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@n~R@V @y~wy` eLI n`yky` h@v
n#vwW s`m s`kCc` n&`y pyt a#lW kr g#mt aWhq` b#mK

@J dyS
2000 @n`v#MbR 9

vsr 17k L Q[y avsN m s>h` / lAk`v l h` j`w&Nwrv ry ps @k @gn yn up`m`r#vl nv vtykt @y`@vN, / lAk`v s>h` @n~R@V @|; @y~w eK @s`LhM sh @qml IlM K @k` sA[`n@Y (eLI) n`yk @VL@L X`krN awr py s@Y s`kCc` p#W. vsr phkt p X`krN @Qy r`jwy h }m avS}`v @my .

eLI p`lny yt@W pvn vN @Q\@Y X`krN smg p#v @s`LhM@G s`kCc`v, @n~R@V, eLIy sh jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg N mN m rhgwv sA[`ny @k. @s`LhM, @n~R@Vy` w`n`p @j~N @vSTbRG sh @Q\ am`w&A\ l[` kRST @`MSdL smg plv vN hq`vt ayW @h@k`PtR y`nyW pv k`ryW hq` bl @Q\ hrh` vn`Nwry lt gmN k@L y. s`kCc`vNt eLI@Y @Q\p`ln aA\ n`yk wL @cLvM sh @j& s`m`k sNkR q shX` h.

@n`v#MbR pl@v q` p#v rhS s`kCc` b>v plv @hqrV k@L y lNdN k`Ry`ly hrh` eLIy .

eLI k`\nyt av nM s`m s`kCc` iyt y a#W@W q g#M sm}ykt pWkrN ur#-n#@gnr s`m`n& wWvy a# kl @h`W pmnK bv X`krN av[`rny @k`t a#w. "smwyK y# X`krN aqhS kr@Y sNnQ[ stN r`mykt elm, hq` y`k`rkM sh p`lny ivW kr g#m, a`Rk whA hl` g#m sh @qml jy l s`m`n& jnwy S}`w m" y@vN em v^W v`Rw`@v s>hN y.

@k`lxt p#n p#y @qkkt pv k#> v^W s`kCc`vk @s`LhM av[`rny k@L, s`kCc` s>h` eLI@Y Rv @k`N@Q ipW mkt vd` ymK X`krN smg s`kCc` @kr# bv . @k@S v q, v# Swr k`\ m K@p kl o @m@S p#v yŸ "q wWvy eLIy N qN@N mn a`k`ryN q, ot av s`m y`q`myK a`rMX m s>h` pvn avS}` ap N ukh` gw W@W @k@S q yn kr# sMbN[@yN X`krN mhw` y aqhS k`\ k@L y. eLIy b#r#M shgw bvW s`kCc` mN @mm |ny s>` g#mt unN bvW a |v`s kr" o y.

@s`LhM oS@l~ kr` a`p y`mt }m m`rAgt sh / lAk`@V iNy` mh@k`ms`S @g~p`lnN g`NŽt y s`kCc` sMbN[@yN sAKPw SwryK ipW k@L y. enm m`rAg iNy` agm# awL h` vJp` smg s`kCc` sMbN[@yN rk}n sAv`qyK p#v#W y. hq`v t pr`jyN gnn`vkt n @qN y`pn aR[Qpy m eLIy awt pW@M aQqrkt m p#y`K @S @p y`t pv, py m# m`s@Y , iNy`v s`m s`kCc` s>h` sh@y~gy q#Kmt @n~R@V smg eK y.

mN b# kl a# @vnSkM iw` @ls @p y. ym p`R|v@y~ @s`LhM@G sAc`ry b>v kt wqkr@gn . jn`Žpvy @h~ a#m mNdl@Y @vK @mm s`kCc`v sMbN[@yN Q[ k`\yK @M qKv` kr @n`m#w.

@p` @pr a`NvW smg pvWvn s`kCc`vl ilKky mK q yNn sMbN[@yN wm @KdryN l m a# y h# KPwX`vy smhN m s>h` eLI@Y lNdN k`\y v#@yN @y` a# bv @p@N. vsrkt vd` m$w enM py @qs#MbR jn`Žpvrny sm@Y , m`rAg, "@qml jny`@G nrkm hr`" @ls eLIy QŽ@Y k`\ kl awr mr`@gn m#@rn @b~Mbkr#v N a#y wK;yt pWmt q#r# w#w ps oN Nnt a#w# |v`s @k@r.

