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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : a#mk` mh`Qpy

@q~\`pc`r@Y t @k@l m#vrnyktŸ
j`wNv` aNt e@r mNn gtm

kRw^ mNdly
2000 @n`v#MbR 10

F@l`d` `Nw@Y q#v#Nw cNq ;mw` b>v s`K k‹g#@sQ jn`Žpvrn@Y jyhny k`\ @M  k>@R qdBbr yWny a#mk` jnw`v@G j`wNy aN b> e aNw av`v eqrV kr.

1998-1999 aNw qKn`A\y N @m@hyv lbn pBkN pK;y, @q~;`pc`ry sh L KNtN n X`gy hrh` jn`Žpvrn @qkk pl a@nK p#Ww h#rmt m`n b# y. q#N ey, pBkN jn`Žpvrn a@PK;ky`@G @s`@h`r` N p`lny kr lbn F@l`d` `Nw a`N@V y pp`lny @y`q`gN, k@~r -j`wNv` m mN 2000 m#vrny p#h#r g#mt v$yM krN .

@g~R jnw` cNqy v q, eKsW jnpq (ej) v&vS}`@V yL sh j`wNv` m#vrn q&`l pp`y yt@W jn`Žp wnrt pWm v#ly h# y yn kr#nt vd`, @my, rg yn kr#n. sw& vs@yN m q#nt, jnw` cNq@Y sh m#vrn q&`l yn @q@k m  pN g`t. avs`n@Y ot m#vrn q&`l jyhnyK l#@M avk`\y 271-267 v# cNq m`nyK mw, @k@l F@l`d` cNq@Y ply @k@r mN m r>` pv.

rn`Wmk F@l`d` bl@Q\yN qhS gnN @g~R wv`Nt cNq ay a @kr# bvt p#h# sh EW g#N@vn s`K;& @B. p`M C kN@Y , jn`Žp @v@vN vrK @vvt @qvrK r# @mN nrK cNq pk` 19,000kt a`sNn m`nyK avlA y; em kN@Y qhS gnnK cNq, em amvW cNq pk`v s`m, aNw qKn`Ak p#K k`nNt, v#r@mN p`C k#nŸ @v`y` kN@Y , @k`MtR @q~;yN @g~R@G cNq sAš&`@V h phl v#mK yŸ y` n`gk @Q\@Y sh `Nw@Y p$Nh#NDL `y @Q\@Y, cNq m[&S}`nvl k cNqq`ykyN b#h#r kr w#M sh yg#NM p#v.

m#vrn@yN yMwM n @qkK @g@vQ , @h`r cNq v&`p`ryt e@r l q#ntmW mhjn @r~[yK av` a#w. F@l`d` E a#ND eM N y gnnK -- [`n vs@yN k -- `Nw agvr vn wlh#@Y `Nw mNn \`l`@v @plp`yK sh v`l` g#mK p#v#Wh. p`MC kN@Y y gnnK v#mh @qV cNq q`yk@y~, e cNq n n n`tky @hl` q#mt eKh. y cNqy @sK @r~ k`nN @v@vN gnN g l#@bN m g#n @b`@h~ @qn` @k~py pl kl awr o n#vw cNqyK s>h` avS}`v iLl` yh.

p`MC pl @kwrM nM p#h#v eqrV q yW, `@Qy |cyk`r@yK an k@L, F@l`d` kN 67 m s>h` `Nw a`Nv an kl, @k`MtR sh cNq yNvN uN pL@lN @k@rn y mmK @vvt, @m cNq@yN cNqy y vrK aN anN mt y. hSpNq` svs F@l`d`@V pBkN r`j& @LkMvy N ey n#v#Wmt @pr, @mm mN kl y s#sŠm pv`, @G v# cNq m`ny, cNqy p`C kl h#t lK;yK aN, 225 qKv` k# @Y y.

p#h# @n` mn` y`vN h` eK v#@dn mhjn @r~[y mN, bq`q` @wK pvWv`@gn y p@rSsM shgw iyVv @vnS kr, F@l`d`@V cNqy b>v sMRn my a@y~gyK krn bv @Vqny mt @g~R k>r @plx y. F@l`d`@V y gnN Mvl aL @g~R@G av`kM @v@vN @p mt nM kl t r`j& @LkM @v`rN S@t~pR, p`MC m#vrny " @r~" y y` @Y y.

