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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

k`L v#@mN a#F{S}`n@Y @Q\p`lk @p`ry @V

Fall of Kabul sets stage for further political conflict in Afghanistan

tR mNDS
2001 @n`v#MbR 15

eKsW jnpq a`[`r lbn r#Q[v` ur# sN[`n@Y hq` awt py a<hr#v`q` k`L ag ngry pWm q a#v, a#F{S}`n@yN v# @k`tsk p`ln bly aLl`@gn w@Lb`N v&`p`r@Y y$@M wWvy l @Q\p`ln Kwy rmt iKmN p`ln wNyK a#tm s>h` eKsW jnpqyt sh e shkr#vNt @p`rv#mt @B.

ur# sN[`ny N u@R [`n ngryK vn ms`R-I-\F aLl` g#mW ey p`lny btN @HrT sh u@rN t#@l`kN kr` @yN L kr g#mW smg py r`q` (w@Lb`N) >v#m a#r„. n pyK l w@Lb`N r#Q[v`N oN@G bl @Q\y r@tN yyt qhyk t X`gyK qKv` L kr @gn a#w. u@R , @|;@yN w@Lb`N bl@k`vK vn NSvl q w@Lb`N @r~[y p#v@N aLp vs@y.

ur# sN[`n@Y @b`@h~ aWpW kr g#M @kr#@N brpwl stnN @w`rv y. ur# sN[`n @jnr`Lvr#N@G t @m@hM sA[`ny krg#mt sh@y~gy @qN n eKsW jnpq @|; blk`yN h` hq` up@Q\kvr#N smg eKv eKsW jnpq h`rk y`n` s gnnK S@S w@Lb`N i@pl N @M @y . w@Lb`N v#@M [`n @HvK @ls @pyN@N an @qn l[`N h` bla# s#ly sAš&`vk pl`y$m . @M ay awr b`yN a`Nk`ry` v#NnN q a#w.

nW ur# sN[`ny k`L @vw y$mt q`nMmW smg jn`Žp  agvr aWpW kr @n` gNn kN kr @y~gy n#vw n#vwW mwK k@L y. s aNw@Y o k`\ kr @Y "a a@P rN k`L vrt y#mt @n` v qnt y#mt unN krN@n."  kw`krN @Y ur# sN[`ny a`Žpw& qrn a#F{S}`N a`Nvkt ek@hl` r#Q[, pS}`N t p`lk pR@VS \`rF smg hvN pv y.

eKsW jnpq vN sh`y h` up@Q\kvr#N mw y#@pn awr m a`[ h` l&`[`r a# ym @Q @N nW ur# sN[`n@Y n`yk@y~, aW pp`lnykt sMbN[ kr g#mt id a# a@nW p`R|vyN smg eKsW jnpq h` eKsW j`N@G r`j& w`Nk sb>w` s>h` k`ly lb`@qN agvr @q`r@k`d nwrmt @p`@r`N . @k@S @vwW, a<hr#v`q` u@Q N hS@Y m w@Lb`Nvr#N k`L vN oN@G q bl@k`vK vn kNqh`Rvlt p b#mW smg, ur# sN[`n@Y bla# iKmN m agvrt .

aWm v`Rw` @pNM krN@N, eKsW jnpq aEy p|N @g~k jny` awr @r~[yK a#Sm s>h` y`v m#hWv n q a#F{S}`n@yN q w@Lb`Nvr#N@G pb#m y. jl`l`b`Q ngry w@Lb`N @r~ kNd`yM awt pW a# bv v`Rw` vn awr ur# sN[`n@Y k`\k@y y` @Y e hq`vN @Q\v` p|N @g~k stNk`N smg y`Wmk @vN kNqh`Rvlt a# n bv . w@Lb`Nvr#Nt aW sMRn h`vl pm`v wvmW a|w nW @p@nNnt @b@Y e p`ln bly r>` pv@Y r@t yyt 20K pmn d` @Q\yk bv y.

smhr QNvl btr c`y`r$p LN h` m`[&@VN@G a#S it m @kr#, w@Lb`N stNkr#vN @kNm mr`q#@M QN ur# sN[`n@Y SvX`vy b> v s`K qr. eKsW j`N@G k`k`vK whr# kl p w@Lb`N stNkr#vN@gN yyt aŽk sAš&`vK -- v# @q@nK wr#nN h` nvk s`m`kN y -- ms`R-I-\F p`sL @g`dn#Llk s#< t h@mN anr#v ur# sN[`ny N {`wnyt lK@k`t . @k`Llk$@M @b`@h~ QN q v`Rw` a#w.

