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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

mh` q pr`jyN anr#v
lAk` a`Nv s`m s`kC
c` n#vwW n&`y pyt a# kr

@K. rWn`yk
2001 m# 8

y`pn aR[Qp@Y eLl kl blg t h`ryK Nq` shgwv as`R}k @mN pv "l @n`vn" @v n#vmK (q r`myK) p#mt q @bMv` @qml IlM K @k` sA[`ny (eLI) smg s`kCc` s>h` v#dkt psm`Pw mt q / lAk` a`Nv wm k#m#Ww a<v` @B.

@n~R@Vy` @|; @y~w eK @s~LhMt sp l`œ ut` qKvn / lAk` m`[&, s`kCc` s>h` rnyK m# 15 wrM l g lb a#w# s‹q` (m# 7) kr# q#Ky. o a`Nv sh r#Q[ pK; n`ykyN smg k}`bh s>h` y s@Y @k`lxt p#n eLI n`yk a#NtN b`lAhM n g#mt lNdN bl` vN tW awr iNp iNy` n`ykyN n g#mt nv Lyt y a#w# a@PK;` @k@R.

@r~y sAgmy @v@vN y` krN, @n~R@Vy ar# @qkkt v# k`lyK r` @k`lx a`Nv sh eLIy awr s`kCc` s>h` pm s#kmt uWs`h q#y.

18 ar# Rg L Q[y avs`nykt @gn Emt s`kCc`my s‹mkt el@xn @lst mh blvN h` mh v&`p`kyN@G kNd`yM lAk` a`Nvt blp$M eLl krN . @k@S v q ey (a`Nv) E smgm s`kCc` arXy` gNn` On$m yvrK hl ur#my, jnw` K @prn v# Ahl aNwv` sA[`nvN q wmN@Gm @p@l v^w @k`tSvl q r#r# c`rykt lK@V y a`Nv yv .

a@™L a`rMX@Y s`kCc` a#@V y @p@nNt . eLIy smg s`m s`kCc` awl< y q m`sy avs`n vn t n k`\yt pWm @V y q @Q\ a#m lKmN kRg`mR p`R@MNvt k`\ k@Ly. eLI@Y Ek p`R\y q r`my @n`wkN q @m@hM ašNdv @gn y`@mN pv, s`m s`kCc` @qst yvr wbn bvt a#<M mt n#@gn j`w&Nwr dny mN @p` @pr a`Nvt bl @kr#.

avs`n@Y q h`r gtm @gn y`m g#n a`Nv q @k`lx p`lny s`kCc` @Msyt @gn Emt asmW m g#n mh blvN q wr@Y @hl` eLIy, a@yL 24N eh`t y @vn#vm R{ m K@p k@Ly. "a@P s`m v$ymt \As` krN abl @qnv` @vvt, smhr j`w&Nwr a`N whnM M h` a@nW m`vN ap mw pnv` @B" y eLI k`\yK @c~qn` eLl k@Ly. e @m@S q s>hN y. "e@S nW g#@M a@nK p`R\vyt l& a`[`r, q a`[`r h` phkM spyN emN ap@G hr`t q# q @vwK @gn y`mt abl @B."

k`\y @|;@yN s>hN k@L eLIy Swv` sA[`nyK @ls whnM mt w`n& a`Nv @pbrv`@Y gW rny . py ar#Q@Q wm aN eLIy awt pW @Q\ n#vw aWpW kr g#mt lAk` a`Nv ašNdv q h`r @gn yn awrv`r@Y Ek p`R\y q r`myN b#Š mt ym @kr# wmN@Gm stNkr#vN@gN a#vn dnyt q eLI n`ykWvy n .

