`m`RgyK q yyW vm`r l#@B. j`k r`j& smg b#Š gW [@N|vr my yt@W sASkrn s>h` stN v#n v^Wy s p`qny @g~ykrny @k`N@Q yt@W r$p@yN q aNwRgw@yN q bA@k`@l`W wWvykt a#q v# a#w. ls n`ykWv@Y ph`yt yN pvN@N @mm @@v;k pvRwny .

kMkr#vN@G h` r#vr#N@G On$m avm iLmK ur`gw h# vN@N [@N|vr my @prl` q#@M j`w&Nwr @l~p`y mw argly @mN pmn. ap e@S pvsn t l[ry r#vr#N@G e@nq` argly ssp aw hn bv pvs. ssp p#n nn ym arglyNt [@N|vr my @prl` q#@M sm`jv` @l~p`yN n`ykWvy sMp`qny kr. bA@k`@l`Wv a# v^Wy s m`v > kMkr# y`k` k yt@W kMkr# argl sA[`ny kr. r#vr#N@G v#P ihl qm`g#m a# y aN s>h` stN v#y W@W e@S y.

v#P my ˜b>v m`KS

e@hW a m`KS@G av[`rnyK y mwK kr @qN@nŸ

"@mm @@qk arglvl aNm &127;ly mK q yNn kMkr# pNy N a\@y~Kw kr gw n#w. wmN stN v#q N@N p`kvlt e@rv s em p`kvl @Hvlt e@rv @n` vn bv oN N amwk kr gw n#w. wmN krN@N phwt a#q v#m kL q#m s e \`v h` gmN mg, @vnS m @n` vn bv mwk wb`gw y. ...

"nk s`[`rn v#d s>h` s`[`rn v#pK yn wWv`rK;k a`Pwy @vvt kMkr#vN wm [j@Y @k`t` gw W@W "v#P my a@h~ m" nM Plvv` stN p`y ."

aq n a kMkr#vNt @m@S v#d@vl ipW kr.

"aN @M q ytW @M q s#bN m @y N@N nM, smSw wWvy m mN m pvRwny pvWn` w l kMkr# pNyt @pr @mN m "o@H kr @gn y` h# y" y` N@N y. [np pNy aW shnyN @n` @qnv` pmnK @n` @V. aw@Y lb` N y shn a`p ur` g#mt q wwnN . @m aR}y vN@N @Q\p`ln bly aLv` g#mt eLl @Q\p`ln arglyN tSwrv kMkr# pN@Y wWvyN a`rK;` mt s#b$ arglyK p#vy @n` h# bv y. `G[n@Y a`Žpw&yt q smSw sm`jy s`r` l`X @s`y` [np pNy krn [`vnyt q a@y~g @n` @k`t kMkr# pNyt m @qyK a`rK;` kr gw @n` h# y." (@g~ykrny sh j`w&Nwr kMkr# pNy - hj`j`k k`\y)

j`k |ny

@qml j`@Y j`wN aN whr# kl h#K@K u@RW, q@NW kMkr# pN@Y ekvN @g`dn#@gn / lAk`@V h` Ilm@Y sm`jv` sh`NvN pmnK bv a y` .

vRgv` k` @k`t` g#Mvlt ud@g @qNn` v^Wy s l[ry [np pNyt @qml j`@Y j`wN aN s‰y h#y yn m`y`v vr. a#w#@mK "SvyA-Rn ay" gw y q pvs. o ssp @lN@G "SvyA-Rn ay" b> stN p`y aw h#r a#w# q m# ng. kMkr# pN@Y sm`jv` PlvyN ar# &127;lyK h#yt pmnK m j`@Y j`wN aN s`K;`W kl h# y yn m`KSv` a`S}`nyt pth#v SvyA-Rn ay yn stN p`y o kMkr# pNy @Hq @M iLmK @ls ipW kr.

