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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

qKn`Ak a#Ny / lAk`@V mh m#vrn@yN jy g

Rightwing UNP wins general election in Sri Lanka

@K. rWn`yk
2001 @qs#MbR 14

vsr hwK pK;@Y qKn`Ak eKsW j`k pK;y (a#N) @qs#MbR 5 q` p#v mh m#vrn@yN bwryK swv jy lb` n#vw / lAk`@V blyt pWv a#w. a#N n`yk rL mAh py iq` agm# @ls VM N awr bq`q` o@G a#m# mNdly pW @kn. @mm m#vrny k#>@Y, t @pr m#vrny pvWv` yNwM m`s 14kt pv yŸ p`R@MN mN kNd`ymK p`lk @p` @prn (@p`@p) awh#r y`m @H@vN a`N pK;y p`R@MNv l wryK bvt pWv |v`s XAg @y~jn`vN |w pr`jykt n wWvyK l y.

r@T G g# @Q\p`ln a|wX`vy avs`nykt @gn Em s p`R@MN@V a`sn 225N a`sn 120 S}`vr bwryK s>h` @p`@p h` a#Ny yn @qp`R|vym uQ@{~;ny klh. a`Nv b> g#„r# as`qyK p#vyW @p`@p yN, / lAk` SM @k`Nsy (/l@k`) sh v# K@y pqnM kr gW sA[`n @qkK vn lAk` kMkr# @k`Asy (dB) sh k‹rt mhjn @prn (eF) smg a# krgW sN[`n@Y -- eKsW j`k @pr@N (eNeF) -- @k`tsK @ls a#Nyt lb`gw h# @Y a`sn 109K pm. /l@k`, eNeF b#nry yt@W a`sn s>h` wr< krn awrrm, SM wr@yN s#ly m`nyK v`sy krn n#@gnr pl`@W wm`@Gm nN a@PK;kyN ipW @k`t a`sn phK n` g. e plyK @ls a#N sN[`nyt p`R@MN@V a`sn 114K a#w. @qml pK; hwrk sN[`nyK vn @qml j`k @prn (eNE) a`sn 15K n`gW awr eKsW j`k @prnt avm vs@yN a`rMX@Y e sh@y~gy g#n q |v`sy w#y h# y.

a#N@Y p`R@MN bwry y , m#vrn pl@yN k`\yt pW @k@rN@N jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg sh a#@G @p`@p a`Nv brpwl @ls K@p m. lAk`@V pvN@N sARn m#vrn my. m#vrn SK 22N ap`w pqnm yt@W mNvr#N 196K @w~r` gNn` awr pK; N lb` gNn` smSw cNq m`nyt sm`p`kv eK eK pK;@Y j`k l#SvN wv mNvr# 29K pW kr g#@N. 1994 @p`@p, pl vrt blyt pWvn avS}`@V k`w cNq sAš&`@vN yyt 49K n`gW awr, em \wy 2000 yyt 45 qKv` q py m#vrn@Y yyt 39 qKv` q phw v#n. py vs@R SKk 13k bwry n`gW @p`@pt @mvr n`gw h# @Y yNwN eK SKkyk bwry pm.

@p`@p cNq K;ym vd`W k# @p@N, j`k, `@Qy h` pl`W mTt@M m#vrn 11N a#Ny ek gt pr`jyt pW q@N m`wr h` g`Ll sh ur# m#q pl`@W @p`@l`Nnr#v h` ar`[r v# gMbq SKkvl y. 1990 L X`g@Y gMbq wr#nyNt e@rv a#Ny @gny Rg mRqny b> kk mwky @mm @Q\yN jnw`v awr @m@w ‰ pv. ekl a`rK;k hq`v h` Ev` smg sh@y~ m#r@y~ qhS sAš&`wv wr#nyN {`wny klh. @p`@p, m[&m k‹kr@Y vkr jnw`v awr cNqy \`l vs@yN a kr@gn a#w. vre@Y @p`@p cNq \wy yyt 27N q, k$gL@L yyt 8N q a @B.

a#Ny py vs@R m#vrnyt s`@PK;v wm smSw cNq \wy yyt 40.21 t yyt 45.62 qKv` yyt 5N q, bwry n`gW SKk sAš&`v 3 t 17 qKv` q v# kr @gn a#w. rt l v#m cNqq`ykyN sAš&`vK n @k`lx ag ngr@Y a#N cNq sAš&`v yyt 8N v# y. \`l vs@yN kMkr# pNk vhN @p@qS sw up @k`T`\ vn @b`Ll, n#@gnr @k`lx sh rWml`n @Q\vl a#N cNq \wy @vN yyt 10,8 h` 8 aN v# @B.

