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EDS iNy`@V b#r#M @s_š& g#tvK bvt pW@v

p`L jy@Skr
2001 m# 4

EDS iNy`@V [`n @s_š& aRqyK bvt @yN pW @vN @bn awr a`Nv E b>v w a`k`ryN vW kt m a`rMX kr a#v` pm. @r~g@Y s#b$ pm`v h` e blp$m hh# @n`qNn` n [ wK@Sr# vsrkt em @r~gy s` vn mrn sAš&`v ilKkM hyk mTt@M wb. @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@Y (dBVeC‚) k`\nyK vn Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (eCaEDS sh Akv @b~vn a`s`qn b> vsAgw q&`Wmk qWw @Lšny) (2000 nkrny kl) wK@Sr# @k`t a#W@W, 1999 vsr l ert EDS @r~g@yN v#yN h` lN 310,000k a \`l sAš&`vK y y bv.

iNy`@V @s_š& @qp`Rw@MNv N m`R 20 q` W krn lq nvwm sAš&` @Lšnvlt av, vsr 2000 eCa a`s`qnyt lKv a#w# |v`s @kr# v#yN sAš&`v yn 3.86K y. eNEDS a`ywny, 1998 ag iNy`@V jny`@gN yn 5K eCa a`s`wv bvt wK@Sr# kl awr @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@Y wK@Sr#v yn 4. @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@Y sAš&`v \wyK @ls gw @h`W, jnghn@yN yyt 0.4K q v# jnghn@yN yyt 0.7K q eCa a`s`wv . @mm ap`wy yyt 1t vd` a v q eCa a`s`w jny`@G m`ny m smSw sAš&`@vN gW kl iNy`v q ak`vt pmnK @qv# kr. iNy`v q#N @l~k@Y eCa a`s`w jny`@gN yyt 12kt vhn bvt pWv a#w.

@r~gy b>v @p`@V pvWn` @n`q#vWkm, sASk^k whA h` @s s`[k @H @k`t@gn a# brpwl a mTt@M v`Rw`krn@Y plyK @ls, h‹n`gW eCa a`s`wyN sAš&`v s`@PK;v a agyk pv. a`N@V j`k EDS p`ln sA[`nyt (n#@k~) av, 1986 t 2001 @pbrv` qKv` v`Rw`gw a`s`wyN sAš&`v yNwM 19,115. "eCa a`s`qnyN b>v brpwl a mTt@M v`Rw`krnyK" pvWn` bv p#h# krN n#@k~ em qWw Q[ m nwr k@Ly. eb#N em qWwyNt a#W@W w vn`km.

n#@k~ N @kr# pK; a[&ynyN mN @r~g@Y p#m sMbN[@yN Xy`nk wWvyK an`vrny @V. vsr phk k`lyK l btr iNy`@V @b`Mb`@Y v`j Ak @Sk`vN awr eCa a`s`qn mTtm yyt 1 t yyt 51 qKv` q Is`n g mR `Nw@Y mW v& X`w`krNnN awr yyt 1 t yyt 55.8 qKv` q ihl @g`S @B. q iNy`@V wLn`@V vr K r} yrN awr yNwM vsr @qkk k`lyK l a`s`qn mTtm yyt 2.7 t yyt 5 qKv` ihl n#G@Gy.

iNy`v l EDS p#m b>v uWkv n, eKsW jnpq@Y @l`S a#l@m`S j`k pR@Y;n`g`r@Y n&k @X_k q&`y vn a`c`R& r`jN Pw`, v&snyK htg#m b>v anr# a#<yŸ "eCa a`s`w QglyN sAš&`v b> vWmN wWv`rK;k wK@Sr# (1998 ag iNy`@V eCa a`s`wyN yn 5K bv eNEDS wK@Sr# kr) s#l kl sh s$m vsrk 2-3k k`lyk em sAš&`v @qn @V yN@nN aqhS @k@rN@N, em sAš&`v 2007 vn t yn 50K q 2010 vn t yn 100K q vn bv. @M vn` N 10kt eK a@y, enM s`m`n& agy gW kl s$m plkm eK a@yK b#. e@mN m av@b~[ kr g#m v#qgW vn kr#nK nM s$m sm`j-a`Rk mTtmK m q#ntmW blp$mt lKv a# bv. enN gW kl, q#N ap qNn` w@Y p#v#Wm vsr 2010 vn t -- It vd` iKmN @n` @V nM -- nwr v a#w."

