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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n: iNy` up-mh`Qpy

nv a`rK;k yvr vkry s#b$ q kl`pyK kr

@K. rWn`yk
2001 jnv` 19

py m`s @qk S@S, @p` @pr a`Nv, @qml @W v kMkr#vN 200,000kt aŽk sAš&`vK vW vn vrey SKky l a`rK;k Ž[`n @ls uWsNn kr @B. ur# h` n#@gnr pl`Wvl q kl`p@Y bl pvWvn Ž[`nvlt s#b#Nm sm`n y`pA M h` @s a`rK;k @s~ yvr smg nv hq` k>r# ӵv l#@B.

* wlvk#@L aWh#r qmn lq @W kMhlk hq` k>rK ӵv l#b a#w. 50k pmn Xt kNd`ymK eyt aKw @k`t @bn awr o @Q\@Y pw` r` r sAc`ryN @y@q. 1986 , hq`v em S}`n@Y m, k>rK ӵ nW @s`Lq`v N @Q\@Y @qml wr#yk ;ny kr l#@mN pv p#nn# mhjn @r~[@yN anr#v ey ivW krg#mt bl @kr#.

h#tN t @l~ tR 6K N ӵ k`SLݵ, kN hq` r@p`lK pmnK p#v S}`nyk @s`Lq`vN 25K sw wvW hq` k>rK ӵv l#b a#w. e@mN m, @p`y h#tN ngr@Y XtyN 25k@gN smNw @k`m`N@d~ EkkyK v^w kr @B. @p`S @k`m`N@d~ XtyNt t v lb` a# awr oN @y`q` g#@nN@N, "h avS}`vN" y. a@nK t k>r# vrey SKky l m @b`gvNwl`v h` mS@ky @Q\vl ӵmt yw y.

* vkry l @|; y`pA myK q whr# mt yw y. @qs#MbR ag X`g@Y , @p`y mhvr asl glh @Q\@Y v v^Wy s n`ykyN@G SmK k#>v`, s$m plK m p@L eK eK s`m`kyN@G nM sw sh c`y`r$pyK wm v`svl qR\ny kl y ont q#M . p@L s`m`kyN@G Qgk c`y`r$p smg em sh c`y`r$p@Y tpwK @p`yt X`ry y.

q#N pvn yt av, / lAk`@V vys ar# 18t v# s$m rv#ym j`k h#‹MpwK @gn y` y. e@hW @p` @pr@N [`n @LkM .. jyrWn y vs@R @Vqny kl p, a`Nv mhvr SKk@Y gM@p`l, n`vly, glh h` @q`@l`Sb`@G @Q\ s>h` q vrey SKk@Y hrN@kw s>h` q @|; h#‹MpwK h‹Nv` @q a#w. nv h#‹Mp@W |w arn p#h# n#w, e@hW u@R y`pn aR[Qpy l ty, @Q\y lt h` iN twt mhjn gmn`gmny m` m s @|; h#‹MpW my @y`q` g.

* vkry r` a`rK;k hq` aŽ r#@vN wb` a#w. h#tN ngr@Y S}`ngw kr @bn @p`S @k`m`N@d~ Ekk@Y @k`tsK @m`@hwk q#MmN @yqy h# vn p K r}yk q`nMv . @p`S kNd`yM q#N h#tN h` wlvk#@L @Q\vl klbl sw y y lbn S}`nvl pw` r sAc`rvl @y@q. @k`lx-h#tN mh` m`Rg@Y @s~ r @p`lvL \KmW kr l#b y v`hn, mN sh oN@G gmN m m`lv @s~yt lK @k@R.

nv wqbl a`rK;k Ž[`n y`vt q#@mN@N, py oK@w~br@Y ‹v#v nr#W}`pn k>@R @qml >yN 29K M@LCc @ls {`wny kr l#@mN @k~pyt pW v kMkr#vN@G @r~[w` v&`p`rvN anr#v y. Ahl m#r ndyK k>rt kd` v#Š >yN m`lv kp` @k`t` mr` q#y. m#ryN m[&S}`nyt kd` vn t @p`y @s`LmNv bl` awr pl` y`mt uWs`h kl >yN gnn`vkt m @v h`r q eLl k@Ly. {`wn b> vw q#ngW kl vkry l @mN m ur# h` n#@gnr pl`Wvl q @plp` h` vRjn p#nn#.

