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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : iNy` up-mh`Qpy

/ lAk` a`Nv h` eLIy w`vk`k stN r`m mK aWsN kr

Sri Lankan government and LTTE sign a tentative ceasefire agreement

@J dyS
2002 @pbrv` 27

s gnn`vK, ry ps knM y`k`WvyN pv, @pbrv` 22 q` / lAk` a`Nv @bMv` @qml IlM K @k` sA[`ny smg l stN r`m mK aWsN k@L y. ey @kr#@N @n~Ry` w kNd`ym ym kr avs`n nyt yMwM n @qkkt @pr`v y. @M g@qv mN, vsr 19K S@S w 60,000tW vd` gW Q[y s>h` s`kCc`my s‹mkt p`r k#@p. eKsW j`k pK;@Y kWv@yN W a`Nv q eLIy q mw, @n~Ry` yWnyNt sh`y @qn a#mk`@V h` @r~y blvN N iNy` upmh`Qpy aS}`vr @M sk&w` sw q g#M nwr m s q# dnyK @y`qv l#. @k`lx [`n v&`p`k@y~ q, py @qs#Mbr@Y m#vrn @p`@r`NvK Q[y nwr m s>h` a#Nyt blg blp$mK klh.

q#ntmW @qp`R|vym Ekp`Kkv y`Wmk kr @gn yn stN r`my l mTtmkt pW krwW, @mm av@b~[w` m, @Q\p`lk s‹mK s vn s`kCc` s>h` pvn pqnm g#n p#h# mK @n` kr.

av@b~[w` m @yl m a\y rhgwv y. m aWsN kl nt @pr n@Y W, p`R@MN@V a`Nv y` @Y @M @k`N@Q wvmW rny kr n# bv . @M @k`N@Q smhrK g#n sm@PK;n m g#n eLI @y~w a#NtN b`lAhM m`[& k`\nvlt q# @ls @r~[y p$@V y. @M g@qvt e@rv @r~[yK m @vw# yNn g#n @qp`R|vytm p#v y eN k`w y.

kN p#v a`Nvl uWs`hyN, eLIy smg @m`nm s`kCc`vK vW ep` y# h’ w# Ahl vRgv`N@G @r~[y mw > v# bv g#n agm# rL mAh @h`>`k`rv q. @mm m aWsN mt q @pr`v ptNm @b_Q[ KN q jnw` K @prn h` hl ur#my b‹ @Q\p`ln pK; q s`kCc`vlt e@rv Q[ uQ@{~;nvl @y. oN@G @r~[w` [`nv eLl @Y 1998 eLIy mw pnvn lq whnm ivW @n` kr yNn vt` y.

@mm stN r`m m, 1983 Q[y a`rMX@mN pv aWsN @kr# ev# @qv# m . kN @p` @pr a`Nv 1994 blyt pW@mN iK 1995 jnv`@Y @mv# mK aWsN k@L y. e@hW iKmNm s`kCc` > v# awr jn`Žp cNŒk` m`rAg@G p`ln wNy Q[y Vr k@L y.

vR; 2000 , mh` blvN@G blm yt@W, m`rAg p`lny ur#-n#@gnr a# pl`Wvlt blwl pvr`@M v&vS}` sA@\~[nykt uWs`h q# y. e@hW Ahl aNwv`N@G @plp`vlt agw @vN a#Ny p`R@MNv l sh`y lb` @n` @M @H@vN, eLIy smg s`kCc` s>h` pqnmK @k`t s#ln bly @bq` h#@M p#@Kjy al` gNnt y.

2001 l vn t, rt bA@k`@l`WX`v@Y aQqrtm wL yN qr# @gM @|; aRqykt n N w yt@W v&`p`k j`v, Q[y @klvr m s>h` uQ@{~;ny u k@L y. m`R@V a`Nvt nykryK @p`@r`N j`w&Nwr l& arql E s>h` q yqM kp` h#m aw&v\& @k`N@QyK @ls ym k@L y. e@S v q, Ahl vRgv`N@G @r~[y @H @k`t eLI@Y whnm ivW mt a`Nv y @hN stN r`myK hrh` s`kCc` s>h` q#r# uWs`hy v&vR} y.

