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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

a`Nvt sh eLIyt e@rv r#Q[Wvy v#@d
lAk`@V eLI p`w @Q\@yN l#n v`Rw`vK

2001 a@™L 27

phw plvN@N @bMv` @qml IlM K @k` sA[`n@Y p`lny yt@W vN @Q\@Y t / lAk` sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;yt l#n w a#N v@G v`Rw`v. @mm kw`v @qml wr@Y j`wNv` aN p`g` q#mt @gn yn / lAk` a`N@V 18 ar# n`\k` Q[@Y blp$m q, gt m pvWv`@gn yn a`Rk sMb`[k sh k X`Nd h` @Sv` <km s` a#v @bn krw` q b>v Wk`vn SwryK spy . E smg m eLIy krn b p#h#r g#M q e s`m`n& kMkr#N, @g`yN h` wr#nyN g#n qKvn @n` w#m q e j`wN @r~ yvr q s` eLIy @k@r v#@dn m`y`XAgy q @mm v`Rw`@vN qh` q#K@v.

@k`lx a`N@V Q[y s` ur# h` n#@gnr pl`Wvl aW @k`tSvltW vd` vN @Q\@Y jnw`v@G s`m`n& wy mN m pTtM a#w.

@m jny` @gvN@N @qy`@v. oN w`vk`k w @gvnv` y @k@nt v h# y. @m Sr vhN n#w; a`h`r p`n @n`m#w. qr#vNt a[&`pny n#v` @S m / lAk` hq`@V h`rvN @Bmt kvrn @s`y` mt h#mt m h#m a@y m q`nM v y y.

jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg@G @p` @pr a`Nv 1995 ptN sN @ls @prt @gn yn 18 ar# n`\k` Q[@Y plyK @ls jny` vq@Vqn` ‰. yqhS gnN jny` vN@Y @gvN@N srngwyN @ls y. @m`N awr y`pn aR[Qp@yN p#n a` srngw@y~ . ty @m@hM vNyt @G kl t @Q\@Y jny`t q oN@G @QplW a@nW @QW a y.

vhN nM @p`N @h~ @p`L avN @s kr l# tR @q@K @q@K p#LpW y. vy`v, @n`C, mNn`rm, lV SKkvN smNw vN@Y obt Q[@yN n`\yt pW p#r v`s h` wvW @g`dn#vl n|t`v@|; w#Nw#Nvl q#k gw h# y. vN@yN @k`tsK, enM vy`, mNn`rM SKkvl q m`@V @k`tsK, a`Nv N p`lny @k@rn awr i @k`ts a#W@W eLI hn@Y y.

kMhL n# s` a#W@W ߿y` aw@l`Ss. @n`Cy h` lV t y` krn a`N@V EjNw (E) n#nM SK @LkM (eS) nN h‹Nvn r`j& pp`lk@y~ @q@q@nK . p`sL h` a`@r~g&\`l` pyk k`RymNdlvlt a`Nv wvmW v#P @gv. v#P @gmt @h~ @vnW qL g@q mt eK b#A \`š`vK @n`C@Y a#w. [`n pp`lny, sh aW r`j& @Svk@y~ @Svy krN@N eLI@Y h` em a`N EjNw@y@G aK;ny yt@W y. @mm v^WN h#r# t @g`yN, k^k`Rk kMkr#vN h` @v@lNqN @ls mhjnw`vt k`v kg#mt a#w.

pl`@W jny`@G [`n v@n~p`y d` pm`n vg`v s#mt m Q[@yN kd`kPpL @V. @g`w#N mt h# ayt p#r m X`w` mt bl @k@R. vg`v s>h` „r# sks` g#mt oNt @y`q`gNt v a#W@W hrN pm. k^ rs`yn, @p`@h`r, k^ yN@~pkrn @p` @pr a`Nv N eLI p`w @Q\yt y#m whnM krN p#n ز X`Nd l#Svt adA y. @m, @k`lx r#yL 650kt n#nM vVy`@V r#yL 800kt l vn @l~ 50 a#@m~y` uryK l g#mt @g`@yK r#yL 1200K @gy y.