vrey SKky @r~[w` v&`p`rvl m[&S}`ny y. {`wnyt lK >yN awr, vrey SKky m[&@Y ӵ @k`tgl @Q\@Y 41 h# @wqr# @yK q y. SKky r` qs qhS sAš&`w v kMkr#@v~ E @h~ @M a`k`r @r~[w` v&`p`rvl -- @k` esm, @plp` q#KM h` vRjn -- @yn`h. hRw`lyK k#>m s>h` q iLM m @kr#. b#nR sh @p~StR "‹v#v {`wn @hl` q", "@qml jn {`wny nwr kr" sh "mr# a`Nvt e@r v" v# stN p`vN Kw y.

Ahl S@v~Wwmv` kNd`yM sh a`rK;k hq` cNd @ls c`r q#Kh. wlvk#@L, @k`tgl, vtvl, vt@g`d h` gW@Hn @Q\vl p#v @plp` @p`@Y h` hq`@V sh`y lq Ahl aNwv` m#ryN@G vRgv` gRg`vNt, @k~pkrnyNt h` \`k h`rvlt lK y. @p`y @r~[w`kr#vN aW adAvt gW awr @vN @vN QN gnn`vk hy @q@n {`wny klh. @qml wr#nyN eyt c`r q#K kl vRgv` kL @qml jny`t ayW kds`P @k`LlkN h` wbN klhk` @ls h#r#nh.

iN pv aW adAvt g#M LlK a#r„ awr ey nwr @kr#@N, @b`gvNwl`v vy`@Y NSN @k`t@S kMkr#vN v#d vRjnyk @ym m. oN vRjny k@L, @Q\@Y @p`S aŽk`vry` wm` i@Y @p n @ls kMkr#vN 27K @vw ipW kr @y~gyK ivW kr gNn` @ls iLl. @p`y avs`n@Y em l#Sv ivW kr gW n @vnW kMkr#vN 68K mskt aŽk k`lyK aW adA@V wb` g.

hl ur#my v# Ahl S@v`Wwmv` pK;, a`Nv vkr@Y n Ahl jnw`v a`rK;` kl y iLl` m s>h` @mm @n`sNN wWvy d#h# gWh. hl ur#my, "k‹rt AhlyN sl {`wny" mt "Swv`N" s#r@sn bv y`p`n k`\n W krN h` @p~StR qR\ny krN q em @Q\vlt hq`v @y`qvn @ls iLl` N q ašNd vRgv` uQ@{~;nyK @gn@g`S @B.

@k`lx jnm`[& -- a`Nvt ayW h` Qgk yn @qaA\y m -- em @Wm`v hk d#h#g. o, eLIy vkry ‰N a#w# y`p`N, m`s gnn`vK S@S, vd` wqbl a`rK;k Ž[`n s>h` uQ@{~;nyk @y .

@W sh rbR vvl v#d m s w`n& wv`N N q iNy`@V @gNv l# @qml jny` ز klK S@S Ahl @Q\p`lnyN@G h`ryNt ilKkyKv @B. 1948 , qh@sN mq klkt p, a#N a`Nv, v kMkr#vN@G rv# ay a@h~ k@L oN tSwryN bv k`\ kr. 1964 , / lAk` qhS pK; a`Nv iNy` a`Nv smg mK aWsN @k`t v kMkr#vN kNd`ymkt rv# ay N@N, lK; gnnK kMkr#vN iNy`vt v`hL kr. / lAk`@V v kMkr#vN 84,000kt wvmW rv# ay n#w# wK@Sr# @k@R.