s#Pw#MbR 11 q` QN@gN pv a#mk`@V  p`ln wNy yW kl "Sw @r~ @g~lk^w Q[y", eLI@yN shn n` gN Q[y m` mt km avS}`vK @ls @k`lx [npyN@gN @k`tsK th. v&`p`kyN@G bly lbN a#Ny h` e a`[`rk pK; N @p` @prn m#vrn@Y pr`jy krn l. blyt pW vh`m mAh, s`m s`kCc` s>h` y w kt vh` y a`rMX krn @ls @n~Ry` bl[`Nt a`r`[n` k@L y. jnv` 22 q` ipW kl a`N@V }m pW k`\n@Y wm uWs`h@Y adA wRky p`R@MNv h@V @h krN} "V @y~RK ngryt s#Pw#MbR 11 q` eLl @kr# h`r@yN pv @mm j`w&Nwr mwy q# pv. e pl vs@yN Swv`qyW sNnQ[ arglyW aWh#r @Q\p`ln s‹mK @s`yn @ls eLIyt blp$M @k@r", y@vN k`\ k@L y.

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p#h#vm @y@qn dnyt nv eLIy, av@b~[w` m mN shn gnn`vK sls` a#w. iw` v#qgW kr#nK nM, ur#-n#@gnr @vnm @qml r`j&yK s>h` p#v iLm, ek eL@L vW, eLIy N awh#r qm` m . kLy`m, @vnm r`j&yK b>v s`kCc` m mAh N K@p kr a#w. ev# r`j&ykt [`n j`w&Nwr blvw@G sh`yK n#w.

av@b~[w` m / lAk` r`j&@Y w&`l X`vy vv g. sNnQ[ g#M nwr kr bl@Q\ @vN @vNv l m g#n s>hn smg @mm yLl @m@S k`\ krŸ "/ lAk`@V hq`vN N / lAk`@V @@svWvy sh @X_k ašNdw`vy m s>h` w&`lv ikl h# s$m y`vyKm i mt oNt ayK a#w."

eLIy wv rtW n#mt q`nM y yNn g#n sA`vK W krN e up n`yk kk`lN a<hr#v`q` y` @Y @qml jnw`v@G aN shk krn @Q\p`ln s‹mK a`N@vN ipW vN@N nM @vnm jyK b> aqhs, wm sA[`ny N aWh#r q#mt id @B y@v.

l stN r`m mK s>h` elmt nM wm sA[`ny mw pnv` a# whnm ivW kl y yn eLI@Y av[`rny q ivW kr g l#b pv. m aWsN mt n phkt @pr`vW eLI k`\k a#NtN b`lAhM y` @Y, wm sA[`ny "sm`n p`R|vyK" @ls slk l#m av\& bvW "@qml jnw`v@G Ek`yn @y~wy` @ls e w&`lX`vy" v#qgW y yNnW y.

mAh eLI@Y whnm ivW m K@p kl q, eyt yM w&`lX`vyK sls` mtW e r#Q[ @qml sA[`nvl bly ŠmtW yvr pyK @gn a#w. yv@rN yvr nW eLI@Y a`[ rw s`m`kyNt, a`Nv yt@W pvn @Q\vl @Q\p`ln ktvl rwm s>h` "ob@m`b gmN" @M qhs lb` @B. m aWsN @mN pl m`s@Y pnS @q@ntW m`s @qkkt p w @n` vn gnnK @qn`tW E avsry s#l@S.

a@nW @qml sNnQ[ kNd`yM -- Ia`ReLeF, P@l`T, I@r`S, @t@l~ sh IԬ -- r`[ mt q yvr g#@N. klkt ihw , @vnm @qml r`j&yK s>h` stN krn bv y` @mm sA[`n pv / lAk` hq`@V agMp @Sn` bvt pW y. qL h` a`[ rj@yN spy` @q l#b, Ev`, eLIyt r#Q[vW plLv @qml mhjnw`v a`Nvt e@rv @gn y @r~[w`vN m#mtW y`Wmk y. q#N r`[ mt yw Ev`@Y s`m`kyN@gN @m@wK s#ln @Sv`v g#mK vs@yN oNt ur#-n#@gnr @Q\vN pb`r @Q\yN / lAk` hq` @Sv`vt aKwmt avsr lb` @B.

i@Y p#v#W@vn s`kCc` s>h` shX`mt yM l g#M wWvyK eLIyt lb` @B. e@hW stN r`m @M @k`tsK vs@yN jnw`v@G j`wNy aN whr# mt asmWm mN, @qml [np pN@Y @k`tS @y~jny krn sA[`nyK vs@yN eLI@Y pN n#„r#v k`\yt pW @k pv. eLI@Y bly pvn @Q\ l a@nW @Q\p`ln pK;vlt kt @M avsryK eLIyt lb` n#w. @r~ @ls a`[ @gn Em nwr @M v`@vN ur#-n#@gnr vryN@G v@n~p`yt pnv` a# b`[k ivW m eLI@yN iLM kr n#w. vr kt s>h` pvn m` @H @k`t aNw qw`vt v# n @M vryN klK S@Sm, em m` ivW krn @ls uQ@{~;n kr @B. eLIy mW rhgwv E uQ@{~;nvlt sh`y @B. e@hW E m` wvW m`s nkt Gg#Smt eLIy ek< a#w.