w@Lb`N wNy qng#Ssm b>v eKsW jnpq a`Nv wmNt m a|w Xpw` g#mk @y@qn awr ur# sN[`n@Y jyhnyN mN @q`r v^w @k`t a#W@W aLl`gW @Q @bq`g#mt @k@rn [ r#Q[ a#F{N kNd`yMvl @Q\p`ln @p`rykt y. ur# sN[`nymW py q\ky r` wr wr p# m`r#krN e@nk` smg stN v# `@Qy q @l`KkN@gN h` v`Rk pqnmK sw t kNd`yMvN s#MlW mAl` shgw sN[`ny. @mm sN[`ny eK@k`t w#@bn k bq`my vN@N @mm kNd`yM sh oN@G [`n @Qy shkr#N -- r#y`v, ir`ny sh iNy`v -- w@Lb`Nvr#Nt qKvn sr#km .

k`L aLl` g#mW smg ur# sN[`ny q#N skS mt yn a`NvK b>v ymyN p#nmt pSsMk`v uWs`h gN . ey q#ntmW aNwR k`n p`ln mNdlyK k`\yt pW kr a#w. r@T an`gw @Q\p`lny N kr g#m s>h` k`L vr n r#Q[ a#F{N kNd`yMvl SmK k#>vn @ls iLl` a#w. @k@S @vwW eKsW j`N h` e a#F{S}`n@Y @|; @y~w lKq`R `H smg sh@y~g@yN y`Wmk vn eKsW jnpqy h` w`n&y mn a#F{S}` p`ln wNyK mw v y `v w#mt aŽ`n kr @gn .

ur# sN[`n@Y hq` bla smg iw` sh@y~g@yN y`Wmk vn awrr m e a`Žpw& sw k`L p`ln wNyK a# m b>v s#ksAk` a#mk` p`ln wNy N m kr l#b a#w. u@R j`k kNd`yMvN s#MlW ur# sN[`ny N r@T q@N bwr p|N jny`@G @y~jnyK b#h#r @M anr @v`Ntny @pNv` a#w. ag ngry smwl` krN h` 50,000K pmn jny` mr` qmN k`L p`lny ywt g#mt 1992 h` 1996 awrr e@nk` smg @p`rv# ur# sN[`n@Y @Lv# v`Rw`v b>v pSsM shgw s>hN M q kr l#b a#w.

@k@S @vwW s#b$ uWkw`vN v@Y a#F{S}` wN@Y jnv`Rk œny @h~ [ r#Q[ kNd`yM h` a gWwN N py k`ly l kr l# jn{`wk y`vN @n` @V. prvt w# a# [`n k`rn`v vN@N a#F{S}`n@Y @Q\p`ln bly r>` pv@Y kr#N aw q yNn h` y`bq sMpWvN a`d& m[&m a`y` kl`py mw k`@G a`X`vy pv q yNn y. a#F{S}`nyt e@rv qv#, y @g`r @|;@yN a#F{N r#Q[ kNd`yMvlt h` anr#v oNt shy @qn @Qy shkr#vNt awh#r q#mt @v`Ntny q`nM n#w.

r`j& w`Nk @t`p`@y~

@b`@h~myK a#F{N r#Q[ kNd`yMvl sMXvy @s`y`gw h#K@K @s~yT sAgm@Y shy lq wNyt e@rv stN v#mt 1980 gnNvl eKsW jnpqy N a a`[vN h` l&my vs@yN a`[`r @k`t w# j@hN kNd`ym l y. 1992 @mm wNy >v#mW smg m a#F{S}`n@Y a`Žpw&y s>h` b#Lm @hl`gW [ y`bq r`j&yN wmN @v@vN @p n [ kNd`yMvlt bly @mN @p`ry iyt @Y y. vRwm`n@Y @bn r`j& w`Nk @p`rv#m nM @mm ym kNd`yMvl h` Ev`@Y @Qk shcrN@G m#hW@mN a# @bn sARn @Q\p`ln skrny .

a#mk` blp$m yt@W w@Lb`Nvr#Nt qKvn sh@y~gy m` mt pS}`nyt vW aN s$@qn On$m p`ln wNykt "m[&S} w@Lb`Nvr#N" h` pSw`ny smg sb>kM sw p|N n`ykN a#lW y bv yN wmN@G w#n y aW pW kr g#mt ert mAl`shgw . ur# sN[`n@Y aд`hkN vn r#y`v, ir`ny sh iNy`v, p#r w@Lb`N n`ykN @vW a#lW kr g#mt r#Q[ bv et m k`\ @k`t a#w.