@M h` sm`n m @H s` m`rAg q wmN@G k`DpW wm pvt wq kr @gn @sLlM krn bv @p@N. rjy eLIy smg s`m s`kCc`vNt elmt yN@N y @k@rn @m`n m a#<mK @h~ Ahl aNwv` sA[`n sh @b_Q[ KN awN @n` v#l#Ky h# @ls m uNmWwk @r~[w` LlK p#nnAv a#w. @mm kNd`yM eLIy smg @m`n m sMykt @h~ r#Q[ vn awr Q[y Vr mK iLl` .

py s@Y hl ur#my pK;y sh jnw` K @prn (j@p) @n~@Vy` @y~wy`@G sAc`ryt e@r @vN. @n~R@V r`j&y eLIyt sh@y~gy qKvn bvtW rt @b@M a`y shwv / lAk`@V aX&Nwr |nvlt m#hW vn bvtW @c~qn` klh. hl ur#my @s~L@hM vh`m rN @nrm iLl` @Y y.

a@g~S l m`rAg, Q[yt s`kCc`my s‹mK s>h` pqnm skS kr g#@M eLly swv, v&vS}` sA@\~[n p#@KjyK p`R@MN@V sMmwkrv` g#mt uWs`h kl` y. bly @bq`h#@M p#@Kjy mN. kl`pvlt w Sv`nWvyK q`ny m mN Ahl, @qml sh SM [npyN awr bly @bq`g#@M @vlK bl`@p`@r`W @v. @qml j`yt @m`n yM @h~ shnyK s#lm "Ahl j`y" p`v`mK @ls slkn j@p sh hl ur#my a# a@nW S@v`Wwmv` v&`p`r @mm @y~jn`vyt e@rv q# @r~[w`vK yW klh.

@mm vsr l t m @p` @prn smg p#v#W Gg#n s`kCc`vN p#@Kjyt sh@y~gy pl kl q [`n pK;y vn eKsW j`k pK;y (a#N) bly @bq` h#@M @y~jn`vyt sh`y m avs`n @m`@h`@W K@p k@L y. av\& @nN @qkk bwry p`R@MN@vN lb`g#mt @n` h# bv @p y p @mm p#@Kjy iLl` aSkr gW jn`Žp m`rAg p`R@MN m#vrny yw k`lyt kN m k#>v` y.

m#vrnyt el@xN m`rAg k@L. Ahl S@v~Wwmv` @k`tSvlt agw @vN @b_Q[ vr[` n`ykWvy smg sp sb>w` a# rWn mn`yk a`m`w& ryt pW @k`t y`pny aR[Qpy l eLIyt e@rv hq` h`r m`l`vK yW m y. m#vrn uQ@{~;ny avs`n s@Y mn`yk @Vk` @qvnW k@L, @n~R@Vy` r`j&w`Nk y`vNt m sh@y~gyK @n` @qn bvW bly @b@M p#@Kjy p#Wwkt wL @k@r a# bvW k`\ kr. eLIy sh X`krN sl{`wny m s>h` Q[y Vr mt o k#>M k@L y. m`rAg, trt sAc`ryN pv p#n v&vS}` sA@\~[n @h~ m#hWkr#@v @ls @n~R@V r`j&y wv rtW shX`m mN K@p @n` krN v q y` @Y, h#m b`[kyK m @prl` qmN Q[y @prt @gn yn bv .

e@hW, oK@w~bR 10 q` cNq@Y @p` @prnt @h~ a#Nyt p#h# bwryK @Y n#w. @p` @prn @vnW pK; gnn`vK smg sM gs` av\& a`sn gnn sks` g#mt yNwM smW y. a`Rk sASkrn y`vyK @prt q#mt sh Q[yt s`kCc`my s‹mK kr` y`mt yM a`k`ryk "j`k Ek`bQ[w`" sN[`nyK S}`w krn @ls mh v&`p`k kNd`yM eLl krn dnyt @p` @prn sh a#Ny yn @qkm h a#w.

m#vrny avsN vnv`W smg m @Q\ a#m lKmN krg`mR, rtvL @qk awr r`j& w`Nk sb>w`vlt vsr 50K m s#mm s>h` y# y` N, @n~R@V bl` tW y. @M @m`@h`w vn t @n~R@Vy` a`rMXkWvy aL j`lyk p#t a#w# lAk`@V @p` jnw`vt krg`mR sh m`rAg k`\ klh. e@S v q X`krN smg @n~R@Vy` ng#m s>h` s#lM skS @kr#@N @mm @p_Qgk s`kCc`vl bv q#N p#h# y. m`rAg N, krg`mR aw @n~R@V rjyt yvn yk "@n~R@Vy` a`rMXkWvy sMbN[@yN / lAk` rj@Y unNv e@S m pv" y# s>hN kr n bv @k`lx p#v v^W s`kCc`@V @s`LhM whr# k@L y.

cNŒk` m`rAg@G e@nkt @n` p$@hn h` @gƒ pn pW mN @pNM @k@rN@N @mrt p`lk pN@Y m @HqyN y. @Q\ a`@y~jkyN a`kR\ny kr g#mt b`[kyK m, r`j& sMpW kMbS m sh q a`y` @Q\p`ln@Y m aS}`vrX`vy b> s`[kyK m yn k`rn`vN s`, Q[y avsN mt @p` @prn sh a#Ny Ek`bQ[ y`@vwK sks` gw bv kr` wL mt mh` v&`p`kyN@gN s#ly @k`tsK [`n blvN@G q bly swv @y @gn y. e@S v q @mm pK; @qk m Ahl S@v~Wwmv`q@Y krvtK n awr hl ur#my j@p v# aNw qKn`Ak pK; mN q` hn Ahl vRgv` dnyNt rr#v snm.