"eLI s#kkr#vN" yn @b`r# @c~qn` mw qhS gnnK @qml jny` aW adAvt @gn, n X`gyN @w`rv, m`s h` ar# gnN r>v` w#mt p`C @kr#n kt Swv`qy v#l#K@M pnw a@h~ @n` @k@R. @mN pv E pnw yt@W @k@rn "@m@hM nwr mt" pm, a`Nv @p`@r`N a#W@W. E yt@W q#nt r>v` n @qml @Q\p`ln rkr#vN qhS @n` @k@R. @qp`R|vy Nm stN m[&@Y aLl` gNn` lq rkr#vN y gnn. oNt q rkr#vN @ls s#lmK n#w. stN r`m M yt@W oN@G wWv@Y @vnsK @n` @V. s#l@sn ekm shny, oN@G `Nt oN n g#mt avsr l#m pm.

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a#mk`v, w`n&y, jp`ny h` a@nW [`n blvW stN r`m mt knN st plklh. / lAk` @Q\ a#m @vw pdyK evN a#mk` r`j& @LkM @k`N p@vL k`\ k@LŸ "a#mk`v yyt yyKm lAk`v smg; s`m y`q`m@Y On$m uqVvK mt q`nM," y@v.

r@T a`Rk vR[nyK h` @Q\ a`@y~jkyN @gNv` g#m s>h` Q[y m` kr g#m @k@r mAl` shgwv unN mh` v&`p`k@y~ q s`[y @ls c`r q#Kh. a<hr#v`q` vn t @k`lx @k`tS @vl> @p`@L y @k`tS l gnN yyt 1.1N ihl y awr It @pr n@Y lNk` qR\ky yyt 1.3N n#.

Q[@Y dn@yN @wr n v#d krn jnw`v@gN bwry q s`kCc`my s‹mkt pK;p` y. q g#m nwr m s>h` mgK @smt @p`@r`N pK;, py q\k@Y mhjny` N blyt pW krn l. kLp pW s>h` vn m[&S}`ny N m$w k`\yt pW kl jnmw mmk pl y` p$@V yyt 80.7 @qn` s`m s`kCc` @k@r |v`sy pl krn bv .

a`gk h` v`Rk @Rš` oS@S kMkr# pNy @bq`m s>h` Q[y ptN g#m mN p`lk pNy Nm ey Gg#Sm a`Wm v`y s>h` iLl` n Q[ l`X grNnN, t@Y h` r`j&@Y ihl l[ryN, @b_Q[ sAS}`wy h` j@pW hl ur#myW b‹ aNwv` Ahl sA[`nW Rm`ny kr l#b a#w. s`m g@qvkt ihw q#r# yWn as`R}k @Y [`n [np pK; @qk vn a#NyW, @p` @pr@N [`n pK;y vn /lpyW lm @M kNd`yMvl \`l blp$mK pvWn` @h.

/ lAk` jn`Žp l@Y n @p` @pr n`k` cNŒk` m`rAg stN r`m m g#n |n krNnt ptN @gn a#w. m aWsN mt @pr`v e adA kr# b>v a#yt q#M @n` m g#n "myW uWkyW" a#y k`\ kl` y. a#y W kl k`\y mt pSsM shgw sh @k`N@Q sw bv pl k@L "a#w#M |w vgN h` kr# b> wm uWkyN agm# @vw q#M a#" bv k`\ kr. m @k@r a`kLpy s`kCc` m s>h` m`rAg, py a<hr#v`q`, @p` @prnt ayW pK;vlW j@p h` IԬ sA[`nvlW @y~wyN@G SmK k#>v` y. E @k`tS awr @bM q#ntm k`\vNnt ptN @gn a#w. lAk` smsm`j pK;y stN r`myt pK;@vN ek eL@L y` @Y "m pK;yK wyM @h~ `Ny avn uQ@{~;n yW mt @HvK" em pK;y "@n` qn" bv .

