World Socialist Web Site

 

Mehring Books




 

 

WSWS :

@v`M @r`@g`Nt n`my q#KmK

A Tribute to Vadim Rogovin

@DD @n~RW
2002 m# 20

m# 15 n @m`SkV ngr@Y pvWvn lq Smk aX`v`Pw r#y` ih`s-sm`jq&` @v`M i@sD @r`@g`N@G upN 65 vn sAvWsry Smrny krn l. @mm Smt shX` vN awr St#Nv` p`ln wNy N {`wny kr l# v`m r#Q[ p`R|kyN@gN p#v@wn qr#vN q, @m`SkV sm`j q&` a`ywn@Y @v`M smg ekt v#d kl yW q, r#y`v l sm`jv` vnw` gnn`vk @y~jk@y~ q @b`@h~ @r~ q h. Sm sA[`ny kr l#@V @v`M@G > vn gn` @r`@g`n` .

gn` @r`@g`n` N a`r`[ny krn lq @l~k sm`jv` @vB ad@Y kRw^ mNdl sX`p @DD @n~RW @m @v`M @r`@g`N@G w@Y sh kRwv&@Y aR}X`ry b> [`n @Q\ny k@L y. yt q#K@vN@N @n~RW@G @Q\ny .

ap aq @m SvN@N @v`M @r`@g`N@G 65 vn upN ny vNnt ny Smrny mt sh St#Nv`qyt kLpyK @N q yn o@G mh`R{ @eh`k k^ m`l`@V sW vn h` avs`n @vm pl m s>h` uWsvyt y.

@r`@g`N@G k^@Y vSv, 1923 v`m`Ak p`R|vy ӵt w#N ptN 1940 @`TS {`wny qKv`, oK@w~bR Plvy p`v`mt e@rv @Q\p`ln argl@Y ih`syK y.

@mm QN Ek`bQ[@M g`d h` W kMp` krvn sA@Kw`Wmk bvK pv. @v`M@G 65 vn upN n sAvWsry p#v#W@M a o@G wy b> uWsvyK pvWv. o@G k^@Y sW vn @vm pl @M a @v`M@G kRwv&yt @g_rvy qKv.

s$m m;& wyKm w& @V aw& q @V aw& vN@N Svy QglX`vy vs@yN q \`kv mrn`n vn @hN q @V w& vN@N, s`@G s`̵k sm`k p#v#W@M aA\yK @ls sh em pqn@M S wyK m`nv aWq#@M aNwRgw s`Rvkyt q#vW k`\nyK lb` @qn wrmt h` emN aw& p#v#W@M m` iKmv` yn wrmt y.

@`TS@G vcnvN v @h`W, "m`nv vRgy`@G irn@M aAvK wm ur mw @gn yNn` ay" . @mvN N l, w& p#v#W@M iw` agn` aAgyK s`\y q^d k`\nyK aW kr g. S vRgy`@G an`gwyt oN@G pq`ny oN@gN pv q pv. oN@G wvl ur#my iKv en prMpr`vN `nyt a#v smSw m`nv vRgy`@G mh`R{ sh s`̵k ur#my bvt pW @v. @v`M sš`@r`C @r`@g`N@G wy ev#NnK y.

@r`@g`N@G @Wvy Š p#v#W@W @k`w#n q? @mm |nyt r# y h#K@K o@G wy o vW sm@Y sNqRXy l w#m mN pm. @|;@yN m o@G w@Y avs`n q\ky l, enM @v`M@G QŽmy Rm`nWv@Y uCcwm k`l pC@Cqy l w#@mN pm. py ps@l`S vsr, @pr p#v - @s~yT sAgm@Y @b`@H @Q @B. aq, m@G a[&`sy vN@N p|c`W - @s~yT sm`j@Y sm`j sh a`Rk v&hy l a# @bn @vnSkMvl SvX`vy g#n v`qykt elm @n` @V. @m n ay awr ihw @vnSkMvl SvX`vy sh p`k b> [`k`r aqhS pvWn` bv mm q. j`w&Nwr @`TSv` v&`p`r@Y mwy h` sm @v`M@G mwy @Y @s~yT St#Nv` p`ln@Y Gg# aRqy 1980-90 gnNvl s>`l l#@V @Q\p`ln vs@yN g` sh sm`jmy vs@yN pr`gwv` a`k`rykt bv y. e@hW py ps@l`S vs@R QŽmy v`w`vrn@Y sAvR[ny b> @ml` s>hN kl m eK @|; iw` v#qgW lK;nyK pv. 1980 gnNvl m#q ptN y QN m[&@Y @s~yT h` p|c`W-@s~yT sm`jy N j`w&Nwr @g_rvy wb` s#lLlvW n`gW ek @Q\p`ln Qgl@y @h~ p#n n# n#w.

