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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

eKsW jnpq r`j& @LkM@G pSw`n sh iNy` sAc`ry a`wN smny mt a@p`@h`sW @v

US Secretary of State's visit to Pakistan and India fails to quell tensions

p`L jy@Skr
2001 oK@w~bR 26

n&k blvN vn pSw`ny h` iNy`v awr v#@dn a`wN smny @M yWnyK @ls, eKsW jnpq r`j& @LkM @k`N p@vL py s@Y em @qrt sAc`ryk @y. o, r`j&w`Nk M @b~Mb al kl`pyK hrh` iw` p@rSsN y mN, @qp`R|vym aSv#@M v$ymk @y awr e ply @ls v s @n`k@Ly. Q[ ply a#W@W nv L h` iSl`m`b`Q yn @qp#Wwm @v`Atn@Y a`yN s#kyt X`jny m sh up-mh`Qp@Y @Q\p`ln unWvy, @|;@yN m k`|ry l, wvW aA\k pyN n#m.

p@vL iSl`m`b`Q kr` l<` vn tm, nv L p`lny, iNy`@V jM h` k`|r `Nwy pSw`n p`ln@yN Kw as`Q k`|r@yN @vN krn p`ln @Rš`v @G ӵ pSw`n hq` blS}`n @vw, ey m`s gnn`vK l eLl kl \`lwm k`lvK h`ry, yW k@Ly. iNy` a`rK;k a#m @j~RJ fRn#N@dS, h`ry pSw`n sh`y lbn "sNnQ[ kd`vNnNt" e@r "qNdn" y`vK @ls y`p$ nW, @;L h`r@yN aqhS @kr#@N, iNy`v av\& mn a`k`ryN @h~ wm av\&w` a`rK;` krg#@M a`@yN n bvt p#h# anr# a#<mK m.

jM h` k`|r `Nw@Y agvr vn /ngR v&vS}`q`yk sX` @g`dn#Llt oK@w~bR 1 q` eLl mr`@gn m#@rn @b~Mb h`r@yN anr#v, iNy` a`Nv, y hq` an`gw@Y k`|r @bMv` stNkr#vN "hx`yN" p`ln @Rš`v p#mt id a#w# blg @ls a#<y. jn`Žp  @vw y# yk, iNy` agm# aw`L h` vJp` pSw`nyt @m@ls anr# a#<yŸ "iNy` jnw`v@G ivmt m`vK @B." pSw`n p`lnyt ytW @Q\vlt iNy`v krn On$m kd`v#mK @qrt awr vn Q[yK a#ly h#y.

p@vL iSl`m`b`Q @g`d bn t iNy` sA@Vw`vN b>v @h`‰N q#vWv @Yy. e@hW aS}`vr pSw`n wNy a#F{Sw`nyt e@rv eKsW jnpqy @m@hyvn Q[yt sh eKsW jnpqy N pSw`n t k>r# @y`q`g#mt r#Q[v ašNdv v#@dn @r~[w`vNt n @qn w l, ot ar#@vN v q Nt` n`yk @jnr`L p`R@vS ;`rFt eKwr` sh@y~gyK q`ny mt y. sq`c`r`Wmkv v#r @qy -- enM, @v`Atnyt sh`y m -- @M q#v#Nw @Q\p`ln avq`nmK qr` a# "Rw h` @@[R&vNw" s @ls p@vL pSw`n a``q`yky`t \As` k@Ly. pSw`ny p`R@MN j`wNv`qy kr` a`p y`m b> @m`n yM @h~ s>hnK vW @n`@kr#.

wb`N a`Nv S}`pny krn yM a#F{N wNyk sAy Rny mt shX` @M avS}`vK pSw`nyt l#@b a#w# shk mt q p@vL uWs`h k@Ly. a#F{Sw`ny l wm EjNy @ls wb`N v&`p`ryt qL, a`[ h` v spy` a# pSw`ny, yt pWv a#W@W, ey S}`pny krn wNyK l wm v` iNy`@V @mNm r#y`@V h` ir`n@Y sh`y lbn wb`N @r~N -- ur#g sN[`ny -- a`Žpw&y qr a#w# yNn b>vy. On$m nv wNykt qg a#F{Sw`n@Y pSN @Q\vl n`ykyN smg "m#qhW" wb`Nvr# shX` y y ;`rF @y~jn` kr @B. ur#g sN[`ny \`l vs@yN smNw vN@N r@T u@R jnv`Rk kNd`yM vn wK, uS@bK h` hs`r`S jny`@g.

iSl`m`b`Q p#v v^W sMmNnyk , p@vL, k`L "L pqnmK" sw "b-jnv`Rk" a`NvK s>h` ;`r`F kl @y~jn`v amw k@Ly. wb`N stNkr#vN eyt a#lW krg#mt wm` ek< vN@N q y@vN m`[&@VN N msn lv p@vL em kr#n v&`l @M uWs`hyk @y. "oNt a#NkM mt n#w @h`W a gn@N oN s#lLlt g#mt apt vnv` a#." y o p#vy. o wv rtW @m@S q yŸ "wb`N yn pq@yN vWmN wNy aR} q#K@V. e@hW emN QglyN kNd`ymK @h~ N kNd`ymK aR} q#K@V. wN@yN aWŠ gw @h`W, nv a#F{Sw`n@Y vR[ny s>h` shX` mt k#m#W@wN n ay wvW a#w."

p@vL k`|ry b>v s>hN k@L iw` yNwN v q em |ny pSw`ny h` iNy`v awr "sb>w`vNt @KNŒy" vn bvt o aqhS q#Ky. k`|ry b> s`kCc` @m@hyvn r`j&w`Nk X`;`@vN gW kl, p@vL@G aqhS q#KM pSw`ny @qst n#„r#mK @ls aR} r$pny @k. iNy`v smg pvWn` a`wN ĵL mK, mw@Hqyt lKv a# @Q\@Y wWvy b> ek<w`vK mw pqnM krmt, iSl`m`b`Q p`lny yWn qr` @B. y p`R|v@yN, iNy`v, k`|ry aX&Nwr |nyK @ls slkN j`w&Nwr m#hWmK Srs`rv K@p kr a# awr, k`|r@Y wWvy b> @m`n yM @h~ s`kCc`vK mt @pr`v pSw`ny "@Q\ m`v hrh` Swv`qy" nwr kl y av[`rny kr.

p@vL@G aqhS q#KM iNy`v l c`ryK av`@Y, iNy` n`ykyN aSvsn a`k`r@yN ayK pSst g#mt ot bl kr. y iNy` w&ky` vn jSvNW A smg nv L@Y p#v Ek`bQ[ v^W sMmNnyk o y` @Y, k`|r mw@Hqy iNy`v h` pSw`ny awr sb>w`vN "@KNŒy k`rn`vK" vn nW ey "ekm k`rn`v" @n`vn bv. @n`v#MbR l @v`Atn@Y sAc`ryK s>h` agm# vJp` @vw  kl a`r`[nyK q o ipW k@Ly.

@k@S @vwW. nv L p`lny, shkMvlt vd` v# @QvL bl`@p`@r`W @V. py @qvsr S@S, vJp` p`lny, kl`py l y a`Žpw&y \KmW kr g#m h` pSw`ny wv rtW @k`N m s eKsW jnpqy smg vd` sp sb>w`vK vR[ny kr g#@M yWnyk @y . o@G pK;y -- N S@v~Wwmv` X`ry jnw` pK;y (@J) -- s#Pw#MbR 11 h`r q#K@K, iSl`M aNwv`qy @hl`q#@MW pSw`ny "Swv`Nt aдh qKvn r`j&yK" y k`\yt pW krn @ls @v`Atnyt bl @MW prm avS}`vK @lsy. eKsW jnpq@Y "Swv`qyt e@r @g~y Q[yt" k`|ry q a#lW krg#mt iNy`vt av\& y.

E @vvt, @v`Atny k@L, a#F{Sw`nyt e@r eKsW jnpq@Y Q[yt sh`y mtW eKsW jnpq tyt pSw`n t m[&S}`nvlt | @M phkM s#pmtW ;`rFt bl m.  pp`lny N pSw`ny smg vn oN@G aW @kr# sN[`ny @v@vN up-mh`Qpy l iNy`@V av\&w` k#p kr a#w# yn y iNy` p`lk kv l av`mt @mm h#m a#w.  pp`lny s#Pw#MbR 11N pv W kl Swv` sA[`n l#Svt k`|r kNd`yM ekK pmnK a#lW kl t uWkw` m @kr#.

p@vL @m@S p#v@mN iNy` n`ykyN s#nmt uWs`h k@LyŸ "eKsW jnpqy h` iNy`v Swv`qyt e@rv ek a# awr iNy`vt r#Q[v eLl a# Swv`qy q eyt a# @V." o /ngR v&vS}`q`yk sX` @g`dn#Llt eLl oK@w~bR 1 q` @b~Mb h`ry @hl` q#Kk awr, o@G sAc`ryt K;kv @pr`v, eKsW jnpqy. y Swv` sA[`n l#Svt, /ngR r#m s>h` a`rMX@Y vgm X`rgW j|-i-@m`@h`mD kNd`ym q a#lW k@Ly. e@hW k`|r @bMv` kNd`yMvlt pSw`ny @qn sh@y~gy @Vcny @mN v#lmt p@vL vgbl` g.

an`gw a#F{N wNykt wb`N @y~wy a# krg#mt iNy`v brpwl @ls r#Q[y. p@vL iNy`vt l<`mt @pr`v p#v v^W s`kCc`vk , iNy` @Q\ kt am`w&A\ k`\k@yK, "m#qhW wb`Nvr#" b> aqhs "@r~@[~KyK" -- aR}@yN @r~ -- @ls smCclyt lK k@Ly. o p#h#vm @m@S s>hN k@LyŸ "wb`Nvr#Nt idK n#w. ap@G kLpn`vt lKv a#W@W, a#F{Sw`n@Y b-jnv`Rk [Wvy ƒ krn Rn @y~jn v&hy."