@s @qml jny` @mNm v kMkr#vN h` oN@G pL q m`l @vnSkM M aW> a# awr oN vW vN@N q qr# a`rK;k wNyK yt@W y. s$m mskt m vrK aW @k@rn h @rl`, @p`yt h` hq`vt L blwl lb` @qN, py q\k @q@kN v# klK S@S bl`Wmkv pv. @b`@h~ @sN @qml wr#nyN y gnnK m@W aW adAvt @gn ‹v#v >M m[&S}`ny v# k>r# l n X`gvN @w`rv "eLI s#kkr#vN" @ls m`s h` vsr gnn`vK S@S r>v`@gn . k j`wN aN a kr l#m, ihl ߿y` q mTtM smg Ek`bQ[v, @p` @pr a`Nvt e@r Lv p#r# amn`py h` @@vry av` @B. @mm a`Nv 1994 }m vw`vt blyt p#@Y, r@T ز k`n L Q[y avsN krn bvt h` vn mTtM v# krn bvt S @p`@r`N swv y.

‹v#v jn {`wnyt @qml kMkr#vN q#K c`ry @k`lx @Q\p`ln sAS}`wy p#h#vm @s`lv`y. a v#P h` @hn @k`N@Q arXy` v kMkr#vN E vn tW [`n vRjn @qkk y# -- ekK, y vRjn h` mhjn SM mw a`Nv pnv` whA @n`wk` m# ms p#v vRjny vn awr @qv#Nn p#v@Y s#Pw#Mbr@Y y. @qv#Nn p#n n#@N, a`Nv N y Qgk aA\@Y kMkr#vNt R@Q\ krn lq v#P v# M @gm v yN K@p mt e@rv y.

@qml >yN {`wny sMbN[@yN @r~[w` K;k a`Rk iLM b>v uWk @n` nW Ev` a`rMX@Y ptN m a`Nvt h` a`rK;k hqvNt e@rv eLl @kr# @Q\p`lk SvX`vyK q#y. v svlt -- k‹rt mhjn @prn h` dBV `@Qy n`ykyN -- @qy`@vN v v q uQ@{~;nyt sh`y mt bl mt wrM v kMkr#vN awr p#v @mm h#M blg y.

nv a`rK;k yNn@Y eLly vN@N, v kMkr#vN h#ryt lK m h` yg#Nm uWsNn m. aR}X` kr#nK nM, @r~[w` v&`p`rvN anr#v, dBVy h` k‹rt @prn, hq`v h` @p`y Ahl vRgv`N@gN @qml jny` a`rK;` kr a#w# wRk krN, a`rK;k Ž[`n gNn` @ls kMkr#vN g#Nm. @r~[w` v&`p`ry l aW adAvt g#, p`R@MN mN h` k‹rt @pr@N n`yk . cN@SkrN, wv yvrK i‰yt wb`, @plp`vlt sMbN[ kMkr#vN @k` kr g#@m l` @p`yt wm sh@y~gy q`ny kr @B.

‹v#v jn {`wn@yN anr#v, a`Nv h` m`[&, @qml >yN {`wnyt Ahl m#r ndyK "@k~p m" sMbN[@yN eLI@Y "s#< hSwyt" @q`S p#vr$h. em s`hk y`vt e@rv v kMkr#vN @r~[y q#K kl ey slkn lQ@Q, -- a`rK;k hq` sh Ahl m#ryN @r~[w` qKvNnt phr @qQ pv` -- klbl a#lmt uWs`h krn "eLI uQ@{~;kyN@G" v#d @ls y. vkr@Y hq` k>r# ӵm sh nv a`rK;k @s~ Ž[`n p#nm pN q em g` wRkny m pv.

aq`l @vnW

sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y h#tN v wr#nyN hy @qn` qhS krn @ls wm k#>m aW kr
2001 jnv` 23

@qml >yN {`wn@yN anr#v
/ lAk` @p`y sh hq`v @qml v kMkr#vNt e@rv q# yvr g

2000 @n`v#MbR 17

@qml >yN @q@qn`@G mrn pK;nvl vgvWwN @hqrV @n`@V
2000
m# 06

kwr bN[n`g`r@Y phr@mN @qml rkr#vN @q@q@nK y y
2000 jnv` 15

m`s 19K n q#mN @w`rv aW adA@V r>v` w#mt r#Q[v v kMkr# wr#n@y~ mr`Nk upv`syK mt y
2000 jnv` 15


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