m`nv vRgy` yM m`nykt nv sh a@PK;` jnk aqhS @s`yN N@N nW ev# aqhS s>h` p#r @s~yT sAgmy @qst h#y y wn @k@nK n#w. em r@T kt @h~ kt bvt pW kv@r v q m[&m`n-ayN @h~ pRn wKkyN @v. aq n @g`Rb@cV, @yLTN, @l@bD, @s`Bc`K (N smhr nmK aq mwk@yN pv` ivWv @g`.) sm`vNn @M sMbN[@yN q#N @Mnyt v# n Qgly` g#n, asNnN@G nh @n` aSs` s>hN kl h# q? k`t q? @M ym Qgl@y~ oNt kvr k@lk vW @pr q#y @n` h# sh vth`gw @n` h# @eh`k h` sm`j sNwN @n` q#vW upkrn @ls p#vnh; n#w@h`W pv.

aN[X`vy q m[&m`nX`vy q yn @r~g @Q\p`ln wyt pmnK m` n#w. smhr t @M b>v @w`rr# mt @n` l#n` y h# y, e@hW m` |v`s krN@N r#y`@V sASk^k wy e a`Rky wrM m PpW bvt pW a# bv y. gw sMRn qsvs l m j`w&Nwr av[`nyt uw eK @h~ š nvkw`vK, v#qgW k`v&yK, aR}X` sAw Rm`nyK @h~ nm` k^yK vW, p`qny kr l# q? @mm QŽmy h` sASk^k pm l @v`M @r`@g`N@G k`Nw`r@Y k^y aSmry jyhnyK @S n# . @v`M@G ih`s@Y @vM hw r#y` pmnK @n` v @l~k s`w&@Y š pq`nyK @ls زkL pv a#w. I.eC. k`R s>hN kl p "mh` ih`sy y lbN@N hytm awy b> ih`sy`@G q^y vRwm`n@Y g#t lt pvWn` a@V;yK N a`@l~kvW kr l# kL y." @v`M@G k^N aR}X`ry vth` g#mt yr @my . awy hq`r`, |@L;ny @k`t, p#h# mt wm k`ly sh uWky @yqmt @v`Mv @™rny kr l#@V wm`@Gm sm@Y g#tvl @y g#m q m`nv vRgy`@G an`gwy b> o@G asN[`ny q . @eh`k sw&y b>v @v`M @r_ @ls unN @Y srl sq`c`rv`y @ls @n` @V. E @vvt o asN[`ny pNn @Y wm` vW g@Y mh` g#tv lt lq g`d a@V;yK - E vn` (smk`nyN awr) sm`j iqR\n@Y s`Rvk XAgWvyW, pN `ny ݶ y`mW, ihvh` y @Q\p`ln nNnWw`ryW, @p` jn mwy v#mW yn`y St#Nv`q@Y s`vN sh s`krnyN s>h` @gvn lq sm`j yqm y sQhny kr g#m y.

wmN n @qn sm`j sh @Q\p`ln g#tvl SvX`vy vth` g#mt q y sm`j@Y aRqyt g s‹mK @s`y` g#mt q asmW v&`l h` avmAgw jnk`yK sm`j `ny n`\ m mN Rm`ny kr @B.

wm`@G w@Y avs`n q\k@Y @v`M wm` i@Y wb` gW kRwv&y @Y mK q? @s~yT ih`s@Y @`TS@G y`kl`py b> kr a# q#v#Nw s`krny šNdny m y; St#Nv`qy oK@w~bR Plv@Y av\& sh @eNŒy ply @Y y yn @b`r#v X m sh @s~yT sAgmy l St#Nv`qyt kLpyK p#v@N n#w# yn y`p$mt r# s#pm y. @v`M hwr vn j`w&Nwr@Y j`w&Nwr kv smg s`kCc` @mN sh j`w&Nwr kv smg shy`k`v, 1930 gnNvl St#Nv` @RkyN @s~yT kMkr# pNy sh QŽmN awr m`KSv` @Q\p`lny sh sASk^@Y @y~jkyNt e@rv eLl krn lq @Q\p`ln jn{`wny gW r$py y yn y aR}k}ny vR[ny k@L y. ey vn` St#N@G awv#SsN (@m`l@t`V, kg@n`C, @v`@r`@l`V, @by`, @y@;`V, @k~y`N sh wvW ay) N ytpW kr l#v q E vn tW \KmWv p#v v`m p`R|vykt r#Q[v krn lq L Q[y gW Svr$py y o |@L;ny k@L y. em v`m p`R|v@Y mh` h' @Y @l @D@d`C @`TS y.

@mm @eh`k |@L;nyt yN q`R\k g`dWv@yN sAkLpyK y. St#Nv` wN@Y mr# SvX`vyt yN p#v @™rk bl@Vgy @Y sm`j vrs`q aW kr g#m s>h` wLv y @v`M av[`rny k@L y. - E vn` vrs`q v# @q@nt a krN k @q@n awt pW m y. St#N@G apr`[ N k`\nyK aW kr gW sm`j @vw @Y o n`ykWvy N l[ry N sm`j asm`nw`vy @p~;ny m h` a`rK;` m.