52 h# @n`C@Y @g`@yK apt kw` k@L y. "vg`v s>h` apt On h#m@Qm q@N a`Nv whnM krl`. nW ihl l gnNvlt Ev` eLI@Y kdvN nM gNn vN. a`N@vN whnM kl @qyK vn y` @p`@h`r @l~ 50k mLlK gNn vN r#yL 2500kt. @k`lx @vN@N r#yL 350. a @k`@h`mq „r# krN@N?

"pҰy kNn@Y vg` krNn vN @g`yNt Ev` n`gNn |nyt n @qNn n`. a`rK;k am`w&A\y apt urt h`L v`hny krNn @qN@N n$. aN@M apt @N a@P p`qn eLI@Y kdvlt nNn. apt a@P yqM vW mhgNn b# n`."

k^ p`qn vy`vt v`hny mt av\& avsr pW rj@Y l[`N a`rK;k am`w&A\@yN lb` Nn q @g`yNt v`hn yqM q#y @n` h# y. v`hny pvN@N eLIy awy. o @l~ 70 urykt r#yL 300K ay kr. eLIy aKkryK vg` krn eK @g`@y@gN E sm`nm @g~yK b @ls g.

Q[y yt@W, vr j`v iN@N q n`\yt lK wWvyk y. a`rK;k hq` @y~g av g#„r# @Q m` b$m whnMy. vr kRm`Nw@Y @y gWwNt k g#mt stN krNt @bN@N y`k`r @b~T @h~ upkrnvN @w`rv. @b`@h~ @qn` pr# X`w` kr. lVvl vr@yK apt @m@S s>hN k@Ly. "a`rK;k am`w&A\@Y whnm s` apt q a$wt yNn b#h#. a @vrl`sNn@Y m` b`@gn a`p en @k`t eLIk`r@y~ bl`@gn iNnv b ekkrgNt. oN a@pN m` @l~ ekkt r#yL 10, a@pN m` lt gNn @v@lNqN@gN @l~ ekkt r#yL 10 ay krnv`."

"a@P smhr#Nt @vnv` @n`Cyt @l~ tR 40K bkL p#ql` m` k n` gNn. smhr nvl s`l@y~ m` @l~ ekK r#yL 3kt vW n` gNn b$." e@hm @V n`Cd`@V vr@yK. Q[y s` p`sL awh#mt @b`@h~ lm vr kRm`Nw@Y rw y.

srngwN n @qn wWvy

y`pn@yN pl` a` jnw`v@G wWvy wvW qr# y. @k`lx a`Nv spyn @s`CcM sl`k@yN o mN m y# . s$m t m ad h`mN @p@ln @mm srngwN smhr k`lyt m`s gnnK S@S sl`k n#v @bn t sMRn h`mwt a#q v#@t. v`s h` k`v a vN@Y srngwNt l#@bn vK n#w.

@n`C@Y srngwN 5000K pmn y. vNy r` oN@G sAš&`v 400,000K pmn @V. eK a@yt mskt @qvrK l#@bn sl`ky n nk k av\&w` ms` g#mt vW @n` s$@hn r#. 368. r#yL 4000K pmn vn @k`lx s`m`n& kMkr#@v@G v#p smg ey sNsNqny kr blNn. "E gnN vW eLIy apt @qN@N r#yL 168K pmn. oN ap g#n wkN@N n$. a vWvN@N gS yt, EW eLIyt ap g#n g`nK n$" @qqr# mvK apt v` y.

@k`lx a`Nv whnM krn lq smhr X`Nd eLI s`PvN nM aŽk l gnNvlt lb` gw h# y. a wRmrMvl kdykt @y. r#yL 13 sbN k#tyK r#yL 20. q@N r#yL 110K lmN s>h` vn $M 450 p#k#TvK @m r#yL 150-200 awr y.

ek p#n@d~L @pWwK r#yL 15. q@N s`m`n& lt vd` 12 nyK ihl y. ql` at p#h# k@L o eLI@yN X`Nd lb` gNn` s` oN ym krn lt a@l krNnW vn bv y.

a`N@V sl`k@Y @k`tsK @ls eK plkt smhr t tryK r#yL 35 b#N @wL tR 5K l#@b. q@N tryk l r#. 19.40. eLIy sl`k@yN tR 4K g. apt l#@bN@N ekK pm. oN@G kdvl @wL tryK a@l krN@N r#yL 120kt y.

y`pn@Y t vNyt pl` a` lN@gN p`slt a#Lmt h# a#W@W p@q@nt pm. @mm "p`sW" t @m@hM av m`r# krNt @V. smhr S}`nvl, gS yt sh w`vk`k mvl pN pvWvn r#vr# sh p#r#vl v` i@gn gNn` lN q#k gw h# y.