"iNy`@V j`k EDS p`ln v#d@vl" yn m#@yN 1999 s#Pw#Mbr@Y pl krn lq @l~k b#A v`Rw`vK @m@S anr# a#<yŸ "Il< yv@S l vn t, iNy`v @l~k@Y EDS @r~N aN ihlm sAš&`@vN W rt bvt pWv a#w. eCa a`s`qny aN @b`@h~ rtvl qKnt l#@bn yyt 5k "a" mTtmt l<` v @h`W pv`, yn 37kt aŽk iNy`@v~ eCa a`s`wyNv a#w."

qw`v h` @s_š& @Sv`vN@G am`nvW mTtm @r~g@Y p#mt q`yk @v. ihw @l~k b#A v`Rw`v @m@S @pNv` Ÿ "iNy`@V eCa a`s`qny sA@KNŒwv pvW@N, ڱN, v`j Ak @Sk`vN a# @k`Nmt lKv n kNd`yM, K yrN, sAmk kMkr#vN, N smg Ak y`v@Y @y@qn N sh mW v& eNnW krgNnN awry."

1980 gnNvl a`rMX@Y gk`vNt sh oN@G g@qkr#vNt -- @b`@h~ t a-r [`vn K yrN sh sAmk kMkr#vN -- m` p#v# eCa a`s`qny 1990 gnN l @p` jnghny lt q p#r#. 1990 gnN m#q vn t eCa a`s`wyNv upn lN b> }m v`Rw` l#mt ptNg. mW v& X`w`krN@n~ v`hrny @n`kl eNnW k @y`q`g#m mN ihl avq`nM mTtmk .

r#Žr p`rlyny sh x_;[ r`gw m s>h` v`hrny @n`kl eNnW k q \l& kRm s>h` v`hrny @n`kl \l& upkrn q @y`q`g#m mN @r~hL sh @s_š& m[&S}`n N q eCa vrsy p#@r. @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@Y ln@Y 1999 vs@R 77 @v@M aAk 10 qrn kl`pyt av, iNy`@V an`rKw eNnW mTtm yyt 50K y wK@Sr# @k@R.

r#Žr p`rlyny hrh` eCa a`s`qny v#l#Km s iNy` a`Nv L yvr @gn a#w# @l~k b#Av y` p$v q a`c`R& Pw` @m@S aqhS qKvŸ "eCa pK; sAgnn m[&S}`nvN l# qWw mw pqnM vn iNy` a`N@V a[&ynyK mN gmny @k@rN@N, eCa a`s`qnyN@gN yyt 10K pmn r#Žr, r#Žr p`w, \l& upkrn h` eNnW k @H @k`t@gn htg#@nn bv. . . . mt nM, avq`n@M b#r#Mkm b> vd` Wk`vn k`\ny nM, @myŸ aq yM ugW h` ymK kmK @bn Qgl@yK, e @vq&vry Qgkv h‹nN@N n# nM, @r~hlkt, @|;@yN rj@Y @r~hlkt @g`S, r#Žr p`rlynyK lb`g#mt k#m @n`@V. h‹nn @@vq&vry nM, o y blp$m @y`q` aq`l pK;n kr a#w."

a`N@V @rl`vlt av, r#Žr s`Mpl pK;` m sh v`hrny kl eNnW k h` \l& upkrn X`w` m av\& vW, arqL m`nvW @n`m @H@k`t@gn em wNm p#ŠmK @n`@k@r. 2000 jnv`@Y pl @kr# @l~k b#A v`Rw`vkt avŸ "@s_š& K@y l iNy`@V r`j& yqM iw` ayŸ ql @Qy p`w@yN yyt 1.2k wK@Sr# agy. @mm agy iNy`v phlm rtvL ph awr wbn awr Ek Qgl ag@Y pqnm av s#l kl, ey 1993 @l~k b#A v`Rw`v mN k @Sv`vN s#pm s R@Q\ krn lq m`nyt vd` @b@hN a mTtmk pv." @s_š& aA\@Y yqMvN a`Nv pq`ny krN@N yyt 20K pmnK vn awr [nvW sm`j wTvlt @y` @kr# Qgk aA\y iy qrn bv q em v`Rw`v wv rtW @pNv` .

iNy`@V EDS v#d@vl

1986 mr`@Y gk`vN awr eCa a`s`qnyN }m vw`vt h‹n`g l#@V nW a`N@V a`rMXk pK;, KM h` a[&`pn v#d@vL iw` w y. a`Nv @s_š& h` pL bs`[n am`w&A\y yt@W n#@k~ sA[`ny ӵ@V 1992 wrM kL gw@mN pvy. @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@Y v`Rw`vkt av, n#@k~ yt@W eK eK `Nw@Y Srs`r eCa pK; v#dsthN b#r#M @ls a`rMX mt 1998 @wK kLgw y.

n#@k~ v#d@vl yt@W }m pS ar# s#l#Sm s>h` @vN @kr# p`qn yNwM @d`lR yn 100.5K y. a`Nv sMp`qny k@L eN @d`lR yn 15K pm. iy yv` g#@N @l~k b#Avt abQŽw j`w&Nwr sAvR[n sAgm@yN l# @d`lR yn 84k @p` rw ny qlN h` @l~k @s_š& sA[`n@yN l# @d`lR yn 1.5. vsr 2005 qKv` k`l pC@Cqy s>h` vn v#d@v@L @qvn ayr l arqL @d`lR yn 328 qKv` ihl qm` a# awr, @d`lR yn 13kt a`sNn m$w a`rK;k ayv#y @h~ mh v&`p`kyNt spy` a# @d`lR yn 1.2k b shn smg @h~ sNsNqny kl t ey @s`Ccm.

a`c`R& Pw` @m@S aqhS qKvŸ "ap qN@N iNy`v l eCaEDS v`rny s>h` v#y @k@rn qL @b`@h~ @sN j`w&Nwr l`œyN@gN l#@bn bv. n#@k~ v#d@v@L @qvn ayr s>h` @vN @kr# qLvN yyt 86Km spy` g#@nN@N k vs@yN m @l~k b#A@vN h` eKsW jnpq a`[`r a`ywn@yN l#@bn ny m. yyt 14k iNy` p`qny sm`n vN@N, v&vh`k qL @vl>`m s>h` iNy` v&`p`kyNt @q lbn @Q\ my g#N@M shnvlt y. eb#N, Cc`nM y m, Sv@Qy a`N@V p`qn s#lLlt lK krn w`K kL, iNy`v eCaEDS b>v slkN@N @vnW On$m @r~gykt slknv`t vd` @vnS arN @n`@V. e@mNm, r$pv`y @h~ vWpW @h~ @vnW m`[&yK mN Srs`r q#vW @M v&`p`ryK q @n`m#w."

q ak`@V @mNm, iNy`@V q EDS @b~m b`l krn @@vrS x_;[ lb`g#m [`n |nyK @ls v#@dN pv. btr, Wv-o_;[ œny s>h` vn yqm vsrkt eK @r~yt eKsW jnpq @d`lR 10,000-15,000 wrM @v. Pl` tD v# iNy` o_;[ sm`gM @M s>h` k# @p@nn wrM a lK ay kr -- m$wK vn @wK vsrkt @r~yt @d`lR 1,800. q#N Pl` sm`gm, vsrkt @r~yt @d`lR 800 b#N iNy` a`Nvt q @d`lR 600 b#N a rtvlt q @d`lR 350 b#N @Q\ m` rw @@vq&vr# nm# sA[`nyt q em o_;[ œny spy.

w`n&@Y Gl`K@s~ SW KlN h` eKsW jnpq@Y StL-yRS SKB v# [`n o_;[ sAgw, iNy` sm`gM vRy o_;[ pqm vlk`m s>h` y @PtNT blp @y`q` g#mt uWs`h kr. pR@Y;n s>h` v#y qL yv` g#m s ihl l gnN ay m av\& y o y`p`. e@hW Pl` sX`p @@vq& F hD s>hN kl pŸ "d`@V nm Ek`Žk`ry. . . . @mm sm`gM pR@Y;n kt s>h` X m`nyK v#y kl @h`W o y Ek`Žk`ry kg vS 9X qlK v#y kr. mm yK > n#w, m@gN m a@yt wRjnyK n#w. Pl` sm`gM yyK s>h` idkd pv. mm @PtNTvlt r#Q[ @n`@v. mm kRw^ X`g @gmt k#my. e@hW ynyk jnghnyK sw iNy`v v# rtkt @mm o_;[ b> Ek`Žk`ryk yqm q#m nM kl @n`h#y."

pvWn` iNy` yt@W, @PtNT blp mN a`rK;` @k@rN@N, o_;[ pq@M y`vN pm. eb#N @Qy sm`gMvlt @Q\ o_;[ tpW m kl h#y. e plyK @ls, Pl` h` @s iNy` s`mgM EDS @r~ o_;[ œn s`@PK;v a yqmN pqmt q emN sWwN m s#ly l`X upy`g#mt q smW @v. @Qy vRy o_;[vl l gnN wvmW mhjny`@gN a mhW bwrykt q#y @n`h# m`@V pvn awr oNt v a#W@W, a`Nv sh a`N @n`vn EjN mw rq` p#v#mt.

a`N@V v#dsthNvl w SvX`vy m`R 27 q` pl V @y~RK tMS yk av[`rny @k`t . e @m@S sthN yŸ "k`Nw`vN @vN oN@G aw upN ‹N @vw @r~gy @b~m vlk`mt iNy`v wvmW asmWv . aq`l x_;[y vn @nrN \ryt a# m srl k`R&yK vn awr yqm eK qr#vt @d`lR 1K pmny. e@hW iNy`v mv@gN qr#v`t @r~gy @b~m vlk`@M [`n v&`p^ a`rMX kl` pm. iNy`@V vRy p`qk@y~, ak` a`Nvlt vsrkt @d`lR 600 gn@N EDS o_;[ œnyK a@l @M s`kCc`vl @y . e@hW l#Jj`vt k`rny nM, iNy` a`Nv @mm o_;[ l @n`g#m. vsrkt @d`lR 600K pv` q#y @n`h# bvW ey @s_š& ayv#y p`qn Šy`mt @q a# bvW a`Nv y`p`."

iNy`v @PtNT blp b> @l~k @vl> sA[`n@Y vlt ytW @k@rn 2005 vsr vn t eCa @r~N@G wWvy n`tk`k`r @ls nrk awt h#mt id a#w. o_;[ pqvn sNwN pmnK @n`v avs`n p`wyW -- enM o_;[ m -- @PTNT mN a`rK;` @k@r a# awr e ply @ls q#N lb` gw h# vd` l`X vRy o_;[vlt avsN w v#@t a#w.

yLl ekt gW t, @mm vnw` -- @r~g@Y p#m, iNy` a`N@V @n`w#m, m`nvW @s_š& v#dsthN n#km sh o_;[ s>h` yn aŽk yqm -- iNy` up-mh`Qpy l [`n @s_š& v&snyK Rm`ny @M ly.

aq`l @vnW

iNy` a`Nv mh v&`p`kyN s#nmt ayv#yK ipW kr
2001 a@L 24


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