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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

p`lk @p` @prn wr a`NvK bvt pW@v

@K. rWn`yk
2001 26

p`lk sX`g@yN eK pK;yK ivWm s` @p` @pr a`Nv mNN 225K a# p`R@MN@V a`sn 109 wr a`NvK bvt pWv @Q\p`ln ylk p#t . pK;@Y a#Ny 21 n |v`s XAg @y~jn`vK p`R@MNvt @gn E@mN q#N @p` @prnW a#NyW wm L wr kr g#mt w#W krn @Q\p`lk aX&Nwr k`@k`t` g#Mvl sh up`m`r#vl s gnnK a#r a#w.

jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg py bq`q` / lAk` SM @k`AS n`yk r`F hMv k#@nT@vN pNn` q#@mN a`N@V @k`tS l @Q\p`ln aRqy iSmWwt @gn a`v` y. SM @k`Ns@Y sh e sA[`nyK vn j`k sm sN[`n@Y (eNE) s`m`k@y~, pK;y sh e n`yky` avm`nyt pW kr a#w# pvsN a`N@V y wnr#vN ivW h. enm hM sh wvW @k`Ns@Y mNvr# hy@q@n r#Q[ pK;@Y v` a#Ny smg mK aWsN kr a#w. eNE n`k` @fyL arF a#@G a#m wnN ivWv q, "@M, a`Nv @prl` q#mt avS}`v @n` @V" y pvsN hM smg r#Q[ pK;@Y aN g#mt eK v` y. @k`Nsy l @HqyK l`rMX krN a#y sh a#@G sg@y~ p`lk a`N@V @k`tsK @ls Š . @snr`q` @k`NS n`ykWvy a@r`Ft a`N@vN ivWmt @h~ ny`l y`vNt n mt @h~ p#y 72k avsN k`lyK lb` Nh.

"s`̵k vgm" >@hm sh "a`Nvt, rtt sh j`k smyt h`kr y`k`rkM sh a`kLp" b>v hM @nrp` h#@mN nkt pv m`rAg ot @c~qn` n#v` y. @k`Nsy sh @p` @pr@N [`n @k`tSkr# vn m`rAg@G / lAk` qhS pK;y (/lpy) awr sb>w` s gnn`vK S@S @b`@h~ @S a`w shgw y.

py a@™L ms m`vn#Ll ngr@Y SMvr#Nt vRgv` h`ryK eLl k@L y# a`N@V a#mvry vn mp`l @HrWt sh o@G m#ryNt @c~qn` eLl@mN anr#v awN Vr y. ew#N t hM, pK;@Y a#Ny smg v^w s`kCc` p#v#W awr lAk`@V n#@gnr SMvr# s>h` nv pp`ln SKkyK s>h` @k`NS iLm @prt qmNnt y.

hM sh o@G sgyN ivW@mN, 1948 qhs l#@mN anr#v @qvn vw`vt lAk`@V wr a`NvK a#kr y. vRwm`n aRqy N mK m E q p#h# n#w. @p` @prnt wv rtW p`R@MNv l bwryK n# nW, a`sn 89K pmnK a#Nyt wm |v`sXAg @y~jn`v sMmw kr g#mt s$@hn wrM sh@y~gyK Skr gw h# @V q yNn a|w y.

a#Nyt |v`sXAg @y~jn`v s>h` @qml pK; nk -- d eKsW K @prn (eLeF), @qml Il`M K sA[`ny (@t@l~) sh smSw lAk` @qml sAgmy (E) -- bly @B. e@hW @mm pK; smg pv` @bN@N @p` @prn s a`sn 109 iKmv` @n` yn a`sn 97K pm. /l@k` n`yk hM r#Q[ pK;yt eK a# aw@R m, |v`sXAg @y~jn`vt sh`y m o q#nt b#h#r kr a#w.

k`rn` wvW aL krN, am`w& @HrWt e@rv m`vn#Ll cNdk`Wvy l o@G y`kl`py b>v wvW |v`sXAg @y~jn`vkt sh jn`Žpy@G spS}y vn agr# srW eN q Lv`t e@rv r#Q[ pK; skS kl @q~;`@y~gykt q a`Nv n . py r`q` m`rAg "a`Nv \KmW m s>h` apt wvmW blvW kLp m`Rg @B" y pvsN ewr nK @pNv` y. @k@S @vwW a#y @mm "kLp" mŽ @m`nv# q# Swr k@L n#w.

q#nt @vN @bn @Q\p`ln up`m`r#vlt uqVv s m`rAg @Q\gwv a#mvr# @q@q@n -- n`gk sAvR[n a#m mAgl smrr sh /lp mh@LkM eS.. s`n`yk -- y k#>v` y. a#y py r`q` @k`NS n`yk hMt s`kCc` s>h` a#rM kl q o ey ivw q# y.

j@p smg s`kCc`

p`R@MNv l a`N h` pK; sAš&`vN@G adm`n ln@Y plyK @ls mNvr# 10@q@n n Ahl aNwv` jnw` K @pr@N y`kl`py rn`Wmk bvt pWv a#w. ag @p` @pr mh @LkM .. jyrWn "vRwm`n @Q\p`ln wWvy b>v s`kCc`vK" y Swr krN j@p n`ykWvy ms` @Y y. a#N n`ykyN q j@p n g# n s`kCc` gmnykt @y` @n` y. /lpy sh a#Ny ek sm`n @Q\p`ln uX@w~@k~kykt n . eK awN, pK; @qkm vn l g#„r# vn a`Rk sh sm`j aRqyK Rm`ny kl r@T G g# L Q[yt s`kCc`my m`vK l<` kr g#@M m`Rg @s`y` gNn` @ls [`n blvN sh mh` v&`p`kyN eLl krn blp$mt yt . a@nK awt @bMv` eLIyt @h~ @k`Nsyt @h~ eLeF v# a@nW "wr" pK;vlt @qn shnyk yM @h~ i yK a#WnM ey @mm pK;vl Ahl aNwv` p@pl @k`tS awr sh j@p v# pK;vl kRk; @r~[w`vK av`Ry@yN m avnv` a#w.