@k@S v q, n#vw vrK @p@nNnt a#W@W eLIy smg s`kCc`vK a`rMX mt a# avS}`vN m`rAg N slk` blN n bv y. e@S v a@g~S@V v&vS}` sA@\~[n hl` g#mt @p` @pr a`Nvt bl @k a# w l jn`Žpy iyt yN@N iw` pSsM shgwv y. Q[y sm}ykt pW m s>h` yK sMbN[@yN a#Ny smg s`kCc` gt m p#v#W@vn awr @s`LhM sh X`krN@G hv b> v pK;yt kL a#v q#M . a#N@Y sh@y~g@yN @w`rv, m`rAgt eLIy smg el@xn @m`n m @h~ ek<w`vK y`Wmk kl @n` h#k. @s`LhM@G sAc`ry sMbN[@yN a#N k`\k kr#n`@Sn @k`vK y aqhS qKv` @N @m@S yŸ "@mm agn` avS}`@vN @y~jn gN @mm |nyt @Q\p`ln s‹mK @s`y` g#m s>h` eLIy smg s`kCc` a`rMX mt q#N k`ly elx a#w."

a#Nyt kN q#M n q, @n~R@Vy` a`rMXkWvy b>v kN k`\yN kr y a`m`w&vry`t, o @myt r#Q[WvyK q#Kmt id a# @hN, m`rAg @M sMbN[@yN s>hN kr @n` n bvK qKnt a#w. @p_Qgk r$pv` @SvyK mN pvWvn lq sMš s`kCc`vk @n~R@Vy` s`kCc` b>v o@G mwy ms lv mn`ykt s`kCc`v p#v#W@vn bvt wm` q#n @n` bv g#mt bl@k.

hq`@V ihl m lyN@gN @k`tsK q wmNt vK q#M n# bv y` yh. py s aNw@Y sN@D tMS p@y @j& a`rK;k l[`@y@G aqhs @m@S qKv` . "@n~R@V hrh` eLIy smg nv s`kCc` b> m shgw v^Wy, a`rK;k hq`vN@G ihl l[`N l pmnK @n` v a@nW lyN l q s#lLlt @H a#w.... kN q#M mN @w`rv @kr# s`m s`kCc` b> vw oN@G Ww @@[Ry b> v h`kr blp$mN y."

[`n blyN @s`LhM-X`krN s`kCc` g#n s`qy pl@k`t a#w. w`n& mh@k`ms`S k`Ry`ly W kl @Vqn@y @m@S @v. "ev`kM nvw` qm` زk`n s`kCc`vNt el@xn @ls p`R|vyN @qkt m a blkr ." a#mk` w`n`p k`Ry`l@Y k`\k S@tf`N @h`L@GT @m@S ipW krŸ "ap kN s>hN kr a# p m, r@T y mhjny`@G @g_rvy sh a`rK;`v whr# vn p sh r@T Ek`bQ[w`v sh kl`pyN@G ekt b#‹n bv a`rK;` vn p @mm jnv`Rk aRqy s>h` vn s`kCc`my @Q\p`ln s‹mkt a sh@y~gy plkrN@n."

mh v&`p`kyN @y~jny krN, @vl> h` k`Rk mNdl@Y k`\k @m@S s>hN krŸ "eLI n`yky`@G (s`kCc` s>h` vn) q`nm g#n ap \As` kr. s`kCc`my s‹mkt o q unN y yNn aW bl`@p`@r`W a#krv. o@G a`S}`n@yN \Ky sh |v`sy a# krgN rjyW pK;yW e@lsm ym @Q\p`ln pK;W @Q\p`ln s‹mK ipW krN Q[y avsN mt @prt a` y."

aq`l @vnW

j`k ek sX`gyK @g`dngn @ls @y@qn dn@yN @p` @pr a`Nv @wr@p
2000 @n`v#MbR 21

m#vrny iSmW@W
/ lAk` jn`Žpy "ivryK @vNnm" Q[ krn bv @Vqny kr

2000 oK@w~bR 10

Q[y h` sm`j asm`nw`v avsN mt sm`jv` v#d@vlK
sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y m#vrn k`\y

2000 oK@w~bR 08

sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y mh m#vrnyt wr< kr
2000 oK@w~bR 08


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Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved

@n~Ry` s`m kw` g#n a#W@W @qy`vK
2000 m`R 23


e-mail.



Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved