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ap a#FgS}`n@Y Q[yt r#Q[ vN@N a#?

Why we oppose the war in Afghanistan

@l~s@va kRw^ mNdl@Y k`\y
2001 oK@w~bR 9

@l~k sm`jv` @vB ady a#FgS}`nyt e@r a#mk` t h`ry @hl` q. @my Swv`qyt e@rv K[Rmy s>h` sh a#mk` jnw`v@G a`rK;`v s>h` Q[yK y yn  pp`ln@Y vAc`vk y`p$M a K@p kr.

s#Pw#MbR 11 q` vN @k`Lly-@b~Mb h`ry aAsk L jny`t kl @Q\p`lk v s`pr` y`v. @mm s`pr` y`v kl kvr v q E a#mk` sh j`w&Nwr kMkr# pN@Y sr @ls @hl` q#y y. vgm kvr @h~ X`r @n` g#m yn kr#nm @mm h`ryN@G g#„r# g` Svr$py av[`rny kr.

s#Pw#MbR 11 q` M a#FgS}`ny mw h`ry s>h` uW@™rky @ls @Svy @k@rn awrv`r@Y arn @b`@h~ @sN m g#„r# y. @M @h~ @vnW On$m Q[yk SvX`vy, e g @h~ g` SvX`vy Rny @k@rN@N, It @pr a`sNn MvN @n` v, It sMbNŽw r`j&yN@G pN v&hy, a`Rk pqnM sh j`w&Nwr k`v. eKsW jnpq@Y vRwm`n y`v @mm rn`Wmk S}`vryt av aŽr`j&v` Q[y.

ej a`Nv Q[y a`rMX k@L a#mk` p`lk S}r@Y rg yn j`w&Nwr uvmn`vN hx` y`mt y. Q[@Y [`n arn mK q? q\kykt @pr`v @s~yT sAgmy >v#m mN @l~k@Y šj @wL sh SvX`k g$Svl w&K; sAwvN @l`v @qvn \`lwm Žy ӵ m[&m a`y`@V @Q\p`ln KwyK Rm`ny @kn.

a#FgS}`n@yN @l~p`k @V\y s#l@sn k#SyN kl`p@y @l~k@Y w&K; sAwyN@gN yyt 20K wrM vn šj @wL b#rL yn 270kt a`sNn m`nyK Š @B. e@S m, p^ @g~l@Y m g$S sAwvN a@tN pAvkt a`sNn m`nyK vn sh a yn 665k SvX`k g$S m`nyK q e aNwRgw @V.

@mm rn`Wmk sMpW @l`v @Q\p`lkv iw`m aS}`vr kl`p@Y ӵt` @B. ej a#FgS}`nyt phr , aд`hk r`j&yK atv` kl`py lt q#v#Nw t blyK a# @k`t wm aŽpv` p`lny @yqv a# nv @Q\p`lk a`k^yK S}`w m ar kr g.

vRwm`n Q[@Y @pl„Mk`rkyN vn w}& gnN b#M @Mv` y. os`m` N l`dN nm# w Qgl@yK s`@vN smSw a#mk` tym bl g#N@Y y yn l k`\y h`s&jnk y. N l`dN m`@Y aNw j`kv` sh a`gk dv` @Q\p`lny aNwyt m g` y yNn, @l~k @vl> m[&S}`ny n`\ m sh 6000kt a`sNn L jny` {`wny m o N uWkR;yt n#Am mN av[`rny kr#n. e@hW ej a`Nv N l`dN  aR[k`msKwky @ls Swr m  arnK s>h` -- vRwm`n Q[@Y a#Ww ar sh v#qgW X`vy s#<m -- @Svy kr.

E E Q[@Y a#mk` a`Nv sh m`[& ilLk kr gW n`yky` Wv@Y QglWv`@r~pny @ls Nw`r# krN mhjn mwy h#d g#Smt m`n b# -- p#nm` "mWv& @l`Kk`" m#vL @n`@Yg`, @s~m`y` "q @l`Kk`" @m`hmD n`r` aO @h~ wn g@Y "TlRl`" sq`M @SN sh S@l`@b`d`N l@s`K @Vv` -- py q\k @q@k ej @gn y s$m Q[yk m @mN m N l`dNv yK;`@r~pny q y`q`m@y @k`ts.

