World Socialist Web Site

 

Mehring Books




 

 

WSWS : v^W h` |@L;n : a#mk` mh`Qpy : @r~py

a#mk`vt n @qN@N @k@S q? @r~y uX@w~@k~ky

How to deal with America? The European dilemma

@DD @n~RW
2003 jnv` 25

@b`@h~ k`lyK S@S qR\ny @n` p#v, yt s#<n, s`rw |n h` ar mtt @gn e lbn lK;&yK h#m @Q\p`ln aRqyk m p#n n#@g. ir`ky a`mny mt  p`ln wNy gW Nv mN Rw aRq@Y a ev# wWvyK kr` el .

a#mk` t q a gbd`@V K;k ilKky ir`ky . e@hW ir`k@Y irnm sMbN[ vd vd`W Vr vn r`j&w`Nk mw @Hq mN shN @k a#W@W [`n aŽr`j&v` blvN awr s^ sh v^w, e @mNm cNdk` sk&w` sw g#m .

a#mk` q ar b> s`kCc`@V v# @k`tsK @y` a#W@W ir`k@Y @wL sMpWvl aŽk`ry d#h#g#mt  p`ln wNyt a# aŽ`ny @k@r y. @my, s#k v\@yN m eKsW jnpq a`N@V gnN b#Mvl [`n s`[ky. e@hW, @k`pmn v#qgW @Y vW, em arn vn` vd` L h` vd` 컱\`Wmk ilKkyk @k`tsK pm. eKsW jnpqy @l~k a`Žpw&y pw. @m @Wr#m nM, a#mk` p`lk pN@Y av\&w`v av smSw @l~k@Ym @Q\p`ln h` a`Rk sA[`ny . @M s>h` pvn uvmn`v, ir`ky b‹ Rvl h` a rtvL e aŽ`nyt n kr g#m pmnK @n`v, aN yLltmW vd`, btr @r~p@Y h` jp`n@Y e blg aŽr`j&v` wr<k`N n kr g#m q vN@N y.

eKsW jnpqy h` @r~py awr ز klK S@S v#@dn g#m, a#mk` q s#lMvlt e@rv jRm@Y h` Ns@Y @r~[y b>v, a#mk` q a#m @d`nLD rMSLD kl L shgw K@ k`\y s` emhnt p#. Q[yK kr` vn  p`ln wN@Y @y`v b>v @r~y @Vcny g#n v`Rw`kr#v m kl rMSLD@G r @Y, "ob wN@N @r~py y jRmy h` Nsy y` . ey e@S @n`@v. m` wN@N E prn @r~py bv . ob @r~p@Y pvn \`l sAš&`vK rtvL q#y . @M kr#@N oN N@N jRmy h` Nsy smg @n`@v. eKsW jnpqy smg ."

t @pr k@lk @mwrM v^w @ls y زk`n rNt a#mk`v phr n#w; [@N|vr @r~p@Y ekv |nyt lK kr n#w; Nsyt h` jRmyt s^ @ls v`v wmN@G m @|; blp$M K@yK em mh`Qp@Y Rm`ny kr g#m @mwrM sSwr`Wmk @ls k`\yt pW kr n#w.

eKsW jnpqyt ph@vN hr#v` gw h# vn, @prk`n, Rvl @v~R@s~ sM@Y rtvL a#lW kr g#m q a#v @N@t~ sA[`ny L mK a#mk`v N unN @kr#@N, @r~py l Ns h` jRm` blp$mt vl k#m s>h`y yNn g#n s#kykt idK, rMSLD wmNt a`@Vk `m& Svr$p@yN m, i k@L n#w.

@r~py @k@r, rg yn a#<M sw a#mk` r#Q[Wvy, Nsy sMbN[@yN e blp$m Vr k@L y. ir`kyt e@r Q[y b> wm @qy` shgw a`S}`ny awh#r vd` s^ @ls It r#Q[mt Nsy @m@hyv` a#W@W em @H@v. Nsy qKvn @vnst @Hv ir`k jnw`v @k@r upN m`nvv` unNvK @n`@V; It @Hv vN@N a#mk`@V aŽk`ry s>h` vn v&`y`my vn` @r~y [@N|vr@Y m[& @Q\p`ln, a`Rk h` - @l~p`y`Wmk av\&w`vNt pth# vN@N y yNn kL p @h~ vth` g#m.

1990 gnN r` @r~y p`lk pNN vW @Y, eKsW jnpqy smg wm sb>w`vlt brpwl blp$mK @s~yT sh`N@V y#@mN @n`v a# bvW wmN@Gm mh`Qk h` @g~y av\&w` زk`nv eKsW jnpq av\&w` smg g#l@p a# bvW mv` p$@M ad-v> @vwk @v@gn y.

@mm `R}n`Wmk Nwn v&`y`my mN @n`wk` h#r#n s`[ky @Y 1945-91 awr p|c`W q k`l@Y @r~py sm< p#v a#mk` sb>w` k v\@yN rny @kr#@N wl Q[@Y @|; sN[RXy l a#mk`@V m s`rw a`Rk h` @Q\p`ln av\&w` b> wK@Sr#v av y yNn . @r~py @k@r a#mk` a`kLpy N @kr#@N: (1) @s~yT sh`Nv qkl` @k`t btr @r~py l e blp$m avm m sh (2) @r~y kMkr# pNy a\N stNk`v sh iw` @Q\p`lkv avŽyk sm`j Plvy vlKv` g#m yn a š uvmn`vN .

em k`l pC@Cq@Y btr @r~py sm< sN[`nyK eKsW jnpqy N av[`rny kr l$m, a#Ww v\@yNm nM, @eh`k vnw`@vN @vN m. [`n aŽr`j&v` blv@w @ls yM rkt kL p m Em l l#M gW a#mk` [nv`q@Y vd` `}k vnw`v @Y @r~p@Y yqN wm @l~k wWvy nAv` g#m .

qhnv v# yv@S [np blyK @ls eKsW jnpqy pnw @M Rv @k`N@Qy @Y a#mk` mh`Qp l @r~y blp$mt vl k#m y. 1820 gnNvl @m`N@r~ [Rmw`v y`vt n#A@M ptN 1890 gnNvl b`@vN Sp`›yN plv` h#m qKv` y`Wmk @Y ey.

v# yv@S }m X`g@Y eKsW jnpqy y @g~y a`Žpw&y pr#v` gW@W @r~y blvN@G w aŽr`j&yN bl kr. @my @kr#@N j`wNv` uvmn`vN @n`v w my mN m` @k p#v @l~k @vl>@p`lvL v^w kr g#m s>h` y.

@p`@V v`q`yk a`Rk w sh wmN@G m \`l [nSkN[y mN avsr lb` w`K a#mk`v wm mA@k`Llk` aŽr`j&v` p`sy sm`nw` b s`[n@Y @vS nN vs` gW@W y. "V qh@S" a`rK;ky` sh "j`wNv`q@Y a gbd`v" yn` m`nv wv` mv` p$M ym eKsW jnpqy @m`@h`wktvW y a`Wm`R}k` av\&w` amwk @n` k@L y.

n` jRmy N w`n&yt @b~Mb @h avŽ@Y a#mk` l& h` t a`[`r w`n&yt lb`m s Rv @k`N@Q v\@yN r$S@vLT 1940-41 k`l@Y cRLt ipW kl @k`‹a#t >ln @k`N@Q wrM @h`‰N a#mk` r`j&w`Nk q`np X`v@Y r# arv @pNM kl aN avS}`vK n# wrM y. oV, w`n&y "@Br` g#mt" r$S@vLT ek< y. e@hW It @gy vNy @s`Ccm. w`n&y smg eKsW jnpq@Y g@qv hm`r vn t h nq prvN aŽr`j&v` Ahy` a#mk`@V rwL S p#tv bvt pWv @Y y. w`n&@Y vWmN agm#@G cRy`@vN Sw^wv q#K @vN@N em pvRwny .

@qvn @l~k Q[@yN p wWv@Y av\&w` mN @r~p@Y p#r aŽr`j&v` blvN sm< sN[`ny @p~;ny krN wmN@G a`mnk` vnw` m#d @gn mt eKsW jnpqyt bl @kr#@N y. wvq, @l~k a`Rk@Y @p` vpW m h` v&`Py aNwR-aŽr`j&v` r#Q[w` mt mkt bly s#p y. e@hW @r~y On$ep`kM @n`wk` a#mk` av\&w` Ekp`R\yv r kr g#@M vnw`v, bp`R\kWvyk a`vrny yN y`k` @vN p#v. @l~k a`Rk wWv@Y ݶmN @p`@V a# kl wWvy @Y em g#m s#kvm kleyt p#nm y.

qnK v\@yN 1971 a@g~S@V, l& @vl> plvl a#mk` @d`lry h`ryt lK t, \wvR; k`RvK r` j`w&Nwr [@N|vr l& pQ[@Y pqnm @d`lR-rA vm`r# my, jn`Žp cD KsN N, a@h~kr q#@N @r~y n`ykNt kLy` q#MmN pv` @w`rv y. oNt kl q#M m @Y, KsNt @l~k a`Rky g#n yM v#qgW @QvL vgyK mt a# b#N a#mk` @t;ny oS@S o krn k}`v a#mt oN vn r# a#h# a#r @gn @y`W @h`>y yNn. a#mk`v gNn` yvrt w`n&, Ns sh jRmN n`ykN r#Q[ y h#q# m t a#mk` X`Nd`g`r @LkM @j~N @k`n, o@G r#r# a`k`ryt, uWwr N@N oNt ---n y y@v.