@v n#vM k`l pC@Cq@Y sNnQ[ hq` wm stNkr#vN 140K {`wny kl awr wvW 400kt v`l kr a#w# eLI k`\y s>hN k@L y. q r`my nvw` q#mt avsN Nv g l#@V s`m`kyN p @q@n mr` wvW 9 @q@nK ytW kr gN lV asl eLI @b~Tvlt phr @qN q @wNmr`Cvl S}`nvlt phr @qN q a`Nv eLl kl h`rvN pv bv @p@N.

wm q r`my m @M eLI k`\@yN p#y pyK a#lw lAk` hq`v aGl nN [`n mTt@M h`ryK yW k@Ly. eMm`v`L sh n`gR@k~Lvl a`rK;k vlL@L t r`j& hq` qnt @l~tr 2K p@l @qst iyt @Y y. avs`n q arn @Y py ar#Q@Q a@™Lvl , }m vw`vt eLIy aLl` gW y`pn aR[Qp@Y M @q`rv h` [`n @l~p`k S}`nyK amAkd t sARny n#vw aWpW kr g#m y.

ty eLIy rn`Wmkv pr`jy @k`t, s`kCc`vlt el@M wm a`N@V S}`vry \KmW kr a#w# lAk`@V jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg p#h#v gnN blN y` y. amAkd pr`j@yN p a`Nv hq`@V \Ky wr mt mL b#rL @r`kT nyN a# aW sARn a a`[ l g#mt r#yL @k~ gnN v#y @k`t @B.

nW aGl @m@hm @Vg@yN aNw pr`jykt h#r#. a`N@V m k`\vlt av hq`@V 250K {`wnyt lK awr @b`@h~ @qn`@G wWvy brpwl krN wvW 1600K v`l l#h. eLI stNkr#vN 190K mr` q#bv q wvW 400kt v`l bv q em k`\y y` @Yy. 560K {`wnyt lKv wvW 2000 v`l krN a`N@V n`\@Y pm`v ItW vd` \`l y eLIy v`Rw` k@Ly.

pr`j@Y brpwlkm qh` q#K wvW kr#nK nM @m@hmk Lvw`vt eLIyt vd` wmNt h` bv a`Nv g#m. ItW vd` brpwl h` l#vW hq`v aWpW krgW @qyK q @n` y. hq`v qr# k`lvK h` @m~t`R h`rvlt n N bv q E s` "aW a`rK;k vlLlkt y`@mN wvW w gw h#v s` hq`v L a`rK;k vlL@L y ӵv l#" bv a`N@V k`\yk s>hN y.

@b`@h~ XtyN M @b~MbvN v`l l#h. h`r@yN anr#v @k`lx j`k @r~hl sh qhq` @r~hL, v`llW hq` XtyN y gnN @Yy. @r~hL @SvkyNt av a#>N < s` XtyN gnn`vK m m w#mt y. @k`lx j`k @r~h@L v`l l#vNt k`r m s>h` wv @hyN av\& bvt n n` s>hN @kr#. @L pw&`g s>h` h iLM c`ry @kr#.

a$w sr pl`wk 26 h# v`llW Xt@yK ap v`Rw`kr#vNt k}` krN, "mm hq`@vN p#nl` Ll` n#vw b#‹@N l<. m`v q @prnt y#Vv`. mt yNt ep` nW m@G v`l sp n`t pS@S Q@qt yNn @V. @Mk @Wr#mK n# Q[yK mm hq`vt b#‹@N @g`w#N hMb krn @qN vWvNt b# s`."

n @Br` g#@M bl w#wk @y@qN a`Nv k`\ k@L, "s#lM kl @k` (eLI) h`ryK kL y` v#l#Kmt" hq`vt h# bv. nW pr`j@Y q#v#Nw X`v@yN kMwv n a`Nv sh t sAS}`wy v#Qq @Y @k@S q# |cy kr g#mt pK;nyK ym k@Ly.

"ev`kMvlt w`vk`k n#vmK"

l m`rAg "s`kCc`vlt sMbN[ vn awr Q[y ašNdv" sh "qr`m n#w" @vwK pvWv`@gn y`y. eLIy smg nM s`kCc`vK @h~ p#v#Wmt @r~[y q#K j@p h` hl ur#my @S m @prn lm n Ahl S@v~Wwmv`N@G @VcnvN g#lm a#@G arn y. @k@S v q aGl @m@hm > v#@mN anr#v m`rAg hq` [`N@G q am#y swv wmN@G ihl up@Q\kyN smg s`kCc`vk mGn "w`vk`k ev`kM n#v#WmK" agmny mt rny kl`y.