iNy`v r#y`v @vN ipW @k a# evN iLMvlt sh`y @B. iNy` @Q\ @LkM @c`l` ayR@G h` r#y` }m @y~j& @Q\ a#m Vy`@cSl`V B@k`V@G n`ykWv@yN W iNy` h` r#y` l[`N@G "y`k` kNd`ymK", oK@w~bR 19 q` @VqnyK W krN, a#F{Sw`n@Y nv wNykt wb`Nvr# v#Qq @n`gw y iLl` @Yy. ey @y~jn` k@L, "aNwv`qy h` l[Rmv`qy c`ry @n`krn y jnv`Rk kNd`yMvl sm`n @y~jnWvyN Kw, L pqnmK sw Sv`n a`Nv." vJp` Il< m`s@Y eKsW jnpqyt @k@rn y gmn awrmg r#y` jn`Žp Vl#R N ng#m s @m`SkV sAc`ryk @y@M a`@yN n awr v`Rw` vn p, em h@V eLly a#F{Sw`ny b>v s`kCc` m.

uWsNn a`wN

kl`p@Y sr#kM smny krnv` @vvt, p@vL@G sAc`ry a`wN uWsNn kr @B. p@vL iSl`m`b`Q kr` l<` vn t iNy`v k`|r@Y pSw`n blS}`nvlt phr eLl k@L yM @S q pSw`ny q eKsW jnpq r`j& @LkM nv L@Y iNy` l[`N hvn avS}`@V , y ty aŽ r#@vN wbn bvt -- iNy` hq` yS}`ngw mkt c`r vs@yN y yN -- oK@w~bR 17 q` @Vqny k@Ly. pn pSw`n hq` p`ln @Rš`v hrh` k`lvK h`ryK eLl k@Ly.

oK@w~bR 19 q`, p@vL@G sAc`ry mmW smgm, iNy` Sv@Q\ a#m eL.@K. aQv`, pSw`n@Y p`lnyt nv pvn as`Q k`|ryt @k@rn iNy` kd`v#mK, vh`m @vw# yNn K@p kl awr e@hW p`ln @Rš`v uLlA{ny mt @@nk ayK iNy`vt a# bvW an`gw@Y e@S mt id a# bvW wr@Y y` @Yy. pn o ItW eh` @g`S @m@S p#vyŸ "ho`y`m j`w&Nwr y l KKw y`m`RgyK @ls g#@N. e@hW @M @m`@h`@W, em @vw @y`q`g#@mN @w`rv Swv`qy jyg#mt ap smW v a#w# yNn apt |v`sy."

@J@Y @Q\p`ln sgy vn jM h` k`|r mh a#m f`r#K aBLl`, py s@Y kl k`\ ItW vd` qk` y. "a#F{Sw`n@Y aRqy hm`r vh`m @Q\ m`v hrh` @mm stNkr#vN@G k>r# @s`y` ap yn bv mt Sry." y aBLl` /ngR v`Rw`kr#vN amw` y. "s`kCc`vl gy avsN a#w#" o p#vy. o XyAk`r @ls wv rtW @m@S q s>hN k@LyŸ "hwr vn [iN-pSw`n] Q[y [k`|r] |ny s>htm s> a#w."

p@vL@G sAc`ry, SM pSw`nyK h` N a`Žpw&yN Kw iNy`vK bvt 1947 iNy`v @bm l y @eh`k lyN pvn g#@M, smny kl @n`h# SvX`vy av[`rny kr. N mhr`j` @k@n@G p`lny yt@W p#v SM bwryN W r`j&yK vn k`|r@Y ply smSw v`Rk @b@M m g` SvX`vy iSmWwt @gne. N mr# l r`j& @q@kN ekkt @h~ sMbN[ @mN v#l nW, a`Akv pSw`ny N avn lq k#Llkt n N w l, o iNy`v h` eK awr, iNy`v K;kv m y hq` k`|ryt y#y.

E avS}`@V ptN @M qKv`m @b pvn k`|ry, @Q\ m`v @qpsm v`Rk aNwv`N N S@v~Wwmv` m@n~gN av`m s gs`k l#b a#w. iNy` hq` N @k@rn "hx`y`mK" b>v q#N anr# a<vn iNy` Sv@Q\ a#m aQv`, [`n wKkyN@gN @k@n. o, iNy` up-mh`Qpy r` v`Rk cNd y` LlK yW kl h` k`|r@Y a`wN av` , 1992 a@y~[&` bB mSD pLy n`\ @mN g#N N S@v~Wwmv` v&`p`r@Y [`n n`yky` y.

s#Pw#MbR 11 q` t @J n`ykWv@yN W a`Nv, iNy`v l SM @r~ a`[`n`Wvy wv rtW avN n awr ey vn` q#ntmW rn wWvyt @wL vW mK pmnK v a#w.

aq`l @vnW

ap a#FgS}`n@Y Q[yt r#Q[ vN@N a#?
2001 oK@w~bR 23

 pp`lnyt Q[y av\& v@Y a#?
2001 oK@w~bR 10

V@y~RK sh @v`AtN ngr mwt eLl Sw h`r@Y @Q\p`ln l@y~
2001 s#Pw#MbR 14


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