@pr n@Y `Nw@Y y jyhny k`\ m K@p kl @g~R@G m#vrn v&`p`r@Y sX`p yM d`, hSpNq` vW pW s`kCc`vk s>hN k@L, F@l`d`@V @mN m smSwyK @ls r@T q jnw` cNq@Y jy`hky` @g~R bv . "jny`@G k#m#Ww jy gw nM, aL @g~Rt F@l`d`@V jyhnyK lb` y awr, ap@G l< jn`Žp y " y d` p#v@Y It @m@S q eK krŸ "qhS gnnK F@l`d`vN j` a\K;w`vt lKm ap ih`s@Y @pr @n` r$ aK shgw @qyK @y~jny kr".

 k>@R sh pBkN pK;@Y a`rMXk c`ry @Y, wmN@G p#Ww oP mt uWs`h gNnv`t vd`, mw@Hqk` m#vrny b>v vgK n#v m y. @G a`[`rkr#@v~ F@l~d`@V y gnN kl pl W mt ym v`t p, o @v@vN oSN jy`hk yK p#v#Wmt s#lM klh. @tKs`S a`Nk`ry` a`Nv ӵ@M sAmk kNd`ymK @g`dn#m arxN sh @W pW jn`Žp @ls y }m v#d k`ly s#lM krN n bv o p#vh. @G m#vrn v&`p`r l[ryN @q`N evKS, k`L @r~V, k#rN S p`M C kN@Y cNq akw` b> v`Rw` b#h#r k@L, j`wN aN sMbN[v av`v p#h# krvn a`k`ry.

hSpNq` svS vn t, `Nw@yN kl y gnN @M @G v# cNq m`ny @qny qKv` Š yQ em k>@R p`R|y pb$mK r`vy y. jy` y avlA k#n, F@l`d`@V n#vw gnN @M l[`y` @ls nM @kr# @G @y~wy` t r`j& @LkM @JMS @bkR, a@Nv`k cNq w#l#h#yt l<`mt yw avsN ny vn, @n`v#MbR 17 vn q` vn r# m#vrn@Y ply q#n g#mt @n` h# v a#w# @V y. "jn`Žpvrny ... a#ntl`" y o gW@W y.

j`wNy av`kM b> |nyK

a#mk`@V sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y aL @g~R@G m#vrn v&`p`ryt sh@y~gy N@N n#w. @m`#K pK;y smg apt p$y @n` h# @Q\p`ln @vnSkM pv. e@S v, 2000 m#vrn ply b> argly l, j`wNv` av`kM sMbN[v l[Rm`Wmk |ny g#Bv @B.  k>@R aNw qKn`Ak @k`tSvlt ww& vs@yN m m#vrny @s`rkM kr g#mt id h#r kMkr# pNyt p#Wwkt bl` y @n` h#k.

i‹r#m k`rn`vN pvN@N, KNtNt e@r @q~;`pc`ry @G @M m Ev` @ls m y. mNnk` Žm @y`q` gN, a#mk` jnw`v@G j`wNv` NvK u yr# @M v$ymK mg e.

@q~;`pc`ry l cNq@yN @W pW jn`Žpvr@yt e@rv, @g`wn lq @c~qn` @gn Emt aNw qn, vAc`k` n hb sh Sv`n  mR\n @y~jnyt gW@W y. 1998 @k`Asy s>h` m#vrn@Y KNtN @r~ v&`p`ry @k@r p#r# mhjn @@vryt k`w @k k@lN, pBkN p`w @y~w mN mNdly @q~;`pc`ryt pK;v cNqy N@N y. qKn`A\y mhjn mwyt r @ls smCcL krN, [vl mNryt e@r oN@G a@™w @Q\p`lk h`ryt @prt @Y y.

 sh o@G pBkN @k`AS sh@y~kr#vN kw`kr@Y j`wN aN @k@R a\y av` shgw vn p`lk pN ihl @k`t@S S}ryK m @v@v. ont r`j& bl@Y ym EjN mw p`lny av\&v a#W@W, j`wNy aNt vKk`r @ls phr @qN iw`m g` Svr$p@Y sm`j pWN jnw`v mw p#tmt y; vWkM sh a`q`yM mw p#n a# y b a@h~ m, v&`p`r mw @fdrL p`ln blwl uv` q#m, sm`j a`rK;n, @s_š&`rK;n sh sm`j b s`[n v#dsthNvl iv a# mn @h~ @Q n`\ m y.

mhjn r#Q[Wvy @H@vN KNtNv q#mt @q~;`pc`ry asmW nW, @m`#Kvr#N@G vtkm sh [vl mNry l "Ak apc`ryK" b>v m`[& q` hl mNmWk` m@h~gy @H@vN @mm qKn`Ak v&`y`m@Y @Q\p`ln v#qgWkm b>v L v p#r# KPw X`vyK p#v. jn`Žp cNqy b>v q#N vR[ny vn argly l @Q\p`ln @plg#Sm vd` p#h#v sh vd` ph@vN mhjnw`vt @p y.

