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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

iNy` "vm" f#ST v @Sn` smg aQ[ sN[`nyk

p`L jy@Skr
2001 m# 11

a@™L 25 q` iNy`@V v`j h` k`Rk ngryK vn @b`Mb`y a#nt eK n mh` v#d vRjny @n`@h`W bNQ v&`p`ry kMkr# pNy @vw v#qgW @Q\p`ln p`dM @gne.

vRjny s#kvm ߿y` n`\y, ߿y` h` qw` mTtMvl n#m sh [nvN h` ڱN awr v#@dn prwry a`y b>v kMkr#vN h` @s mhjnw`v awr Lv p#r pvWn` @@vry ƒ k@Ly. v^Wy svlt av, v`hn kt @b`@h~ @sN a#nvN sh @b`Mb`@Y h` mh`r` `Nw@Y @s @Q\vl k`Ry`l h` kMhL @b`@h`myK vs` qmN, yn 20k jnw`vK @r~[w` v&`p`ryt shX` y. iNy` @vl> mNdl@Y mh @LkM .eN. @m`@t av, "@b`Mb`y l pmnK r#yL yn hwrk (a#mk` @d`lR yn 85.4) p`vK v a#w."

e@mNm, @k@S @vwW, @b`Mb`@Y vRjny, "@g~ykrnyt" e@rv stN v#@M n`m@yN Iy` vm h` aNw qKn`Ak sA[`n awr j`w&Nwrv vR[ny vn aQ[ sN[`ny b> @|;v qnK sMp`qny k@Ly. @b`Mb`@Y , bNQ v&`p`ry sA[`ny @M , Iy` @k`ST pK; -- iNy` @k`ST pK;y (m`KSv`) [a(eM)] sh iNy` @k`ST pK;y (a) -- pmnK @n`v, um N j`v`q@Y h` mr` S@v~Wwmv`q@Y sA@y~jnyK ipW krn f#STv`, mh`r`-p`qk v @Sn` q Ek`bQ[ y. mr` vn` mh`r` `Nw@Y [`n X`;`v.

a(eM), a sh Ev`t abQŽw v^Wy s @mm vRjny s>h` k#>M k@L, t mskt pmn ihw py @pbrv`@Y j`k j`wN sN[`n (eNE) a`Nv N ipW krn lq j`k ayv#yt pvy. @r~[w` v&`p`ry sA[`ny @kr#@N, r`j&-s v&`vs`yN Qgkrnyt @mNm kMkr#vN 1000K qKv` vn sm`gMvlt a`N@V avsryN @w`rv wm kMkr#vN @q`Tt q#@M ay lb` @qn p kMkr# vl @y~w @vnSkMvlt q e@rvy. @mm @vW bNQ n@Y m p`R@MN@V phl mN mNdly N sMmw krn l.

vd` ph@vN kMkr#vN @q`Tt q#mt id s#l@sn p kMkr# sA@\~[ny m mh v&`p`kyN@G ز k`n iLmKv p#v. m$wm sA@\~[nvlt anr#v, iNy`@V sm`gM m`n@yN yyt 80kt a`N@V avsry lb`g#@M av\&w`v@yN @w`rv kMkr#vN @q`Tt q#@M h#y`v l#@b a#w# wK@Sr# @k@R. iNy` kRm`Nw sM@Ml@Y N kBr` kMkr# @vnS kl bvt R@Q\ kl awr enW E b>v s`kCc` m s>h` svlt k#>M k@Ly. "kMkr# vl kl @vnSkM mg hNn b#h#. ngryK a#nmt vd` ek<w`vK s>h` s`kCc` @M @h`> m @ynv`." y o p#vy.

@l~k @vl> sA[`nyt iNy`v a# @p`@r`Nvl @k`tsK @ls a`nyn mw pvWn` m`n`Wmk m`vN ivW @M a`N@V s#lM nwr krn @ls q s iLl` . iNy` `G[n@Y vd` Rvl @k`tS j`w&Nwr wr<k`Wv@yN a`rK;` @M eLl@yN Kw @mm j`kv` iLm, aNw qKn`A\y smg a (eM) h` a pK;vlt pvWn` @p` @vwt -- a`Rk j`kv`qy h` iNy` j`y a`rK;` m -- @y` v. @mm "@k`ST" pK;vN ekK vW sm`jv`qy b> j`w&Nwrv` l[Rm mw pqnMv n#w. q\k gnn`vK S@S o "w r@T sm`jv`qy" b> j`kv` n&`y v#l> @gn @B.