eKsW j`N@G sAgmy l a#F{S}`ny sMbNŽw "hy+@qk" nN h#‰N@vn -- eKsW jnpqy h` r#y`v smg asLv# rtvL hy vn ny, pSw`ny, ir`ny, tS}`ny, tRK@MS}`ny h` uS@bS}`n ekv -- kNd`ym l @mm kr# k`rn` q#N @w~r` @Br` g#@M s`kCc` yN @B. "L pqnmK sw bv`Rk @y`jnyK" sw a`NvK b> vT@t~r#vt y@qn` m ek<W |w vs@yN @y~jny vN@N kq @m`n m`nyt q yNn h` y`v@Y ln gN@N kq yn yLl v`qykt lKv a#w.

eKsW jnpqy h# wrM @Vg@yN r`j& w`Nk kt iyt wL kr. "hy+@qk" kNd`y@M Smkt p eK r`j& w`Nk@y @pNv` N p a#mk` r`j& @LkM @k`N p@vL "hkt, hkt, hkt" y` @M av\&w`v b>v av[`rny k@L y. eKsW jnpq@Y @y~jn` k˫@Y y`vt q#@M [`n @HvK vN@N ur# sN[`ny wmN@G m p`ln wNyK k`Lvl whr# kr g#m v#l#Km . Ry, iNy`v, bAg@Q\y v# SM rtvLvl bla#vN s#MlW eKsW j`N@G hq`vk p`lny yt@W pvn "v^w ngryK" bvt k`L ngry pW krn @ls p@vL iLl` @Y y. w`n& agm# @t~ B@ly`R "h# iKmN" k`Lvl @p n @ls eKsW j`N@gN iLl` a# awrm p qhsk w`n& bla# uqVvt ipWmt r#@vN wb` a#w.

bmn @Vg@yN r`j& w`Nk g@q y`Wmk @vN pv. a#F{N r#Q[ p`R|vy s>h` eKsW jnpq @|; @y~w @JMS @d`NS aW p`ln wNyK @g`dn#m b>v iKmN s`kCc` s>h` lNdny, @r~mN, a#Nk`r`, t|@kNT, \`N@B h` iSl`m`b`qyt tW kr yv` a#w. @r~m@Y o vh@L n a#F{S}` r vn 87 y# sR \` h@Y i @Q\p`ln s#lmk o@G k`v b>v s`kCc` mt y. vh@L n [ a#F{N n`ykN smg s`kCc` mt pS}`n@Y @p\`vR ngryt y$@mN anr#v @d`NS y w @m@hvr m mt yw y.

vsr @qkk sAmn a`NvK ӵm b>v s`kCc` mt a#F{N n`ykN@G SmK k#> eKsW j`N@G @|; @y~w lKq`R `M q s`kCc` s>h` pSw`ny bl` y$mt q`nMv . o@G s#lM eKsW j`Nt @pNv` @qN, o @v@h@N eKsW j`N@G sAgmy n#@gnr @m~r@Y @h~ @k`@s~@v~vl kl`K @mN @vnW a`Nvk v#KyK bvt @my pW m s>h` "tSwr" l[`N @gn Emt aqhS @n` krn awr kWvy g#mt a#F{S}`vNt a`[`r krn bv .

eKsW jnpq h` eKsW j`N@G @y~jn` "L pqnmK" h` "@y~jnyK sw" a`N @ls s p#l#Nqmt uWs`h gWw q a@Nk[ s#lM vn` [`n blyN i@Y sMR@yN m ytW w pNn@Y p`ln wNyK a#tm s>h` q#@rn q @p@nn v&`y`myN y. [`n blvN `@Qy r`j& h` n`n`k`r a#F{S}` r#Q[v` p`R|vyyN awr mn vRg@Y @n` ek<w`vN h` @p`ryN mn q s`kCc` @k@rn @Q\p`ln yt a#F{S}`n@Y s`m`n& mhjnw`v@G j`wNv` m#hWmK aNwRgw @n`m#w.

aq`l @vnW

 pp`lny a#mk` jnw`v @gn yN@N @k`bt q?
2001 @n`v#MbR 09

eKsW jnpq r`j& @LkM@G pSw`n sh iNy` sAc`ry a`wN smny mt a@p`@h`sW @v
2001 @n`v#MbR 06

ap a#FgS}`n@Y Q[yt r#Q[ vN@N a#?
2001 oK@w~bR 23

 pp`lnyt Q[y av\& v@Y a#?
2001 oK@w~bR 10

V@y~RK sh @v`AtN ngr mwt eLl Sw h`r@Y @Q\p`ln l@y~
2001 s#Pw#MbR 14


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