F@l`d` cNq mgyt  k>@R  c`ry, "@v`Atn@Y a#n@k`t` g#M avsN m" b> o@G smSw m#vrn v&`p`r kv`r#@V vAc`v y` p`. pK; q @g~T avsN krnv` @vvt , qs qhS gnN @m`#K cNqq`ykyN@G cNq ay uLlA{ny m mw pqnM v jyhny k`w krN, @M k` @k`t` g#m n`tk`k`rv uWsNn mk y# .

vAc`k` cNqyN  [vl mNry l l#Ggm y, a#mk` jnw`v mw oN@G k#m#Wwt N a`NvK p#tm. F@l`d`@V @~d`vt a# ekm av&`j j`wNv` s‹m nM, mw@Hq`Wmk bl @Q\ s>h` sMRn, y cNqy iLl` m y.

@m`#Kvr#N sMbN[@yN nM, k j`wNy aNt eLl @k@rn @mm h`ryt e@rv stN m s>h` vW aL @g~R sh sm`gm mw |v`sy ‰y @n` y. @m`#Kvr# @q~;`pc`ry smg stN k@L qN v#@gn vn awr m#vrny l o w`mw` m em kr# ytpW k@l~ y. @mmN, avsN plvl spX`vyt @kN m sh@y~ o qKn`A\yt y avS}`vK p`q` Nh. avs`n@Y KNtN, @g~R sh @m`#K pK; sAS}`w@Y g#„r#m jNm iv mN E h#m @m@hy@N mhjny`t @h`r rh@S pBkNvr#N smg Nw sMyK eklS kr g#m kr` y. m#vrny avs`n@Y @g~R jn`ŽpmK v q Ek`Nw k`rny v@Y, S k`mr g@qv, j`wNy av`kMvlt sh kMkr# pN@Y sm`j uvmn`kMvlt blvW @S anR}k` wWvyK uQgw kr a#w yNn .

yLlt mW vd` vRwm`n aRqy, avs`n |@L;n@Y @pNM krN@N, a#mk` j`wNv`q@Y @h@lWw` SvX`vy y yNn vth` gw y. plv @q~;pc`r aRq@Y sh q#N @kl m#vrn@Y k`\ sMq`y`l j`wNv` y`m kd` v#m a#mk` sm`j@Y v# pvWn` a q#v#Nw @bM sh a`wN ġ„ kr. m#vrny @s`r` g#m s>h` pBkNvr#N qrn vRwm`n yWnyNt kMkr#vN r#Q[m rn`Wmk vn awr m, j`wNy aNt wRjny n# eN@N [nv` sm`j@Y aRq@yN bv q oN EW gw y. jnghn@Y yyt @qkK aw j`@Y [n@yN adkt a`sNn m`nyK sA@KNny @bn sm`j v&hyK swv, Smy qnvn sh @eh`kv @n` r$ mTt@M sm`j asm`nw`vK pvn rtk, j`wNy r$p@Y p`lny ز klK @n` n# pv n#w. g h#@rn M oP krN@N, j`wNv` sh sm`jv` y`m`RgyK mw kMkr# pN@Y, av&`j Sv`n @Q\p`ln v&`p`ryk h av\&w`v .

aq`l @vnW

a#mk` m#vrn Nv us`y awt pW @k@rn awr s#b$ |ny iSm @VŸ
cNqy @M ay q n#w@h`W bl @k`Lly q

2000 @qs#MbR 05

a#mk` jn`Žpvrn avsN v`qy sh iN anr#v
@g~R wr<`vs`ny kr` g`tN y

2000 @n`v#MbR 14

a#mk` m#vrnyŸ
av`kM pnwt e@r bRm`N@G Q[ Q[y

2000 oK@w~bR 20

aL @g~R aN @s`y` gW jnw`v`qyŸ
a#Ttn` sAS}`vK plL pN vryt n @q

2000 oK@w~bR 18

@j~RJ dBV. Ÿ a@PK;ky` aO @ls
2000 a@g~S 23


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