@r~[w` v&`p`r@Y ny a`sNn @vWm wmN vRjnyt sh`y mt it` gW bv v @Sn` sA[`ny @Vqny k@Ly. 1960 gnNvl , @mm pK;y ӵvn lQ@Q, @vnW `NwvN p# a`g`k kMkr#vNt e@r S@v~Wwmv` h`rvl h` `@Qy mr` kw`krn ayt ߿y` avS}`vN šWvy iLl` @M pqnm mwy. v @Sn` e SM @r~ Cc`nM sMbN[@yN kt vn awr 1990 gnNvl @b`Mb`@Y SM @r~ jn{`wn av`@M rw y. oN@G m#r kLvl k`k h`r SM jny`t pmnK @n`v a (eM) h` a s`m`kyN @vw q eLl @B.

a (eM), a h` oN@G v^Wy s, aw mw@Hq h` g#M iKmNm amwk kr qmN, v @Sn` sA[`n@Y shX`Wvy s`qr@yN gWw` pmnK @n`v -- em sA[`n@Y shX`Wvy @r~[w` v&`p`ry "mNm s`R}k ekK" bvt pW kr a#w# pvsN --, vRjn@Y n`ykWvy @mm S@v~Wwmv` pK;yt m spl @ls X`r .

v @Sn` enN vRjny l š y`kl`pyK i k@Ly. em pK;@Y [`n @LkM X` @Qs` m`[&vlt @m@S p#vyŸ "m$wk t a`Nv ĵL a`k`r@yN v#d krNt ptN@gn a#w. Qgkrny h` @g~ykrny s`vq& @ls s#lM @k a# awr o kMkr# pN g#n w#mK krN@N n#w." j`w&Nwr @vl>`m uvmn`vt vd` qhS y yN o iNy`v l aNwRj`k sAgwvl v#@dn a`X`vyt phr . "kMkr# j`vt mn` a`rK;`v s#py y a wN@n."

My h` mAm`vWvl v`hn kt nwr @M yWnyN s>h` m#r kL sA[`ny krn l. ngry r` S}`n gnn`vk m, bS r}vlt gL gsn l. EyN EJ m`[&@V vX`V rNq@Rt m#r kLyK N phr @qn lq awr oN ot @m@S p#v bvt v`Rw` yŸ "s`Mn` (v @Sn` sA[`n@Y vWpw) pmnK @ht W v a#w." pn s`Mn` py v @Sn` @v@vN bNQ v&`p`r@Y s`R}kWvy sMbN[ Ryt mNm kM awr wm pK;y "uqhS" kr @n`gNn` @ls @s svlt anr# a#<y.

"kMkr# j`@V" a`rK;ky @ls wmNv Rm`ny krg#@M v @Sn` yWny vn` y a`[`rkr#vN@G a#S i@Y wmNv nRvny krg#@M nr#m aX&`sy. py N vsr S@S, @mm pK;y X`ry jnw` pK;y (@J) N n`ykWvy @q lbn p`lk j`k sX`g@Y hLkr#v vn awr [nvN h` ڱN awr v#@dn v`NwgwmK Rm`ny kr a# @vW sMbN[@yN @Q\p`lkv vgv y. X`rw a#M sm`gm Qgkrny mt r#Q[ vn bvt @pr @mm pK;y wRjny @k`t @N n, m`R 1 q`, v @Sn` sA[`ny em sm`gm a@l m vlk`@M p`R|k @y~jn`vK pr`jy kr s a`Nv h` eKv cNqy .

@Jy @mNm, v @Sn` q a`w mN iwl` @g`S @B. aw@Y , ey Iy` Sv@Q @vWvl -- @Q\ aNwRj`k sAgwvlt e@r qr# @hl`q#M smg sA@y~g @kr# iNy` sm`gm s>h` a`Rk a`rK;`v iLl` @M @vW -- pqnm mw d` v&`p`k h` @vl> S}rvlt a`y`cn` @k`t @B. @k@S @vwW, blyt p#@mN pv, eyt, [np pK;yK @ls, @vl> @p`@L h` p`qn@Y @g~ykrn@Y wRkny N wr<k`Wvyt v^w @M @vWvlt ek<mt bl @k @B. eNE a`Nv j`w&Nwr l& arq@L iLM y`vt qmn t e N aNwv` s`m`kWvy l mw@Hq p#nn# a#w. v @Sn` sA[`nyt 1999 vs@R mh`r` `Nw m#vrn@Y `Nw mTt@mN bly a y.

@dk`N @hrLD py, m# 1 q` pl @kr# "@Sn` v@M n&`y py p#h#r g" yn m#@yN yk @b`Mb`@Y vRjny l v @Sn` sA[`n@Y shX`Wvy b>v vrnyK k@Ly. "[`n ngrvl wmN whr# g#m s v`m`AkyN smg stNvlt @y qKn`Ak q# NWv` pK;yK vn v @Sn`, w qK; yvrN, vcn@Y psm`Pw aR}@yNm, v`m`AkyN@G kMkr#-w# n&`y py p#h#r @gn, m[&m h` `Nw a`Nvl "kMkr#-@r~ @vWvlt" e@rv py s@Y mh`r` `Nw@Y p#v s`R}k bNQ v&`p`r@Y Ry s>h` mNm kM @Vy."

em vWpW y @m@S q sthN k@LyŸ "w#k@R mhw`@G W h` @Sn` n`yk u[`V mhw` v^Wy s`AgkyN N amwn lq y v^W s`kCc`vl [`n kky` awr v^Wy s`AgkyN e pmt wL . qhS mw[` v^Wy s`Agky vn ;r`Q r`O nw sFr`N (N S@v~Wwmv` kNd`yM smg ann& vn p#h#y) [j @ll @qn v`hnyk n# yn a`k`ry pv` q#k gw h# y."

vRjn@Y a`Žpw&y p#h#r@gn kMkr# jny`@G a`rK;ky @ls Q[ @Vk`vl @p mt v @Sn` sA[`ny smW m rq` p#v@Y a (eM) h` a n`ykyN@G ytW m mwy. q\k gnn`vK S@S, @mm pK;, v^w [nv` pK; smg a# kr g# [ avS}`v` sN[`n KKw kr a#W@W, em avS}`@V oN@G hLkr# iNy` p`lk pN@Y vd` g kNd`ym @y~jny krn bv y`p`. @mm pK; aq @kwrM nM ݶ a# q y @w`W, o y @Q\p`ln r#Q[v`Nt e@rv m#ryN q`h#mt q` pbt @n` f#ST pK;ykt id v^W s`kCc`vl pps a`snykt p b#s @B.

a (eM) pK;yt abQŽw iNy` v^Wy s m[&S}`n@Y mh`r` `Nw@Y [`n @LkM vRjn@yN anr#v m`[&vlt @m@S p#vyŸ "a bNQ v&`p`ry l v @Sn` sA[`n@Y shX`Wvy s`qr@yN gN@n. sWwN m, a sm`Nwr m`vWvl gmN krN@n." @mm vcn @b`Mb`@Y @mNm iNy`v r`m kMkr#vNt anr# a#<m. v @Sn` sA[`nyt pmnK @n`v, r@T v#@dn sm`j a`wN j`v` g#Mvl g` m`v@W apsrny @k`t y#m wm n&`y py @k`tgW, @J h` eyt sMbNŽw r`Sy SvyA@SvK sAG (a`ReSeS) a# @s N aNwv` sA[`nvlt q agw mt St#Nv` pK; q`nMy.

aq`l @vnW

@vB adyK mN a`[ s#p@M ihlm mTt@M ;nyN @hqrV @mN pv iNy` a`Nv @hLM k
2001 m# 11

iNy` a`Nv mh v&`p`kyN s#nmt ayv#yK ipW kr
2001 a@L 24

btr @bAg`l@Y v`m`Ak @prnt e@rv m#hWvn @ls iNy` a`Nvt blp$M
2001 m`R 16

@j~ b` @Qy a`@y~jkyN aQq` g#mt yvr @p`@r`N @v
1999 m`R 26

 


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