s`r` @l~rNS q&`l@Y mh`c`Ryvry vn fv`S E. gRS oK@w~bR 8 q` V @y~RK tMS a`rK;k mR;n r#vK l ej q @pl„m g#N w}& ar sthN kr @B. sykt @pr`v r$Tvl p#v#W ar` sh SM sA[`nvl sMmNnyK Swr krN RS @m@S yŸ "eKsW jnpqy N l`dN@G aL K@Vq` sA[`ny n`\ m sh w@Lb`N rjy @prl` q#m iKmv` @b`@h~ r yn arnK eLl kr @gn a#w# shX` @b`@h~ @qn` p#vh. m[&m a`y`@V @wL sh g$S sAw p`lny, r#y` sh n blp$M @Q\vlt Ag` g#m, ir`k p`lny n`\ kr q#m sh @wL p`qny krn pRy` @b`K@K @wL pqvn r`j&yN mw a#mk` hny whr# kr g#m a#vNn` yT @l~p`yyK eKsW jnpqy sv @B y yn |v`s@yN v SM @l~k@Y @y~w@y~ a#mk`@V a`rMXyN b>v ek`vN v s#k phl klh.

" pp`lny prn @k~Nwr ms` g#mkt q @l~ky mw a#mk` a`Žpw&y whr# kr g#mt q @mm @Kqv`cky gs` k$mt bl`N@N y# @b`@h~ SMvr# s#k phl kr."

@mm s#k sAk` mN m K Kw y. ejy w@Lb`Nvr# pNn` q#m, N l`dNv aLl` g#m @h~ mr`q#m sh o@G Swv` k>r# @ls @v`Atny pvsn S}`n ag` q#m a`yt anr#v a#mk` hq` ivW kr g#m @n` v a#w. E @vvt, ply v a#W@W, kl`p@Y SvX`k sMpW b> a@|; @Br#Mkr#v` bvt ejy whr# kr vS ej t blk`yyN Srs`rv nvWv` w#m y. @mm @l~p`k eLlyN a#lw an`gw sh vd`W @Lv# g#Mvl j aNwRgw @v.

m$w ih`sy b>v mmK mN @M anr# a#<m sm`n @v. py q\k @q@k a#mk` Q[ @n` @vnS y h# p m It @pr ej pWN@gN p#n n#A@G y. ej@Y I@Y r` aq sr` bvt pWvn ašNdWv@Y q`myK @B.

@M l#S@V k@lk aE rwl` @n`@Yg`, pRyN @b`K@K t r# sq`M @SN sh I@Y a#mk` a#Wwy` l@s`K . N l`dN sh w@Lb`Nvr# n`\ kr q#y ilKkyN bvt pvRwny eKsW jnpq kM q`m@Y nvwm r#K y.

ir`ky sMbN[ QŽ@Y ejy ir`n@Y @M kLyt r#Q[v 1980 gnNvl r# @lst sq`M @SNt uqV N@N y. e@hW ir`k rjy pRy` @b`K@K ej @wL uvmn`vNt wRjny eLl kl t @SN yK;y bvt pvRwny kr l# awr b#Gd$dyt e@rv Q[y yW k@L y. gLF Q[@Y k arn pRy` @b`K@K ej t @p m Srs`rv whr# m vn awr q\kykt pv aq qKv` mW ey e@S m pv.

@myt q vd` @Kqjnk v@Y N l`dNt sh w@Lb`Nvr#Nt ej N aдh@Y ply. Ev` 1970 gnN p X`g@Y a#r„v` q 1980 gnN r`vt m kr @gn y` q, @s~yT sAgmy Rvl mt sh m[&m a`y`v l e blp$mt vl k#mt iSl`y l[Rmv`qy av` q#@M ej @v@W p`wyN y. @s~yT sAgmyt e@rv Q[ mtW m[&m a`y`v aS}`vr mtW aEy N N l`dN sh a@nW iSl`y l[Rmv`N b>v` krv` gNn` l.

anr#v a# aL j`l`vN sh mh` v&snyN l, a#mk` a`N@V a`Rv`qy a#v w@Lb`Nvr#Nt uqV upk`r kr bl@Y ‹vn l. ej pW sksN@n~ q\k @qkkt a`sNn L Q[@yN anr#v a#FgS}`ny w@Lb`Nvr# N S}`vr kr a#w# a#qh.

a#mk` pW sksN@n~ @mm aNw-g` k`y l, k#SyN @~@Y sh pRyN @b`K@K ej eLlyN @prt @gny`m s>h` sh ny sh r#y`v mw v#@dn dnyK @yqm s>h` @mvlmK @v~ y. @l~k @vl> m[&S}`ny mw vN @k`Ll @b~Mb h`ry Nl`dN@G sh o@G w@Lb`N kvN@G k^w&yK bv  pp`lny y` N@N nM et iw`mW m cK;n sh s^ aR}@yN @mm w h`y b>v @Q\p`ln vgm a#mk` p`lk S}rym mw @ˆ.

a#mk` @r~ a`sKw`vN h` iSl`y l[Rmv` v&`p`ryN n# Em, a#FgS}`n@Y sh pS}`n@Y jhNvr#nt a#mk`v N sh@y~gy qKv` pmnK @n` v ar` @l~ky mw a#mk` phrM qKv` q mA sl q#y h# vR[ny. aEy a#FgS}`n@Y l[Rmv`N sNnQ[ krn k`l@Y m @lbnn@Y ISr`@yL a`mnyt shy @qN @Y y. N anr#v,

V jR q @n_k`v L jn`v`s @vw r`WwL 2000k @;L @v qm` g#, 1983 r$t@Y ej @b~Mb @hm p#@Y y. @mm s`pr` y`v, a#mk` @s`Lq`vN 242k gW r$Tvl ej b#Kkvlt @b~Mb h`r eLl @M r$p`k`ry gW plp`kvlt s^v mgp$ y.

yLltmW vd`, N l`dN nm#Ww` sh sb#‰ smSw sAQŽ@Y m lyN @bN@N s ar`y`v smg @v`Atn@Y sA[`ny l y. bly mw y hny pvWv`@gn y`@M m`RgyK @ls oN@G m hAv@V iSl`y l[Rmv`qyK a@l kl @mm v#dvsMv` Ek`Žk`ryt ejy q\k gnn`vK S@S r#L N@N y.

@M y @pr h` h#y`M, Ev`@Y v&snk` plp`kyN q smg m p#n n# eN@N, j`wNy l[Rmvl pqnN Rny @n` v` q @h~ v^w s`kCc`v sh Q[ sAv`qy l gw @n` ej @Q\ @v@W SvX`v@y. E @vvt ey a#mk` jnw`v@gN s<v` wb` gW a`Rk uvmn`vN hx`y`@mN a$Š e.

ej a`Nv Swv`qyt r#Q[ v Q[yK g#n kw` krn t ey ud t phlt hkkmK vN@N, I@Y Swv`y` aq r` sh I@Y r` aq Swv`y` m s` pmnK @n` v, a#mk` pWy Swv` sA[`nvlt a`kyN b>v` g#m s>h` ajnn spyn sm`j v&snk`WvyK pqv` a# b#N q @v. a#mk` aŽr`j&v`q@Y @k`Llk` k`@V pl b>v s`K a#FgS}`n@Y jnw`v K@Vqn`vNt pW krn Swr kl @n` h# wr@M qw`v sh pg`Wvy l t vd` aN m w#@nk qKnt n#w.

a#mk` tv`q@Y aWm r`y`MvN p#n n#@gn an`gw pl @m`nv` q? ejy y a`sNn ar n`gW@W v q, m[&m a`y`@V sm`j sh @Q\p`ln @v @b@hW @p`y m a`k`ryN rn bN a @V y mt @H n#w.

@pNtgny y t h`r sMbNkrny krN n w@Lb`N @r~ ur# g sA[`ny smg pvWvNn` y sN[`ny mw a#FgS}`ny l "j`y @g`dn#m" b> ej k}`bh k`\yt pW@k@R; @v`Atny @k`@s~@v`@V a#L@By` Swv` @k`@s~@v` K hq`v y @prkl`y @ls @y`q` gW aN m q#N I\`n g a#FgS}`ny @KN kr gW "Q[ @l`KkN" kLy m[&m a`y`v l y blL aw @S @y`q` g.

q#N ur# g sN[`ny qh@S sh m;& wk` X`v@Y ryN @S Nw`r# @k@rn @hN, V @y~RK tMS sh @vnW w#Nvl m$w pl vl, a#FgN mWv& @vl>`@M amhW v# @k`ts sN[`ny N p`lny kr lbn X`g@yN l#@bn vg v`Rw` kl bv sthN kr g#m up@Q\`Wmk y. yLltmW vd`, ur# g sN[`n@Y t @Q\`ŽpyN 1990 gnNvl k`L vrt ivbvN @w`rv @r`kT @v eLl @mN qhS gnN L v#yN {`wny m sMbN[@yN apRmW y.

rt pTtM krq#@mN pv a#FgS}`ny "y @g`dn#m" t ejy @y~jn` kl a[m sh m`y` pqnm, Q[y vt pl V @y~RK tMS yk s>hN y. "@pNtgn@Y bl`@p`@r`Wv v@Y vN h`rvN en m`nk cAclX`vy, @v`Atny @h`r rh@S a`[`r krn w@Lb`N @r~ bl@Vgvlt @qn aLlS sh a avS}`v`qy Ek`bQ[ m @b`@h~ w@Lb`N stNkr#vN wmN@G a`[ h#ry` pl` y`mt @y` krv a# bv y" y@vN e y.

yLltmW vd`, rn`Wmk sMpWvl q#v#Nw Ž sw kl`p@Y SvX`vym, m[&m a`y`@V m blv@w ejy prm @Br#Mk`ry` bvt pWvn s‹mK @n` g y yNnt s`Ky. r#y`v, ir`ny, ny, pSw`ny sh iNy`v yn yLlNt m oN@G m uvmn`vN @bn awr Ev` hx`y`mt oN @vr qr a#w. wv rtW, eKsW jnpqy Š m @pr @s~yT sAgm@yN kp` @k`t` gW kl`p@Y vd` d` r`j&vl n# en [@N|vr kLvl uvmn`vN h` g#@t a#w.

a#mk` tv`qy r` y s$m avŽyk m pl @ls p# n`\@Y pm`v vdvd`W \`lWvyt pWy. q#N ejy mh blvN@G mNnk`WvyN@G n`yKv klK S@S p#v# kl`pyk yLltmW vd` n&k a`[vN gw srs` gW h` Kwm qWv@yN sMœn, sm`j, @Q\p`ln, v`Rk sh a`gk a`wN@gN p# iw# y @l~k@Y @k`tsk mq`yK arx` @B.

oK@w~bR 2 q` V @y~RK tMS "pS}`ny adm`n @r" yn N W yk, RmlX`v@Y rl avS}`vK @ls, ej q @pl„@M s#kv m a#lW aNwr`yyN Swr k@L y. @Y kvry` @m@S q yŸ "@mm abl bl sh klhk` j`y "Swv`qyt e@r Q[@Y" [`n k`vkt b>v` g#m N L cNdWvyt oT w#y h# sh n&k a @bn S}`nyk mhW v&snyK av`@M anrt a#mk`v n @q."

ej a`N@V k`\nyN vW m`[&vl v`Rw`vN vW t h`ryt y spyn ww& a`Rk sh -@l~p`k ilKkyN b> b#r#M mR\nyK @n` kr. ej @Q\p`ln sAS}`wy wmN a`rMX krn lq y` m`v@W r g yn Xv`Wmk v&snk` plp`k b#r#Mv slk` b# y yNn b>v a#<mK n#w.

S@v~Wwmv`qy sh tv`qy aSs` q#@M Rqy m`[& v&`p`ry ymW a#mk` jnw`v@G m@n~gy Q[y s>h` @h~y` mK @n` @V. v#m wrN Swv`qy h` stN @M ekm m`Rgy Q[y @ls ayv g#m. r`j&@Y @mvlmK @ls @Svy krn ud t phlt vAck m`[& v$ym @mm m@n~gyt \`l @lN @Hk`rk @V. t y`v p#@lN amw krmt yN aphw`v sh v&`lWvy b> g#„rt yn h#mK @B. a#mk` tv`q@Y @mm aWm r` h#@mN @h`>K @n` vn bvt @k~ gnN N l h#mK pv.

ejy sNŽS}`nyk . wmN a|w pm`vN h` k`lyN W Q[ykt el n bv a`Nv g. @vN pvn @qy nM g#„r# @vN pvn sm`j aRqyk @k`N@Q yt@W a#mk` sm`jy tkrny m y. Q[y a#mk` sh j`w&Nwr kMkr# pN@Y wWvyt g`dv blp` a#w. eK vn yvs a`rMX@Y aŽr`j&v`qy vn yv@S @Kqv`ckyN vd` pm`vN y @gn eN m;& vRgy` wRjnyt lK kr. aŽr`j&v`qy sh e @k`Llk`WvyN k@lktW vd` kMkr# pN@Y j`w&Nwr eKsW X`v@YW sm`jv`qy s>h` argl@YW av\&w`v m kr.

aq`l @vnW

a#mk`@V j`wNy aNŸ @G Sw @r~ Q[@Y }m @g`r
2001 oK@w~bR 16

 pp`lnyt Q[y av\& v@Y a#?
2001 oK@w~bR 10

V@y~RK sh @v`AtN ngr mwt eLl Sw h`r@Y @Q\p`ln l@y~
2001 s#Pw#MbR 14


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