@b`L@;Kv`qy sh St#Nv`qy awr ak sNqyw`vy @Y hytm phw s>hN @qy: @b~@L;Kv`q@Y @eh`k arn @Y sm`j sm`nWvy aW kr g#m y; St#Nv`q@Y arn @Y Qgk vrs`q a`rK;` m . @v`M p: "v&my @QvL s>h` St#Nt k$qrkm, npw` w@Y m` rw @š~p@X~gy s>h` ot k$qrkm, @g`Rb@c`V q a#v St#N@G ym a`PkyNt ur#m y. p#r @b~L@K n`ykWvy @mN @n` v @m`V mhjnw`v smg \`k krw` sh ag<kM @bq` hq` g#mt @n` s h."

ih`sy b> @v`M@G q^@Y ar@v p#v@Y @@v;k sw&@Y sWX`k vlAbv g#n @n` s#@ln av[`rny. q&`Wmk @eh`k `n@Y s`rw pqnm vN@N, sw&y y sm`jmy p#v#W@M @@v;k nyN sh sNwN smg a`Wy Nwny sMp`wm @lN bv vth` g#m . @mm Q[`Nwy @qK @s~yT r#y`@V ih`sy h#q$mt pqnm vnv` pmnK @n` @V. @m prvt w# a#W@W s#b#Nm j`w&Nwr g#tv; enM smSwyK vs@yN 20 vn yv@S @eh`k aWq#M h` p`dM smg @p`rb#m b> |ny . @mm g#tvt av[`ny @y` y W@W r#y`v l pmnK @n` @V.

p|c`W-@s~yT sm`j@Y @r~ X`vy g#n kl m@G s>h@N mm a#mk`vN @h~ @r~yyN QŽmy Rm`nk y`k`Wv@Y wmK K ‰N n bvK gm& @n` k@l. r#y`@V @Q\m`@vN oB@B wWvy q @n` a @ls @\~cy y. [ r$pvN q, [ mTt@M @g`rwrbN q v apt q#k gw h# vN@N avmAgwm, v&`lWvy, sh G[w`vy . r#y`@V @mN m @mm avmAgw@M uLpw vN@N vRwm`ny p#n n#n` @eh`k QN h` aWq#M ukh`@gn n&`kv vth` g#mt asmWm y. ih`s@Y @|;@yNm oK@w~bR Plvy sh e iKW@W - QŽmy sArckyN pv` vsA@k`t, w&`k^wv h` a`v^wv pvWn` w l aw@Y aWq#M vth` @gn n&`kv hny kr g#mt asmWm y. @v`M @r`@g`N@G k^y @l~k aR}X`ryK qrN@N q j`w&Nwr œ`vkyK n` g#mt smWv a#W@W q e@h.

Plvv` mh` sm`j @pr p#r b`[k > m`nv sASk^@Y s$m K@yKm l @pr gmnK s>h` m`vw p#h# krNn` k`l pC@q ih`s@Y pv. @mvN mh` @pr m[&@Y nv g@Y kkyN vn mW phl @v. oV wmN@G g@Y y g a`@Vg @m`lv` Ev`t g`d, s`Rvk h` ak`k r$pyK aW kr @q.

e@hW a@nK awt Rm`n`Wmk mW X`vyK wv h` pK;gwv k#ƒy vd`W kr ih`s k`l pC@q@y~ q @v. @mvN gyk @|; QglyN vN@N klt on v#dkt krNn` N h` g#h#N @n` @V; wm smyt @n` @h`n` N h` g#h#N y. @M aR}@yN gW kL @`TS@G sh @r`@g`N@G w awr sm`NwryK pv. @`TS 1923 mrnyt pW nM o ih`sy l s#kvm w#nK g a#W@W r#y` Plvy ihl n# k`l pC@q@Y š QglyN@gN eK a@y h#yt y. e@hW @`TS wm w@Y 1923-1940 avsN 17 vsr l aWpW kr gW @qy enM @l~k sm`jv` Plvy St#Nv`qy N p`v`mt e@rv o @gn y ahw argly, 20 vn pmnK @n` v smhr t 21 vn \w vR;@Y @wm h` v#qgWm Plvv` Nwky` @ls o@G amry X`vy shk k@L y. @`TS@G @mN m @v`M@G q @Wvy @Q\p`ln, QŽmy h` sq`c`r`Wmk pK;yK @ls k`w @Y @b`r#, nr#mkm, sh y b@V q\k gnn`vK N krn lq v`w`vrnyK l @eh`k sw&yt o q#K @@[RymW, spWk sh apœ`Nw (mhN @n` vn) k#p g#m . o vW smyt r#Q[v @v`M Rm`ny kl sW @vm m;& vRgy` wm Plvv` ur#my yW aWpW kr g#@M s`q`c`rWmk sh QŽmy s#wM kvK @ls @l~k s`w&y l pv a#w.

@v`M@G k^@Y sWvn @vm q eND iS q A (avs`ny a`rMXy y) y@vN nM kr l#b a#w. @mm m`w^k`v @v`M s>h`m uw m^w n`m p`yK @v. 1998, s#Pw#MbR 18 q` apv h#r @Y o@G \`k sWw`vy, Xvy pm. @v`M@G w@Y sh y`k`Wv@Y amry E @qy ap smgm vWv @nN n \KmW @vN pv.


e-mail.



Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved