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WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : a#mk` mh`Qpy

vNwn`@m~ >@y~ q hq` |cy mNdlvlt n @q
k#L@L n X`g@Y Xv mrn qNdnyt  hy @q@n @w~r`g

Guantanamo detainees face military tribunals
Bush picks six for drumhead trials, possible execution

L v$N
2003 10

vNwn`@m~ @b`K@K ӵ n`k k>@r r>v` wb`gNn` lq 680 K @ls gnN bln lq >yN aN Wkr#vN hy @q@n rhs& @ls S@vn q hq` |cy mNdlyK i@Y mry qNdny l#y h# avs`nyK kr` y`h# Xv n nX`gvlt ipW mt jn`Žp  py s@Y hy @q@n @w~r`gW@W y.

"@M psr# stNv#yN s$m @k@nK m aLkd` sA[`n@Y s`m`k@y @h~ @n`e@S nM eKsW jnpqyt e@r @m@hyvn Swv`qyt sMbN[ a@yk# @h~ |v`s mt @H a#w# jn`Žp Rny kl a# bvt" 3 n W krn lq @pNtgn k`\yN y#.

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vNwn`@m~ >yN aN @b`@h~ @q@n eKsW jnpqy, a#FgS}`ny a`mny kl k`l pC@Cqy l aLl` gNn` lq ay v q, oN q rkr#vN @ls vRg m eKsW jnpq rjy K@p kr a#w. @M >Mkr#@v~ a#FgS}`n@Y evkt S}`w rjy vn wb`ny @v@vN stN kl ay @v. a@nW >@y~ a#Ww vs@yN m m[&m QŽ EjN@Y @hvW aE sA[`n@Y EjNwvr#N @h~ a#FgS}`n@y, pS}`n@y h` aW rtvl y`Wmk vn @|; q hq` blk` Ekk N b@lN p#h#r@gn yn lq ayvN @h~ @v.

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p`lk wN@Y nr#m wRknyt av q rkr#vNt s#ly aNqm g#n y#@vn anpnW @mw#n bl @n`p`. mNqyW, oN @r~ stNv#yN vn @h. eKsW jnpq y yt@W @h~ j`w&Nwr y yt@W @h~ @M X`wy @n`g#@N. ey vd`W s`[`rykrnyv aq`l vN@N eKsW jnpq q hq`vt m y. eKsW jnpq us` pQ[@Y q ek<Wvy a#v p`ln wNy wRk kr a#W@W eKsW jnpq v&vS}`v @mw#n aq`l @n`vn bv. mNq yW, @M ay r>v`@gn a#W@W eKsW jnpq X`gy l @n`v, yvsK l eKsW jnpq p`lny yt@W p#vy q, n&`y`Wmk vs@yN b` X`gy @ls s#l@kn n`k k>rK l vn s` y.

avsN ply v@Y qhq` |cy mNdl @h~ p`ln wNy h‹Nvn p @k`;N sX` @h~ L jnw`v ;m @ls q hq`my Ky p>mkt gmNkrn awrm q rkr#vNt v` sMy yt@W y aN a m y. avS}`vN @q@k m, arn ek sm`n @V: wyNt uw y`vy K@p mW a@PKw N lb`g#m whr# mW y.

eKsW jnpq p`ln wNy, lA qm` Sv#N vs` >yN vNwn`@m~ r k>rt 2002 jnv` ms n#Vgw mt a#r@mN anr#v p#ry qhq`my rhSbN v`w`vrnyK ly jn`Žp@G @Vqny W krn lQ@Q. >yN@G nM @Vqny @n`@kr#. >yN hy @qn` n X`gykt ipW @k@rN@N q yNn v^w |nyK bv q a<vn l. py vsr ekhm`r l @mNm @c~qn` ipW mN @h~ n X`gyN @w`rv oN gtm r>v`@gn wb`g#@M rny eKsW jnpq rjy g#mt id a#w.

@M hy @qn` @|; qhq` m‡LlK @vw ipW krN@N q n#Qq yn rny gN@N @y~j& a`rK;k @LkM @p~L L@f`TS y. @M k#l$ us`@Y [`y` @ls nMkr a#W@W o y. L@f`TS wm rny pqnM kr a#w# y lbN@N |nM N ukh`gNn` lq @w`rr# sm`@l~cny mK mwy. @M |n Mvlt @n`@yK a`k`r@Y v[As` pM q eKsW jnpq QŽ aA\ mN lb`gNn` lq @vnW aNq@M "s`Kq" a#lW @V.

jn`Žp a``v g#n nM krn lq >yN@G rjyNt p`ln wNy N q#M @qn l. Xv n X`gyK s>h` @w~r`gNn` lq plv# hy @qn`@gN @q@nK- enM, w`n& j`kN @q@q@nK h` eK oS@y` j`k@yK - ir`kyt e@r @r~ eKsW jnpq Q[yt syv shX` @Y @l`@v rtvL @qkK pm. @M @qn` em rtvL @qkt ayW rv#@y~ @v.

n X`gyt n@qn w`n& >yN vN@N lNdn@y v#@y vn 23 h# @f@r~S ab` h` bRAh#M v#@y vn 35 h# @m`as`M @bG y. oS@y`@V a#@LD ngr@y v#@y vn @DD KS q Xv nX`g l#Svt a#lW krn l. lSvt a#lW aW @qn` @m@wK h‹Nv` n#w. eKsW jnpq X`rk`rWv@y n wm j`kN@G wWvy g#n a#FgS}`n@y atv`@gn a# @v`Ntn@Y r$kd rjy |\Bqw`vy r a#w# y h#k.

pvRwk@y h` asrn srn y`kr#@v @bG, eKsW jnpqy a#FgS}`ny a`mny mt @pr`v k`L u_n vrs`w lN s>h` p`s#lK pvWv`@gn y a@y. o m[&m QŽ EjNy @hvW aE sA[`ny 2002 jnv`@y pS}`n@y aphrny @kr#. o @m~tR r}yk ps bh` a#FgS}`n@Y @Q\ m`v hrh` a`p @gnyn lv vsrK gwvn @wK e bGr`M vN k>@r r>v` wb`gNn` l. o vNwn`@m~vt n#vK mN yvn @wK E k`ly l |nMvlt lK .

ab`@G w`n& j`k vy vn S SyN @M qhq` |cy mNdl h` emN y h# mry qNdn N "M@LCc" Ev` @ls h#‰Ny. wm @Sv`q`yky` "jy`hky`@G K@y" @g`rK v a#w# a#y g`yN vWpwt y` p$v` y. @M @r~ r>v` wb`g#m h` ab` h` aW w`n& j`kNt e@r vNwn`@m~ n X`gy nvw` mt B@ly`R rjy asmW@mN "@p y@Y em rjyt eKsW jnpqy arby` blp$mK kl @n`h# bvW wm rv#yN @v@vN vK mt h#y`vK @n`m# bvW" y a#y wvrtW y` @Y y.

vWpW v`Rw`vlt av, wmN v#r kr#vN bvt k`\ kr 20 vsrk rq‡vmK gNn` @ls @h~, @n` e@S nM, nX`gyK mN s#k q‡vM p#nmktW mrn qNdnyk sw& wRjnyt n @qn @ls @h~ qhq`vt ayW y r@g l[`N j`k >yNt q#M a#w. oN lb` g#mt uWkvn v#rkr#vN bvt k`\ M s>h` vNwn`@m~ >M k>r vn "@dLt` k>r" l s`hk wWvyN q s#l#Llt gNnv` y h#k. rkr#vN awr L @ls p# a# Rk bv h` m`nk aS}` bv g#n ql vs@yN gW kl 40K vn m$wk qhS krn lq >yN s>hN kr a#w. @M wWvyN, (v`@N q#L g# kN@TnryK l) nkt n` 15kt pmnK m`krn lq v&`y`m@y @ym s>h` k`lykt q sykt n` 15kt pmnK m`krn lq y n$m s>h` k`lykt q id wb` ذN a 6N h` plN a 8N w& qkl` >mt @M rkr#vN ytW kr w#@M ply @V.

@M q hq` |cy mNdl, ak vs@yN as`[`rn Ev` @ls m`nv aN @v@vN @p n sA[`n q L qhs @v@vN @p n kNd`yM q my a`rK;`v @v@vN @p n sA[`n q @hl` q#k a#w.  p`ln wNy em |cy mNdl @w~r` @gn a#W@W >yNt e@rv ey sv a# s`K eKsW jnpq us`yk @n`g#@nn s` y.

"@mm q hq` @k`;N sX` i@Y p#v#W@vn On$m n X`gyK Ky k^ mK v a#w#" py r`q` krn lq k`\yN j`w&Nwr K;m` sA[`ny y` @Y y.

"j`w&Nwr vs@yN s`[`rn y# s#l@kn n X`g y`myNt wv rtW δh mtW wm RytmW wv rtW h` mtW @pr`v wm @l~p`y b> y w` bln @ls a eKsW jnpq p`ln wNyt blkr ."

m`nv aN b> @s~@yN n mN rTS @v`C sA[`ny @m@S anr# a#<y: "pvn qhq` @y~g h` up@qS yt@W @y~w @k`;N sX` Swv` s#kkr#vNt e@rv n X`g pvWvN@N nM, Wkr#vNt s`[`rn n X`gykt @p @M ayt emN h` kr v a#w; a#w#Mt, mry qNdny ym @k@rn N q a#lWv j`wX`vy s#kyt lK @k@rn N lb` y h#k; wvq, Swv`qyt e@r stnt @Y a`Žpw&yt gr# mt av\&w`vK @n`m#w yn pdy @l`v r` y h#k."

|cy mNdl@Y v&hym qhq`my an@M y`q`my l @KNgw a#w. @m , qhq` nyt ytWvn l[`N r#, sX`v h` q‡vM pvNn` vs@yN pmnK @n`v, Wy @v@vN @p n y` vs@yN q y` kr a#w.

s$m Wkr#@vt m Wy @v@vN @p n qhq` vr# pW kr a#w. |cy mNdl yt@W n X`gyt ipW @k@rn >yNt a@Rk L vr@y@G @Sv`v lb` @qn @ls iLl` y h#k. ev# @y "rhs&" @ls vRg krn lq @w`rr#vlt @V\yK lb`gw h# a@y @S rjy N amw krn lq eKsW jnpq rv#@y y y. wvq, "aq`l apc`r" pqnM @k`t @gn o qhq`@V Km pK;nyt lKy y. rjy L vr#Nt qlK @vN @n`kr a#w. L vr# ev# nvK X`r gw@h`W yM n X`gyK @k@rn k`l m`v l oN pv` vNwn`@m~ >yN bvt pW v a#w. an&yN smg k}` kl @n`h# p @qkl` r adS@Y wbn lq >@y ev# @y@G @Sv`v lb`gN@N @k@S q yNnW ap#h#y.

s`K av, vNwn`@m~ >M k>r l my wRk @g`dn#@M k`Ryyt W@Y vr#N m` v a#w. sMk pK;ny p#v#W@M @h~ Wkr#vN@G @q`Sbv oPտm ar @k`t gW s`KyK lb` g#@M @h~ ay oNt a@V. j`k a`rK;k @HN mw wm amwy p W@Y vr#N@G On$m s`KyK K@p @M ay q rjy wmN sv wb` g. Wkr#vN h` oN@G N awr y s`kCc` v`Rw`gw m N N h` @Sv` q`ykN awr vrs`q X@V.

a@nK awt L us`yK mN K@p @k@rn aNq@M s`K ipW @M ay p# pK;y sv pv. @mv# s`Kvlt v[ As` pm N lb`gNn` p`@p~Cc`rn aN@gN as` q#ngW @Q pqnM @k`t @qn s`K, rk}ny mN @qn s`K h` Rn`k s`Kkr#vN @qn s`K a#lW @V. wvq, n X`g sMbN[@yN Q[ @w`rr# @pNtgn@yN W @k@rn aW pk`vNt y`Wmk vs@yN m`vn L pr`syN kv`dM ykt q W@Y N ytW @k@R.

vNwn`@m~ |cy mNdl Ev`@Y SvX`v@yN m as`[`rn vn pqnm mw Ev`t shX` @n`vn @ls apr`[ W vr#N@G j`k sX`v y s`m`kyNt up@qS a#w. "eKsW jnpq jn`Žp p# pK;y @ls |cy krn lq Qgl@y qhS m wm v^Wy gmNmg g#n yM al`;yN a# On$m @j&t qhq` l[`@yt iw`mW kr k`RyyK v a#w#" @mm sAgm@Y sX`p @l~rNS @g~LDmN k`\ kr @Y y.

qhq` y` p#M av |cy mNdl lt a#lW @k`t a#w# y lbn @q`Sb@V am`ny sMbN[@yN, >Mkr#vNt nrk aNqmt s#lm b> v`Rw` g#n @pNtgn@Y [`y` vn @d`nLD rMS@fLD@G k`\y slk` b#m pmnK m`nvW @V: "oN @vnW ayvNt s#l aNqmt @b`@h~ @sN yhpW @ls oNt slk l#@B."