@n`C@Y p`sl n`\ kr qm l# p @l~ tR 14K et aKkr`yN lMvlt m`r# krl`. e @p`L a @s kl m 2K a# awr smhr pN p#v#W@vN@N e@Y. ;&@y~ 700K pmn @qn`t r#vr#N N@N pS@q@nK. "a p y @qs#Mbr@Y s`m`n& @pl X`gyt @V p#r#vl i>@gn." ;&@y~ apt p#vh. rjy ;y m`l` @p`W @n` spyn b#N ;&@y~ Nhwr @q@nK eK @p`wK s`̵kv phrny kr.

[`n @r~hl @n`C@Y ӵy q e \l&kRm s>h` phkM @n`m#w. eK @@vq&vr@yK w Swr k@L yŸ "@M @Q\@Y @b~@vn @r~g p#@rnv`. S vWvN@N k#l@Y s`, oN m#@Ly`@vN h` @k`lr`@vN @p@lnv`. nkt @r~N 100K wrM a`vW at k`r kl h#K@K 25kt pmn. h#m 3 mskt m vrK a`Nv apt @b@hW lb`y vW apt l#@bN@N ar#Qqt @qvr. EW s$@hn m`n@yN @n`@v. q#N Sb @r~gy p#@rN a#wW E s>h` k`r mt apt @b@hW n#h#."

@n`C@Y k @r~hl h#r# t SKk@Y a# aW ekm ek ӵ@Y .. 42K eh` @m`h`Lvl y. m @qkk a# @M yn "@r~h@L" apt q#kgw h# @Y @r~N @b`@h~ sAš&`vkt @Svy krn, S@VCc` @hyN 14 @q@n@gN shy lbn eK @@vq&vr@y pm.

avm vs@yN @@vq&vr#N 5@q@n av\& v q rjy qL @vN @k`t a#W@W eK @@vq&vr@y s>h` pm. "@M @r~h@lN apt a@P @r~gvlt @b@hW lb`gNn b# nW aw&v\& @b@hW eLIy p`lny krn @b@hW s`PvN nM gNn vN. EW apt Ev` gNn sL @k`@hN q p#n@d~L @pWwK m r#yL 15K wrM aŽk lK @vnv` nM" @p~@M eK k`Nw`vK apt v` y.

eLI p`lny

kk wWvyNt n @qn jny`@gN a#w@mK vd` @h`> wyK a@PK;` kr@gn y`pnyt y. EW e oN n @qN@N mRqnk` hq` p`lnykt . aN ay @h`r rh@S iNy`vt pl` y. blp n#v tmt uWs`h @M y@mK eLIy N aLl` g l#v @h`W oN@G @gyt yNt @V.

mhjnw`v vN @Q\@yN tWm, wm s`[`rnWvy |nyt X`jny @k@rn s` @bMv`@y~ eyt akm# @v. aŽk jnghn@yN @Q\vlt hq`v phrm a@vN @k@rw# q o gnN bl.

vN@Y t a`N@vN p`lny vn vVy`vt y`mt nM mhjny`t eLI@yN blpW lb` g#mt @V. N m r#. 20K @gv` iLMpwK lb` gw y. Il<t Qgk h` p@L Swr sh gmn y`mt @H qKvN ey rv` mt @V.

s pykt pv avsr py l#@n`W Il<t wvW r#yL 200K @gy y. aN@M s#kv m ob a`p en bvt shkyK h#yt n$q$@y h` @QplK a#pyt w#mt @V.