r@T Gg# L Q[y m`vkt @gn Em s>h` @bMv` @qml IlM K @k` sA[`ny (eLI) smg s`kCc` p#v#Wm s>h` ` a# a#Ny @qml h` SM jnw`v awr y cNq m`nyN s#ly @ls v# kr @gn a#w. e cNq \wy Wwl@M yyt 9N q, k$gL@L yyt 7N q, m`w@L yyt 8N q v# @B. a#Ny smg sN[`ngw dBy, vkr SKkyK vn bL@L h` vre@Y v# kr @gn a# cNq \wy @vN yyt 8K h` 16K y.

py r`q` a#N n`yk rL mAh wm pK;@Y jyhny "jn bl@Y k`\nyK" @ls uqM a#@V y. @k@S nW, @mm ply wWv`rK;k a#Ny b>v wbn lq |v`sy b> k`\nyK @n` @V. ItW vd` @mm ply, Q[y m` mt asmWm @H@vN sh v#dkrn jnw`v@G sm`j wWvy mw eLl @k@rn h`ryN g#„r# m @H@vN @p`@p sW ar# p`lny @k@r a# @@vr@Y k`\ny. 1994 mhjnw`v, a#N@Y 17 ar# p`lny avsN m s>h` cNqy N@N @mm kr#m @H @k`t @gn y. @mm pK;y 1983 k^^rwr Q[y a#r awr ߿y` sh vn @k`N@Q kPp` mt N qhS @vlq @p`l pW a`rMX k@L y.

2000 m#vrn@Y pv`, w bly @bq` h#mK sh emN eLIy smg s`kCc` a#rm s>h` av\& v&vS}`my @vnsK a# m s p`R@MNv l v# cNq sAš&`vK av\& @V y yn pqnm mw @p`@p cNq q`ykyNt a`y`cn` k@L y. @k@S nW py m#vrn@Y m`rAg, Ahl S@v~Wwmv` jnw` K @prn (j@p) smg sN[`ngw v` y. @p`@p s`m s`kCc` mNm b#h#r @n` kl awr m, rt @bm s>h` a#Ny eLIy smg rhS g@qvk @y a#w# @c~qn` krN vRgv` h#Mvlt w`mw`m a`y`cn` k@L y.

a#Ny, wmN@G p`R|v@yN, s`m@Y pK;y @ls uQ@{~;ny krN, eLIy smg s`kCc` iLl` @Yy. e@S @M a#Ny, @Qy a`@y~jn a`kR\ny kr g#mt sh a#q v#@tn a`Rky y @g`dn#Amt [`n b`[kyK @ls Q[y slkn mh v&`p`kyN@G vd`W blvW @k`tSvl av\&w`vK ġ„ k@L y. @qml sh SM pK;, Qgk m`[&yN @r`Ww smg a#N n`yk rL mAh vt` @vN o s`ms`[k@y @ls Nw`r# k@L y.

s`myt qKvn k#m#WwK

@mm m#vrn ply mN ymK @pNM krN@N nM, E 60,000kt aŽk w sAš&`vK gWw` q jnghn@yN \`l @k`tsK mw n`\k` blp$M a# kl` q Q[y m` mt cNqq`ykN@gN bwrykt av\& bv . 2000 m#vrn@Y cNqq`yk@y~ m`rAgt s#k@Y v`y aWkr a#y n#vwW bl@Y ӵh. q#N s#ly S}ryK a#Ny @qst @q~lny a#w. E a#Ny @k@r blg |v`syK a# s` @h~ e aw v`Rw`v amwk m s` @n` v, a#Ny s`my s>h` avS}`vK @ls oN slkn b#.

qKn`Ak a#Nyt "s`m@Y j`Wnv`q@Y h` @s_X`g&@Y" pK;y @ls @prh#r q#Ky h# nM eyt vgv W@W, Q[y pmnK @n` v j`wNv` aNt sh vn @k`N@Qvlt a#Ny eLl kl h`ryN q iyt @gn y` @p` @pr a`Nv.