Wkr#@v v#rkr#q @q`Sq, o vWy q @h~ mrnyt pWy q yNn b> avsN rny, [`n an@qn l[` vs@yN,  s@V. eKsW jnpq us`ykt @h~ j`w&Nwrv us`ykt @h~ a`y`cnyK ipW mt idK @n`m#w. qhS mK avlA kr, >@yt mry qNdny @y~g @M h#y`v q t ayW blwlvlt a#lW @V. >yN qhS klq o wvrtW n ymyK @n`m#v wm X`r@Y wb`g#@M ay q eKsW jnpqy s@V.

mN q#K@vn aNqmt "q apr`[" s>h` Wkr#vNt e@r n X`g mt @mm us` ӵvq, @pNtgny N W krn lq vlt alv, ev# apr`[ b> Rvcn @kwrM L vN@Nq yW, eKsW jnpq bl[`N N Swv`N y s#l@kn @k`tS sm< sb>kM a# bvt @h~ oNt a`[`r mt k#m#Ww pl kl bvt @h~ w On$m a@y p`@H em Rvcnvlt a#lW @V.

q hq` |cy mNdlyK iyt pvn >yN aN Xv vs@yN Lm w#nK g@Y w`n& j`k rv#yN @q@q@n y. yn @hqrVv 7q` p`R@MNv l uM v`qykt . e "k#l$ us`" h` "K@Y @~d`v" v# vqN mN y pK;vl s`m`k@y~ @y~w cRy`vN @hl` th. n X`g "s`[`rn h` p`rq^\& aNqmt" kr@gn yn @ls agm# @t~ B@ly`R@G rjy N eKsW jnpqyt krn lq a`y`cnyNt av[`rny kr vS v`q@Y tpwK eKsW jnpq w`n`pt X`r @qn bvt @Q\ am`w& k`Ry`ly X`r a#m S mN p#vy.

Xv n X`gyK s>h` w`n& j`k rv#yN eKsW r`j[`yt a`p evn @ls B@ly`R N krn lq r$k iLmt id @qn @ls blkr @M a`yK o l @n`m# bv @M k`\ N a#<@V. w`n& rj@Y n`k @r~[w` e@S y qhq` aKy b> aX&`sy iyt @gn y$mt idmt ey q`nMy. s#b#N m, "w`n&@Y us`yK mN @M QglN v#rkr#vN @k`t oNt q‡vM p#nmt a@p`@h`sWm g#n B@ly`R rjy l k`As`vK a# bvt" lNdn@y n$N;L tMS vWpw v`Rw` k@L y. "s`K lb`gW a`k`ry @H @k`t @gn eKsW jnpq qhq` |cy mNdly up@y~ kr gNn` s`K, iA y yt@W @n`g a#w#" q em vWpw v`Rw` k@L y.

q hq` |cy mNdl sMbN[@yN @pNtgn@y up@Q\k vn j`w&Nwr y b> @j~N @h`PNS mh`c`Ry r$W @vJD w`n& p`R@MNv l krn lq q# @k~py @pNM krn k`\y ph`syt lK kl` y. "w`n&@Y a#w#M a#mvr#N@G @qd N @my mhW myt @H kr#nK y y@m mt vn. a#Ww vs@yNm eKsW jnpqy @M g#n m`s gnn`vK l w`n& rjy sm< s`kCc`vl @y." y# a#y n$N;L tMS vWpwt q#N y. a#y@G my kMvlt amwrv @vJD, a`rK;`v b> pW s#k@M mNdl@Y h` ir`ky q`g#@M k@V s`m`k@y.

oS@y`@v, @DD KSt mry qNdny p#nmt @b`@h~@sN id a# @M my amw mK wrM vn g#mK agm# @j~N @h`v`RD @pnM kr a#w. "apr`[ us`yk w@yt ayWvn s`m`n& aN KStq v a#w" oS@y` p d#L yMS py s@Y k`\ k@L y. wmN@G p#W@wN @h`v`RD k`\ kr @Y "mt l# a# @w`rr# av, eKsW jnpqy l On$m OS@y` j`k@yt e@rv n X`g p#v#W@vN@N nM, @q`S b@V ay @yt @V\y a` k @k`N@Q aq`l v a#w# mm s$mkt pW@v" yn bv y.

"@my s`[`rn n X`gyk# oS@y` p @y~jn` krN@N @k@S q# mt @n`@W@R" y D @m~A @hrLD vWpw sm< sMk s`kCc`vk KS @G  vn SvN @k y` @Y y. @q`Sbv b> ay shk m s`[`rn s#kyN @w`rv kr# oPտ@M av\&w`vy @M myt a#lW @n`vn awr a a`y`cnyK ipW @M ay eyl @n`m#bv o y. "o n@qn n X`gy s`[`rn h` qhS ekK v a#w# a |v`s @n`kr."y y` p#vy.