p|c`W q k`n r`j&w`Nk sMbN[w` pqnM @k p#v j`w&Nwr a`k^y, @s~yT sAgm@Y >v#m mN k @vnskt X`jn @kr#. @s~yT sAgmyt e@r a`rK;n vlLlK @ls btr @r~y [np pNy ng` @M av\&w`vK wvrtW a#mk`vt n#w. epmnK @n`v, @s~yT sh`N@V y#m mN Rm`ny @kr# bl d#s wmN@G m v`y s>h` @y`q` g#mt a#mk`v aŽ`nvW y.

e@hW a#mk` @Q\ pW@Y vRwm`n an`vrw a`mnk`Wvyt iw`m v#qgW @Hv q#k gw W@W a#mk` a`Rk@Y Gg# h` @VgvWvn ph`@y y. a#mk` [nv`q@Y @l~k wWvy n y`@MW It j`w&Nwr wr<k`N@gN eLlvn wRjn@YW زk`n a`sA\vlt n@M m`RgyK @ls p`lk pN@Y s#ly @k`tsK slkN@N t bly p`C m.

vn yv@S wm m`KSv`N awr @k@n vn @y~N @`TS, an`gw vKw^my vcn@yN 1928 @m@S anr# a#<y:

"aRq@Y k`l pC@Jq@Y eKsW jnpq@Y aŽk`ry uWp`w k`l@Yt vd` Rn @ls, vd` v^w @ls h` vd` r#r# @ls y`Wmk v a#w. wm krw`vN h` n`\k`WvyN jy g#mt h` iN g#mt eKsW jnpqy uWsh` qr a#W@W `}kvm @r~p@Y yq. ey vN@N a`y`@V, k#nd`@V, q a#mk`@V , OS@y`@V @h~ @r~p@Y m q yNn @n`wk` @mNm ey vN@N s`mk`v q n#w@h`W Q[y mN q yNn q @n`wk` y.,"

eKsW jnpqy pps @pl g#m @r~py N K@p @M a`sA\ y`p$@M  p`ln wN@Y l[` vdvd`W Rqy @vN . hSpNq` eK l[`y V @y~RK tMS vW pwt k`\ k@L: "a@P arn vN@N oN@G nW wh y}`R}y mw a#Lm y; iN pv E g#n ap mK krN@Nq# s`kCc` m y.,

@M y}`R}y mK q? Q[@yN pv ir`k@Y @wL kRm`Nwy kp` @k`t` g#@M v&`p^@yN Ns h` jRm` sm`gM ivW @k@r a# bv  p`ln wNy a#<M kr a#W@W ewrM s#< Svr$pyN @n` @V. It q vd` brpwl vN@N ir`ky v`l` g#@mN pv, btr @r~pyt @wL s#pm aN rn`Wmk vn, ir`ny mw blp$M @ymt eKsW jnpqy @k@rN m a# @y~jn` y.

Ns@Y h` jRm@Y q^ @k~n@yN b#kl eKsW jnpq@Y y` kl`py mNm ivbv n# v; eN @l~k [nv`q@Y y`k`rkM pp`lny kl smSw @@nk h` sAS}`w r`@v i pvn yLl sMRn@yN > @h@M aNwr`y m @k@r. btr @r~yyN eKsW jnpq@Y a``vNt ytW m y Ns npw` vWpw @L g`@r~ k`\kl p "a#mk`@V srl a`rKw kl`pyK " bvt h$L kr l#m. e@hW It v^w @ls r#Q[m mkrN@N eKsW jnpqy smg n`\k` v a# t {Ttnyk aNwr`y . @M kLpyN @qkm @h~ E awrm#q wWvyK @r~y rtvL awr sb>w` g`d @ls aS}`vr kr a#w. epmnK @n`v, a#mk`v h` "p#r" @r~py awr g#mk sm`jmy a`sA\ mN aX&Nwr pN a`wN @n`v#l#Ky h# @ls m Vr kr a#w.

btr @r~y [np pNy n @qn uX@w~@k~ky @my.

aq`l @vnW

ir`kyt e@r eKsW jnpq Q[@Y vt : 2003 vR;@Y @Q\p`ln a@y~gy
2003 jnv` 29

ir`kyt e@r Q[y h` @l~k a`Žpw&y s>h` a#mk`v qrn a`y`sy
2003 jnv` 18

@v`Ntny sh bRN awr a`wN a#@l
2002 @qs#MbR 10

ir`ky arby` eKsW jnpq s#lmŸ ytW wv`qy @vw a`p h#m
2002 @n`v#MbR 27

ir`kyt e@r eKsW jnpq Q[yt r#Q[v!
ar`j&v`qyt e@r j`w&Nwr v&`p`ryK @g`d ng!
2002 s#Pw#MbR 16


e-mail.



Copyright 1998-99
World Socialist Web Site
All rights reserved