@k`lx p`ln kvyN l pvn g#„r# abv` SvX`vy a@™L 29 q` sN@D tMS yN ġ„ y. e @m@S s>hN yŸ "p b$mk @h~ avm vs@yN gBs` @m@hmk ply y h#K@K, @Q\p`ln S}`wykt wvmW ar# wWvykt n mt v a#W@W y yNn . mgh#mt @n`h# y @p yn s`kCc` q#N l< l<m S@V. atvn uLvN @B r#pŒw s@rK @Ms@Y a@nK p#W@W a#w."

"eLIy h`r`Wmk @v" y@vN Lt rSwlyN alND vWpw pr`jyt c`r q#K awr, wWvy qmy v` d#h#g#mt @y`q` g#@M aqhsK n#w# eLIy vh`m kr# p#h# k@L y. a`rMXk sl h`ryN p phrm n#v eLIy, @k`lx a`Nv "@n~R@Vy` s`m v&`p^y @n` wk`" g#m u m g#n @c~qn` krN k`\yK W k@Ly. ey @m@S q p#vyŸ "y sNnQ[ ev`kM n#vmt @n~R@Vy` a@n&~n& av@b~[@Y m sMRn kr l wWvyt pW mtW" s`kCc` s>h` @k`N@Q Rm`ny mtW "eLIy q`nMv ".

s`kCc`vlt sh q r`myt ek<vn @lst m`rAg mw yW dny q# a#w. h`ryK eLl mt lAk` a`Nv gW rny @k@R @n~R@V sh iNy`v cwy pl k@Ly.

a@™L 29 vn n iNy` @Q\ k`Ry`l@Y k`\k@yK "py n p@Y M g#n knSsLl" plkrN y` @Y y p`R\vyN "s`m y`q`m@Y rw@vN l<m s`kCc` arx a#w#" bl`@p`@r`W vn bv y. @n~R@Vy` @|; @y~w @s`L@hM pn n#vw @k`lxt p#n stN m s`m y`q`myt "|w b`[`vK" y k`\ k@Ly.

r`j& @LkM @k`N p@vL smg s`kCc` m s>h` m# 1 q` @Q\ a#m krg`mR @v`Atny bl` @Yy. @vnm @qml r`j&yK s>h` eLI@Y iLmt eKsW jnpq r#Q[Wvy n#vw plkrN @k`N p@vL, av[`rny k@L lAk` a`Nvt h# iKmN s`m k}`vlt avRn vn @ls. iNy` up mh`Qpy l wmN@G a`Rk h` @l~p`k av\&w` v#@dN pvn w l eKsW jnpqy, up mh`Qp@Y a@nK @k`tS q aS}`vr mt lAk`@V G g#S@sn g#m blp` a#w# s#lmW v .

Q[y rtl pvn a`Rk |n wvW u kr sm`j a`wN Vr kr a#w# @k`lx mh v&`p`k @k`tS ypW . ql j`k p`qn@yN yyt 6kt sm`n q#v#Nw q yqm q#ntmW @gM @|; < aRqyK Rm`ny kr a# awr r@T `G[ny tt gl`y`m mN @k`tS @vl> @p`l ar# e@k`lhkt p phWm mTtmt vTt` a#w. "a`Rky yNwM mgt v#@tQ q kLpy ewrM sw& @qyK @n`@V. @M @m`@h`@W g#M m apt qr` gw @n` h#y" y@vN |@L;k@yK dV @j`NS aNwRj`l @Sv`vt p#vy.

tN h` a#lN vR[ny vn dnyNt n @qN "l @n` vn @v n#vmkt" q s`kCc` s>h` pm q#mt q m`rAg ek< a# bv @p y.

avs`n@Y s`kCc` kvq` vW, pl @k`t m v a#W@W s`kCc` a#rm Gg#Smt N g#MvN Ev` a#l y`m .

aq`l @vnW

a`Nvt sh eLIyt e@rv r#Q[Wvy v#@d
lAk`@V eLI p`w @Q\@yN l#n v`Rw`vK

2001 m# 25

/ lAk` a`Nv eLIy smg s`m s`kCc` s>h` ar a
2001 a@
L 27

/ lAk` rjy h` eLIy @k@mN s`kCc` kr` @SN@V
2001 jnv` 16

w`n& a#mvr@yK @k`lxt p#@n
s`m s`kCc` iyt wL mt r`j& w`Nk y`k`Wv@Y nv @VgvW mK

2000 @qs#MbR 22


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