a#Ny |v`sXAgy s>h` @k`Ns@Y mNvr# smg ek<Wvykt l<` mW @qml pK;vl sh@y~gy lb` mW j@p l {R;nyNt @Hk`rk @B. s aNw@Y , |v`sXAg @y~jn`v b>v y a`kLpy rL kr g#@M v$ymk @y j@p plL m[&m k`rk sX` SmK p#vW y. a#Ny wr pK;vlt "ytWm" pK;y s#lLlt b‹N kl vg j@p c`rk @LkM mL rvA\ Sm b>v Swr krN k`\ k@L y. @Vqny kl ekm Nv @Y avsN rny g#m j@p p`R@MN kNd`ymt N mt id hl bv y.

r`j& p`w m`[& hrh`, #aNy, eLI@Y whnm ivW mt @t@l~vt @p`@r`N @Y y# v`Rw` krN a`Nv j@pyt |w imgK skS kr. s`kCc` a`rMX kr s vn eLI iLMvN ekK vn whnm ivW m a`Nv l K@p k@L y. r`j& m`[& "mh` p`v`mk" rwm b>v a#Ny @hl`q s v`Rw` k`\y vh`m d#h# gW@W y.

avS}`v` lAk` smsm`j pK;@Y (lssp) n`yky` aŽkrn a#m b# r@k~N s aNw@Y j`k r$pv`@Y @p N em @Wm`v m @prt a#Q@Q y. s$m mskm p`R@MN am#@Y `v av\& a`N@V mr# h @rl` avr mt pK;y y v# cNq sAš&`v up@y~ kr g a#w# o anr# h#@<V@V y. pK;y evN yvrK gw@h`W ey eLI whnm ivW mK h` sm`n v a#w# o p#v y.

j@p mw r>` @M m`rAg@G yM @h~ v$ymK g#tXw y. e sh@y~gy lb` g#mt @gy l v a#W@W eLIyt e@r Q[y vd` a`mnv @gn y`m y. enM, ey vRwm`n @Q\p`ln aL j`ly b>v q#ntmW ssl n p`lk pN@Y v#qgW @k`tsK sr# kr g#@M gmn.

eLIy smg s`kCc` b>v shk v sW j`a a`Rk v&hgw @M n&`y py y`vt q#m s>h`W j`k sm@Y a`NvK ӵv s /lpyt sh a#Nyt, mh` v&`p`k @k`tSvN @k@rn blp$m ihl yN pv. alND vW pw evN a`Nvk av\&w`v @h~ a wr@M [`n pK;vl ek<w`vK @h~ g#n py @snr`q` kv#@Y y yW pvs` .

a`N@V @j& am`w&vry vn mh`c`Ry .eL. S q a`Nv sh pK;y eKsW@M av\&w`v rn`Wmkv a#< y. py s@Y p`R@MN@V o "@M r@T q#@vn |n a# @tk [`n pK;vlt ekt ek mt b# mNq? #v`Nwgw@M sh g#Mk`@M sMq`y@yN ivWmt @n` h# mNq?" y@vN wmN@gN ihl @p@L v^WkyN msn bv p#v y.

py r`q` m`rAg sh a#N n`yk mAh agm# rWn mn`yk kkM kl, @Q\ a#m lKmN krg`mR q shX` hvk p#y @qkk s`kCc`vK p#vW y. @mm ihl mTt@M s`kCc`, @p@nn h#yt nM, eLIy smg kw`bht a#N sh`y lb` g#m s y. mAh eLIy smg s`kCc` pK; @Q\p`ln@yN "@vNv" w#mt @p`@r`N y.

@Q\p`ln aRqy s gnn`vK n#w@h`W m`s gnn`vK a#Q y` h#k. a#Ny |v`sXAg @y~jn`v @gn Emt v$yM qr a# nW ey lbn m`sy vn r#W v`qyt g#mt ywv n#w. a`Nv pr`q v q p#h# s‹mK @n` pv @vnm @WpWv` q [`yk blwl qrNn` q m`rAg smg wrKmkt @y`@vN wmN@G a`NvK ӵmt a#Ny v$yM mt id a#w.

a#Nyt a`NvK ӵmt @n` h# v @h`W jn`Žpyt nv m#vrnyK k#>mt v a#w. e@hW p`R@MN cNqy p#vW@Y py oK@w~br@Y vn @hN m`rAgt @mm oK@w~bry vn r# p`R@MNv r#v` h#y @n` h#k. cNqykt jnv` vn r# mt v a#w. evN @Q\p`ln pK;{`wyK p`lk pNyt iy @n` h#k.

aq`l @vnW

@Q\p`ln md vrK
/ lAk` a`Nv |v`s XAg @y~jn` @qkkt h` @q~;`@y~gykt n @q

2001 10

l& arql brpwl @vl> @p`l sASkrn @w`gyK y`vt qmn @ls / lAk` a`Nvt bl kr
2001 06

a`Nv eLI whnm ivW @n`@mN s`m s`kCc` gmn r@V
2001 19

mh` q pr`jyN anr#v
lAk` a`Nv s`m s`kC
c` n#vwW n&`y pyt a# kr

2001 15


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