@M awr, vNwn`@m~ q`nM @k@rn k#L@L Ky eKsW jnpq qhq` ir`ky aWkr g#mt e@r @r~[y p`NnN @ls w QglNt @v`Ntny slkn aNqmt a`k^yK spy a# bvt @n`@yW i  phl a#w. ir`k@y >yN@G sAk&`v q#N qhS gnN @V. ir`k rkr#vN n#Vvl vNwn`@m~vt ptv` y#mt wmN s#lM kr n# bvt @pNtgny av[`rny klq, b`@v rgw krn lq wb`N h` aLkd` stN kr#vN @ls w QglyN @mN m, l a#‹N s#r w& ir`k hq`vt tSwrv, eKsW jnpq blk`yNt e@rv stNkl aW ay " @r~Ž stNv#yN" @ls @pNtgny slk. @M awr, ir`k @r~[ stNkr#vN "Swv`N" @ls p`ln wN l[` r#r# @vlt h‹Nv.

a#FgS}`n@y @mNm, ir`k@y q wm rkr#vN " @r~Ž stNv#yN" @ls Rvcny m @H @k`t @gn wmN v` sMyt alv y`@M vg@mN qhS @k@rn bvt eKsW jnpq@Y y`p$m pqnM vN@N my Rv`qR\yK mw @n`v, E @vvt, eKsW jnpq qhq` a`mny @m@hyvn uQ[Cckm mw y. 1940 vs@R aWsN kr a# v` sM@y "@r~Ž stNv#yN" g#n s>hnK n#w. "t N N n#vm b# @ls g#@nn ym aŽkrn shk lb` @qn " my vs@yN S}`w krn lq us`yK iyt @gn EmK @n`m#v Q[yk aLl`gW ayvN v#rkr#vN @ls k`\kr oNt e@rv q‡vM ym mt rtkt h#y`vK n#w# em sMy mN av[`rny @k@R. r>v`gNn` blvw`@Gm blk`yN aW‰n "sq`yk" wWvyN yt@W rkr#vN wb` gw y em sMy iLl` .

wvq, sMyt av, stNv#y q rkr#@v wWvyt kM l#y q yNn b> On$m mw g#mK rny kl W@W "kM a# |cy mNdlyK" . N aqhS @k@rN@N r>v`gNn` blvw`@gN Sv`n j`w&Nwr us`yK mN yNny.

ir`kyt e@r @v`Ntn@Y @r~ Q[y h` ir`ky aLl` g#m l ey v` sMy mN m uLlA{ny m q rkr# |n@yN @b`@h~ @sN oBbt Gg# yNn. "op@R;N @dsRT S@k~RyN" h` "op@R;N @dsRT sD vNdR" v# q#v#Nw @m@hM N q#nt y`Wmk vn r`q L jnw`v ah„ aNqN r>v`g#m @M sM@yN whnM @k@R.

"r sAc`r@y @y@qn a#mk`vN N ir`k r#;N, SN h` lN pv` oN@G @vSvN b@lN a#q@gn y`m @h~ vN d#h#@gn @g`S Sv#M sh lA swv agvr avt rk>r# kr` @gn y`m b>v vR[nyvn v`Rw`" g#n lNdn@y tMS vWp@W 9q` pl yN y#. f#rNhT 122k unWvyK yt@W d`rM l >yN wb` @gn n b#Gd$D j`w&Nwr vN@w`@p`l aQqr ӵ r k>rK m`nv aN b>v vn sA[`n N q#ntmW vNwn`@m~vt sAsNqny @k@R.

a#mk` SkT p#kTvN SkT k$m (@mN s#l@kN@N o @k`Llkr#@v @ls oPvn bvy) @h~ a#‰y uLlA{ny krN gT p#kTvK l g#mt y$m @h~ "v#rvlt" wr#nN n ymyK @n`m#v r>v` w#m b> v`Rw`@v s>hN @V. r sAc`r@y @y@qN y S}`nyK pkr y a#mk`@vt @Q\@Y y@m @v w#@Y y# y l#@mN anr#v, wm vs asl nvw`@mN pv wm s v#mN vs` aW pst kr b#> @gn yn lq 11 h# y`N aBD aL-{` QŽy v`Rw`@v ut` q#K@V. N, vN @w`p@l v# rkr#vN @q@q@n d`rmkt a#q qmn lq o pv @vnW r@gykt m`r# krn l. e@S krn lQ@Q q n#vw vrK Sv#M lA swv y. em r@gy l wvW wr#nN @q@n smg ek k`mryk o r>v` gNn` l. vrqK m b> s`KyK @n`m#v o s 6k k`lyK l rgw @k`t a#w. Wvl a#mk` @r~ r# y m sMbN[@yN @h~ a#mk` @s`Lq`vNt δh m sMbN[@yN @h~ @vnW lN e@lst rgw @k`t a#w.

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2003
08


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