1994 lAk` smsm`j pK;y (lssp), @k`ST pK;y (@k`p), nv smsm`j pK;y (nssp) sh r`vy, Ky kNd`yM aNwRgw ym "v`m" sh ߫kL pK; sh sA[`nvl sh@y~gy swv @p` @prnt wm` "v`m" h` "sm`jv`" @ls Nw`r# kr gw h# y.

@p` @pr sX`g@Y l @k`tSkr#vN lssp h` @k`p, wm`t aw@Y sh@y~gy N kMkr# S}ryN awr L @ls apRyt pWv a#Ww`h. g`Llt N ӵ kN lssp bl@k`vK , e@hW vsr gnn`vK r` pK;y wm`@Gm nN wr< @n` v#, gMbq @p@qsN eK a`snyK pmnK @mvr m#vrn@Y lsspyt n`gw h# y. @m@ls @W pW ekm lssp p`R@MN @y~wy` q @b_Q[ Kv. @k`py wm`@G p`R@MN a`sn @qkm a kr g. @mm pK; l[`v` S @k~vvlt vd` v# ymK @n` @V. @p` @pr@N j`k l#S mNvr# @W@M a#@G a#m mNdl@Y s`m`kyv lssp n`yk b# r@k~Nv @n`wk` h#mt m`rAg gW s`v Nv mN av[`rny @k@rN@N em kr#n.

avS}`v` nsspy wm sh@y~gy @p` @pr@N t, 1994 wm` N @hl` a#Ny @vwt w`vk`kv m`r# k@L y. a#Ny N "Q[y m`@k`t, s`my, j`wNv`qy sh @s_X`g&y S}`w kr a#w" y@vN m`y`vN vg`g` krN r`vy a#Ny @v@vN v^wvm uQ@{~;ny k@L y. r`vy 1994 @p`@p sMbN[@yN @m@Sm p#v y. @mm y "v`m" h` ߫kL kNd`yMvlt @p` @qy nM, [np pK;vN Sv`nv wm pA av\&w`vN s>h` stN mt kMkr# pAy blU g#N@M arglyt qKvn r#Q[Wvy .

on@G p`v`M j@pt s#ly cNq sAš&`vK n` g#m s>h` @q`r vr kr . wvW Ahl aNwv` pK;yK vn hl ur#m@Y sh @p` @pr@N yq@mN j@pt wm a`sn sAš&`v 10 t 16 qKv` q, smSw cNq \wy yyt 6 t, yyt 9 qKv` q v# kr gw h# y. hl ur#my 2000 m#vrn@Y n`gW cNq sAš&`@vN adK q ont v ekm a`sny q @mvr a kr gW@W y. Ahl jny` bwryK @ls vW vn q, bSn`r sh vyx pl`Wvl y cNq sAš&`@V \wy 3 t 5 qKv` v# kr g#mt j@p smWv a#w. eyt, [`n vs@yN gMbq ar`[r, rWnr, gMph, vr sh k$gLl SKkyN@gN amwr a`sn 5 K q j`k l#S@vN amwr a`snyK q y.

a#Nyt sh ey eLIy smg kr a#w# @c~qn` lq g@qvt e@rv @p`@p N eLl krn lq S@v~Wwmv` h`ryNt j@p shy N@N, Ahl @Q\@™m@Y vd`W Srs`r h' @ls wm` m ipW @v. E smgm, [`n @Q\p`ln pK;y @qktm "߫kL" kLpy @ls j@p, @w@Mm @p @Y y. @mm pK;y 1960 gnN vl Ahl S@v~Wwmv`q@YW, m`Ov`q@YW, k#S@~v`q@YW sMœnyK @ls a#„ awr 1983 Q[y a#mW smg v^wvm f#ST pN@Y g lK;n aWkr g. @k`lx sh a@nW @Q\yN smhr kMkr# S}ryN awr ag`kWvyK n` g#@M e h#y`v p#r l[` wNy n`ykWvyN -- lssp h` @k`p -- N a# @kr# a@PK;` XAgWv@Y p`wy.