@lN SvyA-Rn ay yn stN p`y ipW k@L et vR[ny p#v @eh`k @k`N@Q yt@W @[y stN p`yK @ls y. @lN @m@S |n k@L yŸ

"SvX`v@yN m SvyA-Rny y@vN kt @qy g#n m`KSv` mR\nyK mt qrn On$m yWnyk m vn }m |n @my . em pq@yN vth` gw W@W mK q? @myt rK @sy W@W @Y [ "@p` sAkLpy" av skS krgW @@nk aR} r$pnyN q? e@S n#w@h`W ey @sy W@W j`k v&`p`r arXy` @eh`k-a`Rk a[&ynyN q?" (SvyA-Rny s>h` j`N s ay - @lN)

@lN SvyA-Rn yn stN p`y sm`jv` Plvyt e@rv kMkr# pNy v`Rk v @bq` @vN m s ipW kl yK @n` y. @n` rtvl wvmW [@N|vr my vR[ny @vN w yt@W v#dvsM myt e@rv @Q\p`ln vs@yN ek`bQ[w`v @g`dng` g#@M, [@N|vr my v#@M g uvmn`v mw @mm stN p`y ipW k@L y.

"@l~ky r`m v#dvsM myt e@rv [nv`q@Y avs`n jyhn@y k`l pC@Cqy, j`k v&`p`ryN smg b#Š p#v. @vl> X`Nd p`qn@Y Rn jyhny s>h` [np pNy N @Qy @vl> @p`l aLl` g l#y y. Ey X`;`vK kw` krn jyhnyN W @Q\p`lk vs@yN Ek`bQ[ @kr# p`ln @Q\ y awr em X`;`@V vt h` s`w&@y ey whr# mt b`[k vn yLl ivW kr q#y y."

wv rtW @lN @m@S pvsŸ

"m`KSv`N@G v#d@v@l s>hN j`N@G "SvyA-Rny" @qs @eh`k a`Rk q^ @k~nyN bln t e @Wr#m @Q\p`ln SvyA-Rny r`j& Sv`nWvy h` j`k r`j&yK ӵv`m s aN vK y @n` h# bv N aqhS @k@R."(SvyA-Rny s>h` j`N s ay - @lN)

@eh`k a`Rk sNqRXyk v#dvsM @bq` @vNmt e@rv @lN N SvyA-Rny nm# stN p`y ipW kr l#@V, @Q\p`ln vs@yN Ek`bQ[ @kr#n j`k r`j& ӵv`@M @k`N@Qy kMkr# pNk sm`jv` Plvy s>h` @prt y$@M @k`N@Q s#k@sn bv q @pNv` @q.

p`qny @g~ykrny @k`N@Q yt@W aq n SvyA-Rn ay yn stN p`y kMkr# pNk sm`jv` Plvyt pth#v j`N @bq` @vN krn v`Rk k` @k`t` g#M avn d` v#K s$@M uvmn`@vN ipW @V. @M nM kMkr# pNy @Xq kr aŽr`j&v` v#K bvt @mm @Q\ pW @M uvmn`v .

@mm y v`Rk @Hq @M uvmn`vNt pth#v r#vr#N@G h` kMkr# pN@Y aN n` g#m s>h` ssp @Q\p`ln @y~jn`v phw s>hN y`m`Rgy ipW kr a#wŸ

"qhS a[&`pn ay a`rK;` kr g#m s>h` q, r#vr#N a# kMkr#vN@G ߿y` h` @s aN a`rK;` kr g#m s>h` q @g`N a# a@nW ԫwyNt eLl vn h`r pr`jy m s>h` q, j`w&Nwr sm`jv` v#d@vl yt@W stN vn y`k` k @g`dn#y @V. qhS a[&`pn ay k g#mt r#--@qmVy y`k` k @g`dn#mt ls kWvy gw y.

kMkr#vN@G h` ԫwyN@G y aN jyhny kl h# @l~k sm`jv` Plv@Y @l~p`y yt@W, iN upmh`Qy sm`jv` sh`Nvk @k`tsK @ls, / lAk`v l / lAk`@V h` Ilm@Y sm`jv` sh`NvK @g`dn#m s>h` Ahl h` @qml kMkr# pNy Ek`bQ[ mtW, ԫw @g`N h` wr#nyN E vt` @plgSv` g#mtW stN vn bvt lAk` r# sAgm@Y @mm sM@Mlny \p} kr ."

@mm v#d@vl s`K;`W m s>h` Plvv` pK;@Y n`ykWvy aw&v\& @k a# awr r#vr#N sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y @g`dn#m s>h` Ek`bQ[ y y.


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