iN pv hq` hn@Y pvn @Q\@Y m`mt l<`m n @qk nk gmn. (m`@mN) a#mt av\& avsr pW lb` g#mt, a`gNk@yt, vVy`@V t @l~ tR 30K N, w`Mpl` ӵ }m hq` pK;n S}`n@Y n gnn`vK bl` mt @V. p#y gnn`vN avsry l#@bN@N nM E iw`mW kl`r. vVy`@V eK nK @h~ Š mt vVy` @p`@yN avsr gw v a#w. vN@Y eLI p`lny h` hq` a@W a# vVy`@V p`lny awr ewrM @l` @vnsK n#w.

vN@Y mhjnw`v jn`Žp m`rAg@G @p` @pr a`Nvt q t p`lnyt q @@vr kr. nW q#N aW s`[kyK m@vN pv. jnw`v @Vg@yN eLIy smg p#v l`@vN @qn awr e mRqn yNnyt e@rv wm @k~py pl kr.

eLIy @Vcny krn @Q\p`ln kNd`yMvlt @h~ m s`w&kt E @p@q@S idK @n` l#@B. 1998 eLIy N sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;@Y (ssp) s`m`kyN p@q@nK aWw@n~mkv r>v` g l#b awr Ek`bQ[ j`w&Nwr uQ@{~;nyN pv pmnK oN q` h#r#. evK ptN ssp @qml vW pw vn @w`l`lR p`@q @n`C Swk`lyt q#m whnMv @B.

@M nvl wr#n@y~ eLIyt b#Š@M unNvK @n` qKv. lVvl r#vr@y apt kw` krN @m@S @V yŸ "eLI s`m`kyN p`slt a#W @qml Ilmk v#qgWkm g#n ;&yNt @Q\n pvWvl` v&`p`ryt b#@>Nn oN@gN iLl` nv`. oN a@pN avsr lb` gN@N n#h#. a r#Q[ @n`W @~N y apt @c~qn` krnv`. EW ;&yN unN n#h#. E s` eLIy oNt bnv`, "uxl` i@gn @gn @m`nvq krNt yN@N. Ahl@y~ a@P mVm n`\ krnv`" yl eLIy ;&yN blhWk`r@yN b>v` g#mtW wRjny krnv`."

;&yN p`sl a# @gqr a`t wm sA[`nyt b#@>n @ls eLIy oNt bl kr. oN@G uQ@{~;ny @y` a#W@W ar# 12-14 vyS k`Nd@Y lN @vwt. @qm`yN apt @V oN eLIyt r#Q[mt yvN@N oN@G shn`[`r n#vn s` bv . wmN@G qr#vN b#@mN eLIy wmN vlkn bv @qm`@y~ @c~qn` klh.

eLIy `m l[`N@G sh@y~gy iLl. eK l[`@y apt a`k`ryt, "@gN @gt @g`S hq`vt b>v` gNn` @ls oN apt ynv`. a @k`@h`mq Ek krN@N? S apt wl."

lN alw`vyK @n` qKv` b>v` g#m mgh#mt w#N w#nt yn s` eLIy wr#n g#h# lm ilKk kr @gn @B. vn m`RgyK @s`y` g#mt aph s` q wvW |nvlt n mt vn s` q smhr g#h# lm eLIyt sMbN[ @v.

@my aW wWvy. iN @pNM @k@rN@N eLIy b>v p#v l`vN plLv XAg y`m. E, b ek krN, X`Nd aŽk lt nN @vnS mw @n` ivsN h` a@nW m` pnvN y` krn eLIy, wmN@G av\&w` @v@vN @p @n` n bv mhjnw`vt h#@<n s` y.

aq`l @vnW

/ lAk` a`Nv eLIy smg s`m s`kCc` s>h` ar a
2001 a@
L 27

vRgv` Q[@Y br
j`a-@l~k b#A v&hgwkrn s#lM yt@W ߿y` qs qhS gnnK qA@gyt

2001 a@
L 20

eLI a`[`rkr#@vt rK
m`KSv`qy sh / lAk`@V j`k |ny

2001 a@
L 17

eLI a`[`rkr#@vt rK
m`KSv`qy sh / lAk`@V j`k |ny

2001 a@
L 06


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