@qml h` SM bwryK vW vn @Q\yN mhjnw`v @p` @pr@nN ivwt h#m vd`W k# @pn. a#Ny N s`kCc` s>h` eLIyt krn lq k#>mt sh@y~gy @qn awrm ur# h` n#@gnr @Q\yN wr< m s>h` @qml eKsW K @prn (eLeF), @qml Il`M K sA[`ny (@t@l~), sh smSw lAk` d sAgmy (E) eKv @qml j`k sN[`ny (eNE) nM m#vrn hlK ӵv` gWh. eLeF m#vrn ln yt@W wr< kl eNEy wm cNq \wy y`pn@Y yyt 27N q, vN@Y yyt 44N q n`tk`k`r @ls v# kr gW@W, @p` @pr@N ekm @qml-p`qk sgy` vn Il`M jnw` j`wNv` pK;yt (IԬ) y a`sn hw@rN, @qkKm a krv` brpwl pr`jyK aWkr @q.

eLIy mN pp`w @Q\yN vWvn cNqq`ykN cNq m[&S}`n kr` p#m, a`rK;k hq N vlKv @n` l#@V nM, eNE cNq sAš&`v tW vd` v# y h#v n. a`N@V l[`N kl wK@Sr#vlt av, vN h` mNn`rM @Q\vl 27,000K mh jny` q, mdkl SKk@yN wvW 30,000K q cNqy @mN vlk l#b a#w. "a`rK;k @HN mw" @s~ S}`n vs` q# bv hq`v pvsn n, @p`@p a`N@vN eLl dny yt@W @my a#w# yNn b> s#kyK n# wrM y.

v`Rw`vNt av @my vd`Wm cNd m#vrn awN ek. [`n pK; @qkm wm sh@y~gy r>v` g#m s>h` qKvn lq yr#v @mN ġ„ @V. cNqy k`\ kl n@Y mhvr SKk@Y p`wMbr /l@k`@Y a`[`rkr#vN 10@q@n a a@V mr` qmn l. @p`@p a`N@V t a#m#vry vn ar#Q[ rWvW@W@G m#rN sK N @my kr l# bvt @c~qn` eLl @B. mrn 46K aNwRgw m#vrn cNd y` 2247K m#vrn uQ@{~;ny l v a#w# l v`Rw`vN k`\yt pW @kn. an`gw@Y cNd y` n#v#Wmt [`n pK; y` @n` kl @h`W "m#vrn my b> mhjn |v`sy n# y a#w#" m#vrn @k`ms`S qy`nNq \`n`yk anr# a#< y.

[`n v&`p`k@y~ a#Nyt bly @q

nv a#N a`Nv b> mh` v&`p`k @m~q@Y @n` vrn sA`v @Y @k`lx @k`tS @vl> @p`@L y @k`tS l qR\k@Y @y~[ n#Gm. m#vrn@yN p pl n hw@R ey Ekk 107.40N n#w@h`W yyt 26N ihl n#n. s‹q` vn t, em agy 1999 m# m`s@yN p p#v ihlm mTtm vn 678t l<` y. @mm k`l m`v l m ihl @p@L sm`gM b> lNk` qR\k@Y agy Ekk 293N n#w@h`W yyt 34N ihl n#g @m@wK ey n# ihlm agy vn Ekk 1164t l<` y.

@mm a`rMXk @m~qy y m, kN p#v# @p`@p a`Nv @mN m a#Nyt q sm`n @Q\p`ln |nvlt n mt @vw# p`lk kvyN l uWkyN phl@vN pv. a#Nyt wmNtm bwryK @n`m# w l, eyt s^v @h~ vv @qml sh SM pK; mw y#@pNnt @V. @p`@p @mN m a#Ny q pqnM N@N Ahl S@v~Wwmv`qy mw y. ey eLIy smg g@qvK s>h` krn kvr @h~ uWs`hyK, Ahl aNwv` hl ur#my sh jnw` K @prn v# pK;vN q, wm`@Gm s`m`kWvy Nm q r#Q[WvyK w kr a#w. @k@S nW s`kCc` s>h` iyt @n` y @h`W @qml h` SM pK;vl @mNm mh` v&`p`kyN@G q sh@y~gy n# y`@M anr#t nv a`Nv n .

wv rtW, v&vS}`v yt@W s#ly wrM [`yk blwl aw#v, 2005 vn @wK jn`Žp r@Y Š mt yw m`rAg smg yM ek<w`vK a# kr g#@M krw`v q a#Ny i@Y pv. g#M sh @Q\p`ln aS}`vrX`vy vlk`m s j`k Ek`bQ[ a`NvK @g`dn#m s>h` mh` v&`p`kyN krn lq k#>m aW @k`t a#w.