lssp k`\y ilKk kr a#W@W, m`R m`s@Y p#v#W@vn `@Qy sX` m#vrn@Y v` pw` mt r#Q[v vRgv` uQ@{~;nvl rwmt @P n /lpy l @k`tS q a# y shkr#vN @vw . IԬy m @k@r q# @r~[yK qKvN@N, @p` @pr p`lny yt@W e sNnQ[ kNd`yM ndWvt l# a`[ sh m`kv r#yL qslK; sAš&`w qL kNqr`v am @H @k`t y.

j@p N m hAv gs` a#W@W "ytW@M mK" vs@y. @vnm @qml r`j&yK s>h` vn eLI iLm rjy N @gn a#w# q ey y. @p` @pr@N @k`tS wmN @vw n` g#m s>h` m`rAg N m @kr# wm`t kLy` m g#n q#M @n` m b> k`rn`v q j@p N h’ wl l#@B. 1980 gnN ag , @qml jny` mw @k`N@Q p#tmt iNy` hq` ur#-n#@gnrt @gN iN-lAk` mt r#Q[v q j@p t vRgv` uQ@{~;nyK yW k@L y. em m q "mVm p`v`mK" @ls nM kl j@p, wmN@G @r~[w`vNt pK; @n` kMkr#vN h` @Q\p`ln r#Q[v`N vKbW @M @y gW@W y.

a`rK;k aA\vNm my h# r#Q[WvyN @k@r q agm# mAh uWk y. m aWsN m s>h` u@R m`M ngry vn vy`vt o @YW e [`n hq` k>@R @s`Lq`vN a#m@VW E s` y. t@Y [`N s M vS, a`rK;k yqM vh` kPp` mK @n` krn bvt q mAh @p`@r`N awr stN r`m m @H @k`t @s`Lq`vN@G ߿y` a@h~mK @n` v a# bv q k`\ k@L y. stN @M @v h’ w`vk`kv @h~ nwr a#wW g#mt @Hk`rk |n ekk s>nv` wb` a`mNny mK vW n#w. m#vrn v&`p`ry r`mW iK svl W @Q\p`ln s‹mK s>h` kvr @h~ @y~jn` ipW mN mAh pSsM shgw @ls v#l gW@W y. o ekm @Q @vnm @qml r`j&yK g#n s`kCc` @n` krn bv pm. m`rAg 2000 aW‰ aWq#m o s#lLlt gNnv` s#k y. a#y wm bly @bq` h#@M p#@Kjy k`\yt pW kl vh`m j@p h` hl ur#m@yN pmnK @n` v a#N@yN sh a#@Gm @pr@N hLkr#vN@gN mn r#Q[Wvyt n mt a#yt y.

e@hW stN r`myK q#N a# kr gW p, mAht, Q[y avsN m s>h` pqnmK @kMpW mt bl @k@r. @b`@h~ t ey m`rAg@G p#@Kjytm sm`nmt id @B. @k`@h`mtW, m`rAg@G v&vS}` sASkrnvlt sh`y mt 2000 a#Ny @p`@r`N @Y y. mAh, pK; n`yky` @ls eN kr a#@Y vRgv`N@G uQ@{~;nvlt qn nm` avs`n @m`@h`@W y. q#N o n N@N m`rAg n N g#tvtm y. enM, mh` v&`p`kyN@G h` [`n blvN@G stt @Hvn p Q[y hm`r mK, wmN@Gm pK;y l NnN a# Ahl aNwv` @k`tS rsk kr @n` gN kr gN@N @k@S q yNn .

1948 Iy` qh@S ptNm @k`lx p`ln wN@Y aw&Nw @vwK pv Q[yK bvtm pvRwny @kr#n @qml wryt @vnSkM m h` mRqny eLl m hm`r kr q#mK m`rAg@G v&vS}` sASkrn p#@Kj@Y arn @n` y. ey, @qKm, Ahl, @qml h` SM [npyN awr bly @bq` g#@M s#l#SmK y. es`m, ey an`gw g#M s>h` j adA kr gW v`Rk h` a`gk @HqkrnyN wv r Vr m adA krgWwK @Y y. k`AgvN, mAh@G s`m s#l#Sm It @vnS v n#w.

aq`l @vnW

qKn`Ak a#Ny lAk`@V mh m#vrn@yN jy g
2002 jnv` 07

j@p m#vrn uQ@{~;n@Y eLly v&`p`kyN@G sh`y n` g#m
2001 @qs#MbR 21

/ lAk`@V m#vrn cNd y` wv r @Q\p`ln klbg$ b> l phl kr
2001 @qs#MbR 10

ssp uQ@{~;k@y~ / lAk` m#vrn@Y cNqq`ykyNt kw` kr
2001 @qs#MbR 05


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