lAk` v`j mNdl@Y sX`p cN` jyrWn "j`l shX`WvyK sh Ek`bQ[ a`NvK hrh` زkL @vn m`[&yK l y @qn` ek @Q\p`ln S}`vrX`vy a# krn" @ls m`rAg, mAh sh a@nW pK; n`ykN@gN iLl` @B. Qgkrny, a`N@V yqM kp` h#m sh "œm @vl> @p`@L sASkrn" aNwRgw j`w&Nwr l& arq@L a`Rk v&hkrn p#@Kjy l< a`Nv mN y`Wmk kl bvt jyrWn sh / lAk`v l j`a @y~w nM uL hK anr# a<v` a#w.

mAh j`k Ek`bQ[w` a`NvK @y~jn` kl nW k#@nTv pWm b>v q#ntmW m`rAg smg a`wN m tt p#n a#w. m`rAg a`rK;k am`w& pqy aWh#r q#@VW akm#W@w. mAh, agm# @ls a#y i@Y Vr#M @qn avS}`v r$gw m s>h` r$pv` k#mr`kr#vNt idm K@p kl a#y, q#N a#N a#mvry vn @p` @prn h#r y eS.. s`n`yk@G blwl a mt uWs`h kl` y.

gtm pvWn` @Q\p`ln aS}`vrX`vy sh [`n pK; @qkm Srvm S@v~Wwmv`q@Y ӵt @s`y` y`m mN @pNM @k@rN@N, @p`@p @h~ a#Nyt @h~ mhjny`@G vd`W k av\&w` i kl @n` h# bv . s`kCc` sh Q[y m` m s>h` vn oN@G [ s#lM pqnM a#W@W, Ahl, @qml h` SM N awr bly @bq` g#@M g@qvK mw y. emN v`Rk a`wN ihl nAv lbn awr kMkr# pNy r`k$m g#„r# @k@R.

kMkr# pNy, wm`@Gm av\&w` a`rK;` kr g#m s>h` Sv`nv bl g#N@M pqnm @ls sm`jv` sh j`w&Nwrv` v#d@vlK ipW mtW y a`k`r@Y vRgv`qyt sh S@v~Wwmv`qyt e@r vn @ls kMkr#vN@gN iLl` mtW stN v#@N sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y (ssp) pm. a#Ny sh @p`@p t lssp sh j@p qKv` y pK;, eKsW jnpqy N a#FgS}`nyt e@rv yW @k`t a# Q[yt sh@y~gy m mN em pK;vl kMkr# pN @r~ SvX`vy v @pNv` a# bvt ssp anr# a#< y.

@k`lx SKkyt wr< kl ssp a@PK;k kNd`ym cNq 243K lb` g#m mN v#qgW kr#nK @pNM kr. enM kMkr#vN sh wr#n jny` awr pN ›`w @k`tsK Rv&`j sm`jv` kLpyK @smt ptN @gn a# bv . nW kMkr#vN@G L S}r awr iqR\nyK @n`m#km q emN @ls an`vrny @V. ssp uQ@{~;n y`q`m@Y , an`vrny @Y mh v&`p`k pK; @k@r s#ly @@vryK q s`my, j`wNv` aN h` l`c`r vn @k`N@Q s>h` qKvn blg a`\`vK q pvWn` bv . N ek @h~ sMp`qny mt a#Nyt @h~ @p`@pt @n` h#k. ap N s`kCc` pvWvn lq sh a@P a@PK;kynt svN N qhS sAš&`w kMkr#vN@gN, wr#nN@gN h` QŽmN@gN ap iLl` N@N, / lAk`v l h` j`w&Nwrv g h#@rn QN @l~k sm`jv` @vB ady hrh` c`rv vg X`g krn @ls sh a@P j`w&Nwr sm`jv` kLpy @Vs@mN s#lLlt gNn` @ls .

aq`l @vnW

j@p m#vrn uQ@{~;n@Y eLly v&`p`kyN@G sh`y n` g#m
2001 @qs#MbR 21

/ lAk`@V m#vrn cNd y` wv r @Q\p`ln klbg$ b> l phl kr
2001 @qs#MbR 10

ssp uQ@{~;k@y~ / lAk` m#vrn@Y cNqq`ykyNt kw` kr
2001 @qs#MbR 05

/ lAk` a`Nv cNq gr`g#m s>h` v`s v&`p^y wy@M v^w kr
2001 @qs#MbR 05

/ lAk`@V sm`jv` sm`nw` pK;y m#vrn SmK pvWv
2001 @qs#MbR 03

/ lAk` jn`Žpy p`R@MNv vs` kN m#vrnyK k#>v
2001 oK@w~bR 23


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